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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

In a number of countries, plants have been chosen as symbols to represent specific geographic areas. Some countries have a country-wide floral emblem; others in addition have symbols representing subdivisions. Different processes have been used to adopt these symbols - some are conferred by government bodies, where as others are the result of informal public polls. The term floral emblem, which refers to flowers specifically, is primarily used in Australia and Canada. In the United States, the term state flower is more often used.

Contents

Africa

National flower of Ethiopia
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Egypt

Ethiopia

Nigeria

South Africa

Zimbabwe

Asia

Bangladesh

Nymphaea pubescens, National flower of Bangladesh

The national flower and national emblem of Bangladesh is the shapla (Nymphaea pubescens)[1] See also: National Emblem of Bangladesh.

Bhutan

Brunei

  • Brunei – Simpor (Dillenia suffruticosa)[2]

Cambodia

India

National flower is Lotus Flower.

Bihar

Kachnaar

Uttrakhand

Rhododendron

China

The floral emblem of China is usually the Rock's Peony (unofficial) or peony, also Sunflower (obsolete), plum blossom, and Chrysanthemum.

Hong Kong

Bauhinia blakeana, the floral emblem of Hong Kong

Bauhinia blakeana, a native species discovered in Hong Kong, is the floral emblem of Hong Kong. It was chosen as the logo of the Urban Council in 1965. It was later incorporated in the flag and emblem of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China after the 1997 handover of Hong Kong from the United Kingdom to the People's Republic of China.

Macau

The flower presenting Macau is lotus.

Indonesia

The national flowers of Indonesia are Melati (Jasminum sambac), Anggrek Bulan (Moon Orchid) (Phalaenopsis amabilis[2]) and the Raflesia bunga bangkai (Corpse flower of Raflesia) Titan arum (Note: not to be confused with the "other Rafflesia": Rafflesia arnoldii. All three were chosen on World Environment Day in 1990[4].

Iran

Iraq

Israel

Cyclamen (Rakefet)

Jordan

Japan

Imperial seal of Japan

Japan's national government has never formally named a "national flower." (The green pheasant was named as national bird [by a non-government body] in 1947, but it wasn't until 1999 that the national flag and national anthem were officially passed into law.) Many consider the national flower of Japan to be the 'Japanese Flowering Cherry' or Cherry blossom, while a stylized picture of a chrysanthemum is used as the official seal of the Japanese Imperial Family. (See picture.)

North Korea

  • Magnolia, Nonazhreea makenna Mamariaia

South Korea

Rose of Sharon

Kuwait

Laos

Laos national flower is the Plumeria (champa)[2].

Malaysia

National flower of Malaysia

The national flower of Malaysia is the Chinese Hibiscus or bunga raya (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis).[2][5] Kedah ( pokok padi ) The state flower for the state of Sarawak in eastern Malaysia is Phalaenopsis bellina.

Maldives

Myanmar

Nepal

Pakistan

Poet's Jasmine in full bloom, the National flower Of Pakistan.

The floral emblem are the National symbols of the country constituting the nation-state such as the Poet's Jasmine (National flower of Pakistan) and Rhododendron the (State flower) and the Chinar (State tree) in the Regional state of Jammu and Kashmir (disputed territory), Deodar (National tree of Pakistan), Mango (National fruit of Pakistan),

Provincial floral emblems of Pakistan

The Provincial floral emblems of Pakistan are the symbols of the four constituting provinces of the nation-state.

Also See: National Emblem of Pakistan.[7]

National flower of the Philippines

Palestine

The flower representing Palestine is yet to be finalised.

The Philippines

India

Lotus - National flower of India, Macau and Vietnam.

The flower of India is the Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera). The reason this flower was chosen is because in India, Lotus signifies that which keeps itself pure even when living in a rough environment.[8]

Singapore

The national flower for Singapore is the orchid Vanda Miss Joaquim

Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka - Nil Mānel, Star lotus (Nymphaea nouchali).[9][10] Since "Nil" means ‘blue’ in Sinhala, the Sinhalese name of this plant is often rendered as "blue lotus" in English.

