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Stalag IX-C: Wikis

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Stalag IX-C was a World War II German POW camp located near Bad Sulza, between Erfurt and Leipzig, in Thuringia. It was the base camp servicing a number of sub-camps and Arbeitskommandos spread over a wide area, particularly those holding prisoners working in the salt mines.

A fairly large hospital, called 'Reserve-Lazaret Obermassfeld', was operated by British, Canadian and New Zealand medical staff. It was located in the town of Obermassfeld, south-west of Erfurt, in a 3-story stone building that was previously a Hitlerjugend camp. Its staff was considerably augmented in October 1944 with the arrival of an entire ambulance team of the 101st Airborne Division, from Arnhem.

Contents

Timeline

Evacuation and Repatriation

On March 29, 1945 the camp was evacuated and forced to march westward in advance of the Soviet offensive. For some the march lasted four weeks before being freed by U.S. Army units. Those left in the camp were freed 11 April by the 6th Armored Division of the U.S. Army. Other sub-camps were liberated at different times in early April.

Escapes

  • In March 1942, two British soldiers, Macfarlane and Goldie, escaped wearing their blue work detail overalls over their battledress. They wore rucksacks to cover the markings KG (Kriegsgefangener, prisoner of war) on their backs. They secreted themselves in a railcar carrying salt to Belgium. There they managed to contact an escape line and, by mid-summer, they were safely back in Scotland.

Notable inmates

Sources

References

  1. ^ remarkable surgeon

External links

See also

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