St. Bernard Parish, Louisiana: Wikis

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Saint Bernard Parish, Louisiana
Seal of Saint Bernard Parish, Louisiana
Map of Louisiana highlighting Saint Bernard Parish
Location in the state of Louisiana
Map of the U.S. highlighting Louisiana
Louisiana's location in the U.S.
Seat Chalmette
Largest city Chalmette
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

1,794 sq mi (4,646 km²)
465 sq mi (1,204 km²)
1,329 sq mi (3,441 km²),
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

67,229
56/sq mi (22/km²)
Founded 1807
Named for Patron Saint of Bernardo de Galvez
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
County flag Flag of Saint Bernard Parish, Louisiana
Website www.sbpg.net

St. Bernard Parish (French: Paroisse de Saint-Bernard) is a parish located southeast of New Orleans in the U.S. state of Louisiana. The parish seat is Chalmette, the largest city in the parish. As of 2000, its population was 67,229. It has been ranked the fastest-growing county (parish) in the United States from 2007 to 2008 by the U.S. Census Bureau, but it is only half as populated as it was in 2005. In 2009, because of evacuation and outmigration due to destruction by Hurricane Katrina, its population was estimated to be 33,439[1]

St. Bernard Parish is part of the New OrleansMetairieKenner Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as the New Orleans–Metairie–Bogalusa Combined Statistical Area.

Contents

History

St. Bernard Parish contains a small community of Spanish descent. Sometimes referred to informally as "Spanish Cajuns", the Isleños are descended from Canary Islanders who arrived around 1780. This linguistically isolated group eventually developed its own dialect. This settlement was first called La Concepcion and Nueva Galvez by Spanish officials, but was later renamed Terre aux Boeufs (French) and Tierra de Bueyes (Spanish) for "land of cattle", because nearby areas were used for cattle grazing. By the end of the 1780s, St. Bernard, the patron saint of Bernardo de Galvez, was used in documents to identify the area.[2]

The chief historical attraction in St. Bernard Parish is the Chalmette National Historical Park (or Chalmette Battlefield), at which the Battle of New Orleans took place on January 8, 1815 during the War of 1812. Many street names near the battlefield bear the names of the chief participants, or take a pirate theme, since the pirate Jean Lafitte was considered to be a hero in the battle. A high school, later elementary, was named in honor of (then Colonel) Andrew Jackson, who was the American commanding officer in the battle.

From 1919 to 1969, the parish was effectively ruled as part of the fiefdom of Leander Perez, a local Democratic official in neighboring Plaquemines Parish.

An Army Corps Photo of the levee at Caernarvon being dynamited.

During the Great Mississippi Flood of 1927, New Orleans city and state leaders used dynamite to breach a levee at Caernarvon, thirteen miles (19 km) below Canal Street, to save the city of New Orleans from flooding. It did save the city, but the levee breach caused flooding and widespread destruction in most of Eastern St. Bernard Parish and parts of Plaquemines Parish. Residents were never adequately compensated for their losses.[3]

Hurricane Katrina and its aftermath

On August 29, 2005, St. Bernard was devastated by Hurricane Katrina. The storm damaged virtually every structure in the parish. The eye of Katrina passed over the eastern portion of the parish, pushing a 25-foot (7.6 m) storm surge into the Mississippi River Gulf Outlet ("MRGO"). This surge destroyed the parish levees. Almost the entire parish was flooded, with most areas left with between 5 and 12 feet (3.7 m) of standing water. The water rose suddenly and violently, during a period which witnesses reported as no more than fifteen minutes. In many areas, houses were smashed or washed off their foundations by a storm surge higher than the roofs.

For more than two months after the storm, much of the parish remained without proper services, including electricity, water, and sewage. Parish President Henry "Junior" Rodriguez, declared all of the parish's homes unlivable. Emergency Communities offered one reason for hope in the first year after Hurricane Katrina. In the parking lot of a destroyed off-track betting parlor, EC built the Made with Love Cafe and Grill, a free kitchen and community center serving 1500 meals per day. Made with Love, housed in a geodesic dome, also offered food and clothing distribution, and emotionally supportive volunteers. Upon leaving, EC has offered logistical support for the founding of a new long-term Community Center of St Bernard[1]

As of late November 2005, it was estimated that the Parish had some 7,000 full-time residents, with some 20,000 commuting to spend the day working, cleaning up, or salvaging in the parish and spending their nights elsewhere. By mid-December some businesses had returned to the Parish, most notably the ExxonMobil plant in Chalmette and the Domino Sugar plant in Arabi, together with a handful of small local stores and businesses.

