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Srikakulam
Srikakulam
Location of Srikakulam
in Andhra Pradesh and India
Coordinates 18°18′N 83°54′E / 18.3°N 83.9°E / 18.3; 83.9
Country  India
State Andhra Pradesh
District(s) Srikakulam
Population 109,666 (2001)
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area
Elevation

10 m (33 ft)

Srikakulam (Telugu - శ్రీకాకుళం) is a town, municipality and headquarters of Srikakulam district in the north-eastern Andhra Pradesh, India. With the same name there is a "Srikakulam Assembly constituency" and a "Srikakulam Parliament Constituency'". Srikakulam-municipality. Srikakulam was formerly called as Gulshanabad (Garden city) during Muslim rule and was headquarter of Muslim fauzdars. It was renamed as Chicacole by British colonial rulers and after independence, it was renamed as Srikakulam.

There are two places with the same name in the state. A district and town by the same name on the north east corner of the state as well as a small village on the bank of river Krishna in Ghantasala (Mandal) of Krishna district. The village Srikakulam houses the Andhra Maha Vishnu temple. Legend says that this temple was constructed by the great Krishnadevaraya of the Vijayanagara Empire.

Contents

History

This region of Andhra Pradesh was part of Kalinga region at first and later a part of Gajapati kingdom of Orissa up to mediaeval period.It was in the 'Kutubshahi' ruling in 1687 Srikakulam (Gulshanabad) was a village and formed as fauzdhari-center for their money transactions for the areas of Srikakulam, Vizianagaram, Vishakhapatnam, and some parts of Orissa. The word Gulshanabad derives from Persian words Gulistan\Gulshan that means Rose garden and abad (creation). It was developed as town in the Muslim ruling, even today you can find more than 10,000 Muslims living in this town following their culture,tradition and values. Srikakulam has also been head quarter for revenue collection under Nizam state of Hyderabad since 1707. Nizams of Hyderabad assigned Gulshanabad (Srikakulam), Rajahmundry, Eluru and Mustafanagar (Kondapalli) districts to French India in 1753. French imperialists were driven out from these districts by British imperialists in 1756 during Anglo-French wars.

Andhrapradesh.jpg

In 1759 the Fauzdhari ruling was ended and British ruling started, and Srikakulam town has been made part of Ganjam district and Palakonda and Rajam areas were included in Vizag district in the undivided Madras province. In 1936 the combined Madras-Orissa state was divided to Madras and Orissa and Parlakimidi Taluk was separated from combined Madras state, hence the Srikakulam was remained as Srikaklam taluk, Srikakulam town as Srikakulam municipality since 1857 under British rule. In 1947 after Indian independence, many including Potti Sriramulu fought for separate Andhra State. In 1948 many demanded for Srikakulam district as it was in combined vizag district. First 'chintada' village was proposed as district head-quarter by some central leaders. It was on 17 July 1950, a representation was given by Challa Narasimhu naidu, an eminent leader, Pullela Vemkataramanayya (P.V. Ramanayya), who was an Eminent Advocate and Public Prosecutor and also a Freedom Fighter to the then Revenue Minister H. Sitaramareddy on his visit to this area, and requested to select Srikakulam as District head-quarters at his camp office in Vizianagaram. Minister H. Sitaramareddy personally saw some places in srikakulam for selection. Then MLA of this area Garemalla Kumaraswami gave a speech on the dias of the meeting arranged on honour of the minister indicating that many important towns and capitals in the world were situated on the banks of rivers like England (Thames River), Srirangam (Kaveri), Agra (Yamuna), Kashi (Ganga), Rajamundry (Godavari), Vijayawada (Krishan) etc., and for Srikakulam it is Nagavali and convinced the minister Sitaramareddy. Along with Rokkam Ramamurty, Pullela Venkataramanyya (P.V. Ramanayya), Pasagada Suryanarayana, Baratam Venkataramanayya, Mangu Raghavarao followed Garemella Kumaraswami as group to convince and represent the request memorandum. The minister decided and selected Srikakulam as head-quarters after reaching Madras then state capital. Kimidi Kalavenkatarao ex-revenue minister in the combined Madras state had done a lot for formation of this District, who was the grandfather of present Vunukuru MLA Kalavenkatarao. On 15 August 1950, at about 4.00 p.m. the district was announced with Srikakulam town as headquarters and with three revenue divisions Palakonda, Srikakulam and Tekkali. At first, Parvatipuram revenue division was part of Srikakulam district and later transferred to Vizianagaram district. Mr. Night was the then collector in the combined Vizag Srikakulam and Mr. Janab Shek Ahammadh appointed as first district collector for separated Srikakulam. On 3 January 1951, the first District Board was formed and Rokkam Laxmi Narasimha Dora was elected as president.

