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Spartan NP-1
A Spartan NP-1 in 1940
Role Biplane trainer
National origin United States
Manufacturer Spartan Aircraft Company
Primary user United States Navy
Number built 201
Developed from Spartan C-3

The Spartan NP-1 was a two-seat primary trainer designed and built by the Spartan Aircraft Company for the United States Navy reserve units.


On 10 July 1940 the company received an order for 201 aircraft for a biplane primary trainer based to be a modernised version of the companies earlier C-3. It was a conventional biplane with two-seats in tandem open cockpits. Designated by the company as the NS-1 it was given the military designation NP-1. The NP-1 was powered by a 220hp (164kW) Lycoming R-680-8 radial engine.


 United States

Specifications (NP-1)

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2 (pilot, student)
  • Wingspan: 33 ft 9 in (10.29 m)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Lycoming R-680-8 radial engine, 220 hp (164 kW)


  • Maximum speed: 108 mph (174 km/h)

See also

Related lists


  • Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions.  
  • The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft (Part Work 1982-1985). Orbis Publishing.  


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