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Saint Louis County, Minnesota
Map of Minnesota highlighting Saint Louis County
Location in the state of Minnesota
Map of the U.S. highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location in the U.S.
Seat Duluth
Largest city Duluth
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

6,860 sq mi (17,767 km²)
6,225 sq mi (16,123 km²)
635 sq mi (1,644 km²), 9.25%
PopulationEst.
 - (2008)
 - Density

196,864
32.21/sq mi (12.44/km²)
Founded February 20, 1855 [1]
Named for Saint Louis River
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.co.st-louis.mn.us
St. Louis County Courthouse

St. Louis County is a county located in the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of 2000, the population was 200,528. Its county seat is Duluth. It is the largest county by area in Minnesota, and the largest in the United States east of the Mississippi River; in land area alone, the second largest after Aroostook County, Maine.[1] Major industries include pulpwood production and tourism. Surface mining of high-grade iron-ore remains an important part of the economy of the Iron Range. Parts of the Bois Forte and Fond du Lac Indian reservations are in the county.

Contents

History

St. Louis County was founded on February 20, 1855 as Doty County and had its name changed to Newton County on March 3, 1855. It originally consisted of the area east and south of the St. Louis River, while the area east of the Vermilion River and north of the St. Louis River was part of Superior County. Superior County was renamed St. Louis County. Then on March 1, 1856, that St. Louis County became Lake County, and Newton County was renamed St. Louis County and had that eastern area added to it; it was also expanded westward by incorporating parts of Itasca County, which then also included most of Carlton County. On May 23, 1857 St. Louis County took its current shape when Carlton County was formed from parts of St. Louis and Pine Counties.

Topography and vegetation

St. Louis County is known for its spectacular natural beauty. It currently includes parts of Voyageurs National Park, established in 1975, the Superior National Forest, established in 1909, and the Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness within it on the U.S.-Canadian border, established in 1978. The BWCAW is a 1,090,000-acre (4,400 km2) wilderness area designated for fishing, camping, hiking, and canoeing and is one of the most visited wilderness areas in the United States. Voyageurs National Park, near the town of International Falls, is popular with canoeists, kayakers, other boaters and fishermen. St. Louis County also has over 500 lakes, including Kabetogama Lake, Namakan Lake, Rainy Lake, Sand Point Lake, and Crane Lake.

The "Hill of Three Waters" on the Laurentian Divide lies between Hibbing and Chisholm. Rain falling on this hill runs to three watersheds: Hudson Bay to the North, Lake Superior to the East, or the Mississippi river to the South and West.[2]

St. Louis County also has one of the most important fresh-water ports in the United States, located in Duluth on Lake Superior.

The county forms part of the Iron Range, which has a significant taconite mining industry, particularly the city of Hibbing.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 6,860 square miles (17,767 km²), of which 6,225 square miles (16,123 km²) is land and 635 square miles (1,644 km²) (9.25%) is water. By area, it is the largest county in Minnesota and the largest east of the Mississippi; by land area, the second largest east of the Mississippi.

Voyageurs National Park is located in its northwestern corner, on the south shore of Rainy Lake, on the Ontario, Canada border.

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Major highways

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1860 406
1870 4,561 1,023.4%
1880 4,504 −1.2%
1890 44,862 896.0%
1900 82,932 84.9%
1910 163,274 96.9%
1920 206,391 26.4%
1930 204,596 −0.9%
1940 206,917 1.1%
1950 206,062 −0.4%
1960 231,588 12.4%
1970 220,693 −4.7%
1980 222,229 0.7%
1990 198,213 −10.8%
2000 200,528 1.2%
Est. 2008 196,864 −1.8%
Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 U.S. census data.

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 200,528 people, 82,619 households, and 51,389 families residing in the county. The population density was 32 people per square mile (12/km²). There were 95,800 housing units at an average density of 15 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.86% White, 0.85% Black or African American, 2.03% Native American, 0.66% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.22% from other races, and 1.35% from two or more races. 0.80% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 17.0% were of German, 13.7% Norwegian, 12.1% Finnish, 9.7% Swedish, 6.0% Irish, and 5.3% Italian ancestry according to Census 2000.

27.60% of households included children under the age of 18, 49.30% were married couples living together, 9.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.80% were non-families. 31.20% of all households consisted of individuals and 13.00% of individuals 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.90.

The population spread by age was 22.40% under the age of 18, 11.40% from 18 to 24, 25.90% from 25 to 44, 24.30% from 45 to 64, and 16.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 96.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,306, and the median income for a family was $47,134. Males had a median income of $37,934 versus $24,235 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,982. About 7.20% of families and 12.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.10% of those under age 18 and 8.90% of those age 65 or over.

