States and territories of Australia: Wikis

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Commonwealth of Australia is made up of six states and two major mainland territories. There are also lesser territories that are under the administration of the federal government.

Map showing the creation of the colonies/states and mainland territories.

Contents

States and Territories

Reference map for States and Territories of Australia
Australian external territories.png
States and Territories of Australia[1]
Flag State/Territory name ISO[2] Postal Type Capital Population Area (km²)
Ashmore and Cartier Islands External (West Islet) 0 199
Australia Australian Antarctic Territory External (Mawson Station) 1,000 5,896,500
Australian Capital Territory Australian Capital Territory AU-ACT ACT Territory Canberra 344,200 2,358
Christmas Island Christmas Island CX External Flying Fish Cove 1,493 135
Cocos (Keeling) Islands Cocos (Keeling) Islands CC External West Island 628 14
Coral Sea Islands Territory External (Willis Island) 3 10
Heard Island and McDonald Islands HM External (Atlas Cove) 0 144
Jervis Bay Territory JBT Territory (Jervis Bay Village) 611 70
New South Wales New South Wales AU-NSW NSW State Sydney 6,967,200 800,642
Norfolk Island Norfolk Island NF External Kingston 2,114 35
Northern Territory Northern Territory AU-NT NT Territory Darwin 219,900 1,349,129
Queensland Queensland AU-QLD QLD State Brisbane 4,279,400 1,730,648
South Australia South Australia AU-SA SA State Adelaide 1,601,800 983,482
Tasmania Tasmania AU-TAS TAS State Hobart 500,000 68,401
Victoria (Australia) Victoria AU-VIC VIC State Melbourne 5,297,600 227,416
Western Australia Western Australia AU-WA WA State Perth 2,163,200 2,529,875

See also: List of State Codes

Australia has had three now-defunct territories in its history:

Background and overview

The states originated as separate British colonies prior to Federation (in 1901). Their powers are protected by the Australian constitution, and Commonwealth legislation only applies to the states where permitted by the constitution. The territories, by contrast, are from a constitutional perspective directly subject to the Commonwealth government. The Australian Parliament has powers to legislate in the territories that it does not possess in the states.

Most of the territories are directly administered by the Commonwealth government, while three (the Northern Territory, the Australian Capital Territory and Norfolk Island) administer themselves. In the self-governing territories the Australian Parliament retains the full power to legislate, and can override laws made by the territorial institutions, which it has done on rare occasions. For the purposes of Australian (and joint Australia-New Zealand) intergovernmental bodies, the Northern Territory and the Australian Capital Territory are treated as states.

Furthermore, the distribution of powers between the Commonwealth and the territories is different from that between the Commonwealth and the states. In the Northern Territory, the Commonwealth retains the power to directly administer uranium mining and Aboriginal lands – powers which it does not possess with respect to the states.

Each state has a Governor, appointed by the Queen, which by convention she does on the advice of the state Premier. The Administrators of the Northern Territory and Norfolk Island are, by contrast, appointed by the Governor-General. The Australian Capital Territory has neither a Governor nor Administrator, but the Governor-General exercises some powers that in other jurisdictions are exercised by the Governor of a state or Administrator of a territory, such as the power to dissolve the Legislative Assembly.

Jervis Bay Territory is unique in being the only non-self-governing territory that is not an external territory. Until 1989 it was a part of the ACT, but was separated when the ACT achieved self-government. Residents of the Jervis Bay Territory are not represented in the ACT Legislative Assembly. However, laws made by that assembly generally apply to them. They are represented in the Australian parliament as part of the Division of Fraser in the ACT and by the ACT's two Senators. In other respects, the territory is administered directly by the Federal Government through the Territories portfolio.

Each state has a bicameral Parliament except Queensland, which abolished its upper house in 1922. The lower house is called the Legislative Assembly, except in South Australia and Tasmania, where it is called the House of Assembly. Tasmania is the only state to use proportional representation for elections to its lower house; all others elect members from single member constituencies, using preferential voting. The upper house is called the Legislative Council, and is generally elected from multi-member constituencies using proportional representation. The three self-governing territories, the ACT, the Northern Territory and Norfolk Island, have unicameral Legislative Assemblies.

