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Corinthians
Full name Sport Club Corinthians Paulista
Nickname(s) Timão (Big Team)
Coringão
Time do Povo (People's Team)
Todo Poderoso (The Almighty)
Bando de Loucos (Gang of Mads)
Founded September 1, 1910
Ground Estádio Parque São Jorge (Capacity: 17,900)
Estádio do Pacaembu (Capacity: 40,199)
Chairman Brazil Andrés Sanchez
Coach Brazil Mano Menezes
League Campeonato Paulista
Campeonato Brasileiro Série A
2009 1st (Paulista); 10th (Campeonato Brasileiro Série A)
Home colours
Away colours
Third colours

Sport Club Corinthians Paulista, a Brazilian sports club, based in São Paulo, São Paulo State, Brazil, most known for its football team.

Corinthians was founded in 1910 by a group of laborers - mainly of Portuguese, Italian and Spanish descent - hoping to create a popular club in the city of São Paulo to play against the elite clubs that already existed. They are named after English amateur team Corinthian F.C., which had played a number of exhibition matches during a tour of Brazil.

The football team is among the most successful in Brazil, having won the first edition of the FIFA Club World Championship, the Brazilian Série A four times, the Brazilian Cup three times, the São Paulo State Championship 26 times (leader), among many other titles. Corinthians fans are widely known as "Fiel", Portuguese for "faithful" or "loyal".

Corinthians is arguably the most popular football team in São Paulo with about 30 million fans, surpassed only in Brasil by CR Flamengo who have the most number of fans. The two clubs leave São Paulo FC in third place with about half the number of fans (16 million).

Contents

History

1914-São Paulo State Champions (1st trophy)
Fúlvio, Casemiro do Amaral and Casemiro Gonzalez; Police, Biano and Cesar; Aristides, Peres, Amilcar, Dias and Neco
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The Centennial Champion

Corinthians are known in Brazil as the "Centennial Champion", because of the coincidence in the years of some of its conquests:

  • 1922 - State Champions; Brazil's independence from Portugal was in 1822
  • 1954 - State Champions; Foundation of the city of São Paulo was in 1554
  • 1988 - State Champions; Abolition of slavery was in 1888
  • 2000 - World Champions; Discovery of Brazil was in 1500

The Champion of Champions

Corinthians is also known in Brazil as the "Campeão dos Campeões" (Champion of Champions), because in 1915 the team broke with the Paulista League and did not participate in that year's tournament, which was won by Germania. At the end of the season, Corinthians challenged Germania to a game and won 4-1. Challenged to face Palmeiras, the champion of the Apea League (another league of those times), Corinthians was again triumphant with a 3-0 victory. As a sidenote, the victorious team in those challenges was also the 1914 and 1916 undefeated São Paulo State Championship champion.

There is also another story that could explain the nickname. In 1930, even though there was yet no national championship in Brazil, there was a challenge match between the champions of the São Paulo and the Rio de Janeiro state championships. On February 16, in a match against Vasco da Gama, in Rio de Janeiro, Corinthians won 4-2, with goals scored by Filó (2), De Maria and Gambinha, bringing home the "Champion of Champions" trophy.

Today, the nickname is used in the second verse of the club's official anthem.

Corinthians Invasion (Invasão Corinthiana)

The so-called "Corinthians Invasion" happened in 1976, when the Corinthians fans invaded the Mário Filho Stadium (Maracanã) in Rio de Janeiro during the semifinal of the Brazilian Championship of 1976. In the game between Fluminense and Corinthians, around 70 thousand fans supporting Corinthians had left the State of São Paulo to see the team. Those in attendance participated in the biggest human displacement in peace time, according to the Guinness Book of Records. The game went into extra time, followed by a penalty shootout which was won by Corinthians. In November 2006, a special team jersey was released celebrating the 30th anniversary of the invasion.

Corinthians Democracy (Democracia Corinthiana)

The Corinthians Democracy was a unique ideological movement in the world, known in Brazil as one of the key moments in the struggle against the military dictatorship[citation needed] that governed the country at the time.

Led by Socrates and Wladimir, the players took some control of the team's management, deciding things that would affect them, and one of the decisions they took is known as one of the most important actions against the dictatorship.

In 1982, the players voted to print on the back of their shirts an announcement, "Vote on the 15th", to motivate people to vote on November 15, in the elections that would help Brazil to end its dictatorship.

