St. Matthews, Kentucky: Wikis

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St. Matthews, Kentucky
—  City  —
Downtown St Matthews
St. Matthews, Kentucky is located in Kentucky
St. Matthews, Kentucky
Location within the state of Kentucky
Coordinates: 38°15′0″N 85°38′33″W / 38.25°N 85.6425°W / 38.25; -85.6425
Country United States
State Kentucky
County Jefferson
Area
 - Total 4.0 sq mi (10.4 km2)
 - Land 4.0 sq mi (10.4 km2)
 - Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 551 ft (168 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 17,953
 - Density 3,938.3/sq mi (1,520.6/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
FIPS code 21-67944
GNIS feature ID 0502696

St. Matthews is the 20th largest city in Kentucky, United States and is a prominent suburb of Louisville. It is located 8 miles east of downtown Louisville in Jefferson County. It is one of the state's major shopping areas, being home to 2nd and 5th largest malls in Kentucky (Mall St Matthews and Oxmoor Center) along with many smaller shopping centers along Shelbyville Road.

In 2003 St. Matthews became part of the new Louisville Metro government. It remains an independent city with its own mayor and emergency services and is not counted in Louisville's population although its citizens can vote for Louisville Mayor and Metro Council members.

Contents

History

The area eventually known as St. Matthews was first settled in 1779 by Colonial James John Floyd. Floyd, who had actually conducted an important survey of Jefferson County in 1774, bought 2,000 acres (8 km2) of land from soldiers who had been awarded the parcels for their service in the French and Indian War. He arrived overland on November 8, 1779, bringing several family members and a black slave, and built cabins and a stockade that came to be known as Floyd's Station.[1]

During the early eighteen hundreds "the area was developed into several plantation tracts. The area was known as 'the garden of the state' for the produce that it grew and for which it served as a distribution point." .[2]

St. Matthews developed at the same time as nearby Louisville, Kentucky, and was centered around the intersection of Breckenridge Lane, Shelbyville Road, and Westport Road. By 1840, it was known as Gilman's Point, after local tavern owner Daniel Gilman. The name St. Matthews emerged in 1850, after the area's first church, St. Matthews Episcopal Church. It became official in 1851 when a newly opened post office adopted the name. The oldest remaining church is Holy Trinity, built in 1882 on the site of present day Trinity High School.

The community was connected by the Louisville, Lexington & Cincinnati Railroad, built in the mid-1800s, and a later railroad connecting Louisville to Anchorage and Middletown. St. Matthews was heavily agricultural well into the 20th century. From 1910 to 1946, it was home to the St. Matthews Produce Exchange, which was once the second-largest potato shipper in the country.

During the first half of the 20th century, the farms were gradually subdivided. St. Matthews took on a suburban character. The original landowners names, such as Brown, Rudy, Nanz, Monohan and Oeschner, have been lent to many of the local streets. The town's first bank was founded in 1905, and a modern shopping district began developing in the 1920s that would include the landmark Vogue Theater, opened in 1938.

Mall St. Matthews is Kentucky's 2nd largest mall

Growth of the area was sped up even faster by the 1937 flood, which lead many families to literally move to higher ground. St. Matthews incorporated as a city in 1950, partially to address infrastructure problems and build a sewer system. The Mall St. Matthews, Louisville's first true indoor shopping mall, opened around this time.

In 2001 the cities of Broad Fields, Cherrywood Village, Fairmeade, Plymouth Village and Springlee were annexed by the City of Saint Matthews.[3]

The boundaries of St. Matthews are roughly Cannons Lane to the west, I-264 and to the south and east, and several subdivisions off of Brownsboro Road to the north. These include Bellewood, Brownsboro Village, Maryhill Estates and Windy Hills. The cities of Richlawn and Norbourne Estates are enclaves within St. Matthews.

Geography

St. Matthews is located at 38°15′0″N 85°38′33″W / 38.25°N 85.6425°W / 38.25; -85.6425 (38.249931, -85.642613)[4].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.0 square miles (10.4 km²), all of it land.

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1970 13,152
1980 13,519 2.8%
1990 15,691 16.1%
2000 15,852 1.0%
Est. 2008 18,709 18.0%
Fayette County, KY census
A residential street in St Matthews

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 15,852 people, 7,978 households, and 3,661 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,938.3 people per square mile (1,518.7/km²). There were 8,537 housing units at an average density of 2,121.0/sq mi (817.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 90.32% White, 4.95% African American, 0.15% Native American, 2.62% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.59% from other races, and 1.36% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.69% of the population.

There were 7,978 households out of which 19.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.9% were married couples living together, 8.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 54.1% were non-families. 45.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.94 and the average family size was 2.76.

In the city the population was spread out with 17.0% under the age of 18, 10.2% from 18 to 24, 35.6% from 25 to 44, 20.1% from 45 to 64, and 17.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 86.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $42,219, and the median income for a family was $56,473. Males had a median income of $37,306 versus $31,163 for females. The per capita income for the city was $28,601. About 4.9% of families and 6.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.8% of those under age 18 and 5.4% of those age 65 or over.

References

  1. ^ Yater, George H. (1987). Two Hundred Years at the Fall of the Ohio: A History of Louisville and Jefferson County (2nd edition ed.). Filson Club, Incorporated. pp. 12–13.  
  2. ^ Kleber, John E. ed., The Kentucky Encyclopedia, Kentucky Bicentennial Commission, 1992, p.792
  3. ^ Elson, Martha (2001-05-31). "Strathmoor Village considers expanding". Courier-Journal.  
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  

External links


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Simple English

St. Matthews is a city of Kentucky in the United States. St. Matthews, Kentucky was established in 1889 as a subdivision of Jefferson County.


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