Important temples and places of worship

  • Suryanarayana Swamy Alayam (Arasavilli)[1][2]
  • Koteswara swamy Alayam (Gudiveedi)
  • Santhosimata Alayam (Patha Srikakulam)
  • Venkateswara swami Alayam (Gujaratipeta)
  • Kodanda ramaswami Alayam (Krishna park)
  • Ayyappa swami Alayam (Aidvaaram peta)
  • Ragavendra Swami alayam (Aidvaaram peta)
  • Jamma Masjid (G.T road)
  • Ilyaspur Mosque (Near irrigation office)
  • Roshansha vali Dargah (Chouk bazaar)

Eminent Personalities

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Parliamentary Constituency

List of Members of Parliament:

Assembly Constituency

List of Members of Legislative Assembly:

  • 1983 - Tangi Satyanarayana
  • 1985, 1989, 1994 and 1999 - Gunda Appalasuryanarayana
  • 2004 and 2009 - Dharmana Prasada Rao

Srikakulam Municipality

Srikakulam municipality Town has a population of 109,666 (agglomeration 117,066) (2001 census).

File:Municipality srikakulam.jpg
Municipality of Srikakulam
Chairpeople of the municipality

River Nagavali flows through Srikakulam town. There is also a historical old bridge on river Nagavaly in the town that was constructed by British colonial rulers in 1854 and still in use but restricted for light vehicles.There are another Two bridges one at Day & Night Junction and other for one-way traffic at Kottaroad junction. Srikakulam town is surrounded by many villages and people daily come for work from different sides by walk or by cycling, and it needs another walking bridge at Collector's Bunglow to facilitate good traffic for the walkers. Srikakulam town is located at (lat: 18o18' N, lon: 83o54' E). Srikakulam was also capital of Muslim kings. Ruined tombs of Muslim kings are still seen in Srikakulam town. This is the biggest municipality of the four municipalities of the district. It has the history of 150 years . At present it has 36 wards

Details of Municipal Chairpersons :
year 1905-1911 1912-1915 1915-1918 1918-1921
chairperson T.V.SivaraoPantulu S.AdinarayanaRao D.SankaraSastrulu M.ReddyPantulu
Year 1921-1926 1926-1929 1929-1931 1931-1938
chairperson ChattiPurnayyaPantulu M.V.Kamayyashetti H.Suryanarayana M.V.Ranganadham
Year 1938-1942 1946-1949 1949-1952 1952-1956
chairperson ChallaNarasimhaNaidu B.V.RamanayyaSetty GynateVenkatarao IppiliLaxminarayana
Year 1956-1961 1962-1963 1963-1964 1967-1970
chairperson PasagadaSuryanarayana MaturiRamarao L.Suryalingam M.A.Ravuf
Year 1970-1972 1981-1992 1995-2000 2000-2005
chairperson IppiliVenkatarao A.V.Narasimham(varam) DudaBhavaniSankar PaidisettiJayanthi
Year 2005-Present
ChairPerson M.V.Padmavathi

Population

Population as per 2001 census
Male Female Total
58,613 58,707 1,17,320

Industries:

The district has industrial estates housing various types of small, medium and large scale industries. Pydibhimavaram, 35 km from Srikakulam town, is an industrial estate in Ranasthal Mandal houses Pharmaceutical industries like Dr Reddy's laboratories Limited, Aurobindo Pharmaceuticals Limited, Andhra Organics etc., The area is major hub for future industrial growth, as it is well connected by Road from Visakhapatnam, Vizianagaram and Srikakulam. And there is also one sugar factory near Srikakulam Road. Slowly Srikakulam is also heading towards industrial development.Sand mining leases were given to russian mining companies for extraction of minerals especially titanium along the coastal belt(off the kalingapatnam coast).Two new thermal power projects are coming up in the district.On the whole the district is poised for a major leap in industrial development in the coming years.

= Medical

  • The district headquarters hospital is the biggest hospital with 400 bed strength.Now this is upgraded as a medical college by name RAJEEV GANDHI INSTITUTE OF MEDICAL SCIENCES.
  • There is a dental college for the district is in this town at Chaparam NH5 road.
  • There is a homeo medical hospital and an Ayurvedic hospital
  • Five maternity/community health centers: one under municipality & four under voluntary organizations
  • Many private hospitals, clinics and nursing homes are present.
  • one Blood Bank in the Town and 3 extension all over the district.