Corinthians World Champion

The first edition of the FIFA Club World Championship took place in Brazil in 2000. Eight clubs, representing every corner of the planet, converged on Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo. It was the two Brazilian participants, Rio's Vasco da Gama and Corinthians from São Paulo that met the star-studded local final. The São Paulo side just managed to defeat their rivals 4-3 in a penalty shootout after 120 minutes of tactical, goalless football. After drawing with Real Madrid and disposing of Saudi Arabia's Al Nassr and Morocco's Raja Casablanca in the first round, Corinthians and their stable of thoroughbreds - Vampeta, Freddy Rincon, Edu, Dida and Edilson - ran out worthy champions in front of a crowd of 73,000 in Rio's fabled Maracana Stadium. Corinthians played the final match with Dida, Índio, Fábio Luciano, Adílson, Kléber, Vampeta (replaced for Gilmar), Rincón, Marcelinho Carioca, Ricardinho (replaced for Edu), Edílson (replaced for Fernando Baiano) and Luizão. Coach: Oswaldo de Oliveira!

Corinthians' Fans

The club shares the lead of the biggest number of fans in Brazil with Flamengo. However, the exact number of fans is controversial. Between 2004 and 2007, three different surveys were conducted by the research firms Ibope, Data Folha and CNT/Sensus to measure which was the favorite football team in Brazil. According to the results [1], Corinthians was preferred by 10.5% to 13.2% of the Brazilian population, which represents approximately 25 to 30 million fans.Flamengo was preferred 22%(45 million fans).

Corinthians’ fans are famous for being passionate about the team and loyal supporters. In April 2009, the club released a tribute documentary to its fans. Named Fiel, the documentary highlights the fans' support in one of the most difficult moments in the team’s history: when it was downgraded to the second division in 2007. Directed by Andrea Pasquini and written by Serginho Groisman and Marcelo Rubens Paiva, the movie shows several fans and players’ testimonials.

In 2009, another documentary about the fan’s love for the team was released. Directed by Di Morreti, 23 anos em 7 segundos – O fim do Jejum Corinthiano portrays the historical moment when, in 1977, Corinthians won the Campeonato Paulista, after 23 years without wining any Championships.

Among Corinthians’ fans there are some international celebrities such as the president of Brazil Luiz Inacio Lula Silva and the racing drivers Ayrton Senna, Emerson Fittipaldi and Rubens Barrichello.

There are also several Corinthians' organized fan clubs of football factories, among them Gaviões da Fiel (the largest in the world), Camisa 12, Pavilhão 9 and Estopim da Fiel.

The Musketeer

Corinthians' official mascot is the musketeer, symbol of bravery, audacity and fighting spirit. The adoption of that character recalls the first years of the club. In 1913 most of the football leaders of the São Paulo State founded the APEA (Paulista Athletic Sports Association).

In the depleted Paulista League was left with only Americano, Germania and Internacional, known as the "three musketeers" of São Paulo football. Corinthians joined the three as D'Artagnan, being the fourth and most adored musketeer, just like Alexandre Dumas, père's novel The Three Musketeers. To be accepted in that "musketeers universe", Corinthians had to show its bravery. As there was many other teams who coveted the spot in the Liga Paulista, Corinthians participated in a selective tournament against Minas Gerais and São Paulo, two other great teams of Paulista amateur football at that time. The Corinthian team beat Minas 1-0 and São Paulo 4-0, earning acceptance into the group and acquiring the right to participate in the Special Division of the Paulista League in the following year.

Saint George

An important symbol for Corinthians is Saint George. Saint George is one of the most devoted Catholic Saint in Brazil, and still is often remembered as The Corinthians Patron, and is very devoted in São Paulo's team Headquarters, and over all country, for most of the club's fans.

Rivalries

  • Palmeiras: Palestra Itália (now known as Palmeiras) was founded in 1914 from a group of Italians, incorrectly known as former members of Corinthians. This mistake occurred because some players, including Bianco, which had italiant family, left Corinthians over Palmeiras (known at the time as Palestra Itália). Since then the match has being called simply "O Derby" (THE Derby) and remains the fiercest rivalry in São Paulo and the most important derby in Brazil. The first game between both teams ended with a victory for Palmeiras.[1]
  • Other rivals: Corinthians also have a historic rivalry with São Paulo and Santos. The rivalry against São Paulo is known as "O Majestoso" (the majesty one) and become fiercest in the 90s, after Corinthians won his first Campeonato Brasileiro ever against São Paulo, in 1990. The game between Corinthians and Santos is known as "Clássico Alvi-negro" (the black and white derby) because of the colors of both teams. Pelé make the Corinthians fans suffer in the 60s, leading Santos in a 11 year straight without losing to Corinthians. In the 80s, Sócrates call a even, making Corinthians be seven years unbeaten against Santos. Santos win his first Campeonato Brasileiro against Corinthians in 2002.

