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American squat toilet with tank (Saline,_Michigan).
Toilet retrofit installation.

A squat toilet (also known as an Eastern, Turkish or Natural-Position toilet) is a toilet used by squatting, rather than sitting. There are several types of squat toilets, but they all consist essentially of a hole in the ground. The only exception is a "pedestal" squat toilet, which is the same height as a standard flush toilet. It is also possible to squat over standard western pedestal toilets, but this requires extra care as they are not specifically designed for squatting [1]

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Types of squat toilets

  • The squat toilets (known as alaturka (from Italian alla turca) in Turkey or Iranian Toilet in Iran or paati in Malayalam. In contrast to alafranga (alla franca) flush toilets) where the user puts his feet on foot rests; the user faces the entrance to the cubicle; it is prevalent in Turkey where flush toilets are now getting more in use for households and can still be found in some public buildings and at motorway services in France, Italy, Uruguay, Balkans and, more often, in the former USSR. In Argentina and Bolivia, squat toilets can be found in older, lower class pubs, cafés and restaurants. It is also used in the Middle East and can be found in rural areas of Greece and Italy. It is also very common in Iran and prevalent throughout mainland China, South East Asia and South Asia.
  • The toilets of Asia vary greatly. The Japanese toilet, which is also found in Korea, mainland China and Taiwan, is shaped differently with a rectangular or oval shape and a lip at the flushing end to guard against urine. The user squats facing the flushing apparatus with his stool being deposited on the dry section opposite the flushing end, eliminating splashing but allowing some odor. When flushed, the higher, dry section of the toilet is washed towards the pool of water at the flushing end. In countries such as mainland China, South East Asia, and several South Asian countries such as India and Pakistan, there are poor regions in which the squatter toilet are nothing but a communal trough in the ground shared by all users. When this occurs, the trough is typically concrete and plumbing may be non-existent. Stool is eradicated when enough urine passes over it.

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See also

References

  1. ^ Dimmer C, Martin B, Reeves N, Sullivan F (1996). "Squatting for the Prevention of Hemorrhoids?". Townsend Letter for Doctors & Patients (159): 66–70. http://www.uow.edu.au/arts/sts/bmartin/pubs/96tldp.html. 

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