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Statistics relating to enlargement of the European Union: Wikis

  

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Chart of the Population Development of the EU affiliated with the enlargement process.

This is a sequence of tables giving statistical data for past and future enlargements of the European Union. All data refer to the populations, land areas, and gross domestic products (GDP) of the respective countries at the time of their accession to the European Union, illustrating historically-accurate changes to the Union. The GDP figures are at purchasing power parity, in United States dollar at 1990 prices.

Contents

Past enlargements

Foundation

The EC6 in 1957 [1]
Member countries Population Area (km²) GDP
(billion US$)
GDP
per capita (US$)
 Belgium 9,052,707 30,528 58.316 6,442
 France [2] 44,788,852 674,843 312.966 6,988
 West Germany [3] 54,292,038 248,717 400.554 7,378
 Italy 49,476,000 301,336 265.192 5,360
 Luxembourg 310,291 2,586 2.938 9,469
 Netherlands 11,186,847 41,526 83.351 7,451
EC6 (1958) 169,106,736 1,299,536 1,123.317 6,643

1973 enlargement

The EC9 in 1973
Member countries Population Area (km²) GDP
(billion US$)
GDP
per capita (US$)
 Denmark [4] 5,021,861 43,094 70.032 13,945
 Ireland 3,073,200 70,273 21.103 6,867
 United Kingdom 56,210,000 244,820 675.941 12,025
Accession countries 64,305,061 358,187 767.076 11,929
Existing members (1973) 192,457,106 1,299,536 2,381,396 12,374
EC9 (1973) 256,762,167
(+33.41%)
1,657,723
(+25.44%)
3,148.472
(+32.21%)
12,262
(-0.91%)
The EC10 in 1981

1981 enlargement

Member countries Population Area (km²) GDP
(billion US$)
GDP
per capita (US$)
 Greece 9,729,350 131,945 86.553 8,896
Existing members (1981) 261,743,191 1,657,723 3,694,558 14,115
EC10 (1981) 271,472,541
(+3.72%)
1,789,668
(+7.96%)
3,781.111
(+2.34%)
13,928
(-1.33%)
The EC12 in 1986

1986 enlargement

Member countries Population Area (km²) GDP
(billion US$)
GDP
per capita (US$)
 Portugal 9,907,411 92,391 85.610 8,641
 Spain 38,707,556 504,782 386.998 9,998
Accession countries 48,614,967 597,173 472.608 9,721
Existing members (1986) 273,398,552 1,789,668 4,186.176 15,312
EC12 (1986)
EU12 (1993)
366,867,431
(+17.53%)
2,386,841
(+33.37%)
4,658,784
(+11.29%)
14,468
(-5.51%)

1995 enlargement

The EU15 in 1995
Member countries Population Area (km²) GDP
(billion US$)
GDP
per capita (US$)
 Austria 8,206,524 83,871 145.238 18,048
 Finland 5,261,008 338,145 80.955 15,859
 Sweden 9,047,752 449,964 156.640 17,644
Accession countries 22,029,977 871,980 382.833 17,378
Existing members (1995) 350,909,402 2,495,174 5,894.232 16,797
EU15 (1995) 372,939,379
(+6.28%)
3,367,154
(+34.95%)
6,277.065
(+6.50%)
16,831
(+0.20%)

2004 enlargement

The EU25 in 2004
Member countries Population Area (km²) GDP
(billion US$)
GDP
per capita (US$)
 Cyprus [5] 775,927 9,250 11.681 15,055
 Czech Republic 10,246,178 78,866 105.248 10,272
 Estonia 1,341,664 45,226 22.384 16,684
 Hungary 10,032,375 93,030 102,183 10,100
 Latvia 2,306,306 64,589 24.826 10,764
 Lithuania 3,607,899 65,200 31.971 8,861
 Malta 396,851 316 5.097 12,843
 Poland 38,580,445 311,904 316.438 8,202
 Slovakia 5,423,567 49,036 42.800 7,810
 Slovenia 2,011,473 20,273 29.633 14,732
Accession countries 74,722,685 737,690 685.123 9,169
Existing members (2004) 381,781,620 3,367,154 7,711.871 20,200
EU25 (2004) 456,504,305
(+19.57%)
4,104,844
(+17.97%)
8,396,994
(+8.88%)
18,394
(-8.94%)

2007 enlargement

The EU27 in 2007
Member countries Population Area (km²) GDP
(billion US$)
GDP
per capita (US$)
 Bulgaria 7,761,000 111,002 62.29 8,026
 Romania 22,329,977 238,391 204.4 9,153
Accession countries 30,090,977 349,393 266.69 8,863
Existing members (2007) 464,205,901 4,104,844 12,170.11 26,217
EU27 (2007) 494,296,878
(+6.48%)
4,454,237
(+8.51%)
12,436.80
(+2.04%)
25,160.59
(-4.03%)

Candidate countries

Croatia

Member countries Population Area (km²) GDP
(billion US$)
GDP
per capita (US$)
 Croatia 4,489,409 56,594 82.407 18,575
EU28
(EU27 + Croatia)
504,284,264
(+0.89%)
4,381,376
(+1.30%)
15,329.40
(+0.54%)
30,374.96
(-0.45%)

Macedonia

Member countries Population Area (km²) GDP
(billion US$)
GDP
per capita (US$)
Flag of Macedonia.svg Macedonia 2,114,550 25,713 18.831 9,163
EU28
(EU27 + Macedonia)
501,909,405
(+0.42%)
4,350,495
(+0.59%)
15,265.83
(+0.12%)
29,750.51
(-2.49%)

Turkey

Member countries Population Area (km²) GDP
(billion US$)
GDP
per capita (US$)
 Turkey 74,816,000 783,562 915.212 13,138
EU28
(EU27 + Turkey)
574,610,855
(+14.96%)
5,108,344
(+18.11%)
16,162.22
(+6.01%)
29,892.46
(-2.03%)

When these countries are added to the European Union, the total population of the EU would be aprox 581,214,814 Note: All data sourced from individual country entries on Wikipedia. Presumed source CIA World Factbook 2009. Populations usually 2009 estimates; historical/future estimates not used.

Footnotes

1. ^ Algeria was part of France until 1962.
2. ^ German reunification in 1990 led to the inclusion of the territory of the former German Democratic Republic. This enlargement is not explicitly mentioned. Data for Germany in all tables is from current statistics.
3. ^ Greenland left the EC in 1985.
4. ^ Officially the whole of Cyprus lies within the European Union. "In light of Protocol 10 of the Accession Treaty 2003 Cyprus as a whole entered the EU, whereas the acquis is suspended in the northern part of the island (“areas not under effective control of the Government of the Republic of Cyprus”). This means inter alia that these areas are outside the customs and fiscal territory of the EU. The suspension has territorial effect, but does not concern the personal rights of Turkish Cypriots as EU citizens, as they are considered as citizens of the Member State Republic of Cyprus"[6].

References








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