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Oklahoma State Highway 3.svg
State Highway 3
Maintained by ODOT
Length: 616.5 mi (992 km)
Formed: 1939
West end: Colorado state line (concurrent with US-287/385)
East end: Arkansas 32.svg AR-32 at the Arkansas state line
Oklahoma State Highways
< SH-2 SH-4 >

State Highway 3, also abbreviated as SH-3 or OK-3, is a highway maintained by the U.S. state of Oklahoma. Traveling diagonally through Oklahoma, from the Panhandle to the far southeastern corner of the state, SH-3 is the longest state highway in the Oklahoma road system, at a total length of 616.5 mi[1] (992 km) via SH-3E (see below).

Contents

Route description

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In the northwest

Highway 3 begins at the Colorado state line 19 mi (31 km) north of Boise City, Oklahoma. At this terminus, it is concurrent with US-287/US-385. It remains concurrent with the two U.S. Routes until reaching Boise City, where it encounters a traffic circle which contains five other highways. After the circle, US-385 splits off, and SH-3 overlaps US-287, US-56, US-64, and US-412, though US-56 and US-287 both split off within the next eight miles (13 km).

In Guymon, US-64 splits off. At Elmwood, US-270 joins US-412, coming from a concurrency with State Highway 23. SH-3 remains concurrent with US-270 through Watonga. In Seiling, US-183 leaves the concurrency but is quickly replaced by U.S. Highway 281. SH-33 joins the roadbed twenty miles (32 km) later.

SH-3 and SH-33 concurrency between Watonga and Kingfisher.

In Watonga, SH-33 and SH-3 split off from US-270 and US-281. Highways 3 and 33 remain concurrent for 28 more miles, until Kingfisher, where SH-3 joins U.S. Highway 81. It will stay concurrent with US-81 for 13 miles (21 km), through the town of Okarche. Three miles after Okarche, SH-3 leaves US-81. This marks the first point that SH-3 has not been part of a concurrency.

Through Oklahoma City

Beginning at the split from US-81, Highway 3 becomes a major artery in the Oklahoma City highway system, commonly known as the Northwest Expressway because it is a diagonal route and because it serves the northwestern part of the metro area. It skirts the northern limits of El Reno before entering the Oklahoma City limits. The often-congested Northwest Expressway passes through the suburb of Warr Acres and passes close to Lake Hefner.

At the intersection with the Lake Hefner Parkway, SH-3 again re-enters a concurrency. The Lake Hefner Parkway ends very shortly after, and SH-3 becomes concurrent with Interstate 44 through the western side of the city. Near Will Rogers World Airport, Highway 3 transfers to I-240 along the southern side of the city. After I-240 ends, SH-3 is transferred onto I-40 (also carrying US-270), which it remains concurrent with for 16 miles (26 km).

SH-3E/3W split

In Shawnee, SH-3 splits into two highways, SH-3E and SH-3W. SH-3W splits off I-40 onto U.S. Highway 177, along with US-270, at I-40 milemarker 181. It continues along with US-270 and 177 through the west side of Shawnee, and continues south of that city until Tecumseh, where US-270 splits off. South of Asher, Oklahoma, SH-3W leaves US-177 and veers southeast toward Ada.

SH-3E, the longer of the two split routes, was the original routing of Highway 3 before the two highways were split. It remains on I-40 for five miles (8 km) after SH-3W splits off. When it does split off, it soon joins SH-18. It follows a route closer to the center of Shawnee. After leaving Shawnee, it heads southeast toward Seminole. Here, it meets US-377/SH-99. SH-3E merges onto this highway, and they will remain concurrent until after they reach Ada.

In Ada, SH-3E and SH-3W are reunited and become SH-3 once again.

Ada to Atoka

SH-3 then becomes part of the Richardson Loop, a freeway around the east and south sides of Ada. Throughout the Richardson Loop, it overlaps SH-1 and US-377/SH-99 at different times. The highway then becomes two-lane once again and heads southeast to the town of Coalgate, where begins an 18-mile (29 km) concurrency with U.S. Highway 75, lasting through Atoka. In Atoka, US-75 splits off to join U.S. Highway 69.