At the start of January 2006, it was estimated that some 8,000 people were living in the Parish. The H.O.P.E. Project, a collective of volunteer relief workers, founded itself in January 2006 in the empty shell of the Corinne Missionary Baptist Church in Violet, LA, providing the tools for rebuilding and community empowerment. Since June 2006, Camp Hope has been housing volunteers' assisting residents of St. Bernard Parish in their recovery from Hurricane Katrina. It is located at 1201 Bayou Road, St. Bernard, LA 70085. A grassroots organization, the St. Bernard Project[2], opened its doors in March 2006. A fully volunteer-run organization funded by the United Way, they help residents get back into their homes by working on the houses, providing tools, support and where possible, funding.

As of October 2006, the population was estimated to be 25,489[4] After population losses due to Hurricane Katrina, the school was reopened for elementary grades for the 2006-2007 school year.

Geography

The parish has a total area of 1,794 square miles (4,646 km²). 465 square miles (1,204 km²) of it is land and, at 1,329 square miles (3,441 km²) water. At 74.07% water, St. Bernard has the largest percentage of area in water of any parish in Louisiana.

The parish of St. Bernard comprises an area of 680 square miles (1,800 km2) and embraces numerous small islands. The parish is classed among the alluvial lands of the state. The ridges comprise the arable lands of the parish and have an area of 37,000 acres (150 km²). The principal streams are the Bayous Terre aux Boeufs and La Loutre. There are numerous smaller streams which are efficient drainage canals. The dominant tree species is bald cypress, of which the most valuable trees have been cut and processed.

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Major highways

Adjacent parishes and features

National protected areas

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1900 5,031
1910 5,277 4.9%
1920 4,968 −5.9%
1930 6,512 31.1%
1940 7,280 11.8%
1950 11,087 52.3%
1960 32,186 190.3%
1970 51,185 59.0%
1980 64,097 25.2%
1990 66,631 4.0%
2000 67,229 0.9%
Est. 2008 37,722 [5] −43.9%
St. Bernard Parish Census Data[6]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there are 67,229 people (an increase of 598 or 0.9% over the previous decade), 25,123 households, and 18,289 families residing in the parish. The population density was 145 people per square mile (56/km²). There were 26,790 housing units at an average density of 58 per square mile (22/km²). The racial makeup of the parish was 88.29% White, 7.62% Black or African American, 0.49% Native American, 1.32% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.73% from other races, and 1.52% from two or more races. 5.09% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 25,123 households out of which 33.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.40% were married couples living together, 14.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.20% were non-families. 22.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.12.

In the parish the population was spread out with 25.20% under the age of 18, 9.20% from 18 to 24, 29.20% from 25 to 44, 22.60% from 45 to 64, and 13.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 93.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.10 males.

The median income for a household in the parish was $35,939, and the median income for a family was $42,785. Males had a median income of $34,303 versus $24,009 for females. The per capita income for the parish was $16,718. About 10.50% of families and 13.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.50% of those under age 18 and 11.40% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Map of St. Bernard Parish, Louisiana With Municipal Labels

There are no incorporated areas in St. Bernard Parish.

Historical

Education

Public schools in the parish are operated by the St. Bernard Parish Public Schools agency.

Due to Hurricane Katrina, the parish's 20 plus public schools have been consolidated as one school, the St. Bernard Unified School, or SBUS. Starting in the 2006-2007 school year, the St. Bernard Unified School will break up into several different schools.

The parish is served by Nunez Community College.

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ "3 parishes' population estimates go way up in Census recalculation". January 15, 2009 article by The Times-Picayune. http://www.nola.com/news/index.ssf/2009/01/3_parishes_population_estimate.html. Retrieved 2009-01-15.  
  2. ^ Din, Gilbert "The Canary Islanders of Louisiana", 1988
  3. ^ Barry, John M.. Rising Tide: The Great Mississippi Flood of 1927 and How It Changed America (1998 paperback ed.). New York: Touchstone Books. pp. 253–258. ISBN 0-684-84002-2.  
  4. ^ "New Orleans population still cut by more than half". 29 November 2006 article by Reuters. http://www.alertnet.org/thenews/newsdesk/N29357330.htm. Retrieved 2006-12-06.  
  5. ^ United States Census Bureau. "St. Bernard Parish Quickfacts". http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/22/22087.html. Retrieved 2007-06-12.  
  6. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Louisiana Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". http://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/la190090.txt. Retrieved 2007-06-12.  
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  

