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Spartaeinae
female Portia fimbriata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Family: Salticidae
Subfamily: Spartaeinae
Wanless, 1984
Genera

see text

The Spartaeinae are a subfamily of the spider family Salticidae (jumping spiders). It was established by Fred R. Wanless in 1984[1] to include the groups Boetheae, Cocaleae, Lineae, Codeteae and Cyrbeae, which in turn were defined by Eugène Simon.[2]

18 existing and five extinct genera, with 119 existing species, are included as of 2006.[3] They are palaeotropical, with an exceptional diversity in the Malaysian and Indonesian archipelagos.[4]

They are unusual salticids that are considered basal to the phylogenetic tree of jumping spiders. Like the Lyssomaninae they lack many derived features that the Salticoida possess.[5] The two subfamilies are similar, but the Spartaeinae usually have large posterior median eyes. However, these were reduced in the genera Cyrba, Gelotia and Wanlessia.[3]

Genera

This list is mainly derived from Joel Hallan's Biology Catalog and probably not up to current research[6]

Footnotes

  1. ^ Wanless 1984
  2. ^ Simon 1901
  3. ^ a b Zhang et al. 2006
  4. ^ Wijesinghe 1992
  5. ^ Maddison 1995
  6. ^ Joel Hallan: Biology Catalog Salticidae

References

  • Simon, E. (1901): Histoire naturelle des araignées 2(3): 381-668.
  • Wanless, Fred R. (1984): A review of the spider subfamily Spartaeinae nom. n. (Araneae:Salticidae) with descriptions of six genera. Bull. Brit. Mus. nat. Histo. (Zool.) 42(4): 263-298.
  • Wijesinghe, D.P. (1992): A new genus of jumping spider from Borneo with notes on the Spartaeine palp (Araneae: Salticidae). The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 40: 9-19. PDF
  • Maddison, Wayne P. (1995): Spartaeinae. Version 01 January 1995 (under construction). in The Tree of Life Web Project
  • Zhang, J.X.; Woon, J.R.W. & Li, D. (2006): A new genus and species of jumping spiders (Araneae:Salticidae:Spartaeinae) from Malaysia. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 54(2): 241-244. PDF
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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Translingual

Proper noun

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Spartaeinae

  1. a taxonomic subfamily, within family Salticidae - the jumping spiders
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See also

  • Allococalodes
  • Araneotanna
  • Brettus
  • Cenattus
  • Cocalodes
  • Cocalus
  • Cyrba
  • Gelotia
  • Holcolaetis
  • Lapsias
  • Meleon
  • Mintonia
  • Neobrettus
  • Paracyrba
  • Paralinus
  • Phaeacius
  • Portia
  • Sonoita
  • Taraxella
  • Veissella
  • Wanlessia
  • Yaginumanis
  • Sparbambus
  • Spartaeus

Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Taxonavigation

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Classis: Arachnida
Ordo: Araneae
Subordo: Opisthothelae
Infraordo: Araneomorphae
Taxon: Neocribellatae
Series: Entelegynae
Sectio: Dionycha
Superfamilia: Salticoidea
Familia: Salticidae
Subfamilia: Spartaeinae
Genera: Brettus - Cocalus - Cyrba - Gelotia - Meleon - Mintonia - Neobrettus - Paracyrba - Phaeacius - Portia - Sparbambus - Spartaeus - Taraxella - Veissella - Wanlessia - Yaginumanis - †Almolinus - †Cenattus - †Eolinus - †Paralinus

Name

Spartaeinae Wanless, 1984

References

  • Wanless, F. R. 1984. A review of the spider subfamily Spartaeinae nom. n. (Araneae: Salticidae) with descriptions of six new genera. Bulletin of the British Museum of Natural History (Zoology) 46: 135-205.
  • Rodrigo, A.G.; Jackson, R.R. 1992: Four jumping spider genera of the Cocalodes-group are monophyletic with genera of the Spartaeinae (Araneae: Salticidae). New Zealand natural sciences, 19: 61–67.

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