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This article is about a notable Hindu pilgrimage location in Tamil Nadu, India. For information about the famous Hindu temple situated there, see Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple (Srirangam) page
Srirangam
Srirangam
Location of Srirangam
in Tamil Nadu and India
Coordinates 10°52′N 78°41′E / 10.87°N 78.68°E / 10.87; 78.68
Country  India
State Tamil Nadu
District(s) Tiruchirappalli
Population 70,109 (1991)
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area
Elevation

70 m (230 ft)

Srirangam (Tamil: ஸ்ரீரங்கம்), also known as Thiruvarangam, is an island and a zone in the city of Tiruchirapalli ( also known as Trichy or Tiruchi), in South India.

Srirangam is bounded by the Kaveri River (also known as Cauvery river) on one side, and the Kaveri distributary Kollidam (Coleroon) on the other side. Srirangam is home to a significant population of Vaishnavites (followers of Lord Vishnu, one of the triumvirate of Hindu Gods the other two being Lord Siva, the Destroyer and Lord Brahma, the Creator).

Contents

Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple

Main Entrance of the Srirangam Temple as of June 2008
The main gopura of Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple, Srirangam
White Gopuram at Srirangam Temple
Pillars of Srirangam Temple

Srirangam is famous for its Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple, a major pilgrimage destination for Hindus (especially Vaishnavites) and one of the largest temple complexes in India.

According to the temple's website, Srirangam can be considered the biggest functioning Hindu temple in the world as it covers an area of about 6,31,000 m². (156 Acres) with a perimeter of 4 km (10,710 ft).[1] Srirangam claims to be the biggest functioning temple, because Angkor Wat is the biggest but non-functioning Hindu temple in the world.

The Srirangam temple complex is composed of 7 concentric walled sections and 21 gopurams[2]. The gopuram of the temple is called the Rajagopuram and is 236 feet (72 m) tall, the tallest in Asia.

Myth has it that the coast of Sri Lanka can be seen from the top of the gopuram. The temple is constituted by seven prakaras (elevated enclosures) with gopurams articulating the axial path, the highest at the outermost prakara and the lowest at the innermost.

The three sacred Ranganatha temples on the banks of the Kaveri are:

The Tirumala Venkateshwara Temple temple and the RanganathaSwamy temple at Srirangam was taken care and was under the control of the great Madhva saint Sri Vyasatirtha for 12years who worshipped the Lord and took care of the temple administration and puje before he handed over the control to the kin of an Iyengar family, later then it was continued by the Iyengars.

Economy

Due to the famous temple, Srirangam has a thriving economy based on tourism. Devotees come from all parts of India and abroad. The number of devotees to the town increases greatly during the festivals like Vaikunda Ekadesi which falls on the Tamil month of Marghazi.

Srirangam is one of the few temples which is always being crowded by devotees.

There are many other famous temples near Srirangam. They include Rockfort temple, Samayapuram Mariamman temple, Tiruvaanaikovil temple, Kumara Vaiyalur temple, Uraiyur Vekkali Amman temple, Kaatazhagiya singer temple etc.

Srirangam town is also home to several hundred people who work in offices and industries located in Trichy. The public transport linking Srirangam to Trichy (route #1) is very frequent.

Schools

There are numerous schools, both private and public, in the town. The Higher Secondary School for Boys was founded in 1896 and is the oldest one in the town. There is also a Higher Secondary School for girls which is almost as old as that of the boys. Srimad Andavan College, Sri Akilandeswari Vidyalaya, Chinmaya Vidyalaya Matriculation School,sri Sathya sai vidyalaya, Sri Ranga Matriculation School etc., are other institutions in Srirangam. Most of the schools have English as a medium of instruction. Some have Tamil as a medium of instruction, and some have both. There are many school children who travel to nearby Trichy also.

Transport

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Air

The nearest airport is Trichy / Tiruchirappalli International Airport.

Trichy Airport has connections to Chennai, Bangalore, Thiruvanathapuram, Singapore, Dubai, Sharjah, Kuwait, Colombo, Malaysia.

Rail

Srirangam has a railway station that can be reached from Chennai through any of the major trains travelling in the Chennai-Kanyakumari railway track and the approximate journey time from chennai is about 5 hours (320 km).

The Tiruchirappalli fort and Trichy junction which are the distance of 2 km and 8 km serves as connection point to most places in South India such as Thanjavur, Chidambaram, Madurai, Tirupathi, Tuticorin, Tenkasi, Quilon, Rameswaram, Bangalore, Coimbatore, Mysore, Kochi, Kanyakumari and Mangalore. It also connects to some places to north India like Howrah,Delhi,Kashmir.