Judicial

Of 19 courts in the District, only two are present in the town: a District court and a Municipal Bench court. About 75 lawyers and one law college are present in the municipal area.

Police

There are three police stations in the town: 1-Town, 2-Town, and Mahila Police Station. There is one rural police-station at Peddapadu, which serves rural mandalam. All the district police officers reside in the town.

Transport

Srikakulam Town RTC complex
Srikakulam Road-Jn. Railway Station

RTC bus complex has two depots that provide service to almost all villages around Srikakulam Town. Every 20 minutes there are non-stop buses to Visakhapatnam from 5.00 a.m. to 9.00 p.m. and every 15 minutes there are express buses from 5.30 a.m. to 10.15 p.m.

For Vizianagaram there buses for every 30 minutes from 5.00 a.m. to 8.30 p.m. For Palakonda there are buses for every 30 minutes from 6.00 a.m. to 9.30 p.m. To Narasannapeta there are buses every 10 minutes round the clock up to Icchapuram and to some parts of Orissa.

Srikakulam town is proximate to railway station. Srikakulam Road station located at Amadalavalasa railhead of Srikakulam town. In 2006 a reservation counter at municipal office was opened. Many trains to the north (Palasa, Howrah, and Bhubaneswar) and south (Vijayawada, Secundearabad, and Chennai) leave from here. Many taxis and autorickshaws are available from Srikakulam to reach the railway station. RTC and private busses are also available for every 5 minutes from Srikakulam Road railway station to Srikakulam RTC Complex and old bus stand. There is a railway overpass at Amadalavalasa to facilitate the land vehicles movements.

Parks

Parks in Srikakulam Town
  • 1.Gandhi park .. Palakonda road opposite DM&HO office
  • 2.Santhinagar park .. Santhinagar
  • 3.River view Park .. Gudiveedhi
  • 4.Indira Gandhi Park .. Gunapalem
  • 5.HousingBoard colony Park .. Oldsrikakulam.
  • 6.Chinnabaratam veedhi park
  • 7.PSN colony park
  • 8.Hudco colony park
  • 9.Diamond park .. New colony

Sports

  • Stadium.. Near Arts college road.
  • Swimming pool(maintained by sports authority).. Santhinagar, Behind arts college.

See also

References

  • Book : Discover District series(A.P) / Om Art Print - Vijayawada-520002._A.P(India)
  • Personal Collection / Dr.Seshagirirao-MBBS,Srikakulam Town.

Gallery

Srikakulam Photo Gallery

External links

History

Chicacole, was the former name for the city of Srikakulam that was applied by British colonial rulers. It is said that the word Chicacole came from two Persian words - Chica and Khol. Chica means "a small cloth bag which can be closed by pulling athread around its neck" and Khol means 'open'. Under the Muslim rule, this place was used as a toll gate where traders were demanded by the staff in Persian "Chika Khol", which means 'open the bag and pay toll'. Unaware that the meaning of these Persian words were a demand to pay toll, people used to call the place as "chicacole". Which in later periods became Srikakulam. We can say that this is a kind of reverse transliteration. During Muslim rule, Srikakulam was called as Gulshanabad (Garden city). Srikakulam was headquarter of fauzdars (local governors) under Muslim rule. The popular one of those fauzdars was Sher Mohammad Khan (Sher Khan). He was titled as Sher-e-Gulshanabad (Lion of Gulshanabad). Village Sher Mohammed Puram in Etcherla mandal in Srikakulam district was built by Sher Mohammed Khan and tank named Sher Khan Cheruvu was also built by him. Ruined tombs of Muslim kings are still seen in Srikakulam. Srikakulam is situated in north of Andhra Pradesh. Modern Srikakulam district was formed on August 15, 1950. Srikakulam, the northernmost district in the Andhra Pradesh, was a part of Vishakapatnam District until it was bifurcated in 1950. Srikakulam town, the headquarters of the district, is located on the both sides banks of the River Nagavali. Towards the west is Bay of Bengal and towards the South East is Vijayanagaram district and towards north is state of Orissa.

Handloom weaving is the chief cottage industry here. Srikakulam is also famous for its high quality muslin. The most important places of interest in the town include a mosque known as Jumma Masjid, built by Sher Muhammad Khan, and the temple of Kotisvaraswami. In the olden days; Chedidianasti kings, Satavahana kings and Golkonda nawabs ruled some part of this district.