External links

Coordinates: 29°53′N 89°21′W / 29.89°N 89.35°W / 29.89; -89.35


Genealogy

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Saint Bernard Parish, Louisiana
Seal of Saint Bernard Parish, Louisiana
Map
File:Map of Louisiana highlighting Saint Bernard Parish.png
Location in the state of Louisiana
Map of the USA highlighting Louisiana
Louisiana's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded 1807
Seat Chalmette
Largest City Chalmette
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

 sq mikm²)
 sq mi ( km²)
 sq mi ( km²),
wikipedia:Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

67229
Time zone Central : UTC-6/-5
Website: http://www.sbpg.net
Named for: Patron Saint of Bernardo de Galvez

St. Bernard Parish (French: Paroisse de Saint-Bernard) is a parish located in the U.S. state of Louisiana. As of 2000, its population was 67,229. In 2006, because of the effects of Hurricane Katrina, its population was estimated to be 25,489[1]

The parish seat is Chalmette, the largest city in the parish. The most populated portion of the parish, in the areas near the Mississippi River, is part of the New Orleans metropolitan area.

Contents

Geography

The parish has a total area of 4,646 km² (1,794 sq mi). 1,204 km² (465 sq mi) of it is land and, at 3,441 km² (1,329 sq mi) water. At 74.07% water, St. Bernard has the largest percentage of area in water of any parish in Louisiana.

The parish of St. Bernard comprises an area of 680 square miles, and embraces numerous small islands. The parish may be classed among the alluvial lands of the state. The ridges comprise the arable lands of the parish and have an area of 37,000 acres (150 km²). The principle streams are the Bayous Terre aux Boeufs and La Loutre. There are numerous smaller streams which are efficient drainage canals. The dominant tree species is bald cypress, of which the most valuable trees have been cut and manufactured.

Major Highways

Adjacent parishes and features

History

St. Bernard Parish contains a small community of Spanish descent. Sometimes referred to, informally, as "Spanish Cajuns", the Isleños are descended from Canary Islanders who arrived around 1780. This linguistically isolated group eventually developed its own dialect. This settlement was first called La Concepcion and Nueva Galvez by the Spanish officials, but later renamed Terre aux Boeufs (French), Tierra de Bueyes (Spanish) or "land of cattle". However, by the end of the 1780s, St. Bernard, the patron saint of Bernardo de Galvez, was used in documents describing the area. [2]

The chief historical attraction in St. Bernard Parish is the Chalmette National Historical Park (or Chalmette Battlefield), at which the Battle of New Orleans took place on January 8, 1815. Many street names near the battlefield bear the names of the chief participants, or take a pirate theme (since the pirate Jean Lafitte was considered to be a hero in the battle). Before Hurricane Katrina, there was a high school named in honor of (then Colonel) Andrew Jackson, who was the American commanding officer in the battle. The school reopened for the 2006-2007 school year as an elementary school.

From 1919 to 1969, the parish was effectively ruled as part of the fiefdom of Leander Perez, a local official in neighboring Plaquemines Parish.

An Army Corps Photo of the the levee at Caernarvon being dynamited.

During the Great Mississippi Flood of 1927, city and state leaders used dynamite to breach a levee at Caernarvon, thirteen miles below Canal Street, in order to save the city of New Orleans from flooding. However, this action resulted in the flooding of most of Eastern St. Bernard Parish and parts of Plaquemines Parish, causing widespread destruction. This action was also unnecessary, as the levees breached in over 100 other places.

Hurricane Katrina and Its Aftermath

See also: Murphy Oil Spill (Chalmette, La)

On August 29, 2005, St. Bernard was devastated by Hurricane Katrina. The storm damaged virtually every structure in the parish. The eye of Katrina passed over the eastern portion of the parish, pushing a 25-foot storm surge into the Mississippi River Gulf Outlet ("MRGO"). This surge destroyed the parish levees. Almost the entire parish was flooded, most areas getting between 5 and 12 feet of standing water. There may have been as many as two homes untouched by flood waters. The water rose suddenly and violently, during a period that witnesses have reported as no more than fifteen minutes. In many areas, houses were smashed or washed off their foundations by storm surge higher than their roofs.

For more than two months after the storm, much of the parish remained without proper services, including electricity, water, and sewage. Parish President Henry "Junior" Rodriguez, declared all of the parish's homes unlivable. Emergency Communities offered one reason for hope in the first year after Hurricane Katrina. In the parking lot of a destroyed off-track betting parlor, EC built the Made with Love Cafe and Grill, a free kitchen and community center serving 1500 meals per day. Made with Love, housed in a geodesic dome, also offered food and clothing distribution, and emotionally supportive volunteers. Upon leaving, EC has offered logistical support for the founding of a new long-term community center for St. Bernard.