Colours

Even though the club has been recognized by the colours black and white for most of its history, the first Corinthians' kit originally consisted of cream shirts and black shorts. But when the shirts were washed, the cream colour gradually became white. After that, early in the club's history, the official colours were changed, so the club would not waste much money on buying new kits. In 1954 was introduced the black with thin white stripes uniform which became the alternative uniform.

1910 Kit
1916-Present
1954-Present
1990
1996
2000
2005
2006 3rd Kit
1972, 2007, 2008
2008 2nd Kit
2008 3rd Kit
2009 3rd Kit

Crests

1913

The Corinthians' shirt had no crest before 1913, when the club joined the Liga Paulista and became able to play official matches in the São Paulo State Championship. The club then debuted its first symbol, with the letters "C" and "P", which stand for Corinthians Paulista.

1940-present

The first crest was created by the lithographer Hermógenes Barbuy, brother of Corinthians' player Amílcar, in 1914. But the crest changed often before 1919, when a new crest (part of the present crest) debuted on Corinthians' shirts in 1919. Presenting a São Paulo State flag in a circle and the club's name, S.C. Corinthians Paulista, written around it, where S.C. stand for Sport Club.

The crest changed yet again in 1940 when the modernist painter and former member of Corinthians' reserve squad Francisco Rebolo González created the club's definitive crest, with the anchor and two oars (a reference to the aquatic sports practiced in the club), making it unique. The definitive crest has been revised a few times.

Manufacturer and sponsors

Manufacturer:
Topper (1982–1987)
Finta (1988–1994)
Penalty (1995–1998)
Topper (1999–2002)
Nike (2003–present)

Sponsors:
Bombril (1982) - back
Cofap (1983)
Citizen (1984) - back
Bic (1984)
Corona (1984)
Kalunga (1985–1994)
Suvinil (1995–1996)
Excel-Econômico (1997–1998)
Embratel (1998)
Batavo (1999–2000)
Pepsi (2000–2004)
Kolumbus (2003) - sleeves
Samsung (2005–2007)
Medial Saúde (2008–2009)
Ford (2009) - one game only
Locaweb (2009) - one game only - sleeves
Vivo (2009) - one game only - shoulders
Aacd (2009) - one game only
Visa (2009) - one game only
Panasonic (2009) - one game only - sleeves
Lupo (2009) - one game only - shorts
Batavo/Perdigão/Brasil Food (2009)
Grupo Silvio Santos/Banco Panamericano (2009) - shoulders/lower back
Neo Química Genéricos - (2010-)
Bozzano (2009-) - sleeves
Avanço (2009-) - under sleeves
Assim - (2010-)shoulders/lower back

Stadiums

As soon as founded Corinthians needed somewhere to host its matches. The team initially played on a field owned by a wood seller, and henceforth was known as Campo do Lenheiro (Portuguese for wood seller's field). The field's conditions were not ideal as the players and fans had to clean the place before every match.

Four years after being included to play the São Paulo State Championship, in 1918, a more appropriate stadium was required, as the fame and number of fans increased after winning two state championships. Associates, players and fans managed to build another stadium, known as Bom Retiro Stadium which would be Corinthians home ground for nine years.

In 1928, club chairman Alfredo Schürig purchased the terrain where the social club now stands, known as Parque São Jorge. Inside the social club a stadium (named after Schürig) was built. Most known as Fazendinha (Portuguese for small farm) or Parque São Jorge Stadium' this stadium would host Corinthians matches for a long time.

Municipal Prefecture Stadium Paulo Machado de Carvalho (known as Pacaembu) was inaugurated in 1940. As the team with the biggest fanbase in the city, Corinthians would play its bigger matches in the public stadium for a bigger attendance. Eventually every Corinthians home match would be played there.

As the capacity of Pacaembu decreased with time, to 37,000 spectators as of its last improvement in 2008, Corinthians is forced to play sometimes in rival's São Paulo FC ground (Morumbi Stadium) when the expected attendance is superior to Pacaembu's capacity.

Several projects of a new stadium were presented to the public since the 1960s. The club owns property in Itaquera conceded for the building of its new stadium by the Municipal Prefecture in 1970s. In the 1990s Corinthians inaugurated its first training centre there, known as CT de Itaquera.

