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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

India is a federal union of states[1] comprising twenty-eight states and seven union territories. The states and territories are further subdivided into districts and so on.[1]


List of states and territories

Map of India showing its subdivision into states and territories.
Administrative divisions of India, including 28 states and 7 union territories.


  1. Andhra Pradesh
  2. Arunachal Pradesh
  3. Assam
  4. Bihar
  5. Chhattisgarh
  6. Goa
  7. Gujarat
  1. Haryana
  2. Himachal Pradesh
  3. Jammu and Kashmir
  4. Jharkhand
  5. Karnataka
  6. Kerala
  7. Madhya Pradesh
  1. Maharashtra
  2. Manipur
  3. Meghalaya
  4. Mizoram
  5. Nagaland
  6. Orissa
  7. Punjab
  1. Rajasthan
  2. Sikkim
  3. Tamil Nadu
  4. Tripura
  5. Uttar Pradesh
  6. Uttarakhand
  7. West Bengal

Union Territories:

  1. Andaman and Nicobar Islands
  2. Chandigarh
  3. Dadra and Nagar Haveli
  4. Daman and Diu
  5. Lakshadweep
  6. National Capital Territory of Delhi
  7. Puducherry

Responsibilities and authorities of the states compared to the national government




States and
territories of India
Highest Point
Tax revenues
Natural growth rate
Literacy rate
Media exposure
Origin of name
HIV awareness
Household size
Underweight people
TV ownership
Transport network
Power capacity

The subcontinent of India has been ruled by many different ethnic groups throughout its history, each imposing their own administrative divisions on the region. Modern India's current administrative divisions are fairly recent developments, which began to develop during British occupation of India. British India included almost all of present-day India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh. During this period, regions of India were either directly ruled by the British or as Princely States ruled by local rajas. Independence in 1947 largely preserved these divisions, with the provinces of Punjab and Bengal being divided between India and Pakistan. One of the first challenges for the new nation was the integration of the multitude of princely states into the union.

Following independence, however, instability soon arose in India. Many of the provinces had been created by the British to serve their colonial purposes and as such did not reflect either the will of India's citizens or the ethnic divisions found throughout the subcontinent. Ethnic tensions spurred the Indian Parliament to reorganize the country along ethnic and linguistic lines in 1956 by means of the States Reorganisation Act.

After 1956

The former French and Portuguese colonies in India were incorporated into the Republic as the union territories of Pondicherry, Dadra, Nagar Haveli, Goa, Daman, and Diu in 1962.

Several new states and union territories have been created out of existing states since 1956. Bombay State was split into the linguistic states of Gujarat and Maharashtra on 1 May 1960 [2] by the Bombay Reorganization Act. Nagaland was made a state on 1 December 1963.[3]. The Punjab Reorganization Act of 1966 divided the Punjab along linguistic and religious lines, creating a new Hindu and Hindi-speaking state of Haryana on 1 November [4], transferring the northern districts of Punjab to Himachal Pradesh, and designating Chandigarh, the shared capital of Punjab and Haryana, a union territory.

Statehood was conferred upon Himachal Pradesh on 25 January 1971, Manipur, Meghalaya and Tripura on 21 January 1972.[5] The Kingdom of Sikkim joined the Indian Union as a state on 26 April 1975.[6] In 1987, Arunachal Pradesh and Mizoram became states on 20 February, followed by Goa on 30 May, while Goa's northern exclaves of Daman and Diu became a separate union territory.[7]

In 2000 three new states were created; Chhattisgarh (November 1, 2000) was created out of eastern Madhya Pradesh, Uttaranchal (November 9, 2000), since renamed Uttarakhand, was created out of the Hilly regions of northwest Uttar Pradesh, and Jharkhand (15 November 2000) was created out of the southern districts of Bihar. The Union Territories of Delhi and Pondicherry (renamed to Puducherry) have since been given the right to elect their own legislatures and they are now counted as small states

Late 2009

Ahead of the 2009 General Elections in India all the major parties in Andhra Pradesh supported Telangana statehood.

On Dec 9th 2009, 11:30 PM, Mr. P. Chidambaram, Union Minister of Home Affairs, on behalf of the Government of India announced that a resolution in the Andhra Pradesh assembly for the creation of a separate Telangana state will be passed. Mr. Chidambaram also informed that process for the formation of a separate Telangana state will be initiated soon. The Process of forming the state of Telangana will be initiated.

As a result of this unilateral decision made by the Government of India, Several members of Andhra Pradesh's legislature submitted their resignations to protest the creation of the new state.[8] As of 11 December, at least 117 legislators and many Members of Parliament had resigned in protest of the Government's decision to carve out a new state of Telangana.[9] Most of this Legislators/MPs' resigned belong to Andhra/Rayalaseema region.

The famous slogan "UNITED WE RISE DIVIDED WE FALL" got attention all over AP.First time in the history a movement for Unitedhood developed. The movement soon gained momentum all over the state and Students, lawers, farmers, NGO's, Political parties etc joined the "Samaikyaandhra movment". Several leaders and students went on FAST the number is still growing..Stunned by the tremendous response for the UNITY, GOI is not sure what to do and engaged a discussion with all parties. The decision is Pending.

Many UPA alliance members opposed this decision and Congress government is under pressure. NCP, DMK,TMC of UPA and NC, SS, RJD, PRP, TDP, CPM parties are against dividing the state.

See also

As on Dec 14th 2009, Indian government is in dilemma whether to proceed with the Telangana state or not. Still government is in ambiguity situation to take the decision on Telangana.


  1. ^ a b "States and union territories". Retrieved 2007-09-07.  
  2. ^ J.C. Aggarwal and S.P. Agrawal, editors, Uttarakhand: Past, Present, and Future (New Delhi: Concept Publishing, 1995), p89-90
  3. ^ Ibid. at 91
  4. ^ Ibid. at 89
  5. ^ Ibid. at 89-90, 92
  6. ^ Ibid. at 92
  7. ^ Ibid. at 89, 91
  8. ^ Press Trust of India (December 10, 2009). "60 AP MLAs submit resignation to protest Telangana creation". Business Standard. Retrieved 10 December 2009.  
  9. ^ "Telangana: Shutdown in Andhra Pradesh, 117 legislators quit". Times of India. December 11, 2009. Retrieved 10 December 2009.  

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