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Stafford County, Virginia
Map of Virginia highlighting Stafford County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the U.S. highlighting Virginia
Virginia's location in the U.S.
Seat Stafford
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

280 sq mi (725 km²)
270 sq mi (699 km²)
10 sq mi (26 km²), 3.43%
PopulationEst.
 - (2007)
 - Density

124,177
461/sq mi (178/km²)
Founded 1664
Website www.co.stafford.va.us

Stafford County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia, a U.S. state. As of the 2000 census, the population was 92,446, however, the estimated population as of 2007 was 124,117, a 33.0% increase. Its county seat is Stafford[1]. In 2006, and again in 2009, Stafford was ranked as the 11th highest income county in America by Forbes Magazine. U.S. Route 1, Interstate 95, and Virginia Railway Express commuter railway serve the county.

This county is part of the Washington Metropolitan Area.

Contents

History

For thousands of years, various cultures of indigenous peoples succeeded each other in their territories along the Potomac River and its tributaries. By the time of English colonization, there were 32 Algonquian-speaking American Indian tribes in the present-day coastal Tidewater Virginia area, including those of the Patawomeck and numerous tribes that were part of the Powhatan Confederacy. The former small tribe, still centered in Stafford County, was recognized by the state of Virginia in 2010.

The American Indians' first recorded encounter with Europeans in this area was in 1608, with John Smith of the Jamestown settlement. During a time of recurring tension between the early English colonists and local American Indians, the colonists kidnapped Pocahontas, daughter of the Powhatan, paramount chief of the confederacy.[2] This occurred in the eastern part of Stafford County, from where they took her to a secondary English settlement, known as Henricus (or Henrico Town). While held there, Pocahontas converted to Christianity and married English settler John Rolfe in April 1614.[3][4]

The English colonial government of Virginia imposed its own order on the land and peoples. In 1664 it established Stafford County from territory previously parts of the counties of Westmoreland, Arlington, Fairfax, and Prince William, and the City of Alexandria. It is part of the area now considered Northern Virginia. The county was named after Staffordshire, England.

George Washington spent much of his childhood in the lower part of the county on his family's home, Ferry Farm, along the Rappahannock River across from Fredericksburg. Colonial Forge High School was built on a tract of land owned in colonial times by his father Augustine Washington.[5] George Mason, another Founding Father of the nation, also spent his formative years in Stafford.[6]

Aquia Church, built in 1757 near Garrisonville, Virginia, is unique for having been designed on the plan of a Greek cross. It has been designated a National Historic Landmark. The Episcopal church continues to be active today. [7].

Stafford County industry and resources were important to the colony and early nation. During the Revolutionary War, the Stafford iron works furnished arms for the colonial rebel soldiers.[8] Aquia Creek sandstone, quarried from Government Island in the county, was used to build the White House and the Capitol.[9]

During the American Civil War, the county was part of the battlegrounds, occupied by more than 100,000 troops for several years. The Battle of Aquia Creek took place in the Aquia Harbour area. Both the Union Army and Confederate Army struggled to control the strategic Potomac Creek Bridge at various times during the war.

Falmouth, a town bordering Fredericksburg, was the home of late-19th century artist Gari Melchers, whose house Belmont still stands.

Stafford County today is considered part of the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area. Many residents commute to work in Washington and its environs north on Interstate Highway 95, U.S. Route 1, and Virginia Railway Express.

In the early morning hours of May 9, 2008, a tornado touched down in the southern part of the county, severely damaging about 140 suburban homes.[10]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 280 square miles (725 km²), of which, 270 square miles (700 km²) of it is land and 10 square miles (25 km²) of it (3.43%) is water. The Potomac River flows along part of the eastern border of the county, while the Rappahannock River runs along the extent of the county's southern border.

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Adjacent counties and independent city

Government and politics

The county is divided into seven magisterial districts: George Washington, Hartwood, Falmouth, Griffis-Widewater, Aquia, Garrisonville, and Rockhill. The magisterial districts each elect one supervisor to the Board of Supervisors which governs Stafford County. The County operates under the county form of the County Executive system of government, with an elected Board of Supervisors. The Board then appoints a professional, nonpartisan County Executive to manage government agencies.

Stafford County is represented by Congressman Rob Wittman in the U.S. House of Representatives. Stafford is represented by William J. Howell in the Virginia House of Delegates. Delegate Bill Howell also serves as the Speaker of the House of Delegates.

Position Name Affiliation First Election District
  Supervisor Cord Sterling Republican 2007 Rockhill
  Supervisor Paul Milde Republican 2005 Aquia
  Supervisor Mark Dudenhefer Republican 2005 Garrisonville
  Supervisor Gary Snellings Republican 2009 (also served 2001-2005) Hartwood
  Supervisor Susan Stimpson Republican 2009 Falmouth
  Supervisor Harry Crisp Democrat 2007 George Washington
  Supervisor Bob Woodson Democrat 2007 Griffis-Widewater

Demographics

As of the census[11] of 2005, there were 117,874 people, 38,237 households, and 24,481 families residing in the county. The population density was 342 people per square mile (132/km²). There were 31,405 housing units at an average density of 116 per square mile (45/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 79.00% white, 15.6% African American, 0.45% 2.1% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 1.21% from other races, and 2.47% from two or more races. 5.5% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

By 2005 Stafford County's population was 72.8% non-Hispanic whites. African-Americans were 16.1% of the total population. Native Americans were 0.4% of the county total. Asians 2.3%. Native Hawai'ians and other Pacific islanders 0.2%, thus making Stafford County one of the high percentage NHPI population counties in the country. Latinos were 6.4% of the population, above the percentage of Latinos in all of Virginia, put far below Stafford County's northern neighbors.

