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Special Action Force
Saf Patch.jpg
Special Action Force Official Insignia
Active May 12, 1983 - Present
Country Philippines Philippines
Branch Philippine National Police
Type Special Forces
Role Domestic Counter-Terrorism and Law Enforcement, Raids, Unconventional Warfare
Size Classified
Part of Directly under control of the Philippine National Police
Garrison/HQ (Main) - Fort Sto. Domingo, Sta. Rosa, Laguna
(Camp) - Camp Bagong Diwa, Taguig, Metro Manila
Nickname SAF, Tagaligtas (Saviors)
Motto By virtue of skill, we triumph[1]
Engagements Anti-guerilla operations against the New People's Army and formerly the Moro National Liberation Front before taking on the Moro Islamic Liberation Front

Anti-terrorist operations against the Abu Sayyaf
Commanders
Current
commander
Police Chief Superintendent Leocadio Salcadeo SC Santiago Junior[2][3]
Notable
commanders
See Commanders Section
Insignia
Subdued PNP patch SAF patch on black beret
Special Action Force C.T. Unit undergo CQB training.
Special Action Force operators at attention during a ceremony in Taguig on October 2, 2006.

The Special Action Force is the primary special forces unit of the Philippine National Police. It is formed along the lines of the British (SAS) Special Air Service, but with different recruitment and selection procedures.[4][5] The SAF, over the years, has received training from the FBI's Hostage Rescue Team (HRT) and Critical Incident Response Group, RAID and YAMAM.[4][5] The Anti-Terrorist Unit (ATU) of the PNP-SAF is responsible for nationwide Police Counter-terrorism (CT) operations nationwide. Meanwhile, the regions have specially-equipped and trained Regional Mobile Forces (RMF) which used to be the Light Reaction Unit (LRU) in Metro Manila and the Regional SAF (RSAF) in the provinces.[4]

Members or Police trainees who undergo SAF training undergo several special military combat related training such as airborne forces training, urban warfare and internal security.[6][7][8]

SAF members who are distributed either regionally or within Metro Manila are furthermore assigned to SWAT units or SWAT training units. SAF operators are trained at their camp at Fort Sto. Domingo[9] with its Air Unit stationed at the PNP Hangar in Pasay City.[1]

The SAF has an official magazine known as "Force and Valor".[10]

Contents

History

Created on May 12, 1983 by the former Philippine Constabulary as the Philippine Constabulary Special Action Force[11] as a requirement of General Order 323 of Philippine Constabulary Headquarters, Fidel Ramos and Renato de Villa were the founders of the unit. A training program, called the SAF Ranger Course, was used to train the 1st generation of SAF operators, which had a number of 149 operatives. Out of them, 26 were known commissioned officers. Later on, they changed the name of the course to the SAF Commando Course.

Initially formed to battle against NPA and former MNLF guerillas in the late 1980s and early 1990s, their tasks have been expanded to battle against organized criminal groups, terrorists, guerrillas and common criminals.

During the days of the EDSA Revolution, Fidel Ramos was involved in planning an operation called "Exercise Ligtas Isla" (Exercise Save Island) in case either Imelda Marcos or Armed Forces of the Philippines Chief of Staff General Fabian Ver would take over ruling from Ferdinand Marcos, who had been ill during the last few days of the Revolution.[12]

Following recent changes, the SAF will move to a permanent camp at Barangay Pinugay, Baras, Rizal under Proclamation No. 1355 passed on August 2007[13] from their camp in Camp Bagong Diwa in Taguig.[14]

For the first time, SAF operators are involved in the Balikatan exercises in 2009 since American and Filipino troops are usually involved.[15]

Functions

As designated by the Philippine National Police, the missions of the Special Action Force are the following:[12][16]

  • To develop, organise and train organic personnel in the furtherance of the assigned mission.
  • To conduct Counter-Terrorist operation in urban and rural areas.
  • To conduct commando type unconventional warfare (CUW) against lawless elements over extended periods of time with minimal direction and control.
  • To conduct search and rescue operations anywhere in the country during calamities and catastrophes.
  • To conduct civil disturbance management (CDM) operations and address the requirements of stability and security operations in times of civil disobedience on a national scale.
  • To operate as a rapid deployment force ready and capable to strike anytime and anywhere in the country in support of other units and other agencies as higher headquarters may direct.
  • To perform other tasks as the Chief PNP may direct.
  • To maintain a reasonable degree of law and order in the national highways and major thoroughfares

