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Stability Pact member states

The Stability Pact for South Eastern Europe was an institution aimed at strengthening peace, democracy, human rights and economy in the countries of South Eastern Europe from 1999-2008. It was replaced by the Regional Co-operation Council in February 2008. The RCC replaced the Stability Pact because it is more "regionally owned" than the SP, which was driven more by outside partners such as the EU.



Stability Pact member states      members      observers      supporting partners


The pact was created at the initiative of the European Union on June 10, 1999 in Cologne. All of the countries of the region, except for Serbia and Montenegro (then FR Yugoslavia) and Moldova, were present at the founding conference. Representatives of Hungary, Bulgaria, Romania, Russia, Turkey, USA, all members of the EU at the time, OSCE, Council of Europe and European Commission were also considered active participants.

Representatives of Canada, Japan, UN, UNHCR, NATO, OECD, WEU, IMF, World Bank, European Investment Bank and European Bank for Reconstruction and Development were present as facilitators.

The pact was created subsequent to the escalation of Kosovo War and stability of Kosovo was among the primary objectives.

In 2006 it was announced that in early 2008 the Stability Pact should be succeeded by a more regionally owned co-operation framework, the Regional Co-operation Council (RCC) formed by the countries of the region themselves, but with continued support and advice from the international community. The Southeast European Cooperation Process should be playing an important role in this process.

The last meeting of the SPSEE took place on 28 February 2008, in Sofia, Bulgaria when it was succeeded by the Regional Cooperation Council.[1]


The Special Coordinator is a head of the Stability Pact. Since 2002, the position is held by Erhard Busek.

The pact is divided among three Working Tables, with the fourth, Regional Working Table, coordinating actions between them.

Working Table 1 Working Table 2 Working Table 3
Chair Goran Svilanović Fabrizio Saccomanni Janez Premoze
Director Marijana Grandits Mary O'Mahony Pieter Verbeek
Main issues Democratization and human rights
  • Rights of minorities
  • Freedom of media
  • Civil society
  • Rule of law and law enforcement
  • Institutions, administration and governance
  • Refugees
Economic reconstruction, development and cooperation
  • Promotion of free trade areas
  • International transport
  • Energy supply and savings
  • Deregulation and transparency
  • Infrastructure
  • Promotion of private sector business
  • Environmental issues
  • Reintegration of refugees
Security issues
  • Justice, home affairs and migration
  • Organized crime, corruption and terrorism
  • Transboundary environmental hazards
  • Cooperation on defence and military issues

Each of the Working Tables is responsible for a set of issues, working with participant countries' governments and NGOs on resolving them.



Regional Table

Working Table 1

Consists of 5 task forces: [Media], [Education and Youth], [Local Democracy and Cross Border Cooperation], [Parliamentary Cooperation] and [Gender Issues].

Apart from its Director WT I relies on the work of two experts Srđan Cvijić and Talia Boati.

Working Table 2

Working Table 3

Working Table III deals with questions of both internal and external security. The aim is to establish a stable security environment in the region and to promote regional co-operation in fighting organised crime and corruption and on migration issues. It is divided into two sub-tables. The first one deals with Justice and Home Affairs and the second one with Defence and Security Sector Reform issues.

FTA progress

Matrix of the Free Trade Agreements in the region.
European Union associated
Other Stability pact partners
(to be merged into CEFTA)
Other European Neighbourhood Policy partners
Turkey CU
Republic of Macedonia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Serbia and Montenegro
EU FTA 1973 CU 1996 SAA 2005 SAA 2004 SAA SAA SAA STM
EFTA FTA 1973 FTA 1992 FTA 2002 FTA 2001  ?
Turkey CU CU 1996 FTA 1992 FTA 2003 FTA 2000  ? FTA 2003  ?  ?
Croatia SAA 2005 FTA 2002 FTA 2003 SEE-FTA 2002
CEFTA 2006
SEE-FTA 2003 SEE-FTA 2005 SEE-FTA 2004 SEE-FTA 2006 SEE-FTA 2004
Republic of Macedonia SAA 2004 FTA 2001 FTA 2000 SEE-FTA 2002
CEFTA 2006
SEE-FTA 2002 SEE-FTA 2002 SEE-FTA 2006 SEE-FTA 2006 SEE-FTA 2005
Albania SAA  ? SEE-FTA 2003 SEE-FTA 2002 SEE-FTA 2004 SEE-FTA 2004 SEE-FTA 2003 SEE-FTA 2004    
Bosnia and Herzegovina SAA FTA 2003 SEE-FTA 2005 SEE-FTA 2002 SEE-FTA 2004 SEE-FTA 2002 SEE-FTA 2006 SEE-FTA 2004
Serbia and Montenegro SAA  ? SEE-FTA 2004 SEE-FTA 2006 SEE-FTA 2004 SEE-FTA 2002 SEE-FTA 2004
Kosovo STM  ?  ? SEE-FTA 2006 SEE-FTA 2006 SEE-FTA 2003 SEE-FTA 2006  ?
Moldova SEE-FTA 2004 SEE-FTA 2005 SEE-FTA 2004 SEE-FTA 2004 SEE-FTA 2004  ? FTA 1995
Ukraine     FTA 1996 FTA 1996
Georgia           FTA 1996 FTA 1998 FTA 1996
Armenia             FTA 1995 FTA 1996 FTA 1998
Azerbaijan               FTA 1996

     instrument and year of entry into force      instrument and year of provisional entry into force      in negotiations      strained diplomatic relations over Kosovo (SiMUNMIK), Nagorno-Karabakh (ArmeniaAzerbaijan, ArmeniaTurkey) and the Armenian Genocide (ArmeniaTurkey)

See also


  1. ^ B92 - News - Politics - Jeremić: Support for independence shameful

External links


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