The head of government of each state is called the Premier, appointed by the state's Governor. In normal circumstances the Governor will appoint as Premier whoever leads the party or coalition which exercises control of the lower house (in the case of Queensland, the only house) of the state Parliament. However, in times of constitutional crisis, the Governor can appoint someone else as Premier. The head of government of the self-governing internal territories is called the Chief Minister. The Northern Territory's Chief Minister, in normal circumstances whoever controls the Legislative Assembly, is appointed by the Administrator.

Comparative terminology

Entity Head of State Head of Government Upper House of Parliament Lower House of Parliament Member of Parliament*
Australia Governor-General Prime Minister Senate House of Representatives Senator MP
South Australia Governor Premier Legislative Council House of Assembly MLC MHA
Tasmania
New South Wales Legislative Assembly MLA
Victoria
Western Australia
Queensland None (abolished 1922) None MP
Australian Capital Territory Governor-General Chief Minister None Legislative Assembly None MLA
Northern Territory Administrator
Norfolk Island
Christmas Island Mayor/Shire President Shire Council Councillor
Cocos (Keeling) Islands
*Note: The abbreviation MP is an acceptable, and indeed more common term for members of each lower house.

Governors and Administrators of states and territories

Post Incumbent Appointed
Governor of New South Wales Her Excellency Marie Bashir 1 March 2001
Governor of Queensland Her Excellency Penelope Wensley 29 July 2008
Governor of South Australia His Excellency Kevin Scarce 8 August 2007
Governor of Tasmania His Excellency Peter Underwood 2 April 2008
Governor of Victoria His Excellency David de Kretser 7 April 2006
Governor of Western Australia His Excellency Ken Michael 18 January 2006
Administrator of the Northern Territory His Honour Tom Pauling 9 November 2007

Premiers and Chief Ministers of states and territories

Post Incumbent Political party Appointed
Premier of New South Wales The Hon Kristina Keneally MLA Labor December 2009
Premier of Victoria The Hon John Brumby MLA Labor July 2007
Premier of Queensland The Hon Anna Bligh MP Labor September 2007
Premier of South Australia The Hon Mike Rann MHA Labor March 2002
Premier of Western Australia The Hon Colin Barnett MLA Liberal September 2008
Premier of Tasmania The Hon David Bartlett MHA Labor May 2008
Chief Minister of the Australian Capital Territory Mr Jon Stanhope MLA Labor November 2001
Chief Minister of the Northern Territory Mr Paul Henderson MLA Labor November 2007
Chief Minister of Norfolk Island Mr Andre Nobbs MLA March 2007

State and territorial parliaments

State and territory supreme courts

State and territory police forces

Statistics

State/territory Land area (km²) Rank Population (2006) Rank Population density (/km²) Rank  % of population in capital Rank
 Australian Capital Territory 2,358 8th 344,200 7th 137.53 1st 99.6% 1st
 New South Wales 800,642 5th 6,967,200 1st 8.44 3rd 63% 5th
 Victoria 227,416 6th 5,297,600 2nd 22 2nd 71% 4th
 Queensland 1,730,648 2nd 4,279,400 3rd 2.26 5th 46% 7th
 South Australia 983,482 4th 1,601,800 5th 1.56 6th 73.5% 2nd
 Western Australia 2,529,875 1st 2,163,200 4th 0.79 7th 73.4% 3rd
 Tasmania 68,401 7th 498,200 6th 7.08 4th 41% 8th
 Northern Territory 1,349,129 3rd 219,900 8th 0.15 8th 54% 6th