Former partner group HTMF bought land in the Raposo Tavares Highway in late 1990s for the stadium construction but the partnership ended soon after that.

In late 2006 a NGO called Cooperfiel established a fund drive for a new stadium.[2]

Former Chairman Alberto Dualib had conversations with Brazilian President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (an ardent supporter of the club) to ask him for financial assistance to build a new stadium for the team. In that meeting, the president demanded to talk to former coach Emerson Leão and tell him he trusted on him to "fix" the team, which has been having problems with greedy players and jealousy amongst them. It is also said that the real purpose of that meeting was that Dualib could talk to Lula about Boris Berezovsky's arrival.

Corinthians' practice field is home to Brazil's first FIFA certified artificial turf pitch. This synthetic turf pitch, called Xtreme Turf, was manufactured by ACT Global Sports.

As of 2009, there are some conjectures that the government of São Paulo might make a deal for a 30-year allotment of Pacaembu. Besides that, Fazendinha is being improved to host some matches and shows starting 2010

Squad

Squad 2009, December 7, 2009.[3]

First team squad

Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Brazil GK Felipe
2 Brazil DF Alessandro
3 Brazil DF Chicão (vice-captain)
4 Brazil DF William (captain)
5 Brazil MF Ralf
6 Brazil DF Roberto Carlos
7 Brazil MF Elias
8 Brazil MF Tcheco
9 Brazil FW Ronaldo
10 Brazil MF Danilo
11 Brazil FW Iarley
12 Brazil GK Rafael Santos
13 Brazil DF Paulo André
14 Brazil DF Leandro Castán
15 Brazil MF Marcelo Mattos (on loan from Panathinaikos)
16 Brazil DF Dodô
No. Position Player
17 Brazil FW Dentinho
18 Brazil MF Jucilei
19 Brazil FW Souza
20 Argentina MF Matías Defederico
21 Brazil MF Morais
22 Brazil GK Júlio César
23 Brazil FW Jorge Henrique
24 Brazil MF Moacir
25 Brazil MF Edu Gaspar
- Argentina DF Sergio Escudero
- Brazil DF Renato
- Paraguay DF Edgar Balbuena (on loan from Libertad)
- Brazil MF Jádson
- Brazil DF Bruno Bertucci
- Brazil MF Boquita

On loan

Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
-- Brazil MF Wellington Saci (on loan to Atlético-MG)
-- Uruguay FW Beto Acosta (on loan to Náutico-PE)
-- Brazil FW Allisson (on loan to Juventude-RS)
-- Brazil MF Bruno Octávio (on loan to Figueirense-SC)
-- Brazil MF Carlos Alberto (on loan to Atlético-MG)
-- Brazil MF Cássio (on loan to Marília-SP)
-- Brazil DF Cris (on loan to Monte Azul-SP)
-- Brazil FW Daniel Grando (on loan to Oeste-SP)
-- Brazil DF Eduardo Ratinho (on loan to Fluminense-RJ)
-- Brazil MF Eduardo Ramos (on loan to Goiás-GO)
-- Brazil FW Jean (on loan to Monte Azul-SP)
-- Brazil DF Kelisson (on loan to Monte Azul-SP)
- Brazil FW Marcelinho (on loan to Monte Azul-SP)
-- Brazil MF Careca (on loan to Noroeste-SP)
No. Position Player
-- Brazil FW Lewis (on loan to AEREB-PR)
-- Brazil GK Marcelo (on loan to Bahia-BA)
-- Brazil MF Nilton (on loan to Vasco da Gama)
-- Brazil DF Kadu (on loan to Bragantino-SP)
-- Brazil DF Rodrigo Passos (on loan to AEREB-PR)
-- Brazil MF Wagner (on loan to São José-RS)
-- Brazil GK Wéverton (on loan to América-RN)
-- Argentina MF Emiliano Vecchio (on loan to Grêmio Barueri)
-- Brazil MF Lulinha (on loan to Estoril-POR)
33 Brazil DF Diogo (on loan to Bahia)
16 Brazil MF Marcelo Oliveira (on loan to Barueri)
25 Brazil MF Moradei (on loan to São Caetano)
-- Brazil FW Otacílio Neto (on loan to São Caetano)
-- Brazil FW Edno (on loan to Botafogo)