This beautiful aquatic flower appears in the Sigiriya frescoes and has been mentioned in Sanskrit, Pali and Sinhala literary works since ancient times under the names "Kuvalaya", "Indhīwara", "Niluppala", "Nilothpala" and "Nilupul" as a symbol of virtue, discipline and purity. Buddhist lore in Sri Lanka claims that this flower was one of the 108 auspicious signs found on Prince Siddhartha's footprint.[11]

Taiwan

The national flower for the Republic of China (Taiwan) is the Plum Blossom.

Thailand

The national flower for Thailand is Golden Shower Tree, locally called dok khuen or Rachapruek[2]

Vietnam

Eurasia

Armenia

Russia

Soviet Union

Europe

Albania

Red poppy

The floral emblem of Albania is the red and black poppy. The poppy can be found everywhere in this Mediterranean country, and are recognized for their beauty, medicinal value, and seeds.

Austria

Belarus

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bulgaria

Croatia

Cyprus

Denmark

Estonia

Finland

France

Germany

Greece

Iceland

Ireland

  • The shamrock (or trefoil) is widely used as an unofficial symbol for Ireland.

County flowers in Ireland

Italy

Macedonia

Malta

Netherlands

Norway

County Flowers of Norway

Poland

Portugal

Romania

Russia

Serbia

Slovakia

Slovenia

Spain

The national flower of Spain is the carnation (clavel).

The national flower of Spain is considered to be the carnation, in Spanish clavel. Essentially it's associated with Spanish folklore, especially from southern Spain, or Andalusia.

In any case, it's not only related to the more seedy side of Spain, like gipsy's lapels or thrown into the bullringruedos, but it's also associated with Renacentist a symbol of affection between lovers[13] and especially as a religious symbol related to the Jesus passion that represents the Crown of Thorns (Clavos de Cristo).

It comes from the catalan language word for clove: "clavell" because the carnation also has a nice fragrant aroma, as does this spice.

In Spain and America it symbolizes passion, and it's a very expressive gesture to bite its stem and hold the clavel between one's teeth. In the Spanish language of flowers represents caprice, passion, wish and desire.

Sweden

Sweden has no national floral emblem, however, each of the traditional provinces has a province flower.

Province flowers of Sweden

Switzerland

Turkey

Ukraine

United Kingdom

Each of the constituent countries of the United Kingdom has a traditional national floral symbol. In England this is officially the Tudor rose[14] or unofficially the red rose; in Northern Ireland the flax, orange lily, or shamrock; in Scotland the thistle, Scottish bluebell (harebell) or heather; and in Wales the daffodil, leek or sessile oak.

County flowers in the United Kingdom

A county flower is a flowering plant chosen to symbolise a county. They exist primarily in the United Kingdom, but some counties in other countries also have them.

One or two county flowers have a long history in England - the Red rose of Lancashire dates from the Middle Ages, for instance. However, the county flower concept was only extended to cover the whole United Kingdom in 2002, as a promotional tool by a charity. In that year, the plant conservation charity Plantlife ran a competition to choose county flowers for all counties, to celebrate the Golden Jubilee of Queen Elizabeth II.

Plantlife's scheme is loosely based on Britain's historic counties, and so some current local government areas are not represented by a flower, and some of the counties included no longer exist as administrative areas. Flowers were also chosen for thirteen major cities: Belfast, Birmingham, Bristol, Cardiff, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Leeds, Liverpool, London, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne, Nottingham and Sheffield. The Isles of Scilly was also treated as a county (distinct from Cornwall) for the purpose of the scheme. The Isle of Man was included, but not the Channel Islands.