Antlers to Arkansas

Two miles west of Antlers, the highway has an interchange with the Indian Nation Turnpike, and in Antlers it intersects U.S. Highway 271. After reaching the town of Broken Bow, Oklahoma, it turns southward and overlaps US-259 and US-70.

Near Idabel, the highway splits off after being with US-259 for 13 mi (21 km). Twenty-eight miles later, it becomes Highway 32 as it crosses the state line into Arkansas.

History

The current SH-3 was designated on 15 May 1939. The original highway included all of current SH-3 up to Antlers, where it terminated at US-271. It was extended to the Arkansas state line on 4 August 1952. SH-3 ended there concurrent with US-70 and SH-7, near DeQueen, Arkansas. On 7 January 1963, the highway was given its own alignment from near Idabel to Arkansas, taking over that of SH-21, which was eliminated at that time.

From the highway's commissioning to 1976, there was only one fork of SH-3 between Shawnee and Ada, which was the path of current SH-3E. SH-3W and SH-3E were created on 4 October 1976; the new SH-3W took over all of SH-13. Other than minor realignments, the highway remains essentially the same today.[2]

In the early 1980s, Governor George Nigh was able to obtain $97.1 million to upgrade the highway between Oklahoma City and Colorado, despite opponents labeling the project "the highway to nowhere". [3] House Concurrent Resolution 1067 labeled the highway as "Governor George Nigh's Northwest Passage." ODOT officially named the highway on 2 February 1981.[4]

Notes

  • SH-3's concurrency with Interstate 44 in Oklahoma City is an example of a wrong-way concurrency - I-44 West is SH-3 East and vice-versa.
  • SH-3's concurrency with US-70 is also a wrong-way concurrency, as US-70 is signed as going west and SH-3 as going east.
  • The SH-3 bypass around Atoka is named the Cecil B. "Bud" Greathouse Bypass. It was designated by ODOT on 4 October 1982.[5]

SH-3A

Oklahoma State Highway 3A.svg
SH-3A

SH-3 had one lettered spur, SH-3A, which continued the alignment of the Northwest Expressway for two more miles before ending at Interstate 44 near Penn Square Mall. It was originally known as SH-66A, a spur off U.S. Highway 66, which once ran through the area. The combined effect of US-66 being decommissioned and "3A" being a more logical name for an extension of Highway 3 led to the name change. State Highway 3A was decommissioned in 2009.