Distance table

Distance Table Australia
Adelaide
2673 Albany
1533 3588 Alice Springs
1578 3633 443 Uluru
2045 4349 3038 3254 Brisbane
2483 1943 2483 1223 3317 Broome
3352 5656 2457 2900 1716 2496 Cairns
1196 3846 3706 2751 1261 3275 2568 Canberra
3022 4614 1489 1932 3463 1803 2882 4195 Darwin
1001 3674 2534 2579 1944 3636 3251 918 4023 Hobart
3219 3787 1686 2129 3660 1045 3079 4392 827 4220 Kununurra
2783 5087 2505 2948 976 2840 740 1999 2930 2682 3127 Mackay
731 3404 2264 2309 1674 3124 2981 648 3753 609 3950 2412 Melbourne
2742 5106 1209 1652 1829 1834 1248 2561 1634 3075 1831 1296 2805 Mount Isa
2781 409 3696 3741 4457 2389 5764 3954 4205 3782 3378 5195 3512 4905 Perth
1412 3970 3830 2875 1001 3373 2495 286 4034 1142 4516 1926 872 2400 4078 Sydney

Distance in kilometres.

State and territory codes

State/Territory Call signs Postcodes Telephone area codes Time zone
AM/FM TV Amateur Std Summer
Australian Capital Territory 1xx(x) xx(x)Cn VK1xx 02nn*, 26nn, 29nn 02 +10 +11
New South Wales 2xx(x) xx(x)Nn VK2xx 1nnn*, 2nnn 02 +10 +11
Victoria 3xx(x) xx(x)Vn VK3xx 3nnn, 8nnn* 03 +10 +11
Queensland 4xx(x) xx(x)Qn VK4xx 4nnn, 9nnn* 07 +10
South Australia 5xx(x) xx(x)Sn VK5xx 5nnn 08 +9½ +10½
Western Australia 6xx(x) xx(x)Wn VK6xx 6nnn 08 +8
Tasmania 7xx(x) xx(x)Tn VK7xx 7nnn 03 +10 +11
Northern Territory 8xx(x) xx(x)Dn VK8xx 08nn 08 +9½
External Territories
Norfolk Island 2xx(x) VK9xx (NSW) +672 3 +11½
Christmas Island (WA) (WA) +7
Cocos Island +6½
Australian Antarctic Territory none VK0xx (Tas) +672 1 +6 to +8
Macquarie Island none +10 +11
* used for some PO box and Large Users only

See also

References and notes

  1. ^ References and details on data provided in the table can be found within the individual state and territory articles.
  2. ^ ISO 3166-2:AU (ISO 3166-2 codes for the states and territories of Australia)

External links

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Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

The states and territories of Australia make up the Commonwealth of Australia under a federal system of government.

Contents

States and territories of Australia

States


State Abbreviation Capital
 New South Wales NSW Sydney
 Queensland QLD Brisbane
 South Australia SA Adelaide
 Tasmania TAS Hobart
 Victoria VIC Melbourne
 Western Australia WA Perth
See also: Wikipedia:Bank State Branch#List of State codes

Territories


Mainland

Territory Abbreviation Capital
 Australian Capital Territory ACT Canberra
 Jervis Bay Territory JBT
 Northern Territory NT Darwin

From 1926 to 1931, Central Australia existed as a separate territory between the 20th and 26th parallels of latitude, before being reincorporated into the Northern Territory.

External

  • Ashmore and Cartier Islands
  • Australian Antarctic Territory
  • Norfolk Island
  • 25x15px Cocos (Keeling) Islands
  • Coral Sea Islands Territory
  • Heard and McDonald Islands

Former

  • Territory of North Australia (1927-31)
  • Territory of Central Australia (1927-31)
  • Territory of Papua (1902-49)
  • Territory of New Guinea (1920-49)
  • Territory of Papua and New Guinea (1949-72)

Background and overview

The states originated as separate British colonies prior to Federation (in 1901). Their powers are protected by the Australian constitution, and Commonwealth legislation only applies to the states where permitted by the constitution. The territories, by contrast, are from a constitutional perspective directly subject to the Commonwealth government. The Australian Parliament has powers to legislate in the territories that it does not possess in the states.