Notable Players

Technical Staff

Current Technical Staff

  • Brazil Mano Menezes — Head coach
  • Brazil Toninho Oliveira — Fitness coach
  • Brazil Carlos Alberto Pimentel — Assistant fitness coach
  • Brazil Marcos Antonio Romando — Goalkeeping coach
  • Brazil Dr. Fábio Luiz Novi — Club doctor
  • Brazil Dr. Paulo Antonio de Faria — Club doctor
  • Brazil Dr. Joaquim Grava — Head of Medical Department
  • Brazil Dr. Renato Fraga Moreira Lotufo — Physiologist
  • Brazil José Alberto Fregnani Gonçalves — Physiotherapist
  • Brazil Paulo Rogério Vieira — Physiotherapist
  • Brazil Christine Fernanda Machado Neves — Nutritionist
  • Brazil Alexandro Gonçalves Dias — Masseur
  • Brazil José Lazaro do Nascimento — Masseur
  • Brazil Cleber Costa de Souza — Masseur

Notable managers

Corinthians first official manager was Uruguayan Pedro Mazzulo appointed in 1933. Before that, usually the leader player (captain) accumulated also the head coach function. Former player Neco was the first appointed manager to win a championship with the club, in 1937.

Nelsinho Baptista in 1990, Wanderley Luxemburgo in 1998, Oswaldo de Oliveira in 1999 and Antônio Lopes in 2005 are the four managers that succeeded to win the Brazilian championship trophy with the club. Osvaldo Brandão is known as one of the most important managers in the club's history for leading the group to win the São Paulo State Championship in 1977, after 23 years without a trophy.

Current manager Mano Menezes wrote his name in the club's history after leading Corinthians back to first division in 2008, after Corinthians was relegated for the first time ever in 2007. Mano also lead Corinthians to a Runner-Up campaign in Brazilian Cup 2008, an unbeaten title in São Paulo State Championship 2009 and a first place victory in Brazilian Cup 2009.

Honours of professional football (66)

Official honours (41)

International Competitions (FIFA): (1)

National competitions (CBF): (9)

Unbeaten champion in 1995

Inter-state Competitions (FPF and FFERJ): (5)

State competitions (FPF): (26)

  • São Paulo State Championship: 1914, 1916, 1922, 1923, 1924, 1928, 1929, 1930, 1937, 1938, 1939, 1941, 1951, 1952, 1954, 1977, 1979, 1982, 1983, 1988, 1995, 1997, 1999, 2001, 2003, 2009

Unbeaten champion in 1914, 1916, 1929, 1938 and 2009

Friendly tournaments (25)

International tournaments (10)

  • Pequeña Copa del Mundo (VEN) (1):1953
  • Charles Miller International Tournament (BRA) (1): 1954
  • City of Turin Tournament (ITA) (1): 1966
  • Apollo V Cup (USA) (1): 1969
  • Costa del Sol Tornament (ESP): 1969
  • Independence of Mexico Cup (MEX) (1): 1981
  • Nations Cup (USA) (1): 1985
  • Ramón de Carranza Trophy (ESP) (1): 1996
  • Santos City Internacional Summer Tournament (BRA) (2): 1986, 1987

National tournaments (15)

  • São Paulo City Cup: 1942, 1943, 1947
  • Mayor of São Paulo Cup: 1953
  • Gold Quinela: 1942
  • Missões Tournament: 1953
  • Charles Miller Tournament: 1955
  • Brasília Tournament: 1958
  • São Paulo Cup: 1962, 1975
  • Recife Cup: 1965
  • People's Tournament: 1971
  • Laudo Natel Cup: 1973
  • Porto Alegre City Cup: 1983
  • Bandeirantes Cup: 1994

Amateur football (13)

Youth Competitions (13)

Further information:Corinthians Youth Team

PS: Copa São Paulo de Juniores is the most important 'Youth Competition' in Brazil, being considered nowadays the 7th most important tournement there. (in order, FIFA Club World Cup, Copa Libertadores, Campeonato Brasileiro Serie A, Brazilian Cup, Copa Sudamericana and the State Championships).

References

  1. ^ "Football Derbies - Corinthians x Palmeiras". http://www.footballderbies.com/results/index.php?id=86. 
  2. ^ The NGO's stated goal is to raise R$300 million (approximately $140 million USD) within a 36-month time frame for the construction of a 60,000 seat venue that will be ceded to the club under an as yet undetermined arrangement. (Reference: "Cooperfiel Website". http://www.fielzao.com.br/. )
  3. ^ According to "Corinthians Squad 2009". http://www.corinthians.com.br/site/futebol/elenco.asp. , CBF's BID and match reports

External links

Official websites

Corinthians related websites


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