Spider-Woman (Jessica Drew): Wikis

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Spider-Woman
Spider-Woman v1 1.png
Cover to Spider-Woman #1. Art by Joe Sinnott.
Publication information
Publisher Marvel Comics
First appearance Marvel Spotlight #32 (February 1977)
Created by Archie Goodwin
Sal Buscema
Jim Mooney
In-story information
Alter ego Jessica Miriam Drew
Team affiliations New Avengers
S.W.O.R.D.
S.H.I.E.L.D.
HYDRA
Heroes For Hire
Lady Liberators
Notable aliases Arachne, Ariadne Hyde
Abilities Superhuman strength, speed, stamina, agility, reflexes, senses, and durability
Flight
Pheromone generation
Ability to adhere to walls through bio-electric attraction
Ability to shoot beams of bio-electric energy from her hands,
Immunity to all poisons and radiations

Spider-Woman (Jessica Drew) is a fictional character, a superhero in the Marvel Comics Universe. The character first appeared in Marvel Spotlight #32 (February 1977), and 50 issues of an ongoing series titled Spider-Woman followed. After its conclusion she was depowered, and fell into disuse, supplanted by other characters using the name Spider-Woman.

Comics creator Brian Michael Bendis added Spider Woman to the roster of the high profile New Avengers. In 2009, the character received her own self-titled limited series.

Contents

Publication history

Originally, Spider-Woman was a spider evolved to human form by the High Evolutionary. Publisher Stan Lee was disgusted with the interpretation of the character and insisted her origin be changed.[citation needed]

After her debut in Marvel Spotlight #32 (February 1977), Drew was featured in her own self-titled on-going series which lasted 50 issues, from April 1978 to June 1983.

On December 21, 2005, Marvel released the first issue of Spider-Woman: Origin, a five part miniseries co-written by Brian Michael Bendis (New Avengers, Daredevil, Ultimate Spider-Man) and Brian Reed (Ms. Marvel, Ultimate Spider-Man: The Video-Game), illustrated by the art team of the Luna Brothers, Jonathan and Joshua Luna.

Spider-Woman's 1970s adventures were collected in an Essentials trade paperback (released December 21, 2005); she is the first female character to be published in this series.

A new ongoing Spider-Woman book had been solicited for April but has since been pushed back to September, with Brian Michael Bendis writing and Alex Maleev illustrating.[1]

Fictional character biography

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Origins

Jessica Miriam Drew, daughter of Jonathan and Merriam Drew, was born in London, England. At a young age, Jessica was lethally poisoned by radiation while living near Mount Wundagore in Transia. In an attempt to save her life, her father injected her with an experimental serum based on irradiated spiders' blood. Because the serum did not have any apparent effect on her, the man who would come to be known as the High Evolutionary (Herbert Wyndham) placed her in a genetic accelerator. While in the accelerator, she aged at a decelerated rate. When she was finally released, decades later, Drew was only seventeen years old.

Jessica grew up on Mount Wundagore under the care of Lady Bova, one of the High Evolutionary's New Men. She was cared for and received the equivalent of a high school education. She eventually left when she did not appear to fit in. Her first few years were confusing as she adjusted to life among other humans.[2] Eventually, HYDRA, under the control of Count Otto Vermis, found and recruited her as a HYDRA agent.

Through brainwashing and manipulation, she was convinced she was not human but actually an evolved spider. During this time, she went by the alias of Arachne. As a HYDRA agent, she battled Nick Fury and S.H.I.E.L.D., until Jessica learned HYDRA's true nature. She quit HYDRA and turned on them, and was responsible for the fatal crash of HYDRA head Otto Vermis.[3]

Spider-Woman: Origin

Origin does away with the spider-blood serum and genetic accelerator elements of the character's previous origin story. Instead, Jessica's powers derive from her mother's womb being hit by a laser beam containing the DNA traits of several different species of spiders while she was carrying Jessica (the Drews were trying to splice and harness spiders' environmental adaptive capabilities, in order to graft them into the human genome).