A total of 94 flowers was chosen in the competition. 85 of the 109 counties have a unique county flower, but several species were chosen by more than one county. Foxglove or Digitalis purpurea was chosen for four counties - Argyll, Birmingham, Leicestershire and Monmouthshire - more than any other species. The following species were chosen for three counties each:

And the following species were chosen for two counties:

In addition, Sticky Catchfly Lychnis viscaria was chosen for both Edinburgh and Midlothian, the county containing Edinburgh.

For most counties, native species were chosen, but for a small number of counties, non-natives were chosen, mainly archaeophytes.

North America

Antigua and Barbuda

The national flower of Antigua and Barbuda is Agave karatto, also known as Dagger Log or Batta Log.[15]

The Bahamas

The national flower of The Bahamas is the Yellow Elder (Tecoma stans).[16]

Barbados

The national flower of Barbados is the known locally as the Pride of Barbados (Caesalpinia pulcherrima).[17]

Belize

The national flower of Belize is the Black Orchid (Prosthechea cochleata)[18]

Canada

The maple leaf is widely used as a symbol for Canada. Many Canadian flags and coat of arms have floral emblems on them. The Flag of Montreal has four floral emblems. On the right side of the Flag of Saskatchewan overlapping both green and gold halves is the western red lily, the provincial floral emblem. The Coat of Arms of Port Coquitlam has the City's floral emblem, the azalea displayed on a collar. The Coat of Arms of Prince Edward Island displays Lady's Slippers, the floral emblem of the Island. The Coat of Arms of Nova Scotia has the trailing arbutus or mayflower, the floral emblem of Nova Scotia, added when the arms were reassumed in 1929.

Alberta

British Columbia

Manitoba

Nova Scotia

Ontario

Prince Edward Island

Quebec

Newfoundland and Labrador

The Pitcher Plant was officially declared as the provincial flower in 1954 but appeared on the colony's coinage as early as the 1880s. It can be found in the marshlands of the province feeding on insects that fall into its leaves and drown.

Yukon

Costa Rica

Cuba

  • Cuba - "Mariposa" "Butterfly", Hedychium Coronarium Koenig

Dominica

  • Dominica - Caribwood or Bois Kwaib (Poitea carinalis)

Dominican Republic

The Dominican Republic's national flower is the Caoba (Swietenia mahagoni) or Mahogany tree flower.

El Salvador

The national flower of El Salvador is Flor de Izote

Guatemala

Honduras

  • Honduras - "Orquídea Brassavola", Rhyncholaelia digbyana

Jamaica

Mexico

National flower of Mexico

Nicaragua

Nicaragua's national flower is the Sancuanjoche (Plumeria rubra var alba), and was declared the country's national flower on August 17, 1971. Its name is derived from Nicarao, the name of the Nahuatl-speaking tribe which inhabited Nicaragua; "xacuan"(sacuan) means beautiful yellow petals and "xochilt"(joche) means flower. The flower can be found in the Masaya Volcano National Park among other places.

Nicaragua and Laos share the same national flower under different local names. In Laos it is named "Champa".

Panama

National flower of Panama

Panama's national flower is the Holy Ghost Orchid or La Flor del Espiritu Santo (Peristeria elata). It is best known for its ivory color petals.

Saint Kitts and Nevis

Trinidad and Tobago

United States

In 1986 President Ronald Reagan signed legislation to make the rose the floral emblem of the United States.[21] In the United States, state flowers and state trees have been adopted as symbols by state legislatures. (Lewis Mumford once remarked that “Our national flower is the concrete cloverleaf”.)

Oceania

Australia

The floral emblem of Australia is the Golden Wattle (Acacia pycnantha).

State flowers of Australia

Australian Capital Territory

New South Wales

Northern Territory

Queensland

South Australia

Tasmania

Victoria

Western Australia

New Zealand

The "Silver Fern" (foliage) is acknowledged as a national emblem in New Zealand. Other plant emblems are: Koru (a curled fern symbol) and Kowhai (a native tree with yellow cascading flowers).

