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States of the German Empire (1871): Wikis


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The German Empire consisted of 27, later 26 constituent states, the largest of which was Prussia. These states, or Staaten (they became known as Länder during the Weimar Republic).

Several of these states had gained sovereignty following the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire. Others were created as sovereign states after the Congress of Vienna in 1815. Territories were not necessarily contiguous, such as Bavaria, or Oldenburg—many existed in several parts (enclaves and exclaves), as a result of historical acquisitions, or, in several cases, divisions of the ruling family trees.



Grand Duchies



Free Hanseatic Cities (republics)

Different than the above-mentioned monarchies these city states were constitutionally organised as republics.

Imperial Territory

Different than all other above-mentioned component states this state, comprising territory ceded by France in 1871, was first administered by the central government, growing later into a republic of restricted autonomy only, with an elected state parliament of its own only as of 1912.

Four of Prussia's provinces

Flag State Capital Style of Government Area (km²) Inhabitants Inhabitants
per km²
Present Situation
Flagge Preußen - Provinz Ostpreußen.svg East Prussia
(German: Ostpreußen)
Königsberg Province 36,993.9 2,025,741
54.1 divided between Poland,
Lithuania, and Russia
Flagge Preußen - Provinz Hannover.svg Hannover
(German: Hanover)
Hannover Province 38,705 3,537,390
91.4 now part of Lower Saxony
with Oldenburg, Brunswick,
and Schaumburg-Lippe
Flagge Preußen - Provinz Schlesien.svg Silesia
(German: Schlesien)
Breslau Province 40,319 4,935,823
122 now part of Saxony, Poland,
and the Czech Republic
Flagge Preußen - Provinz Westpreußen.svg West Prussia
(German: Westpreußen)
Danzig Province 25,534.9 1,641,936
64.3 now part of Poland


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