Weapons

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Assault rifles

Submachine guns

Shotguns

Sniper rifles

Machine guns

Known operations

SAF commandos in the 1980s.
  • February 1986: EDSA Mutiny.
  • 1986-1989: Had conducted anti-coup operations against anti-government rebels from the Philippine military.[19]
  • Late 1980s/1990s: First deployed to battle against NPA and MNLF rebels.
  • July 27, 2003: SAF EOD experts deployed during the Oakwood Mutiny.[20]
  • August 25, 2003: Several SAF units were deployed in Makati after heavily-armed bank robbers attacked the headquarters of Citibank Philippines.
  • September 23, 2003: A joint raid by the SAF, the CIDG, the Intelligence Group (IG), the Traffic Management Group, the Intelligence Service of the Armed Forces of the Philippines (ISAFP), the Army Intelligence and Security Group (AISG) and the Marines assaulted Palar Village in Taguig, netting a bank robbery gang made up of ex-AFP soldiers believed to be responsible for the Citibank Philippines robbery.[21]
  • September 28, 2003: Protection for US President George Bush during his visit to the Philippines.
  • October 2, 2003: Arrest of Jemaah Islamiyah terrorist, Taofek Refke.[11]
  • March 10, 2004: SAF teams engaged NPA guerrillas in a gunfight alongside soldiers of the Philippine Army's 24th Infantry Battalion Sitio Caarosipan, Barangay Apostol, San Felipe town. 8 NPA guerillas were confirmed killed. A single SAF officer was killed on the spot with 3 injured.
  • April 28, 2004: Arrest of Abu Sayyaf terrorists in the Muslim community in Culiat, Quezon City.
  • May 31, 2004: Protection of ballot boxes used in the May 10, 2004 presidential elections.
  • June 11, 2004: SAF teams deployed in a resettlement area in Taguig, Rizal province after reports of snipers were made to the Philippine National Police (PNP).
  • June 20, 2004: A SAF officer was killed when the SAF and the Provincial Mobile Group engaged an NPA squad in a gunfight in Zambales province.
  • July 17, 2004: A group of phone hackers, consisting of Filipino and foreign nationals, were arrested in a raid conducted by the SAF.
  • July 28, 2004: Provided security for ex-Abu Sayyaf hostage Gracia Burnham, who testified against the terrorist group in a local courthouse.
  • September 27, 2004: SAF teams deployed in the Cordillera in order to disarm various Partisan Armed Group (PAG) gunmen in the employ of several local prominent politicians.
  • January 30, 2005: Arrest of various kidnap-for-ransom gang members in Batangas City
  • February 10, 2005: A bank robbery gang was arrested during a raid in San Fernando City, Pampanga.
  • March 15, 2005: SAF and PNP SWAT teams raided the Metro Manila Rehabilitation Center of the Bureau of Jail Management and Penology in Camp Bagong Diwa, Taguig City after it was captured by Abu Sayyaf inmates. Among those killed were Alhamser Limbong alias Commander Kosovo, Ghalib Andang alias Commander Robot; Nadzmi Sabdullah alias Commander Global; and Sadit Abdul Ganit Husim alias Commander Lando.[22] For a short time, various human rights group in the Philippines and abroad have accused the SAF of police brutality and were convinced that the PNP really wanted to kill them at the start of the crisis. PNP officials have denied all charges.[23] Various foreign groups abroad (possibly other special ops units) have praised the SAF for bringing a quick end to the 30-hour crisis. This was one of the SAF's publicly known operations to be on the headlines on newspapers and on TV news reports worldwide, especially on CNN. PO1 (Police Officer 1) Abel P. Arreola was the only SAF operative killed during the attack.[24]
  • February 17, 2006: SAF units are deployed in Southern Leyte as part of a humanitarian contingent of the PNP.
  • February 21, 2006: SAF units patrol grounds of MalacaƱang Palace after an explosion occurred in the grounds of the Palace, said to be from a trash can.
  • February 24, 2006: SAF units on red alert after coup attempt was discovered.
  • October 9, 2006: SAF units deployed in Negros Occidental after New People's Army rebels attacked the Silay City airport.[25]
  • January 11-14, 2007: SAF units had been present in Cebu during the 12th ASEAN summit in Metro Cebu.
  • October 26, 2007: Senior Inspector Fermar Ordiz, a PNP SAF operative was shot and killed by robbers in Cubao, Quezon City during a shootout despite wearing a kevlar vest.[26]
  • November 29, 2007: SAF involved in the Manila Peninsula rebellion after several SAF officers had arrested renegade soldiers, including Brigadier General Danilo Lim.[27] Earlier, the SAF had been summoned in to barricade The Peninsula Manila.[28]
  • June 13, 2007: Police Officer 2 Marlon Buslig, a PNP SAF operative was shot and killed by Abu Sayyaf firces in Indanan, Sulu during a combat operation despite wearing a kevlar vest.
  • Various anti-insurgent operations against the NPA.
  • Various anti-terrorist operations against the Abu Sayyaf.
  • 26-30 September 2009 Heroic Acts of Special Action Force rescue company the Calamity Assistance Rescue Recovery and Emergency Company (CARE) of Force Support Battalion (FSB) huge number of people that was hit by TYPHOON KETSANA "ONDOY" were rescued around the Metropolitan Manila. Amongst, that were rescued is the well known actress Christine Reyes and actor Richard Gutierrez.
  • 1-5 October 2009 Typhoon Pepeng struck the country, badly hit was Nueva Ecija, Pangasinan, Pampanga, Baguio City again selflessly the members of the Special Action Force led by Rescue Company CARE of FSB showed their courage and determination to save lives of the victims of Typhoon PEPENG.

