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Stara Zagora
Стара Загора
The City of Linden Trees

Flag

Coat of arms
Nickname(s): The city of the linden-trees
Stara Zagora is located in Bulgaria
Stara Zagora
Location of Stara Zagora
Coordinates: 42°26′N 25°39′E / 42.433°N 25.65°E / 42.433; 25.65
Country  Bulgaria
Province
(Oblast)
Stara Zagora
Government
 - Mayor Svetlin Tanchev
Elevation 196 m (643 ft)
Population [1][2]
 - City 151 818
 - Urban 213 444
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 - Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 6000
Area code(s) 042
Assumption of Mary Orthodox Church
The Roman Amphitheatre
Stronghold Ulpia Augusta Traiana over city's modern map

Stara Zagora (Bulgarian: Стара Загора) is the sixth largest city in Bulgaria, and a nationally important economic center. Stara Zagora is known as the city of straight streets, linden trees, and poets.

Contents

Geography and climate

Stara Zagora is the administrative centre of its municipality and the Stara Zagora Province. It is located about 231 kilometres (144 mi) away from Sofia, near the Bedechka river in the historic region of Thrace. Its population is about 151,818.

The city is located in an area of transitional continental climate with considerable Mediterranean influence. The average yearly temperature is about 13 °C (55.4 °F).

History

Stara Zagora is considered one of the oldest settlements in Bulgaria. It was founded by the Thracians under the name Beroe (meaning iron) about 6th-5th century BCE, with the Neolithic dwellings and the copper mine near the city being the oldest preserved ones in Europe. The area has been a mining region since antiquity.

Under the Roman Empire, the town was renamed to Ulpia Augusta Traiana in honour of emperor Trajan.

At the time of the Byzantine Empire, it adopted the name Irinopolis after Byzantine empress Irene. The fortifications around the town were reconstructed to guard against Bulgarian attacks, but Irinopolis and the whole Zagore region were incorporated into Bulgaria in 717. The land was bestowed on khan Tervel as a Byzantine gift in acknowledgement of the Bulgarian help to fight back the Arabs besieging Constantinople. The region was the first Bulgarian territorial gain south of Stara Planina. The town acquired the name Boruy.

In 1122 Stara Zagora (Beroia) was the site of a battle between Byzantine Emperor John II Komnenos and an invading Pecheneg army, the Battle of Beroia. The Pechenegs suffered a crushing defeat at the hands of John's Byzantine army, and many of the captives were settled as foederati within the Byzantine frontier. In 1208 the Bulgarians defeated the Latin Empire in the battle of Boruy.

The Ottomans conquered Stara Zagora in 1371. A grade school was built in 1840 and the town's name was changed to Zheleznik (Железник; a Slavic translation of Beroe) in 1854 instead of the Turkish Eskizağra (Also called Zağra-i Atik), but was renamed once again to Stara Zagora in 1870. It was a kaza centre in Filibe sanjak of Edirne Province before 1878 as "Zağra-i Atik"[3]. After the Liberation of Bulgaria from Ottoman rule in 1878, it became part of autonomous Eastern Rumelia as a sanjak centre before the two Bulgarian states finally merged in 1886 as a result of the Unification of Bulgaria.

Historical population

Year Population
1875 23,000
1884 15,500
1901–1913 27,000
1934 34,000
1940 40,000
1956 56,000
1965 87,000
1968 100,000
1975 122,000
1985 157,000
1992 162,000
2002 164,000
2009 151 818 (by current address)

Districts

Districts of Stara Zagora
A typical street scene
  • Bedechka - Gradinski (Бедечка - Градински, named at river Bedechka)
  • Central City Part (includes Supercenter, Chayka & Zagorka) (Централна градска част (Суперцентър, Чайка и Загорка) - Chayka - Sea-gull, Zagorka - named at Zagorka brewery)
  • Makedonski (Македонски - Macedonian) know also as Chumleka (Чумлека)
  • Dabrava (Дъбрава - former village of Dabrava)
  • Eastern Industrial Zone (Източна индустриална зона)
  • Geo Milev (Гео Милев - named at Bulgarian poet)
  • Golesh (Голеш)
  • Industrial Zone (Индустриална Зона)
  • Kazanski (Казански)
  • Kolyo Ganchev (Кольо Ганчев - named at famous Bulgarian revolutionary)
  • Lozenets (Лозенец - from лозе - vineyard)
  • Mitropolit Metodiy Kusev (Митрополит Методий Кусев - named at famous Starozagorian bishop)
  • Opalchenski (Опълченски - Volunteer's district named at Bulgarian voluntary army units) also known as Chaika (Чайка - Sea-Gull)
  • Samara 1, 2 & 3- (Самара 1, 2 и 3 - named at sister city of Samara, Russia)
  • Slaveykov (Славейков - named at famous Bulgarian poet Petko Slaveykov)
  • Studentski grad - (Студентски град - Student town)
  • Tri Chuchura north, center & south - (Три чучура север, център и юг - "Three spouts")
  • Vasil Levski - (Васил Левски - named at famous Bulgarian revolutionary)
  • Vazrazhdane - (Възраждане - Renaissance)
  • Zheleznik (small & big) (Железник - named at former name of the city)
  • Zora (Зора - Dawn)

Future districts :

  • Atyuren (Атюрен - future district of the city)
  • Bogomilovo (Богомилово - village of Bogomilovo)
  • Hrishteni (Хрищени - village of Hrishteni)
  • Malka Vereya (Малка Верея - Vereya - old name of the city, Malka - small, village of Malka Vereya)

Culture

Landmarks

Famous Natives

Trivia

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Stara Zagora is twinned with:

Notes

  1. ^ http://www.grao.bg/tna/tab02.txt
  2. ^ [http://www.eufunds.bg/docs/OPRD_29August_FINAL_Revised.pdf "OPERATIONAL PROGRAMME "REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT" 2007-2013"] (PDF). Ministry of Regional Development and Public Works. September 2007. pp. 39. http://www.eufunds.bg/docs/OPRD_29August_FINAL_Revised.pdf.  
  3. ^ http://acikarsiv.ankara.edu.tr/fulltext/3066.pdf
  4. ^ "Radom Official Website - Partner Cities". Uk flag.gif Flag of Poland.svg (in English and Polish) © 2007 Urząd Miasta Radom. http://www.radom.pl/_portal/118786399846cd5dbe4a35e/Miasta_partnerskie.html. Retrieved 2008-10-23.  

See also

External links

Coordinates: 42°26′N 25°39′E / 42.433°N 25.65°E / 42.433; 25.65


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Database error article)

From LoveToKnow 1911

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

English

Proper noun

Singular
Stara Zagora

Plural
-

Stara Zagora

  1. a town in central Bulgaria

Translations

  • Bulgarian: Стара Загора







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