Most of the territories are directly administered by the Commonwealth government, while three (the Northern Territory, the Australian Capital Territory and Norfolk Island) administer themselves. In the self-governing territories the Australian Parliament retains the full power to legislate, and can override laws made by the territorial institutions, which it has done on rare occasions. For the purposes of Australian (and joint Australia-New Zealand) intergovernmental bodies, the Northern Territory and the Australian Capital Territory are treated as states.

Furthermore, the distribution of powers between the Commonwealth and the territories is different from that between the Commonwealth and the states. In the Northern Territory, the Commonwealth retains the power to directly administer uranium mining and Aboriginal lands - powers which it does not possess with respect to the states.

Each state has a Governor, appointed by the Queen, which by convention she does on the advice of the state Premier. The Administrators of the Northern Territory and of Norfolk Island are, by contrast, appointed by the Governor-General. The Australian Capital Territory has neither a Governor nor Administrator, but the Governor-General exercises some powers that in other jurisdictions are exercised by the Governor of a state or Administrator of a territory, such as the power to dissolve the Legislative Assembly.

Each state has a bicameral Parliament except Queensland, which abolished its upper house in 1922. The lower house is called the Legislative Assembly, except in South Australia and Tasmania, where it is called the House of Assembly. Tasmania is the only state to use proportional representation for elections to its lower house; all others elect members from single member constituencies, using the alternative vote. The upper house is called the Legislative Council, and is generally elected from multi-member constituencies using proportional representation. The three self-governing territories, the ACT, the Northern Territory and Norfolk Island, have unicameral Legislative Assemblies.

The head of government of each state is called the Premier, appointed by the state's Governor. In normal circumstances the Governor will appoint as Premier whoever leads the party or coalition which exercises control of the lower house (in the case of Queensland, the only house) of the state Parliament. However, in times of constitutional crisis, the Governor can appoint someone else as Premier. The head of government of the self-governing internal territories is called the Chief Minister. The Northern Territory's Chief Minister, in normal circumstances whoever controls the Legislative Assembly, is appointed by the Administrator.

Comparative terminology

Entity Executive Head of Government Upper House of Parliament Lower House of Parliament Member of Parliament*
Australia Governor-General Prime Minister Senate House of Representatives Senator MHR
New South Wales Governor Premier Legislative Council Legislative Assembly MLC MLA
Victoria
Queensland Abolished (1922) None MP
South Australia Legislative Council House of Assembly MLC MHA
Tasmania
Western Australia Legislative Assembly MLA
Australian Capital Territory Chief Minister Chief Minister None None
Northern Territory Administrator
*Note: The abbreviation MP is an acceptable, and indeed more common term for members of each lower house.

State and territorial parliaments

Statistics

State/territory Land area (km²) Rank Population (2004) Rank Population density (/km²) Rank  % of population in capital Rank
Australian Capital Territory 2 358 8th 324 300 7th 137.53 1st 99.6% 1st
New South Wales 800 642 5th 6 760 000 1st 8.44 3rd 63% 5th
Victoria 227 416 6th 5 002 300 2nd 22 2nd 71% 4th
Queensland 1 730 648 2nd 3 919 500 3rd 2.26 5th 46% 7th
South Australia 983 482 4th 1 537 900 5th 1.56 6th 73.5% 2nd
Western Australia 2 529 875 1st 1 998 400 4th 0.79 7th 73.4% 3rd
Tasmania 68 401 7th 484 000 6th 7.08 4th 41% 8th
Northern Territory 1 349 129 3rd 200 800 8th 0.15 8th 54% 6th

