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The Standing Rock Indian Reservation is a Lakota and Dakota Indian reservation in North Dakota and South Dakota in the United States. The sixth-largest reservation in land area in the United States, it comprises all of Sioux County, North Dakota, and all of Corson County, South Dakota, plus slivers of northern Dewey County and Ziebach County in South Dakota, along their northern county lines at South Dakota State Highway 20. The reservation has a land area of 9,251.183 km² (3,571.902 sq mi) and a population of 8,250 as of the 2000 census. The largest communities on the reservation are Cannon Ball, North Dakota and McLaughlin, South Dakota.

Standing Rock Indian Reservation straddles the border between North and South Dakota

Dakota means friendship, and Lakota means allies. The Dakota live in North Dakota, the Lakota live in South Dakota.

Sitting Bull was a highly respected Lakota war chief and medicine man who led the Lakota in years of resistance to the United States in the late 19th century. He commanded forces that defeated General George Armstrong Custer at the Battle of the Little Bighorn in 1876. Today, you can visit his grave. A college was named in his honor. This is also on this reservation where Sitting Bull met his demise by corrupt Indian police acting on order to capture him from James McLaughlin, the U.S. Indian Agent at Fort Yates. His people, the Hunkpapa (Húŋkpapȟa), mainly reside on this reservation. Húŋkpapȟa means "Head of the Circle", due to the tradition of them setting their lodges at the entryway to the circle during council.

Originally with a territory of 4 million acres in 1864, the reservation was reduced in size after the Indian Wars. This made more land available for European-American settlers.

The prominent physical landmark Thunder Butte is along the border between the Standing Rock Reservation and the Cheyenne River Indian Reservation. The latter is occupied by the Cheyenne River Lakota Nation.

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Coordinates: 45°45′01″N 101°12′01″W / 45.75030°N 101.20040°W / 45.75030; -101.20040

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