Support

SAF operators protecting US Embassy as a high priority on protecting foreign buildings from terrorist attacks.

The SAF could call on the support of the PNP and its own Air Unit as its method of transportation via helicopter, as done under General Order 0405,[11] or via vehicles such as the M998 Humvee, mounted with a Browning M2 machine gun on top, modified Ford F-150s, and the V-150 Commando APC as a form of armed support. Land Rover Defender jeeps are also used by the SAF, modified to house a Browning M2 machine gun and a Vektor SS-77 machine gun on the passenger seat for the former. Various helicopters in service with the SAF's Air Unit are tasked with various duties, from transportation to surveillance and reconnaissance.

New armored vehicles similar to those used by banks were introduced to the SAF as a primary means of armored transportation in urban areas, and some models are used as mobile command posts.

Commanders

The list are the directors who had commanded the SAF.[2]

Name Rank Term
Reynaldo Velasco Lieutenant Colonel May 16, 1983 - February 13, 1987
Avelino I. Razon Major February 14, 1987 - August 1, 1989
Hermogenes E. Ebdane, Jr. Police Chief Superintendent August 2, 1989 - February 11, 1991
Enrique T. Bulan Police Chief Superintendent February 12, 1991 - March 8, 1992
Dictador L. Alqueza Police Chief Superintendent March 8, 1992 - June 5, 1992
Recaredo A. Sarmiento III Police Chief Superintendent June 6, 1992 - August 2, 1994
Edgar B. Aglipay Police Chief Superintendent August 2, 1994 - June 6, 1996
Ricardo S. Villarin Police Chief Superintendent June 16, 1996 - August 23, 1998
Jose O. Dalumpines Police Chief Superintendent August 14, 1998 - February 14, 2001
Rogelio B. Bathan Police Chief Superintendent February 14, 2001 - September 13, 2002
Servando M. Hizon Police Chief Superintendent September 14, 2002 - December 27, 2003
Silverio D. Alarcio Jr. Police Chief Superintendent December 27, 2003 - September 8, 2004
Marcelino F. Franco Jr. Police Chief Superintendent September 9, 2004 - February 26, 2006
Silverio D. Alarcio Jr. Police Chief Superintendent February 26, 2006 - May 18, 2006
Felizardo M. Serapio Jr. Police Chief Superintendent May 18, 2006 - March 2007