After Jessica's parents disappeared under mysterious circumstances, Jessica was recruited into HYDRA (under false pretenses), where she was made into a formidable fighter/assassin. She was trained and mentored by Taskmaster, who schooled her in many martial disciplines and more than seven different fighting styles out of his own "arsenal".

In this re-telling, Otto Vermis, who had originally recruited her into HYDRA, is rather an old, retired HYDRA agent who Jessica seduces in order to gain information that will lead her to her mother.

In addition, Origin made the following modifications:

  • Merriem Drew was now Miriam Drew.
  • The Drews moved to Wundagore Mountain prior to Jessica's conception, establishing without a doubt that she was born on the European landmark. Afterwards, she was raised by her nanny Bova (who was human in appearance), as well as her mother.
  • Jessica's father, Jonathan, never found uranium on their land. Instead, their research was funded by HYDRA, and their direct liaison/financier from the group was General Wyndham. It isn't clear what connection, if any, he had with Edgar Wyndham (who in the original Spider-Woman books was Jonathan's best friend and research partner), nor with the High Evolutionary.
  • Jessica's father was never possessed by the spirit of the Sixth Century magician Magnus; no reason exists for Magnus, decades later, to help Jessica in many of her adventures.
  • Jessica's father worked in large part with Miles Warren, who later left the project because he felt that there was more potential in experimenting with the cloning of human cells.

Spider-Woman

Now going by the name Spider-Woman, Jessica used her new identity to track down her father's killer, starting her search in London. During this time, Jessica was recaptured by HYDRA and brainwashed into working for them again. This brought her into direct conflict with Ben Grimm.[4] After HYDRA's brainwashing was reversed, she battled magical elements alongside the Thing and Modred the Mystic.[5]

Jessica battled Excaliber, agent of Morgan Le Fay, and then came into contact with Morgan's arch nemesis, the sorcerer Magnus.[6] Magnus would become one of her strongest allies, and provided information that would lead Jessica to relocate with him to Los Angeles where she began her career as a costumed crime fighter.[7] She encountered Morgan Le Fey's ghost.[8] Jessica also tracked down her father's murderers.[9]

Jessica was pursued at this time by S.H.I.E.L.D. agent Jerry Hunt, who followed her to Los Angeles to begin a romantic relationship with her.

In her early days as Spider-Woman, Jessica chose to keep her presence in Los Angeles a secret. She met super-powered foes such as the Brothers Grimm, Hangman, the Enforcer, the Needle, Hammer and Anvil,[10] Nekra, the Silver Samurai, Viper, Gypsy Moth, and the Waxman, as well as allies such as Werewolf by Night and the Shroud.

Jessica also sought to discover the true nature of her pheromones, which appeared to produce a strong sexual attraction from men and repulsion from women. Her search led her to the Hatros Institute and her first true job. Working as a secretary, she was able to gain free medical treatment to suppress her pheromones so that she could move effectively among people without producing any unwanted side-effects. Alongside the Shroud, she battled the above mentioned Nekra and the cult of Kali, and learned of her pheromone secretions. The culmination of her time at the Hatros Institute led Jessica to her encounter with Nekra, and the loss of her job.[11]

Unemployed, Jessica briefly considered stealing, but at the last moment decided against it. She came into contact with Spider-Man, who advised her to use her unique talents to help others in need.[12] Jessica chose to heed his advice and become a bounty hunter. She worked closely with former FBI specialist, Scotty McDowell,[13] who later became the Hornet. When their working relationship failed, Jessica moved with her best friend Lindsay McCabe to San Francisco where she set up a practice as a licensed private investigator. On her first assignment, she battled Siryn, Black Tom Cassidy, and the Juggernaut alongside the X-Men.[14] She also battled Morgan Le Fey once again.[15]