This region of Andhra Pradesh was part of Kalinga region at fist and later a part of Gajapati kingdom of Orissa up to mediaeval period.It was in the 'Kutubshahi' ruling in 1687 Srikakulam (Gulshanabad) was a village and formed as fauzdhari-center for their money transactions for the areas of Srikakulam, Vizianagaram, Vishakhapatnam, and some parts of Orissa. The word Gulshanabad derives from Persian words Gulistan (Gulshan) that means Rose garden and abad (creation). It was developed as town in the Muslim ruling, even today you can find more than 10,000 Muslims living in this town following their culture,tradition and values. Srikakulam has also been head quarter for revenue collection under Nizam state of Hyderabad since 1707. Nizams of Hyderabad assigned Gulshanabad (Srikakulam), Rajahmundry, Eluru and Mustafanagar (Kondapalli) districts to French India in 1953. French imperialists were driven out from these districts by British imperialists in 1756 during Anglo-French wars.

In 1759 the Fauzdhari ruling was ended and British ruling started, and Srikakulam town has been made part of Ganjam district and Palakonda and Rajam areas were included in Vizag district in the undivided Madras province. In 1936 the combined Madras-Orissa state was divided to Madras and Orissa and Parlakimidi Taluk was separated from combined Madras state, hence the Srikakulam was remained as Srikaklam taluk, Srikakulam town as Srikakulam municipality since 1857 under British rule. In 1947 after Indian independence, many including Potti Sriramulu fought for separate Andhra State. In 1948 many demanded for Srikakulam district as it was in combined vizag district. First 'chintada' village was proposed as district head-quarter by some central leaders. It was on 17 July 1950, a representation was given by Challa Narasimhu naidu, an eminent leader, Pullela Vemkataramanayya (P.V. Ramanayya), who was an Eminent Advocate and Public Prosecutor and also a Freedom Fighter to the then Revenue Minister H. Sitaramareddy on his visit to this area, and requested to select Srikakulam as District head-quarters at his camp office in Vizianagaram. Minister H. Sitaramareddy personally saw some places in srikakulam for selection. Then MLA of this area Garemalla Kumaraswami gave a speech on the dias of the meeting arranged on honour of the minister indicating that many important towns and capitals in the world were situated on the banks of rivers like England (Thames River), Srirangam (Kaveri), Agra (Yamuna), Kashi (Ganga), Rajamundry (Godavari), Vijayawada (Krishan) etc., and for Srikakulam it is Nagavali and convinced the minister Sitaramareddy. Along with Rokkam Ramamurty, Pullela Venkataramanyya (P.V. Ramanayya), Pasagada Suryanarayana, Baratam Venkataramanayya, Mangu Raghavarao followed Garemella Kumaraswami as group to convince and represent the request memorandum. The minister decided and selected Srikakulam as head-quarters after reaching Madras then state capital. Kimidi Kalavenkatarao ex-revenue minister in the combined Madras state had done a lot for formation of this District, who was the grandfather of present Vunukuru MLA Kalavenkatarao. On 15 August 1950, at about 4.00 p.m. the district was announced with Srikakulam town as headquarters and with three revenue divisions Palakonda, Srikakulam and Tekkali. At first, Parvatipuram revenue division was part of Srikakulam district and later transferred to Vizianagaram district. Mr. Night was the then collector in the combined Vizag Srikakulam and Mr. Janab Shek Ahammadh appointed as first district collector for separated Srikakulam. On 3 January 1951, the first District Board was formed and Rokkam Laxmi Narasimha Dora was elected as president.

District profile

Srikakulam District is the extreme Northeastern District of Andhra Pradesh situated within the geographic co-ordinates of 18�-20� and 19�-10� of Northern latitude and 83�-50� and 84�-50� of Eastern longitude. The District is skirted to a distance by Kandivalasagedda, Vamsadhara and Bahuda at certain stretches of their courses white a line of heights of the great Eastern Ghats run from North East. Vizianagaram District flanks in the south and west while Orissa bounds it on the north and Bay of Bengal on the East .The total area of the District is 5837 Sq. Kms. It has a population of 2537593 persons according to the 2001 census. The District derived its name from Srikakulam its headquarters town. Srikakulam District was carved out in 1950 by bifurcating it from Visakhapatnam District, it remained unaffected in its territorial jurisdiction for quite some time. But in November, 1969 the District lost 63 Villages from Saluru Taluk and 44 Villages from Bobbili Taluk on account of their transfer to the then newly constituted Gajapathinagaram Taluk of Visakhapatnam District. Again in May, 1979, the District had undergone major territorial changes on account of the formation of new District with head quarters at Vizianagaram which involved transfer of Salur, Bobbili, Parvathipuram and Cheepurupalli Taluks to the new District.