Governance

Like all counties in Minnesota, Saint Louis is governed by an elected and nonpartisan board of commissioners. In Minnesota, county commissions usually have five members, but Saint Louis, Hennepin, and Ramsey counties have seven members. Each commissioner represents a district of equal population.

The county commission elects a chair who presides at meetings.

Commissioners as of January 2009:

District Commissioner In office since Current term expires
1st Dennis Fink 1997 December 31, 2010
2nd Steven O'Neil 2005 December 31, 2012
3rd Chris Dahlberg 2009 December 31, 2012
4th Mike Forsman (chair) 1995 December 31, 2010
5th Peg Sweeney 1997 December 31, 2012
6th Keith Nelson 2003 December 31, 2010
7th Steve Raukar 1989 December 31, 2010

Politics

Election results from statewide races[4]
Year Office GOP DEM Others
2008 President 32.6% 65.1% 2.3%
Senator 32.4% 54.6% 13.0%
2006 Governor 29.3% 64.6% 6.1%
Senator 25.9% 70.9% 3.2%
2004 President 33.6% 65.2% 1.2%
2002 Governor 26.5% 59.9% 13.6%
Senator 31.6% 65.4% 3.0%
2000 President 33.0% 59.8% 7.2%
Senator 31.7% 63.3% 5.0%
1998 Governor 28.1% 47.3% 24.6%
1996 President 25.5% 60.6% 13.9%
Senator 28.5% 64.7% 6.8%
1994 Governor 44.6% 53.0% 2.4%
Senator 35.9% 56.9% 7.2%
1992 President 22.6% 56.8% 20.6%

The county board of commissioners is currently experiencing high levels of conflict. Disputes among commissioners have created a situation that makes it very difficult for them to accomplish their work in a responsible manner. Two commissioners have recently been charged with sexual harassment and another has articulated his willingness to support slavery if his constituents wanted it. St. Louis County is considering doing a study about dividing the county into two counties.[5]

This county is by far the most reliable Democratic county in the state, as no Republican or independent won this county in any statewide election since 1992. The only time a Democrat obtained less than 50% of the vote was in 1998, when Jesse Ventura of the Reform ticket won statewide and gained 24% in the county. Since 1992, the only time when a Republican obtained over 34% of the vote was in the elections of 1994 (year of Republican Revolution) when the incumbent Independent-Republican governor won the statewide vote by a landslide vote of over 60%, and when the Independent-Republican senator won re-election by over 50% statewide, both of which is extremely rare in Minnesota. Since 1994, the highest percentage a Republican obtained out of the county was 33.6% from George W. Bush's re-election of 2004.

Presidential elections

Also, Democrats have swept this county in the last 20 consecutive presidential elections. The last Republican to carry the county was Herbert Hoover in 1928.[6] In the last five Presidential elections the Republican candidate has never received more than 34% of the county's vote.[7]

Presidential Election Results 1992-2008
Year Democrat Republican
2008 65.10% 77,351 32.61% 38,742
2004 65.20% 77,958 33.55% 40,112
2000 59.78% 64,237 32.96% 35,420
1996 60.60% 60,736 25.50% 25,553
1992 56.80% 61,813 22.60% 24,579

Cities and towns

Cities

Cities Unincorporated communities CDP

Townships

Unorganized

References

  1. ^ Duluth News Tribune September 22, 2004, p. 2B. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Arostook County has a smaller overall area but a greater land area.
  2. ^ "Lookout Mountain - Laurentian Divide Recreation Area - The Hill of Three Waters". wikimapia. 2007. http://wikimapia.org/5841044/Lookout-Mountain-Laurentian-Divide-Recreation-Area-The-Hill-of-Three-Waters. Retrieved 2009-03-28.  
  3. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  4. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/
  5. ^ http://minnesota.publicradio.org/display/web/2007/07/27/countysplit/
  6. ^ http://geoelections.free.fr/USA/elec_comtes/1928.htm Geographie Electorale
  7. ^ The New York Times electoral map (Zoom in on Minnesota)

External links

Coordinates: 47°35′N 92°28′W / 47.58°N 92.46°W / 47.58; -92.46


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

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Saint Louis County, Minnesota
Map
File:Map of Minnesota highlighting Saint Louis County.png
Location in the state of Minnesota
Map of the USA highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded February 20, 1855 [1]
Seat Duluth
Largest City Duluth
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

 sq mikm²)
 sq mi ( km²)
 sq mi ( km²), 9.25%
wikipedia:Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

200528
Time zone Central : UTC-6/-5
Website: www.co.st-louis.mn.us
Named for: Saint Louis River
St. Louis County Courthouse

St. Louis County is a county located in the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of 2000, the population was 200,528. Its county seat is Duluth. It is the largest county by area in Minnesota, and the largest in the United States east of the Mississippi River (if water area is excluded, it is second largest, behind Aroostook County, Maine). Major industries include pulpwood production and tourism. At one time, surface mining of low-grade iron-ore was a major part of the economy. Parts of the Bois Forte and Fond du Lac Indian reservations are in the county.