While working as a P.I., Jessica encountered the Viper and the Silver Samurai in a battle. Two main revelations came out of it. The first was that Lindsay McCabe finally learned that Spider-Woman and Jessica were one and the same (although Lindsay claimed that she had known all along). The other was Viper's claim to be Jessica's real mother, of which she tried to convince Jessica. Whether this meant she was actually Miriem Drew remains unknown, but the resemblance between the two was uncanny and even fooled other HYDRA agents. The Viper was shown to be a pawn of Chthon however, and ultimately betrayed Chthon rather than hurt Jessica.[16] Jessica later encountered and battle the Viper again, although now the Viper believed Jessica had brainwashed her into believing that she was her mother.[17] Not long after that, Jessica gave up her immunity powers to save Giant-Man.[18]

Jessica traveled in astral form with Magnus to the Sixth Century England to free her friends' souls in a showdown with Morgan le Fey in the 6th century. She managed to vanquish Morgan, but Jessica's human body died while her spirit was gone from it.[19] Jessica was believed dead and the sorcerer, Magnus, placed a spell over humanity to remove all traces of Jessica's existence. However, this spell was faulty, and Tigra and the Shroud discovered Jessica's dead body and contacted the Avengers and Doctor Strange. It turned out that Jessica was in fact trapped on the astral plane, and was attempting to make contact with her body again. The Avengers and Strange traveled to the astral plane to battle Morgan Le Fay, who was also trapped on the astral plane. Morgan attempted to foil the Avengers' attempts to revive Jessica, bringing Morgan in direct conflict with both the Avengers and Dr. Strange. Eventually, Doctor Strange was able to reunite Jessica spirit with her human body and trap Morgan, but it was not without a cost: Jessica's bioelectric powers were eliminated and Magnus sacrificed his astral form to help restore her to life. Jessica was nevertheless grateful for returning to the land of the living, and abandoned her Spider-Woman identity.[20] She continued her life simply as a private investigator in San Francisco, assisted by Lindsay McCabe and occasionally by Tigra, The Shroud and during their brief time in the city, the X-Men.

Jessica Drew frequented Madripoor as a private investigator, partnered with Lindsay McCabe. During this time she had lost her ability to discharge bioelectricity, but found that her super powers were slowly returning. She still possessed superhuman strength and agility, and the ability to cling to walls. At one point, she became ensorcelled by the Black Blade, and battled Wolverine.[21] However, she became an ally and confidante of Patch (an alter-ego of Wolverine), and developed a friendship with pilot Archie Corrigan, who helped her return to San Francisco, where Jessica worked to sort out her life.

Jessica Drew's life settled down until Charlotte Witter, a villainess going by the name of Spider-Woman, stole her powers. After the theft, Jessica returned to her life as a private investigator and served as a teacher and mentor to Mattie Franklin, a young woman who had assumed the Spider-Woman identity. Jessica began to regain her powers at this time; while investigating two cases with Mattie, she made use of her restored superhuman strength and agility. Although she regained the bulk of her spider-powers, they were unstable. For example, her "venom blasts" worked efficiently in one fight, and then would fail her unexpectedly on another occasion.

When Mattie Franklin was drawn into a highly abusive and parasitic relationship with a New York-based drug dealer who cannibalized her tissue to make the "Mutant Growth Hormone" (commonly known as "MGH"), Jessica didn't hesitate to investigate (despite the instability of her powers). An initial misunderstanding with local P.I. Jessica Jones—who shared many surprising similarities to Drew—turned into an alliance when the women teamed up to rescue Mattie from her captors.

Secret Invasion

One day, a HYDRA agent known as Connely attacked her and offered her powers back if she would rejoin S.H.I.E.L.D. as a double agent. Knowing Connely would kill her if she said no, Jessica agreed and contacted Nick Fury, who confronted her securely and urged her to accept the offer. He told Jessica that he would feed her limited info until S.H.I.E.L.D. could analyze the HYDRA cell and then use the info to take it down.

