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St. Giles-without-Cripplegate
Current photo of St. Giles-without-Cripplegate
Current photo of St. Giles-without-Cripplegate

Country United Kingdom
Denomination Church of England
Architecture
Style perpendicular gothic

St Giles-without-Cripplegate is an Anglican church in the City of London, located within the modern Barbican complex[1]. When built it stood without (that is, outside) the city wall, near the Cripplegate. The church is dedicated to St Giles, patron saint of beggars and cripples. It is one of the few medieval churches left in the City of London, having survived the Great Fire of 1666.

Contents

History

There was a Saxon church on the site in the 11th century but by 1090 it had been replaced by a Norman one. In 1394 it was rebuilt in the perpendicular gothic style[2].

The church has been badly damaged by fire on three occasions: In 1545, in 1897[3] and during the first major air raid of London Blitz of the Second World War on the night of August 24, 1940. German bombs completely gutted the church but it was restored using the plans of the reconstruction of 1545. The stone tower was added in 1682.

The church was designated a Grade I listed building on 4 January 1950.[4]

Notable people associated with the church

Interior of St Giles Cripplegate

Layout of the Church

Interior of St Giles Cripplegate
  • 1. John Milton buried here in 1674
  • 2. The altar from St. Luke's, Old Street which was dismantled in the 1960s due to subsidence.
  • 3. The east window. Designed by the Nicholson Studios, following the pattern of the original medieval window.
  • 4. Sedilia (where the priest sat and piscina of the medieval church.
  • 5. Display cabinet containing the historic treasures of Cripplegate.
  • 6. John Foxe, author of "The Book of Martyrs" is buried here.
  • 7. Plaque commemorating Sir Martin Frobisher, explorer and sea Captain.
  • 8. Bust of John Speed, map maker and historian.
  • 9. Statue of John Milton by Horace Montford[5]
  • 10. The organ. From St. Luke's, Old Street[6]
  • 11. Bust of Daniel Defoe, author of "Robinson Crusoe" and John Milton.
  • 12. Busts of Oliver Cromwell and John Bunyan, outhor of "Pilgrims Progress".
  • 13. Portrait of Dr. William Nicholls, the first Rector of St. Luke's Church and Vicar of St. Giles'.
  • 14. The West Window - shows the coats of arms of the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Bishop of London, Milton, Cromwell and Frobisher.
  • 15. The font - from St. Luke's Church.
  • 16. The Cripplegate Window which celebrates the centenary of the charity The Cripplegate Foundation.
  • 17. Bust of Sir William Staines, Lord Mayor of London in 1801.[7]

Coordinates: 51°31′7.38″N 0°5′38.55″W / 51.5187167°N 0.0940417°W / 51.5187167; -0.0940417

See also

External links

References

  1. ^ "The City of London Churches" Betjeman,J Andover, Pikin, 1967 ISBN 0853721122
  2. ^ "The Old Churches of London" Cobb,G: London, Batsford, 1942
  3. ^ "The Visitors Guide to the City of London Churches" Tucker,T: London, Friends of the City Churches, 2006 ISBN 0955394503
  4. ^ Images of England — details from listed building database (199476) accessed 23 January 2009
  5. ^ "London:the City Churches” Pevsner,N/Bradley,S New Haven, Yale, 1998 ISBN 0300096550
  6. ^ Pearce,C.W. “Notes on Old City Churches: their organs, organists and musical associations” London, Winthrop Rogers Ltd 1909
  7. ^ St Giles's Church Guide







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