St. Louis County was founded on February 20, 1855 as Doty County and had its name changed to Newton County on March 3, 1855. On March 1, 1856, St. Louis County to the east became Lake County while Newton County was renamed St. Louis County. Originally Doty County and Newton County consisted of the area east and south of the St. Louis River. The area east of Vermilion River and north of St. Louis River was part of Superior County (which then became St. Louis County, and then Lake County). Upon establishment of this St. Louis County, these two areas were merged, then expanded westward by incorporating parts of Itasca County, which then also included most of Carlton County. On May 23, 1857 St. Louis County took its current shape when Carlton County was formed from parts of St. Louis and Pine Counties.

Contents

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 17,767 km² (6,860 sq mi). 16,123 km² (6,225 sq mi) of it is land and 1,644 km² (635 sq mi) of it (9.25%) is water. By land area, it is the largest county in Minnesota.

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 U.S. census data.

As of the census² of 2000, there were 200,528 people, 82,619 households, and 51,389 families residing in the county. The population density was 12/km² (32/sq mi). There were 95,800 housing units at an average density of 6/km² (15/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 94.86% White, 0.85% Black or African American, 2.03% Native American, 0.66% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.22% from other races, and 1.35% from two or more races. 0.80% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 17.0% were of German, 13.7% Norwegian, 12.1% Finnish, 9.7% Swedish, 6.0% Irish and 5.3% Italian ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 82,619 households out of which 27.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.30% were married couples living together, 9.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.80% were non-families. 31.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the county the population was spread out with 22.40% under the age of 18, 11.40% from 18 to 24, 25.90% from 25 to 44, 24.30% from 45 to 64, and 16.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 96.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,306, and the median income for a family was $47,134. Males had a median income of $37,934 versus $24,235 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,982. About 7.20% of families and 12.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.10% of those under age 18 and 8.90% of those age 65 or over.

Governance

Like all counties in Minnesota, Saint Louis is governed by an elected and nonpartisan board of commissioners. In Minnesota, county commissions usually have five members, but Saint Louis, Hennepin, and Ramsey counties have seven members. Each commissioner represents a district of equal population.

The county commission elects a chair who presides at meetings.

Commissioners as of August 2007:

District Commissioner In office since Current term expires
1st Dennis Fink 1997 December 31, 2010
2nd Steven O'Neil 2005 December 31, 2008
3rd Bill Kron (chair) 1977 December 31, 2008
4th Mike Forsman 1995 December 31, 2010
5th Peg Sweeney 1997 December 31, 2008
6th Keith Nelson 2003 December 31, 2010
7th Steve Raukar 1989 December 31, 2010

Politics

The county board of commissioners presently is experiencing high levels of conflict. Disputes among commissioners have created a situation that makes it very difficult for them to accomplish their work in a responsible manner. Two commissioners have recently been charged with sexual harassment and another has articulated his willingness to support slavery if his constituents wanted it.

Cities and towns

Cities

Cities Unincorporated communities

Townships

Unorganized

External links

 
Flag of Minnesota
Twin Ports, Minnesota-Wisconsin
Flag of Wisconsin
Core cities
Duluth° (MN) · Superior° (WI)
Surrounding municipalities
(over 10,000)
Cloquet° (MN) 11,463
(under 10,000)
Carlton° (MN) · Hermantown° (MN) · Oliver (WI) · Parkland* (WI) · Proctor° (MN) · Scanlon° (MN) · Superior (WI) · Superior* (WI)
Counties
Carlton (MN) · Douglas (WI) · St. Louis (MN)
*town village °city §CDP

Coordinates: 47°35′N 92°28′W / 47.58, -92.46

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at St. Louis County, Minnesota. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

Facts about St. Louis County, MinnesotaRDF feed
County names St. Louis County, Minnesota  +
County of country United States  +
County of subdivision1 Minnesota  +
Short name Saint Louis County  +

This article uses material from the "St. Louis County, Minnesota" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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