Jessica's double-agent status is a cause for a great deal of mistrust between herself and other characters. After Nick Fury is ousted as head of S.H.I.E.L.D., Jessica is confronted by the new director, Maria Hill, about her loyalties. Jessica remains loyal to Fury rather than the leadership in S.H.I.E.L.D. Jessica also has conflicts with her teammates in the Avengers because of her divided loyalties.

It is later revealed, however, that the Jessica who has joined the Avengers and is acting as a double-agent under the command of Nick Fury is not Jessica Drew at all, but instead a skrull imposter. When she went undercover to regain her lost powers, she was ambushed by the Skrulls and replaced by their current Queen Veranke, who took her place in the New Avengers and assumed her role as Fury's spy, in preparation for the upcoming Invasion.

"There are quite a few people on my message boards and the CBR ones who are gigantic Spider-Woman fans and they’ve loved me for bringing her back. With her being in a number one book, she’s had a wave of good fortune that she hasn’t seen since her heyday. And the whole time I was writing her I’d think those fans are going to fucking lose their shit because we’ve had this planned since New Avengers #1. You can go back to issue #1 and see hints. There’s not a segment of the readership that I haven’t felt worse about doing this to than the Spider-Woman fans. I want to express publicly that your love of the character will not be lost.

Now you know why the Spider-Woman series didn’t happen. We thought about doing it and having her revealed as a Skrull in the first issue of her series. Last year, we were going to do the series and at the end of the issue she’d do something wrong, go off somewhere private and revert to Skrull form. It would be like, 'Woah! The lead character of the book isn’t who she thought she was!' I wrote it, but in the end I just thought it wasn’t selling somebody what they thought you were selling them. But if you did it as part of a team book it’s much less bullshitty. You expect things to happen in a team book but if you’re buying Spider-Woman, you want Spider-Woman."

Brian Michael Bendis[22]

In the conclusion to Secret Invasion, Jessica is revealed to be alive when Iron Man finds a Skrull ship in orbit with all the replaced heroes. Carol Danvers runs up to her and gives her a hug. Unaware of Queen Veranke's actions, Jessica asks why the other heroes have been giving her strange looks, to which Carol responds that "No one knows what to think."[23]

Dark Reign

In the aftermath of Secret Invasion, Jessica is invited by Wolverine to join the New Avengers, having nowhere else to go. She's the one who informs the other Avengers that S.H.I.E.L.D. no longer exists and later helps search for Luke and Jessica Jones's baby, Danielle. Along with Iron Fist, they attack a HYDRA base to see if the Skrull Jarvis has contacted any Earth villains seeking a way to leave New York, possibly Earth.[24] She also joins the Lady Liberators along with the Invisible Woman, Storm, Valkyrie, Thundra, Tigra, Black Widow, She-Hulk, and Hellcat who are trying to discover the identity of the Red Hulk.[25][26] She attempts to bait the Dark Avengers into a fight with the New Avengers; however, Norman Osborn realizes it's a trick and sends the Hood's gang instead, leaving her feeling responsible for the setup.[27] Along with the rest of the New Avengers, she helps Doctor Strange search for the next Sorcerer Supreme and fights Madame Masque, who is trying to keep the New Avengers busy for the Hood.[28] She is also one of the more vocal members about Ronin's media war with Norman Osborn. She is one of the last to fall when Chemistro draws them out into a trap meant for Osborn and his Dark Avengers, which drains them of their powers.[29]

Agent of S.W.O.R.D.

