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Stalowa Wola
New Catholic Church church in Stalowa Wola

Coat of arms
Stalowa Wola is located in Poland
Stalowa Wola
Coordinates: 50°35′N 22°3′E / 50.583°N 22.05°E / 50.583; 22.05
Country  Poland
Voivodeship POL województwo podkarpackie flag.svg Subcarpathian
County POL powiat stalowowolski flag.svg Stalowa Wola County
Gmina Stalowa Wola (urban gmina)
Established 1938
Town rights 1945
Government
 - Mayor
Area
 - City 82.5 km2 (31.9 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 - City 65,818
 - Density 797.8/km2 (2,066.3/sq mi)
 - Metro 110,000
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal Code 37-450 to 37-464
Area code(s) (+48) 15
Car plates RST
Website http://www.stalowawola.pl

Stalowa Wola ([staˈlɔva ˈvɔla]) is the largest city and capital of Stalowa Wola County with a population of 64,753 inhabitants, as of June 2009.[1] It is located in south-eastern Poland in the Subcarpathian Voivodeship. It was previously located in the Tarnobrzeg Voivodeship between 1975–1998.

The city is located near the confluence of the Vistula and San rivers and covers an area of 82.5 km2 (31.9 sq mi)[2]

Contents

History

Old Church of Saint Florian, patron saint of Poland, in Stalowa Wola

This part of traditionally Polish lands are known as Eastern Galicia. During the Partitions of Poland the area was part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire until World War I and as a result, benefited from the modernising practices of the Austro-Hungarian Emperor, Franz Joseph I of Austria, who reigned during the 19th century, through World War I. For example, universal compulsory education was established in this territory to the benefit of all.

The Rozwadów suburb of Stalowa Wola was a thriving Jewish shtetl prior to World War II and was closely associated with Tarnobrzeg and other nearby shtetls including Ulanów, Mielec, Dzików, etc. These communities, infused with vitality before 1939, were utterly destroyed during the the Holocaust after having been affected by World War I only some 20 years earlier. Jews in Rozwadów were a religiously observant community, i.e.,Traditional or Orthodox in practice. The leading rabbi of Rozwadów, similar to other rabbis of the region, followed Hasidism practice and was of the Horowitz family. In New York a Rozwadower Rebbe established a small synagogue on the upper West Side which continued for many decades after the War. There is a link to a yizkor book about Rozwadów which gives further notes on the Jewish life there. The Rozwadów synagogue was for the years before World War II, located on Attorney St. in the lower east side of NYC.

During World War II, Dr. Eugene Lazowski, a military doctor of the Polish underground Home Army, Armia Krajowa, created a fake epidemic of dangerous infectious disease, Epidemic Typhus in the town of Rozwadów (now a district of Stalowa Wola) and the surrounding villages and towns. He saved an estimated 8,000 Polish Jews from certain death in Nazi concentration camps during the Holocaust, performing his services in utmost secrecy under the threat of death punishment.[3][4][5][6][7][8][9]

Following the Holocaust, the remaining Jews were motivated to seek a new start in Palestine thanks to Berihah effort. A community of former Rozwadów citizens had been established in New York and continued its affinity long after World War II. Many former Rozwadów citizens of Jewish backgrounds moved to the fledgling State of Israel.

Economy

Avenue of Pope John Paul II in Stalowa Wola

The modern city is relatively young. It was established around a steel mill which was set up in order to manufacture high alloy steels and weapons - artillery, heavy machine guns in 1937. The name of the city means "Steel Will". However, it was built on the site of Pławo, a village which had existed since the first half of the 15th century.[2]

The steel mill (HSW S.A.) was a major part of a series of investments made by the Polish government in the years 1936–1939 to create the Central Industrial Region. This was to be a group of factories built in an area in the middle of the country, away from the borders with Germany and the USSR. It was designed to provide a reasonably secure location for the production of armaments and high technology goods.[2]

The main employer is sill HSW S.A. (manufacturer of heavy machines and hi-quality alloys), then StahlSchmidt (producer of aluminium rims), then ESW-(coal power plant), Prefabet Stalowa Wola (building materials), Mostostal S.A. (steel construction-bridges, tanks and so on). Within this community, it is commonly referred to as HUTA.[2]

Education

Transport

Polish State Railways (PKP) provides scheduled connections to Lublin, Warsaw, Kraków, Katowice, Wrocław, Rzeszów, Przemyśl, Odessa (in Ukraine). Summer connections are available to TriCity (Gdańsk, Gdynia and Sopot) and Hel. The city has several train stations that include: Stalowa Wola, Stalowa Wola South, Stalowa Wola Centre and Stalowa Wola Rozwadów,[2] and is a main rail junction. All four stations are located on main Przeworsk - Skarzysko-Kamienna line. Additionally, Stalowa Wola Rozwadów provides northwards connection with Lublin, and from Stalowa Wola South stems an eastwards line to Zamosc, via Zwierzyniec.

ZMKS is the city's main public transit agency, operating a fleet of buses in Stalowa Wola and surrounding districts.[2]

Notable people

References

Notes

  1. ^ "Population. Size and structure by territorial division". © 1995-2009 Central Statistical Office 00-925 Warsaw, Al. Niepodległości 208. 2009-06-02. http://www.stat.gov.pl/cps/rde/xbcr/gus/PUBL_P_population_size_structure_31_12_2008.pdf. Retrieved 2009-06-22.  
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Stalowa Wola City Portal". © 2006-2009 iNetServis, Poland. http://www.stalowawola.pl/en/pl/7/2/our_city.html. Retrieved 2009-07-30.  
  3. ^ (Polish) Andrzej Pityñski, Museum of Stalowa Wola, Short biography of Eugeniusz Łazowski
  4. ^ He duped Nazis, saved thousands
  5. ^ Fake Epidemic Saves a Village from Nazis
  6. ^ 2 doctors used typhus to save thousands in wartime
  7. ^ Paula Davenport, Media & Communication Resources, Southern Illinois University, Life Preserver
  8. ^ Yad Vashem, The Holocaust Martyrs' and Heroes' Remembrance Authority, Righteous Among the Nations - per Country & Ethnic Origin January 1, 2009. Statistics
  9. ^ Richard C. Lukas, Out of the Inferno: Poles Remember the Holocaust, University Press of Kentucky 1989 - 201 pages. Page 13; also in Richard C. Lukas, The Forgotten Holocaust: The Poles Under German Occupation, 1939-1944, University Press of Kentucky, 1986, Google Print, p.13.
  10. ^ Profile on 90Minut.pl (Polish)
  11. ^ mk (2006-05-22). "Wojciech Fabianowski show". Miasta.gazeta.pl. http://miasta.gazeta.pl/rzeszow/1,34966,3361475.html. Retrieved 2009-07-30.  
  12. ^ Athlete biography: Marcin Andrzej Nowak, beijing2008.cn, ret: Aug 29, 2008
  13. ^ "Krzysztof Soszynski". SPIKE.com. 2008-11-22. http://www.spike.com/bio/498429. Retrieved 2008-11-22.  
  14. ^ ToutenBD (French)
  15. ^ Justyna Steczkowska Official website-polish
  16. ^ Justyna Steczkowska biography

External links

Coordinates: 50°34′N 22°03′E / 50.567°N 22.05°E / 50.567; 22.05


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