As of 2000 there were 38,187 households out of which 46.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.00% were married couples living together, 9.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.90% were non-families. 13.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.01 and the average family size was 3.32.

In the county, the population was spread out with 31.60% under the age of 18, 7.80% from 18 to 24, 33.70% from 25 to 44, 21.10% from 45 to 64, and 5.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 101.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $75,546, and the median income for a family was $78,575 (these figures had risen to $85,793 and $95,433 respectively as of a 2007 estimate[12]). Males had a median income of $47,080 versus $31,469 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,762. About 2.40% of families and 3.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.30% of those under age 18 and 5.30% of those age 65 or over.

Points of interest

Chatham Manor
Local newspapers

Localities

Geographical
Transportation
Zip Codes
  • 22405, 22406, 22554, 22555, 22556

Education

Colleges

High Schools

Middle Schools

  • T. Benton Gayle Middle School
  • Edward E. Drew Middle School
  • Stafford Middle
  • Dixon-Smith Middle School
  • Rodney Thompson Middle
  • A.G. Wright Middle
  • H.H. Poole Middle
  • Shirley C. Heim Middle

Elementary Schools

  • Conway Elementary
  • Falmouth Elementary
  • Ferry Farm Elementary
  • Grafton Village Elementary
  • Garrisonville Elementary
  • Hartwood Elementary
  • Kate Waller Barrett Elementary
  • Anthony Burns Elementary
  • Margaret Brent Elementary
  • Anne E. Moncure Elementary
  • Park Ridge Elementary
  • Rockhill Elementary
  • Rocky Run Elementary
  • Garrisonville Elementary
  • Stafford Elementary
  • Hampton Oaks Elementary
  • Widewater Elementary
  • Winding Creek Elementary

Major bodies of water

References

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ Marlborough Point
  3. ^ John Rolfe Highway Marker
  4. ^ Kidnapping of Pocahontas Highway Marker or Pocahontas Highway Marker
  5. ^ "Colonial Forge School Improvement Plan Report". Colonial Forge High School (See page 4). http://www.cfhs.org/SACS_Draft_05_06.pdf. Retrieved 2007-09-04. 
  6. ^ Connor Jr., Albert Z. (2003). A History of Our Own, Virginia Beach: The Donning Company Publishers.
  7. ^ Information about historical churches, including the Aquia Episcopal Church, Simply Fredericksburg
  8. ^ DeOnne C. Scott, Stafford County (VA): Images of America, Amazon.com
  9. ^ http://www.staffordcountysun.com/servlet/Satellite?pagename=SCS/MGArticle/SCS_BasicArticle&c=MGArticle&cid=1128768195420
  10. ^ "Area in 'a Daze' After Tornadoes". The Washington Post. May 10, 2008. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/05/09/AR2008050900062.html. Retrieved 2008-05-10. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  12. ^ http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ACSSAFFFacts?_event=Search&geo_id=05000US51061&_geoContext=01000US%7C04000US51%7C05000US51061&_street=&_county=stafford&_cityTown=stafford&_state=04000US51&_zip=&_lang=en&_sse=on&ActiveGeoDiv=geoSelect&_useEV=&pctxt=fph&pgsl=050&_submenuId=factsheet_1&ds_name=ACS_2007_3YR_SAFF&_ci_nbr=null&qr_name=null&reg=null%3Anull&_keyword=&_industry=

External links

Coordinates: 38°25′N 77°27′W / 38.41°N 77.45°W / 38.41; -77.45


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

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Stafford County, Virginia
Seal of Stafford County, Virginia
Map
File:Map of Virginia highlighting Stafford County.png
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the USA highlighting Virginia
Virginia's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded 1664
Seat Stafford
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

725 km² (280 mi²)
700 km² (270 mi²)
25 km² (10 mi²), 3.43%
wikipedia:Population
 - (2005)
 - Density

117,874
342/km² 
Website: www.co.stafford.va.us

Stafford County is a county located in the "Commonwealth" of Virginia, a U.S. state. As of the 2000 census, the population was 92,446, however, the current estimated population as of 2006 is 120,170, a 30.0% increase. Its county seat is Stafford6.

This county is also a part of the Washington Metropolitan Area.

Contents

History

Stafford County was established by the British colonial government of Virginia in 1664 from territory that was previously part of Westmoreland County, Arlington County, the City of Alexandria, Fairfax County, and Prince William County, and thusly encompassed the majority of what is now considered Northern Virginia. The county is named for Staffordshire, England and is the sister city of Stafford, England.