Feeling like the most screwed over person on Earth due to Veranke's actions, Jessica is approached to join S.W.O.R.D. by Abigail Brand, which she accepts. Her first mission takes her to Madripoor where she takes on a Skrull posing as Spider-Man. After run-ins with HYDRA, another Skrull, and the new Thunderbolts, Jessica eventually finds a wayward Skrull and she takes it down with the help of her teammates in the New Avengers. After the mission is over, Brand offers her different, new opportunities within S.W.O.R.D.[30]

Avengers Relaunch

Jessica has been confirmed to be on the membership roster for the new Avengers lineup to debut in May 2010.[31]

Powers and abilities

As a result of a combination of a special serum derived from spider blood and a certain radiation treatment, Jessica possesses superhuman strength, endurance, reflexes, and speed. She can focus the bioelectric energy that her body generates into "venom blasts" sufficient to stun or kill normal humans, and she can also adhere to almost any surface by excreting an unknown adhesive substance from her palms and soles. Jessica rapidly forms an immunity to all poisons and drugs, and is totally immune to radiation. Her body also exudes a high concentration of pheromones which elicit pleasure in most human males while eliciting fear in most females, though she uses a chemical "perfume" that can nullify this effect. She has also demonstrated superhuman senses in her solo series. Jessica has lost and regained her powers more than once, but has recently emerged with her powers restored greater than ever. The Skrull-Queen impersonator had the power of full flight, but Jessica can only manage gliding with the help of the glider web extensions on her costume.

In addition to her powers, Jessica is also a superb hand to hand fighter, and has trained in several styles of fighting including boxing, judo, karate, and capoeira, learned under the training of the Taskmaster. She has also had training in fencing and the use of many other weapons. Jessica was trained by HYDRA (and later on by S.H.I.E.L.D.) in covert operations, stealth, espionage, and information gathering and is a superb athlete. She speaks several foreign languages, including Korean, Russian, French, Spanish, Portuguese, and German. Jessica also received vocational training in undercover detective work and sometimes carried a Walther PPK handgun.

Other versions

Marvel Adventures Spider-Man

In this version, Jessica Drew appeared in issue 52 and is a freelance agent who arrived at Peter's school's as a substitute teacher when she discovered Peter's Biology report mixed up with HYDRA's Bio-Weapons plan. She is one of the few people who knew Peter's secret identity.

Marvel Zombies

Spider-Woman is seen on the SHIELD Helicarrier after the beginning of the zombie infection. She fights alongside the other uninfected heroes but is eventually infected herself. She is then seen in Ultimate Fantastic Four #23 along with the other zombies.

MC2

In the MC2 reality, Jessica never regained her powers after losing them. She got married and had a child, Gerald (or Gerry for short). However, she learned that her radioactive blood caused Gerry to develop a crippling illness. She attempted to use the same genetic treatments her father gave her to save him. As Gerry "incubated" in a genetic accelerator, Jessica's husband blamed her for Gerry's health and divorced her. When Gerry emerged from the genetic accelerator, Jessica found that her son had gained spider-like powers (superhuman strength and agility, as well as the ability to organically produce webs), but still had his disease. Teenaged Gerry decided to use his powers to become Spider-Man, and had several run-ins with the real Spider-Man's daughter, Spider-Girl. However, it was eventually discovered that he was pushing his body far beyond its limits, and would have eventually burned himself out, had not Jessica contacted Spider-Man, and asked him to convince her son to give up his "career" as Spider-Man. Peter Parker has attempted to find someone capable of finding a cure to Gerry's disease, and apparently succeeded (at least that is suggested in the Spider-Girl comic series).[32]

Ultimate Spider-Woman

Clone Saga

Ultimate Spider-Woman. Ultimate Spider-Man #98 (June 2009). Art by Mark Bagley

In Ultimate Spider-Man #98, Spider-Woman is introduced, and in issue #102 it is revealed that she is a clone of Peter Parker whose chromosomes were manipulated to make her female. She resembles Peter, and appears to be the same age (approximately sixteen). Created to act as an agent for the CIA (code name: Spider-Woman), she retains Peter Parker's memories. Cassandra Webb is preparing to erase and supplant those memories in order to create her identity as "Jessica Drew", but she escapes before the process can be carried out.