Junction list

Colorado to Shawnee

County Location Mile[1] Roads intersected Notes
Cimarron   0.0 US 287.svgUS 385.svg US-287/385 Colorado state line, western terminus
Boise City 18.7 Boise City traffic circle (various highways)  
20.5 US 287.svg US-287  
  26.5 US 56.svg US-56  
  34.1 Oklahoma State Highway 171.svg SH-171  
Texas Four Corners 53.0 Oklahoma State Highway 95.svg SH-95  
  58.0 Oklahoma State Highway 95.svg SH-95  
  76.4 Oklahoma State Highway 136.svg SH-136  
Guymon 80.5 US 64.svg US-64  
81.3 US 54.svg US-54  
81.7 US 54.svgOklahoma State Highway 136.svg US-54/SH-136  
  96.2 Oklahoma State Highway 94.svg SH-94 Southern terminus of SH-94
Beaver Bryan's Corner 119.4 US 83.svg US-83  
Elmwood 136.3 US 270.svgOklahoma State Highway 23.svg US-270/SH-23 SH-23 does not concur
Harper   171.5 US 283.svg US-283  
May 179.6 Oklahoma State Highway 48.svg SH-48  
Ellis No junctions
Woodward Fort Supply 189.2 US 183.svg US-183  
Woodward 203.0 Oklahoma State Highway 15.svg SH-15 Eastern terminus of SH-15
205.1 US 412.svgOklahoma State Highway 34.svg US-412/SH-34  
  208.8 Oklahoma State Highway 34.svg SH-34  
  217.9 Oklahoma State Highway 50.svg SH-50  
Dewey   236.3 US 183.svg US-183  
Seiling 238.5 US 60.svgUS 281.svg US-60/281  
239.1 US 60.svgOklahoma State Highway 51.svg US-60/SH-51  
Hucmac 247.5 Oklahoma State Highway 51.svg US-60/SH-51  
Blaine   267.4 Oklahoma State Highway 33.svgOklahoma State Highway 58.svg SH-33/58 Southern terminus of SH-58
Watonga 276.9 US 270.svgUS 281.svgOklahoma State Highway 8.svg US-270/281/SH-8 SH-8 does not run concurrent with SH-3
Kingfisher Kingfisher 304.6 US 81.svgOklahoma State Highway 33.svg US-81/SH-33  
Canadian   316.7 US 81.svg US-81 Trumpet interchange
Oklahoma City 330.4 Oklahoma State Highway 4.svg SH-4  
334.0[6] Kilpatrick Turnpike Diamond interchange
Oklahoma 341.3 Oklahoma State Highway 74.svgOklahoma State Highway 3A.svg SH-74/SH-3A Diamond interchange, western terminus of SH-3A
342.9 I-44 (OK).svgOklahoma State Highway 66.svgOklahoma State Highway 74.svg I-44/SH-66/74 Stack interchange, southern terminus of SH-74, SH-66 does not concur with SH-3
346.9 I-40 (OK).svgUS 270.svg I-40/US-270  
349.2 Oklahoma State Highway 152.svg SH-152 Eastern terminus of SH-152
351.4 I-44 (OK).svgI-240 (OK).svgUS 62.svg I-44/240/US-62 SH-3 joins I-240 at its western terminus
355.9 I-35 (OK).svgUS 62.svgUS 77.svg I-35/US-62/77 I-35/US-77 do not run concurrent with SH-3
359.8 Oklahoma State Highway 77H.svg SH-77H Northern terminus of SH-77H
368.1 I-40 (OK).svgI-240 (OK).svgUS 270.svg I-40/240/US-270 Eastern terminus of I-240
Pottawatomie McLoud 379.6 Oklahoma State Highway 102.svg SH-102  
Dale 381.3 Oklahoma State Highway 102.svg SH-102  
Shawnee 384.2 US 177.svgUS 270.svgOklahoma State Highway 3W.svg US-177/270/SH-3W Road separates into SH-3W and SH-3E. SH-3W leaves I-40 here while SH-3E continues along the interstate.

SH-3E

County Location Mile[1] Roads intersected Notes
Pottawatomie Shawnee 388.3 I-40 (OK).svg I-40  
391.0 Oklahoma State Highway 18.svg SH-18  
393.0 Oklahoma State Highway 18.svg SH-18  
  399.0 Oklahoma State Highway 9A.svg SH-9A  
  400.2 Oklahoma State Highway 99A.svg SH-99A Western terminus of SH-99A
Seminole Seminole 407.9 US 270.svgOklahoma State Highway 9.svg US-270/SH-9 SH-9 does not concur with SH-3E
410.3 US 270.svgUS 377.svgOklahoma State Highway 99.svg US-270/377/SH-99  
  412.7 Oklahoma State Highway 59.svg SH-59  
Bowlegs 415.5 Oklahoma State Highway 59.svg SH-59  
  430.0 Oklahoma State Highway 39.svgOklahoma State Highway 56.svg SH-39/SH-56 Eastern terminus of SH-39, western terminus of SH-56
Pontotoc Ada 440.8 US 377.svgOklahoma State Highway 1.svgOklahoma State Highway 99.svg US-377/SH-1/99  
442.6 Oklahoma State Highway 3W.svgOklahoma State Highway 19.svg SH-3W/SH-19 SH-3E merges with SH-3W to form SH-3; interchange, eastern terminus of SH-19.