References

  1. ^ a b "SAF CELEBRATES ITS 24TH YEAR". http://www.pnp.gov.ph/SAF/Story/story6.pdf. Retrieved 2009-06-30.  
  2. ^ a b "SAF Directors". Philippine National Police. http://www.pnp.gov.ph/SAF/Director.html. Retrieved 2009-06-30.  
  3. ^ "SAF Leaders". Philippine National Police. http://www.pnp.gov.ph/SAF/leaders.html. Retrieved 2009-06-30.  
  4. ^ a b c "Philippine SF Overview". http://home.avvanta.com/~whitet/ph_ovrview.htm. Retrieved 2009-06-30.  
  5. ^ a b "Six things you have to learn about Philippine Special Operations Forces". http://home.earthlink.net/~upmrotc/coc/id78.html. Retrieved 2009-06-30.  
  6. ^ Fernando R. Ortega. "THE NEW SPECIAL ACTION FORCE COMMANDO COURSE". Force and Valor. p. 7. http://homepage.mac.com/djphotographer/podcasts/forceandvalormagazine02.pdf. Retrieved 2009-06-30.  
  7. ^ Aligre Martinez. "THE URBAN COUNTER-REVOLUTIONARY WARFARE COURSE". Force and Valor. p. 8. http://homepage.mac.com/djphotographer/podcasts/forceandvalormagazine02.pdf. Retrieved 2009-06-30.  
  8. ^ Rhoderick Armamento. "THE BASIC AIRBORNE COURSE". Force and Valor. p. 8. http://homepage.mac.com/djphotographer/podcasts/forceandvalormagazine02.pdf. Retrieved 2009-06-30.  
  9. ^ Maryanne Moll. "Through Fire and Ice". Force and Valor. p. 5. http://homepage.mac.com/djphotographer/podcasts/forceandvalormagazine02.pdf. Retrieved 2009-06-30.  
  10. ^ "Force and Valor Table of Contents". Force and Valor. p. 2. http://homepage.mac.com/djphotographer/podcasts/forceandvalormagazine02.pdf. Retrieved 2009-06-30.  
  11. ^ a b c "Performance Highlights". Philippine National Police. 2007-03-02. http://www.pnp.gov.ph/about/content/offices/central/saf/info/body.html. Retrieved 2009-06-30.  
  12. ^ a b "About Special Action Force". Philippine National Police. http://www.pnp.gov.ph/about/content/offices/central/saf/info/about/about.html. Retrieved 2009-06-30.  
  13. ^ "Special Action Force camp to rise in Pinugay". http://www.barasrizal.com/places-to-visit/special-action-force-camp-to-rise-in-pinugay/. Retrieved 2009-06-30.  
  14. ^ "MMDA help sought in demolition operations inside police camp". GMA Network. 2008-09-14. http://www.gmanews.tv/story/120281/MMDA-help-sought-in-demolition-operations-inside-police-camp. Retrieved 2009-06-30.  
  15. ^ Cecille Suerte-Felipe (2009-01-05). "PNP, US troops to hold joint Balikatan exercises". Philippine Star. http://www.philstar.com/Article.aspx?articleid=429289. Retrieved 2009-06-30.  
  16. ^ "About SAF". Philippine National Police. 2006. http://www.pnp.gov.ph/SAF/mv.html. Retrieved 2009-06-30.  
  17. ^ Lewis, Jack (2007). The Gun Digest Book of Assault Weapons. Gun Digest Books; 7 edition (September 26, 2007). ISBN 978-0896894983.
  18. ^ "Savage Model 10 Precision Rifles Used by Philippine National Police Counterterrorism Unit". Tactical Life. http://www.tactical-life.com/online/news/savage-model-10-precision-rifles-used-by-philippine-national-police-counterterrorism-unit/?hp=news_title. Retrieved 2009-06-30.  
  19. ^ "The Origin of Wildfire". Force and Valor. http://www.pnp.gov.ph/SAF/Story/story4.pdf. Retrieved 2009-06-30.  
  20. ^ "SAF Annual Report, SIGNIFICANT ACCOMPLISHMENTS May 2003-May 2004". Philippine National Police. http://www.pnp.gov.ph/about/content/offices/central/saf/info/reports/report.html. Retrieved 2009-06-30.  
  21. ^ Miko Santos (2003-09-23). "Police arrest 9 bank robbery suspects". Sun.Star Manila. http://www.sunstar.com.ph/static/man/2003/09/23/news/police.arrest.9.bank.robbery.suspects.html. Retrieved 2009-06-30.  
  22. ^ Oliver Teves (2005-03-16). "At least 23 die in Manila jail raid". The Standard. http://www.thestandard.com.hk/stdn/std/World/GC16Wd02.html. Retrieved 2009-06-30.  
  23. ^ May Vargas. "Camp Bagong Diwa Likened to Auswichtz". Bulatlat. http://www.bulatlat.com/news/5-36/5-36-muslim.htm. Retrieved 2009-06-30.  
  24. ^ "Police, Muslims to thwart Sayyaf reprisals". Sun.Star Manila. 2005-03-18. http://www.sunstar.com.ph/static/man/2005/03/18/news/police.muslims.to.thwart.sayyaf.reprisals.html. Retrieved 2009-06-30.  
  25. ^ Joel Guinto, Thea Alberto (2006-10-09). "Elite military, police units to go after NPA in airport raid". Philippine Daily Inquirer. http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/breakingnews/metroregions/view_article.php?article_id=25679. Retrieved 2009-06-30.  
  26. ^ Kenneth del Rosario (2007-10-26). "Police officer, 4 robbers killed in QC shootout". Philippine Daily Inquirer. http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/breakingnews/metro/view_article.php?article_id=96968. Retrieved 2009-06-30.  
  27. ^ "Brig Gen. Danilo Lim arrested". GMA Network. 2009-11-29. http://www.gmanews.tv/story/70723/Brig-Gen-Danilo-Lim-arrested. Retrieved 2009-06-30.  
  28. ^ "(Update) National Police in full alert". GMA Network. 2007-11-29. http://www.gmanews.tv/story/70655/(Update)-National-Police-in-full-alert. Retrieved 2009-06-30.  

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