Doctor Octopus reveals himself as the mastermind of the cloning experiments. Jessica and Peter fight him together, and eventually prevail. Peter surrenders to Nick Fury, while Jessica opts to flee. At the close of the storyline, Jessica decides to start a new life and embrace her identity as Jessica Drew. She takes her leave of Peter after what she calls "the most awkward hug in history."

Ultimatum

Jessica later appeared on Ultimate Spider-Man #129. Taken by Peter's example of "with great power, comes great responsibility", she follows his vigilante path with her powers and aids Johnny Storm in apprehending the Vulture therefore making her public debut as Spider-Woman. The Human Torch begins to develop a romantic interest in her after a bad date with a famed but obnoxious teen singer, unaware that she's a female clone of Peter Parker. In issue #130, she later meets May Parker while aiding civilians from Magneto's worldwide attack. She later took May to safety then promised to find Peter for her.[33] She eventually traveled to the center of Manhattan where Dr. Strange's home was being attacked by Nightmare, however, Hulk began to destroy the portal to the Dark Dimension, which resulted in an explosion, leaving Jessica to bear witness to Peter's possible demise.[34] After briefly being chased by the Hulk, Jessica continues her search for Peter and met Kitty Pryde. They work together on the search as well as trying to help the survivors, but are also overwhelmed by the deaths and destructions around them. They managed to find a remnant of Peter's mask, which Kitty took with her and gave to Mary Jane Watson at Peter's home, informing her and May Parker that Peter is still among the missing.[35]

Ultimate Comics

It has been announced that she would be a supporting character of the Ultimate Comics: Spider-Man.[36]

Since the first issues of Ultimate Comics: Spider-Man, there was a mysterious heavily clothed costumed vigilantee whose identity is ambiguous, but both Peter Parker and Mary Jane Watson both find the crimefighter's familiar. On the sixth issue, after aiding Peter and Johnny Storm against Mysterio's attacks on Midtown High, reveals the superhero's identity to be Kitty Pryde, however.[37]

She is later seen doing recon on the Roxxon corporation looking to see what illegal experiments they have been doing on genetic material. Then instantly, a large mass of matter attacks the corporation's building and rescues as many people she can from the building before she crashes onto a taxi. It is assumed that the person behind the attack is the "Ultimate Enemy".[38]

References to Earth-616

In Ultimate Spider-Man Annual #3, a woman dressed in Jessica Drew's Earth-616 costume was dragged into a police station shouting "Embrace Change, Embrace Change!!", a reference to Secret Invasion and queen Veranke (who impersonated Earth-616's Spider-Woman), both created by writer, Brian Michael Bendis.

Powers and abilities

Her powers include heightened agility, strength, reflexes, and the ability to stick to walls. Although she lacks venom blasts, Ultimate Spider-Woman can discharge organic webbing from her fingertips.