South America

Argentina

National flower of Argentina

The national flower of Argentina is the flower of the ceibo tree, also known as seibo or bucaré (Erythrina crista-galli)[22]

Bolivia

Bolivian national flowers are Kantuta (Catua buxifolia) and patujú (Heliconia rostrata)

Brazil

The nation flower of Brazil is the Tabebuia alba flower.

Chile

Colombia

Cattleya trianae is the national flower of Colombia and is the Orchid which flowers in May. The May flower was chosen because the colors are the same as those of the Colombian flag.

Ecuador

Ecuador's national flower is the Chuquiraga jussieui

Guyana

Peru

The national flower of Peru is the Cantuta (often spelled Kantuta or Qantuta, from Quechua qantu)(cantua buxifolia). It can be found at the high valleys of the Andean territory, in Peru and Bolivia.

Uruguay

Venezuela

References

  1. ^ "Constitution of Bangladesh - Chapter I". http://www.pmo.gov.bd/constitution/part1.htm. Retrieved 2008-04-09. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i "ASEAN National Flowers". ASEAN. http://www.aseansec.org/18204.htm. Retrieved 2007-06-08. 
  3. ^ "ROYAL DECREE on Designation of Animals and Plants as National Symbols of the Kingdom of Cambodia". Forestry Administration of Cambodia. http://www.forestry.gov.kh/Documents/ROYAL-DECREE-ENG.pdf. Retrieved 2007-06-08. 
  4. ^ http://www.aseansec.org/18203.htm
  5. ^ Lian, Michelle. "Hibiscus - Malaysia's national pride". AllMalaysia.info. http://allmalaysia.info/services/printerfriendly.asp?file=/2005/2/28/people/10220245. 
  6. ^ [1]
  7. ^ "Information of Pakistan". Government of Pakistan. http://www.pak.gov.pk/BasicFacts.aspx. Retrieved 2007-09-29. 
  8. ^ The Encyclopedia of religion, Volume 9‎, page-30
  9. ^ "Sri Lanka National Flower". gov.lk. Government of Sri Lanka. http://www.gov.lk/info/index.asp?mi=19&xp=52&xi=56&xl=3&o=0&t=. Retrieved 2009-05-06. 
  10. ^ Zeylanica (Nymphaea stellata)
  11. ^ TokyoNet - National Statistics
  12. ^ [2]
  13. ^ Clavel
  14. ^ National Flowers of the UK, 10 Downing Street. Retrieved 12 May 2009.
  15. ^ "National Symbols". Government of Antigua & Barbuda. http://www.ab.gov.ag/gov_v2/shared/about_nationalsymbols.html. 
  16. ^ "The Yellow Elder - The National Flower of the Bahamas". The Government of The Bahamas. http://www.bahamas.gov.bs/bahamasweb2/home.nsf/vContentW/4B4E97877E5B54D006256ED00001C3CB!OpenDocument&Highlight=0,elder. 
  17. ^ "The National Flower of Barbados". The Government of Barbados. http://www.gov.bb/portal/page/portal/BIG_Portal_Home_Page/BIG_Homepage_About_Barbados/BIG_HOMEPAGE_National_Information. 
  18. ^ "National Symbols". Government of Belize. http://www.governmentofbelize.gov.bz/ab_symbols.html. Retrieved 2008-04-06. 
  19. ^ http://www.pch.gc.ca/pgm/ceem-cced/symbl/101/117-eng.cfm#a6
  20. ^ "National Symbols". Emancipation & Independence. Jamaica Information Service. http://www.jis.gov.jm/special_sections/Independence/symbols.html. Retrieved 2009-01-23. 
  21. ^ National Flower of United States - Fresh from the Grower
  22. ^ "About Argentina". www.argentina.gov.ar. http://www.argentina.gov.ar/argentina/portal/paginas.dhtml?pagina=1470. 

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