Springer Science+Business Media or Springer is a global publishing company which publishes books, e-books and peer-reviewed journals in science, technical and medical (STM) publishing. Springer also hosts a number of scientific databases, including SpringerLink, SpringerProtocols, and SpringerImages. Book publications include major reference works, textbooks, monographs and book series; more than 35,000 titles are available as e-books in 13 subject collections. Within STM, Springer is the largest book publisher, and second-largest journal publisher worldwide (the largest being Elsevier), with over 60 publishing houses, around 2,000 journals, 6,500 new books published each year, sales of 880 million euro (in 2008) and more than 5,000 employees. Springer has major offices in Berlin, Heidelberg, Dordrecht (Netherlands) and New York.
Julius Springer founded Springer-Verlag in Berlin in 1842. The academic publishing company BertelsmannSpringer was formed after Bertelsmann bought a majority stake in Springer-Verlag in 1999. British investment groups Cinven and Candover bought BertelsmannSpringer from Bertelsmann in 2003. They merged the company in 2004 with the Dutch publisher Kluwer Academic Publishers which they bought from Wolters Kluwer in 2002, to form Springer Science+Business Media.
In September 2007, the STM part of the company reorganized into two divisions. One division, STM Local Publishing, manages local STM publications in France, Switzerland and Austria, Asia and the Americas, and also non-German-language medicine and pharmaceutical publications. This division also includes the imprints Apress, Key Curriculum Press, Springer Asia, Springer India and Springer Japan as well as Springer Healthcare Communications, Current Medicine Group, FMC, Springer Italy and Infochem. The other, STM Global Publishing, includes the remaining international STM products.
SpringerProtocols is home to Springer's collection of protocols, recipes which provide step-by-step instructions for conducting experiments in research labs.
SpringerImages  was launched in 2008 and offers Springer's rapidly growing collection of currently 1.8 million images spanning science, technology and medicine.
SpringerMaterials  was launched in 2009 and is a platform for accessing The Landolt-Börnstein database, the world's largest and most comprehensive source of research and information on materials and their properties.
AuthorMapper  is a free online tool for visualizing scientific research that enables document discovery based on author locations and geographic maps. The tool helps users explore patterns in scientific research, identify literature trends, discover collaborative relationships, and locate experts in several scientific/medical fields.