As of late November 2005, it was estimated that the Parish had some 7,000 full-time residents, with some 20,000 commuting to spend the day working, cleaning up, or salvaging in the parish and spending their nights elsewhere. By mid-December some businesses had returned to the Parish, most notably the ExxonMobil plant in Chalmette and the Domino Sugar plant in Arabi, together with a handful of small local stores and businesses.

At the start of January 2006, it was estimated that some 8,000 people were living in the Parish.

Since June 2006, Camp Hope has been housing volunteers assisting residents of St. Bernard Parish in their recovery from Hurricane Katrina. It is located at 1201 Bayou Road, St. Bernard, LA 70085.

Another community-building organization created in the aftermath of the hurricane is the H.O.P.E. Project (www.keep-hope.org), a small collective aiding in rebuilding Violet. The group ran a supply distribution center as well as a daycare and is now focused on construction.

A grass roots organization, the St. Bernard Project (www.stbernardproject.org), opened its doors in September 2006. A fully volunteer-run organization funded by the United Way, they help residents get back into their homes by working on the houses, providing tools, support and where possible, funding.

As of October 2006, the population was estimated to be 25,489[3]

Demographics

As of the census² of 2000, there are 67,229 people (an increase of 598 or 0.9% over the previous decade), 25,123 households, and 18,289 families residing in the parish. The population density was 56/km² (145/sq mi). There were 26,790 housing units at an average density of 22/km² (58/sq mi). The racial makeup of the parish was 88.29% White, 7.62% Black or African American, 0.49% Native American, 1.32% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.73% from other races, and 1.52% from two or more races. 5.09% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 25,123 households out of which 33.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.40% were married couples living together, 14.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.20% were non-families. 22.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.12.

In the parish the population was spread out with 25.20% under the age of 18, 9.20% from 18 to 24, 29.20% from 25 to 44, 22.60% from 45 to 64, and 13.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 93.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.10 males.

The median income for a household in the parish was $35,939, and the median income for a family was $42,785. Males had a median income of $34,303 versus $24,009 for females. The per capita income for the parish was $16,718. About 10.50% of families and 13.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.50% of those under age 18 and 11.40% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Map of St. Bernard Parish, Louisiana With Municipal Labels

There are no incorporated areas in St. Bernard Parish.

Historical

Education

Public schools in the parish are operated by the St. Bernard Parish Public Schools agency.

Due to Hurricane Katrina, the parish's 20 plus public schools have been consolidated as one school, the St. Bernard Unified School, or SBUS. Starting in the 2006-2007 school year, the St. Bernard Unified School will break up into several different schools.

The parish is served by Nunez Community College.

References

  1. ^ New Orleans population still cut by more than half. 29 Nov 2006 article by Reuters. Retrieved on 6 December, 2006.
  2. ^ Din, Gilbert "The Canary Islanders of Louisiana", 1988
  3. ^ New Orleans population still cut by more than half. 29 Nov 2006 article by Reuters. Retrieved on 6 December, 2006.

External links

Coordinates: 29°53′N 89°21′W / 29.89, -89.35


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at St. Bernard Parish, Louisiana. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about St. Bernard Parish, LouisianaRDF feed
County names St. Bernard Parish, Louisiana  +
County of country United States  +
County of subdivision1 Louisiana  +
Short name Saint Bernard Parish  +

This article uses material from the "St. Bernard Parish, Louisiana" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Simple English

Saint Bernard Parish, Louisiana
Map

Location in the state of Louisiana

Louisiana's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded 1807
Seat Chalmette
Largest City Chalmette
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

4,606 sq mi (11,929 km²)
1,204 sq mi (3,118 km²)
3,441 sq mi (8,912 km²),
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

67,229
56/sq mi (22/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website: http://www.sbpg.net
Named for: Patron Saint of Bernardo de Galvez
County flag File:Us-la-sb.gif

St. Bernard Parish (French: Paroisse de Saint-Bernard) is a parish located in the U.S. state of Louisiana. As of 2000, its population was 67,229. In 2006, because of the effects of Hurricane Katrina, its population was estimated to be 25,489.[1]

References

Other websites

Coordinates: 29°53′N 89°21′W / 29.89°N 89.35°W / 29.89; -89.35


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