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Sport clubs (SC) were institutions to promote competitive sports in East Germany.

They were created beginning in 1954 as part of a programme to promte excellence in East German sports. Some sportclubs were part of the Sportvereinigung Dynamo (Police) and the Armeesportvereinigung Vorwärts (Army). The biggest sport club in East Germany was SC Dynamo Berlin. Every sports club focused on selected kinds of sport. The well-equipped sports clubs were only tasked with competitive sports, in contrast to the Betriebssportgemeinschaft clubs that organised non-competitive sports.

Talented athletes could not join a sport club of their own volition, but were delegated by the leadership of the respective sport clubs. The most important talent hotbed for the sports clubs were the Kinder- und Jugendsportschule institutions.

In 1965, association football was given a special status in East Germany's sports system, when football clubs were formed from the footballing departments of the sport clubs. Afterwards, these clubs dominated play in the DDR-Oberliga.

Most sportclubs had their seat in the capitals of the Bezirke - each capital had at least one. The exception were winter sports that were as of 1986 concentrated in the Mittelgebirge, particularly in Klingenthal, Oberwiesenthal, Oberhof, Zella-Mehlis and Zinnwald.[1]

List of East German sport clubs

  • "Civilian" sport clubs of the DTSB
    • SC Berlin-Grünau (until 1969 section of TSC Berlin)
    • TSC Berlin (successor to TSC Oberschöneweide, SC Einheit Berlin and SC Rotation Berlin)
    • SC Aktivist Brieske-Senftenberg
    • SC Cottbus
    • SC Einheit Dresden
    • SC Turbine Erfurt
    • SC Frankfurt
    • SC Motor Jena
    • SG Wismut Gera*
    • SC Chemie Halle (successor to SC Wissenschaft Halle and SC Chemie Halle-Leuna)
    • SC Karl-Marx-Stadt (successor to SC Motor Karl-Marx-Stadt and SC Wismut Karl-Marx-Stadt)
    • SC Leipzig (successor to SC Lokomotive Leipzig and SC Rotation Leipzig)
    • SC DHfK Leipzig (until 1964 SC Wissenschaft DHfK Leipzig)
    • SC Magdeburg (until 1965 SC Aufbau Magdeburg)
    • SC Neubrandenburg
    • SC Traktor Oberwiesenthal
    • SC Potsdam
    • SC Stahl Riesa
    • SC Empor Rostock
    • BSG Motor Stralsund*
    • SC Traktor Schwerin
    • SC Fortschritt Weißenfels
    • SC Motor Zella-Mehlis
  • Motor sport clubs, part of the Allgemeiner Deutscher Motorsport Verband
    • MC Eisenach/AWE
    • MC Sachsenring Zwickau
    • MC Hohenstein-Ernstthal
    • MC Pneumant Riesa
    • MC Simson Suhl
    • MC Motorradwerk Zschopau
  • Sport clubs of Sportvereinigung Dynamo
  • Sport clubs of Armeesportvereinigung Vorwärts
    • ASK Vorwärts Frankfurt/Oder (until 1969 ASK Vorwärts Berlin)
    • ASK Vorwärts Leipzig
    • ASK Vorwärts Oberhof
    • ASK Vorwärts Potsdam
    • ASK Vorwärts Rostock
  • Clubs of Gesellschaft für Sport und Technik
    • GST-Club Leipzig
    • GST-Club Suhl

Asterisks denote a Sportgemeinschaft (SG) working under sport club conditions

References

  1. ^ Teichler, Hans Joachim; Reinartz, Klaus (1999), Das Leistungssportsystem der DDR in den 80er Jahren und im Prozeß der Wende, Schorndorf: Hofmann, p. 187f, ISBN 978-3778089613  
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