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In logic a statement is a declarative sentence that is either true or false. A statement is distinct from a sentence in that a sentence is only one formulation of a statement, whereas there may be many other formulations expressing the same statement. The term "statement" may to refer to a sentence or the idea expressed by a sentence. Philosopher of language, Peter Strawson has advocated the use of the term "statement" in preference to proposition.

Examples of sentences that are statements:

  • "Socrates is a man."
  • "A triangle has three sides."
  • "Paris is the capital of Spain."

The first two statements are true, the third is false.

Examples of sentences that are not statements:

  • "Who are you?"
  • "Run!"
  • "Greeness perambulates"
  • "I had one grunch but the eggplant over there."

The first two examples are not declarative sentences and therefore are not statements. The third and forth are declarative sentences but, lacking meaning, are neither true nor false and therefore are not statements.


Statement as an abstract entity

In some term "statement" is introduced in order to distinguish a sentence from its information content. A statement is regarded as the information content of an information-bearing sentence. Thus, a sentence is related to the statement it bears like a numeral to the number it refers to. Statements are abstract, logical entities, while sentences are grammatical ones.[1][2]

See also


  1. ^ Rouse
  2. ^ Ruzsa 2000, p. 16




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