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Srebrenik
Сребреник
File:Srebrenikshield.GIF
Coat of arms
Location of Srebrenik within Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Srebrenik is located in Bosnia
Srebrenik
Location of Srebrenik
Coordinates: 44°42′N 18°29′E / 44.7°N 18.483°E / 44.7; 18.483
Country  Bosnia and Herzegovina
Government
 - Municipality president Osman Suljagić (SDA)
Population (1998 census)
 - Total 47,938
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Area code(s) +387 35
Website http://www.srebrenik.ba

Srebrenik is a town and municipality in northeastern Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is administratively part of the Tuzla Canton and the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The town of Srebrenik is located northwest of Tuzla.

Contents

History

Otherwise, Bosnia's best-preserved medieval castle dating from 1333 is located in the outskirts of Srebrenik. The castle was occupied by the Ban of Bosnia Stjepan Kotromanić until his death in 1353.

There are two historical versions related to the Ottoman conquest of Srebrenik. According to one, Srebrenik was taken in 1512, together with Teocak. The other version says that Srebrenik was taken together with Sokol and Tesanj in 1521 by the Bosnian sanjak bey Feriz. Although there are no precise data, it can be assumed that the Srebrenik old town and its fortress were built during the Hungarian rule over Bosnia, while some parts, such as a mosque were added by the Ottomans [1].

Demographics

1971

33.620 total

  • Muslims - 24.628 (73,25%)
  • Serbs - 5.489 (16,32%)
  • Croats - 3.256 (9,68%)
  • Yugoslavs - 34 (0,10%)
  • others - 213 (0,65%)

1991

In the 1991 census, the municipality of Srebrenik had 40,882 inhabitants:

Current

Nowadays, the population of Srebrenik is not clear since no official census has been conducted after 1991. However, it is certain that during the 1990s and particularly during the Bosnian war, the municipality of Srebrenik received approximately 13,000 Bosniak war refugees from primarily the municipalities of Doboj, to the west, and Brčko, to the north of Srebrenik.

On the other hand, some of the Serb residents left the area since Srebrenik became chiefly populated by Bosniaks. In early 1996, when the Bosnian war ended, most of the remaining Serb residents of Srebrenik left because Srebrenik became administratively part of the Tuzla Canton and the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Due to these factors the March 1998 unofficial census recorded the following demographic composition. The municipality of Srebrenik had 47,938 inhabitants:

Therefore, today it is safe to assume that the municipality of Srebrenik has a population of approximately 49,000 (est.) residents with an evident majority of Bosniaks along with a small minority of primarily Croats.

In 2005, 97% of population of the municipality were ethnic Bosniaks.

List of residential places in Srebrenik municipality

The list from 1991.: Alibasici, Babunovići, Behrami, Brda, Brezik, Brnjičani, Cage, Cerik, Crveno Brdo, Čekanići, Ćehaje, Ćojlučko Polje, Ćojluk, Dedići, Donji Moranjci, Donji Podpeć, Donji Srebrenik, Duboki Potok, Falešići, Gornji Hrgovi, Gornji Moranjci, Novo naselje Polje, Gornji Podpeć, Gornji Srebrenik, Huremi, Jasenica, Ježinac, Kiseljak, Kuge, Like, Lipje, Lisovići, Luka, Ljenobud, Maoča, Podorašje, Rapatnica, Seona, Sladna, Srebrenik, Straža, Šahmeri, Špionica Centar, Špionica Donja, Špionica Gornja, Špionica Srednja, Tinja Donja, Tinja Gornja, Tutnjevac, Uroža and Zahirovići.

Sport

The football club of Srebrenik is called NK Gradina.

See also

External links

References

  1. ^ http://www.nerda.ba/mir/mirnerda.php?o=srebrenik&j=%27ENG%27

Coordinates: 44°42′N 18°29′E / 44.7°N 18.483°E / 44.7; 18.483


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