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Andhra Pradesh article)

From Wikitravel

Asia : South Asia : India : Southern India : Andhra Pradesh

Andhra Pradesh is a state in Southern India. Andhra Pradesh lies in the south eastern region of India, with Bay of Bengal on the east and shares boundaries with Orissa on the north, Tamilnadu on the south and Karnataka on the west.

  • Northern Coast — comprises the districts of East Godavari, West Godavari, Visakhapatnam, Vizianagaram and Srikakulam
  • Southern Coast — comprises the districts of Guntur, Krishna, Prakasam and Nellore
  • Telangana — comprises the districts of Hyderabad, Ranga Reddy, Nalgonda, Karimnagar, Medak, Nizambad, Adilabad, Warangal, Mahaboobnagar and Khammam
  • Rayalaseema — comprises the districts of Chittor, Anathapur, Cuddapah and Kurnool

Understand

Climate

Weather is extremely hot for the most part of the year with high humidity along the coast and relatively dry in the interior areas. The monsoons in June and the return monsoons in October provide adequate rain fall for the rain dependent agriculture in the state. The best time to visit is November till February when it's relatively cooler. The hottest months are April, May and June.

Talk

Telugu is the official language and is spoken by the majority of the populace. However, most educated people will also be able to speak Hindi and English.

Like most South Indians, Telugu people are very protective of their language and culture, and will respond more readily to English than to Hindi. The exception is Hyderabad, where Hindi and Deccani Urdu are more commonly spoken.

English is widely spoken in Hyderabad and other major cities. Apart from Telugu, the major languages spoken in Hyderabad are Hindi and Urdu, Tamil in the south and Kannada in the west. Minimum knowledge of Telugu will be extremely useful (but not essential).

Get in

By plane

The main and only international airport in Andhra Pradesh is Hyderabad. Direct international connectivity to Hyderabad is available from many countries. International carriers operating from Hyderabad are Air India, Emirates, KLM Royal Dutch Airlines, Kuwait Airways, Lufthansa, Malaysia Airlines, Oman Air, Qatar Airways, Saudi Arabian Airlines, Singapore Airlines, Srilankan Airlines and Thai Airways. Domestic connectivity is excellent with Air India (and their subsidiary Indian Airline), Deccan, GoAir, IndiGo, Jet Airways, JetLite, Kingfisher, Paramount and SpiceJet operating from here.

Visakhapatnam,Vijayawada and Tirupati also has moderately busy airports.

  • Carnatic music - Carnatic music is born in the rich Telugu language
  • Kuchipudi dance - one of the world famous classical dance forms of India.
  • Andhra University
  • Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University (JNTU)
  • National Institute Of Technology (formerly REC), Warangal
  • Acharya Nagarjuna University
  • Hyderabad University
  • Venkateshwara University
  • Osmania University
  • Kakatiya University
  • Dr.NTR University of Health Sciences,Vijayawada
  • International Institute of Information Technology , Hyderabad
  • Indian School of Business (ISB), Hyderabad
  • Birla Institute of Technology & Science (BITS-Pilani Hyderabad Campus), Hyderabad

See

Talakona Hourseleehills Kanipakam Narayanmavanam

  • Tirupathi
  • Kaalahasthi
  • Thousand Pillar Temple, Warangal.
  • Srisailam
  • Bhadrachalam
  • Vishakapathnam Port
  • Lepakshi
  • Penukonda - Summer capital of Vijayanagar emipre
  • SriKrishna Devaraya University, Ananthapur.  edit

Do

Please conserve water and try to cut down use of plastics. In extreme summers avoid travelling in afternoons. Always carry mobile phone and always keep emergency numbers like 100 for police, 108 for fire and ambulance and 104 for health emergency with you.

Eat

Like almost every other state in India, Andhra pradesh has a rich variety of cuisines and change widely from region to region. The Guntur/Vijayawada region is known for extremely spicy dishes. Rice is the staple food and is eaten pretty much with every meal along with a variety of vegetable and meat curries. The capital city, Hyderabad is known for its world famous hyderabadhi biryani (spiced rice) and one would do very well to savor it.

Drink

soft drinks like

  • lime juice with ginger
  • lime juice with honey
  • fresh fruit juices

like sapota, orange(green they call mosambi in hindi exclusively), grape, pineapple

  • ready juice
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