Pocahontas, the Indian princess, was kidnapped at Marlborough Point in the eastern part of the county and taken to a secondary English settlement known as Henricus (or Henrico Town). While there, she converted to Christianity and married an English settler named John Rolfe in April 1614. See also Kidnapping of Pocahontas Highway Marker or Pocahontas Highway Marker.

George Washington spent much of his childhood in the lower part of the county on his family's home, Ferry Farm, along the Rappahannock River across from the city of Fredericksburg. It was during this time that George supposedly cut down the legendary cherry tree. Colonial Forge High School was built on a tract of land owned by his father, Augustine Washington.[1]

Aquia Episcopal Church, a National Historic Landmark, was built in 1757 and remains open today [2].

During the Revolutionary War the Stafford iron works furnished arms for the American soldiers [3].

Aquia sandstone quarried from Stafford's Government Island was used to build the White House and the U.S. Capitol [4].

More than 100,000 troops occupied Stafford during the American Civil War for several years. The Battle of Aquia Creek took place in Stafford in the Aquia Harbour area.

In Falmouth, a town in the southern part of Stafford County bordering Fredericksburg, is Belmont, home to the late-19th century artist Gari Melchers.

Stafford County today is considered part of the Washington and many residents commute north on Interstate Highway 95, U.S. Route 1, and Virginia Railway Express.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 725 km² (280 mi²). 700 km² (270 mi²) of it is land and 25 km² (10 mi²) of it (3.43%) is water. The Potomac River flows along part of the eastern border of the county, while the Rappahannock River runs along the extent of the county's southern border. It is bounded on the north by Prince William County, on the south by Culpeper County, Spotsylvania County, and Caroline County and the independent city of Fredericksburg; on the east by King George County and, across the Potomac River, by Charles County; and bounded on the west by Fauquier County.

Demographics

As of the census² of 2005, there were 117,874 people, 38,237 households, and 24,481 families residing in the county. The population density was 132/km² (342/mi²). There were 31,405 housing units at an average density of 45/km² (116/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 79.00% White, 15.6% Black or African American, 0.45% Native American, 2.1% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 1.21% from other races, and 2.47% from two or more races. 5.5% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

By 2005 Stafford County's population was 72.8% non-Hispanic whites. African-Americans were 16.1% of the total population. Native Americans were 0.4% of the county total. Asians 2.3%. Native Hawai'ians and other pacific islanders 0.2%, thus making Stafford County one of the high percentage NHPI population counties in the country. Latinos were 6.4% of the population, above the percentage of Latinos in all of Virginia, put far below Stafford County's northern neighbors.

As of 2000 there were 38,187 households out of which 46.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.00% were married couples living together, 9.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.90% were non-families. 13.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.01 and the average family size was 3.32.

In the county, the population was spread out with 31.60% under the age of 18, 7.80% from 18 to 24, 33.70% from 25 to 44, 21.10% from 45 to 64, and 5.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 101.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $75,546, and the median income for a family was $78,575. Males had a median income of $47,080 versus $31,469 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,762. About 2.40% of families and 3.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.30% of those under age 18 and 5.30% of those age 65 or over.

Points of interest

Local newspapers

Localities

Geographical
Transportation
Zip Codes
  • 22405, 22406, 22554, 22555, 22556

Schools

High Schools

Middle Schools

  • T. Benton Gayle Middle School
  • Edward E. Drew Middle School
  • Stafford Middle
  • Dixon-Smith Middle School
  • Rodney Thompson Middle
  • A.G. Wright Middle
  • H.H. Poole Middle

Elementary Schools

  • Conway Elementary
  • Falmouth Elementary
  • Ferry Farm Elementary
  • Grafton Village Elementary
  • Garrisonville Elementary
  • Hartwood Elementary
  • Kate Waller Barrett Elementary
  • Anthony Burns Elementary
  • Margaret Brent Elementary
  • Moncure Elementary
  • Park Ridge Elementary
  • Rockhill Elementary
  • Garrisonville Elementary
  • Stafford Elementary
  • Hampton Oaks Elementary
  • Widewater Elementary
  • Winding Creek Elementary

Major bodies of water

External links


Stafford County Public Schools
High Schools
StaffordImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gifNorth StaffordImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gifBrooke PointImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gifColonial ForgeImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gifMountain ViewImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif
Middle Schools

Edward E. Drew • T. Benton GayleImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif • Stafford • Andrew G. Wright • H.H. Poole • Rodney Thompson • Dixon-Smith

Elementary Schools

Anne E. Moncure • Stafford • Grafton Village • Falmouth • Hartwood • Garrisonville • Widewater • Rockhill • Park Ridge • Ferry Farm • Hampton Oaks • Winding Creek • Rocky Run • Kate Waller Barrett • Conway • Margaret Brent • Anthony Burns

Coordinates: 38°25′N 77°27′W / 38.41, -77.45

References


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Stafford County, Virginia. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about Stafford County, VirginiaRDF feed
County names Stafford County, Virginia  +
County of country United States  +
County of subdivision1 Virginia  +
Short name Stafford County  +

This article uses material from the "Stafford County, Virginia" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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