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St. Croix River
StCroixRiver23.jpg
St. Croix River at
St. Andrews, New Brunswick.
Origin Chiputneticook Lakes
Mouth Passamaquoddy Bay
Basin countries Canada/United States
Length 102 km
Mouth elevation sea level
Basin area 1,500 square miles
The St. Croix River watershed

The St. Croix River is a river in northeastern North America, 62 miles (102 km) in length, that forms part of the Canada – United States border between Maine (U.S.) and New Brunswick (Canada). USS McCook (DD-252) became a Canadian ship as part of the Destroyers for Bases Agreement; and was named after the St. Croix River to follow the Canadian tradition of naming destroyers after Canadian rivers while recognizing the shared national history of the ship.[1]

Contents

Geography

The river rises in the Chiputneticook Lakes and flows south and southeast, between Calais and St. Stephen. It discharges into Passamaquoddy Bay, in the Bay of Fundy.

The total drainage area of the river is approximately 1,500 square miles. In the 20th century, the river was heavily developed for hydroelectric power. The river had previously hosted a large population of Atlantic salmon, however, the salmon population was reduced after building hydroelectric dams upriver from Calais-St. Stephen.

The river is an estuary between Calais-St. Stephen and the river's mouth at Robbinston and St. Andrews. This tidal area extends for approximately 25 kilometres (15 miles) along this section and exhibits a tidal bore.

Water level monitoring

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Canada

The Water Survey of Canada maintains six river flow gauges in the St. Croix River watershed:

United States

The United States Geological Survey maintains two river flow gages in the St. Croix River watershed.

USGS also maintains a water chemistry monitor at Milltown, Maine (45°10′11″N 67°17′50″W / 45.16972°N 67.29722°W / 45.16972; -67.29722) where the rivershed is 1,455 square miles. For water year 2001, the pH ranged from 6.6 to 7.2.[2]

Crossings

Seven active international bridges cross the river at the following locations:

One defunct crossing exists:

See also

References

  1. ^ * Milner, Marc (1985). North Atlantic Run. Naval Institute Press. p. 23. ISBN 0-87021-450-0.  
  2. ^ G.J. Stewart, J.P. Nielsen, J.M. Caldwell, A.R. Cloutier (2002). "Water Resources Data – Maine, Water Year 2001" (PDF). Water Resources Data – Maine, Water Year 2001. http://me.water.usgs.gov/Maine01adr.pdf. Retrieved 2006-05-07.  

External links

Coordinates: 45°4′30″N 67°5′43″W / 45.075°N 67.09528°W / 45.075; -67.09528


St. Croix River
Origin Chiputneticook Lakes
Mouth Passamaquoddy Bay
Basin countries Canada/United States
Length 102 km
Mouth elevation sea level
Basin area 1,500 square miles


The St. Croix River is a river in northeastern North America, 62 miles (102 km) in length, that forms part of the Canada–United States border between Maine (U.S.) and New Brunswick (Canada).

Contents

Geography

The river rises in the Chiputneticook Lakes and flows south and southeast, between Calais and St. Stephen. It discharges into Passamaquoddy Bay, in the Bay of Fundy.

The total drainage area of the river is approximately 1,500 square miles. In the 20th century, the river was heavily developed for hydroelectric power. The river had previously hosted a large population of Atlantic salmon, however, the salmon population was reduced after building hydroelectric dams upriver from Calais-St. Stephen.

The river is an estuary between Calais-St. Stephen and the river's mouth at Robbinston and St. Andrews. This tidal area extends for approximately 25 kilometres (15 miles) along this section and exhibits a tidal bore.

Water level monitoring

Canada

The Water Survey of Canada maintains six river flow gauges in the St. Croix River watershed:

United States

The United States Geological Survey maintains two river flow gages in the St. Croix River watershed.

USGS also maintains a water chemistry monitor at Milltown, Maine (45°10′11″N 67°17′50″W / 45.16972°N 67.29722°W / 45.16972; -67.29722) where the rivershed is 1,455 square miles. For water year 2001, the pH ranged from 6.6 to 7.2.[1]

Crossings

Seven active international bridges cross the river at the following locations:

One defunct crossing exists:

One future crossing is scheduled to be constructed:

  • Milltown, New Brunswick-Calais, Maine, road (scheduled for 2008-2010)

See also

References

  1. ^ G.J. Stewart, J.P. Nielsen, J.M. Caldwell, A.R. Cloutier (2002). "Water Resources Data - Maine, Water Year 2001" (PDF). Water Resources Data - Maine, Water Year 2001. http://me.water.usgs.gov/Maine01adr.pdf. Retrieved on 2006-05-07. 

External links

Coordinates: 45°4′30″N 67°5′43″W / 45.075°N 67.09528°W / 45.075; -67.09528


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