State and territory codes

State/Territory Callsigns Postcodes Telephone area codes Time zone
AM/FM TV Amateur Std Summer
Australian Capital Territory 1xx(x) xx(x)Cn VK1xx 02nn*, 26nn, 29nn 02 +10 +11
New South Wales 2xx(x) xx(x)Nn VK2xx 1nnn*, 2nnn 02 +10 +11
Victoria 3xx(x) xx(x)Vn VK3xx 3nnn, 8nnn* 03 +10 +11
Queensland 4xx(x) xx(x)Qn VK4xx 4nnn, 9nnn* 07 +10
South Australia 5xx(x) xx(x)Sn VK5xx 5nnn 08 +9½ +10½
Western Australia 6xx(x) xx(x)Wn VK6xx 6nnn 08 +8 +9
Tasmania 7xx(x) xx(x)Tn VK7xx 7nnn 03 +10 +11
Northern Territory 8xx(x) xx(x)Dn VK8xx 08nn 08 +9½
External Territories
Norfolk Island 2xx(x) VK9xx (NSW) +672 3 +11½
Christmas Island (WA) (WA) +7
Cocos Island +6½
Australian Antarctic Territory none VK0xx (Tas) +672 1 +6 to +8
Macquarie Island none +10 +11
* used for PO box and Large Users only

See also

External links

  1. REDIRECT Template:States and territories of AustraliaImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif
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Simple English

.]] The states and territories of Australia make up the Commonwealth of Australia under a federal system of government.

Contents

States and territories of Australia

States

State Abbreviation Capital
 New South Wales NSW Sydney
 Queensland QLD Brisbane
 South Australia SA Adelaide
 Tasmania TAS Hobart
 Victoria VIC Melbourne
 Western Australia WA Perth

Territories

Mainland

Territory Abbreviation Capital
 Australian Capital Territory ACT Canberra
 Jervis Bay Territory JBT
 Northern Territory NT Darwin

From 1926 to 1931, Central Australia existed as a separate territory between the 20th and 26th parallels of latitude, before being becoming a part of the Northern Territory again.

Overseas territories

Former

  • Territory of North Australia (1927-31)
  • Territory of Central Australia (1927-31)
  • Territory of Papua (1902-49)
  • Territory of New Guinea (1920-49)
  • Territory of Papua and New Guinea (1949-72)

Background and overview

The states started as separate British colonies before Federation (in 1901). Their powers are protected by the Australian constitution. The territories are under the control of the Commonwealth government. The Australian Parliament has powers to create laws in the territories that it does not have in the states.

Most of the territories are directly administered by the Commonwealth government. Three of the territories (the Northern Territory, the Australian Capital Territory and Norfolk Island) administer themselves. In the territories that govern themselves, the Australian Parliament has the power to govern, and can override laws made by the territorial governments. It has done this at times, but it is rare that it happens. The Northern Territory and the Australian Capital Territory are usually treated as states.

Each state has a governor. This governor is chosen by the Queen, but she choses the person on the advice of the state Premier. The Administrators of the Northern Territory and of Norfolk Island are chosen by the Governor-General. The Australian Capital Territory is governed by the Governor-General.

The head of government of each state is called the Premier. This person is chosen by the state's Governor. Normally the Governor will select as Premier whoever leads the lower house of the state Parliament. However, the Governor can chose someone else as Premier. The head of government of the self-governing mainland territories is called the Chief Minister. The Northern Territory's Chief Minister, is normally whoever controls the Legislative Assembly, is appointed by the Administrator.

Statistics

State/territory Land area (km²) Rank Population (2004) Rank Population density (/km²) Rank  % of population in capital Rank
Australian Capital Territory 2358 8th 324300 7th 137.53 1st 99.6% 1st
New South Wales 800642 5th 6760000 1st 8.44 3rd 63% 5th
Victoria 227416 6th 5002300 2nd 22 2nd 71% 4th
Queensland 1730648 2nd 3919500 3rd 2.26 5th 46% 7th
South Australia 983482 4th 1537900 5th 1.56 6th 73.5% 2nd
Western Australia 2529875 1st 1998400 4th 0.79 7th 73.4% 3rd
Tasmania 68401 7th 484000 6th 7.08 4th 41% 8th
Northern Territory 1349129 3rd 200800 8th 0.15 8th 54% 6th

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