SH-3W

County Location Mile[7] Roads intersected Notes
Pottawatomie Shawnee 388.7 No image.svgBusiness plate.svg
US 270.svg BUS US-270
 
390.2 Oklahoma State Highway 18.svg SH-18 Southern terminus of SH-18
Tecumseh 394.6 US 270.svgOklahoma State Highway 9.svg US-270/SH-9 SH-9 does not run concurrent with SH-3W
Chisney 402.7 Oklahoma State Highway 59B.svg SH-59B Eastern terminus of SH-59B
Pearson 407.7 Oklahoma State Highway 59.svg SH-59  
Asher 413.8 Oklahoma State Highway 39.svg SH-39  
McClain   416.5 US 177.svgOklahoma State Highway 59.svg US-177/SH-59  
Pontotoc   422.4 Oklahoma State Highway 59A.svg SH-59A Eastern terminus of SH-59A
  433.5 Oklahoma State Highway 19.svg SH-19  
Ada 434.8 Oklahoma State Highway 1.svgOklahoma State Highway 3.svgOklahoma State Highway 19.svg SH-1/3/19 SH-3W merges with SH-3E to form SH-3; interchange, eastern terminus of SH-19.

Ada to Arkansas

Note: mileage follows the SH-3E branch.
County Location Mile[1] Roads intersected Notes
Pontotoc Ada 443.3 Oklahoma State Highway 1.svg SH-1 Interchange
446.5 US 377.svgOklahoma State Highway 99.svg US-377/SH-99 Interchange
Ahloso 448.2 US 377.svgOklahoma State Highway 99.svg US-377/SH-99  
Coal Tupelo 463.5 Oklahoma State Highway 48.svg SH-48  
  473.1 US 75.svg US-75  
Coalgate 476.8 Oklahoma State Highway 31.svg SH-31  
476.9 Oklahoma State Highway 31.svg SH-31  
477.4 Oklahoma State Highway 43.svg SH-43 Western terminus of SH-43
Atoka Atoka 490.2 US 69.svg US-69  
490.7 US 69.svgUS 75.svg US-69/75  
Pushmataha Antlers 521.1 Indian Nation Turnpike Interchange
521.8 Oklahoma State Highway 2.svg SH-2 Southern terminus of SH-2
522.8 US 271.svg US-271  
523.8 US 271.svg US-271  
Rattan 535.5 Oklahoma State Highway 93.svg SH-93 Northern terminus of SH-93
Oleta 539.6 Oklahoma State Highway 147.svg SH-147 Northern terminus of SH-147
McCurtain   567.3 Oklahoma State Highway 98.svg SH-98 Northern terminus of SH-98
Broken Bow 578.4 US 70.svgUS 259.svg US-70/259  
Idabel 588.1 US 70.svgUS 259.svg US-70/259  
  616.5 Arkansas 32.svg Hwy. 32 Arkansas state line, eastern terminus

References

  1. ^ a b c d Stuve, Eric. "OK-3". OKHighways. http://www.okhighways.com/ok3.html. Retrieved 2006-08-21.  
  2. ^ ODOT Planning & Research Division. "Memorial Dedication & Revision History - SH-3". http://www.okladot.state.ok.us/memorial/legal/sh3.htm. Retrieved 2006-08-21.  
  3. ^ http://www2.lsb.state.ok.us/2001-02HB/hcr1067_enr.rtf
  4. ^ ODOT Planning & Research Division. "Memorial Dedication & Revision History - SH-3 Northwest Expressway". http://www.okladot.state.ok.us/memorial/legal/sh3nw.htm. Retrieved 2007-05-06.  
  5. ^ ODOT Planning & Research Division. "Memorial Dedication & Revision History - SH-3 Bypass". http://www.okladot.state.ok.us/memorial/legal/sh3bp.htm. Retrieved 2007-05-06.  
  6. ^ Google, Inc. Google Maps [map]. Cartography by Tele Atlas. Retrieved on 2008-02-24.
  7. ^ Stuve, Eric. "OK-3w". OKHighways. http://www.okhighways.com/ok3w.html. Retrieved 2008-02-28.  

External links


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