Bus

Bridge Connecting Trichy and Srirangam across Kaveri River

Trichy Central bus stand has direct services to most parts of Tamil Nadu. From the bus stand, tourists can avail local buses, taxi, auto rickshaw to reach Sri rangam.

City Bus service to all places of tourist interest from Central Bus Stand and from Chinthamani -Main Guard Gate Bus Stand (Both in Trichy). Tourist Taxis like Trichy Travels, Auto Rickshaws are also available at reasonable rates.

Route No. 1 of the City bus service plies between Srirangam and Central Bustand. This route starts from Trichy Central Bus Stand and goes via Trichy Junction Railway Station, Palakkarai Rettai pillaiyar Kovil street, Main Guard Gate, Chatram Bus Stand, Cauvery River Bridge, Mambazha salai, Thiruvanaikkovil and ends at Srirangam Bus Stand near the Srirangam Therkku vaasal (South entrance to the temple).

Frequency of Bus Service is Excellent. There is a bus for every 5 minutes and there are late night trips also, once in every one hour or so.

Climate

The climate of Trichy (and Srirangam) is Tropical. Temperature Range (°C): Summer- Max. 37.1 °C Min. 26.4 °C; Winter- Max. 31.3 °C Min. 20.6 °C; Rainfall: 835 mm

Politics

Srirangam assembly constituency is part of Tiruchirappalli (Lok Sabha constituency).[3]

References

  1. ^ Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple website
  2. ^ India By Sarina Singh, Joe Bindloss, Paul Clammer, Janine Eberle
  3. ^ "List of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies" (PDF). Tamil Nadu. Election Commission of India. http://archive.eci.gov.in/se2001/background/S22/TN_ACPC.pdf. Retrieved 2008-10-11.  

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Srirangam is a zone in Trichy. It is famous as the home of the Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple.

Get in

Rail: Srirangam is located 10 km from Tiruchirappalli Railway Junction. It is well-connected with almost major places in India. If coming from/via Chennai, one can conveniently alight at Srirangam Station.

Road: Srirangam/Trichy is linked by NH45, NH67, NH210 and NH227. Numerous buses [govt & private] ply connect Trichy with major cities--Chennai, Madurai, Coimbatore, Salem, Bangalore, to name a few.

Air: This domain is growing of late. There are direct flights to Arab-countries, Singapore, Colombo. Inland flights to Trichy are not very convenient, considering the travel-time between the town and airport (7 km) on the Trichy-Pudukottai road.

Get around

Both Private and Government operated buses ply between Central Bus Stand and Srirangam via Sathiram Bus Stand (Main Guard Gate).

Thiruvanai-kovil (Temple). (3 km)

Samayapuram Kovil (Temple). (11 km)

Uthamar Kovil (Temple).

Kattazhagiya Singar Kovil (Temple). (1 km)

See

Sri Ranganathaswamy temple, [1].

Ammamandapam Padi-thurai. 9Bank of River Cauvery).

  • Take a holy bath in River Cauvery.
  • Worship Lord Ranganathar, Lord Ranganayaki Thayaar, and many other Gods in the main-temple.
  • You have lots of trinkets to buy at the shops inside and around the temple. Beware of specially-high prices for tourists.
  • A photo of the main deities of the Temple shall be a good piece of memorabilia to purchase.
  • For reasons best known to Him, kitchen-ware made of iron are highly sought-after at the temple-shops [known as Ranga-Vilas Shops].
  • Fresh fruit-juice at the shops nearby the temple.
  • Tender-coconut is the best drink for hot places like this.

Get out

Rent Car in SriRangam

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

SRIRANGAM, or Seringham, a town of British India, in Trichinopoly district, Madras presidency, 2 m. N. of Trichinopoly city. Pop. (1901), 23,039. It stands on an island of the same name, formed by the bifurcation of the river Cauvery and by the channel of the Coleroon. The town is celebrated for its great temple, dedicated to Vishnu, composed of seven square enclosures, one within another, and 350 ft. distant from each other. Each enclosure has four gates with high towers, placed one in the centre of each side opposite to the four cardinal points. The successively widening enclosures and the greater elaboration of the outer as compared with the inner buildings mark the progress of the shrine in fame and wealth. The outer wall of the temple is not less than 4 m. in circumference. Not far distant is the smaller but more beautiful Jambukeswaram, a temple dedicated to Siva. From 1751 to 1755 the island and its pagodas were the object of frequent contests between the French and the English.


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