In other media

Television

Video games

  • Spider-Woman is a playable character in the video game Marvel: Ultimate Alliance voiced by Tasia Valenza. She possesses all of the powers she has in the comic book except super-strength. She has a S.H.I.E.L.D. agent variant costume (a navy blue and black unmasked version of her classic costume, with white glider webs and a silver belt). In addition, she also has unlockable Julia Carpenter (Secret War edition) and Spider-Girl costumes, and faces the Wrecker in her simulator disc mission. If a player were to ask her a question revolving around Spider-Man, she tells the player that she's not related to Spider-Man (though she seems to show a slight attraction to him, stating that he's "kinda cute in a geeky sort of way"). Spider-Woman has special dialogue with Black Widow, Jarvis, the Grey Gargoyle, the Enchantress, and Doctor Doom (while in Doctor Doom's castle).
  • Jessica Drew appears in the PlayStation 2 and PSP versions of Spider-Man: Web of Shadows voiced by Mary Elizabeth McGlynn. Spider-Man encounters her on the S.H.I.E.L.D. Helicarrier and saves her from infected S.H.I.E.L.D. Agents. Following the path of her downed Helicopter, Spider-Man encounters Jessica who has become infected and trying to fight the symbiotic control. Spider-Man manages to defeat Symbiote-Jessica Drew and obtain the S.H.I.E.L.D. plans.[citation needed]
  • Spider-Woman appears in Marvel: Ultimate Alliance 2 voiced by Elizabeth Daily.[39] She is allied with Captain America's Anti-Registration movement. She is a boss in the Pro-Registration side, and an ally on the Anti-Registration side who also assists you during a mission. Spider-Woman first appears in Stark Tower after the events in Washington and tells the heroes she doesn't plan on signing the SRA. If the player chooses Anti Registration, she assists the heroes in the first mission but is captued by S.H.I.E.L.D agents. Spider-Woman is one of the many heroes presumed deceased after the battle in the Negative Zone prison. She later gets taken over by The Fold and attacks the heroes outside of the Repeater Tower alongside Wonder Man.

Miscellaneous

  • Spider-Woman was among the ten Marvel characters utilized on a set of Marvel Comics Super Heroes commemorative postage-stamps that were issued in 2007.[40]
  • Spider-Woman motion comics have also been made, based on the series written by Brian Michael Bendis.[citation needed] In the series, Jessica Drew has an English accent and is voiced by actress Nicolette Reed.

Bibliography

  • Marvel Spotlight Vol. 1 #32
  • Marvel Two-in One #29-33
  • Spider-Woman Vol. 1 #1-50
  • Spider-Woman: Origin #1-5
  • Marvel Team-Up Vol. 1 #97
  • Spider-Woman Vol. 4 #1-present
  • New Avengers #48-64, Annual #3
  • Avengers Vol. 4 #1-present

References

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ origin revealed in Spider-Woman #1
  3. ^ Marvel Spotlight #32
  4. ^ Marvel Two-in-One #30-32
  5. ^ Marvel Two-in-One #33
  6. ^ Spider-Woman #2
  7. ^ Spider-Woman #3
  8. ^ Spider-Woman #5-6
  9. ^ Spider-Woman #7
  10. ^ Spider-Woman #34
  11. ^ Spider-Woman #13-16
  12. ^ Spider-Woman #20
  13. ^ Spider-Woman #21
  14. ^ Spider-Woman #37-38
  15. ^ Spider-Woman #41
  16. ^ Spider-Woman #42-44
  17. ^ Captain America #281
  18. ^ Marvel Two-in-One #85
  19. ^ Spider-Woman #50
  20. ^ Avengers #240-241
  21. ^ Wolverine #2
  22. ^ CBR News: Spoilers of War: Secret Invasion #3, Comic Book Resources
  23. ^ Secret Invasion #8
  24. ^ New Avengers #48
  25. ^ [2]
  26. ^ Hulk #7
  27. ^ New Avengers #50
  28. ^ New Avengers #51-54
  29. ^ New Avengers #55-56
  30. ^ Spider-Woman #1-5 (2009)
  31. ^ [3]
  32. ^ Jessica Drew (MC2) at the Appendix to the handbook of the Marvel Universe
  33. ^ Ultimate Spider-Man #131
  34. ^ Ultimate Spider-Man #132
  35. ^ Ultimate Spider-Man #133
  36. ^ The Ultimate Comics Spider-Man writer takes us for a swing..., Marvel, August 11, 2009
  37. ^ Ultimate Comics: Spider-Man #6 (January 2010)
  38. ^ Ultimate Comics: Enemy #1
  39. ^ http://uk.comics.ign.com/articles/101/1018503p1.html
  40. ^ USPS Stamp News: Spider-Man and Nine Other Marvel Super Heroes to Deliver for Postal Service, USPS.com

External links


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