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Statue of Liberty
The Statue of Liberty in New York Harbor
The Statue of Liberty in New York Harbor
Location: Liberty Island, New York City, New York, U.S.[1]
Coordinates: 40°41′21″N 74°2′40″W / 40.68917°N 74.04444°W / 40.68917; -74.04444Coordinates: 40°41′21″N 74°2′40″W / 40.68917°N 74.04444°W / 40.68917; -74.04444
Area: 12 acres (49,000 m2)[1]
Built: October 28, 1886
Architect: Frederic Auguste Bartholdi
Visitation: 3.2 million (2007[2])
Governing body: U.S. National Park Service
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Type: Cultural
Criteria: i, vi
Designated: 1984 (8th session)
Reference #: 307
State Party:  United States
Region: Europe and North America
U.S. National Register of Historic Places
Official name: Statue of Liberty National Monument, Ellis Island and Liberty Island
Designated: October 15, 1966[3]
Reference #: 66000058
U.S. National Monument
Designated: October 15, 1924
Designated by: President Calvin Coolidge[4]
New York City Landmark
Type: Individual
Designated: September 14, 1976
Statue of Liberty is located in New York City
Location of Statue of Liberty in New York City
.The Statue of Liberty (French: Statue de la Liberté), officially titled Liberty Enlightening the World (French: la Liberté éclairant le monde), dedicated on October 28, 1886, is a monument commemorating the centennial of the signing of the United States Declaration of Independence, given to the United States by the people of France to represent the friendship between the two countries established during the American Revolution.^ It is, after all, the French who presented the Statue of Liberty to the American people as a gift.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ Probably the dedication of the Statue of Liberty.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ In 1924 the Statue become a National Monument -In 1956 Bedloe's Island was officially changed to Liberty Island -Between 1984-1986 there was a 62 million dollar renovation for the Statues centennial, most of the renovations were in the structure of the statue however they also replaced the torch with a replica due to issues beyond repair.
  • Statue of Liberty - New York, NY 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC www.yelp.com [Source type: General]

[5] .It represents a woman wearing a stola, a radiant crown and sandals, trampling a broken chain, carrying a torch in her raised right hand and a tabula ansata, where the date of the Declaration of Independence JULY IV MDCCLXXVI[6] is inscribed, in her left arm.^ A woman dressed as the Statue of Liberty waved her torch at the crowds, while a five-story-high white balloon representing peace was erected at the protest site.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

.Standing on Liberty Island in New York Harbor, it welcomes visitors, immigrants, and returning Americans traveling by ship.^ Highlights include the Statue of Liberty, World Financial Center, Empire State Building and Ellis Island, along with the New York Harbor and the world-renowned Central Park.
  • Statue of Liberty | Viator.com 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC www.viator.com [Source type: General]

^ The boat tours under the Williamsburg, Manhattan and Brooklyn bridges, and through New York harbor to circle the Statue of Liberty.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ The musicians are the New York Philharmonic, which has performed in more than 400 cities around the world but never before on Governors Island.

[7] .Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi sculpted the statue[8] and obtained a U.S. patent for its structure.^ This might be something important: The next day, we also saw the birthplace of the French sculptor Auguste Bartholdi, creator of the Statue Of Liberty.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

[9] .Maurice Koechlin—chief engineer of Gustave Eiffel's engineering company and designer of the Eiffel Tower—engineered the internal structure.^ The Statue of Liberty was created by Frederic Auste Bartholdi (Maurice Koechin, engineer for the Eiffel Tower designed the statue's internal structure) for America's centennial and as a symbol of friendship created between France and America during the American Revolution.
  • Statue of Liberty - New York, NY 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC www.yelp.com [Source type: General]

The pedestal was designed by architect Richard Morris Hunt. Eugène Viollet-le-Duc was responsible for the choice of copper in the statue's construction, and for the adoption of the repoussé technique, where a malleable metal is hammered on the reverse side.[10]
.The statue is made of a sheathing of pure copper, hung on a framework of steel (originally puddled iron) with the exception of the flame of the torch, which is coated in gold leaf (originally made of copper and later altered to hold glass panes).^ Did you know the Statue of Liberty was originally made of copper but because of oxidation, it caused the statue to turn green?
  • Statue of Liberty - New York, NY 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC www.yelp.com [Source type: General]

^ Hold on to this one for later: From William F. Buckley on the "nuclear option": "Really, you would think the Republicans had proposed to topple the Statue of Liberty."
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

It stands atop a rectangular stonework pedestal with a foundation in the shape of an irregular eleven-pointed star. The statue is 151 ft (46 m) tall, but with the pedestal and foundation, it is 305 ft (93 m) tall.
.Worldwide, the Statue of Liberty is one of the most recognizable icons of the United States.^ As you ride the ferry to Liberty Island, you have probably one of the most amazing views of the Manhattan skyline.
  • Statue of Liberty - New York, NY 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC www.yelp.com [Source type: General]

[11] .For many years it was one of the first glimpses of the United States for millions of immigrants and visitors after ocean voyages from around the world.^ Tell me more about that: NEW YORK - Joel Casamayor didn't want to see the Statue of Liberty, the Empire State Building or the World Trade Center on his first trip to New York shortly after defecting to the United States from Cuba in 1996.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ I always assumed that first there were little Ferris Wheels, then medium size ones, and then the great one at the World’s Fair.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ I Love America First Edition Help promote the spread of liberty around the world with these patriotic design items.
  • I Love USA Statue of Liberty Heart : Top Pics 28 January 2010 0:55 UTC www.cafepress.com [Source type: General]

.The statue is the central part of Statue of Liberty National Monument, administered by the National Park Service.^ You can get to Liberty or Ellis Island via ferry from Jersey City or Battery Park in Manhattan by a company called Statue Cruises ( http://www.statuecruis...
  • Statue of Liberty - New York, NY 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC www.yelp.com [Source type: General]

^ Also, the National Park Service is now staffing the information desk and bookstore on days the Island is open to the public.

^ GIPEC and the National Park Service were in attendance, as well as members of design teams planning the new park space on the south side of the Island .

The National Monument also includes Ellis Island.

Contents

History

Discussions in France over a suitable gift to the United States to mark the Centennial of the American Declaration of Independence were headed by the politician and sympathetic writer of the history of the United States, Édouard René de Laboulaye. .French sculptor Frédéric Bartholdi was commissioned to design a sculpture with the year 1876 in mind for completion.^ This might be something important: The next day, we also saw the birthplace of the French sculptor Auguste Bartholdi, creator of the Statue Of Liberty.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

The idea for the commemorative gift then grew out of the political turmoil which was shaking France at the time. The French Third Republic was still considered as a temporary arrangement by many, who wished a return to monarchism, or to some form of constitutional authoritarianism such as they had known under Napoleon. .The idea of giving a colossal representation of republican virtues to a sister republic across the sea served as a focus for the republican cause against other politicians.^ Josh Goodman Sarah Palin's resignation will give other youthful politicians a chance to shine in Alaska politics.

^ Other Alaska Republicans also seem to be plotting primaries against Parnell.

The replica Statue of Liberty on the Île des Cygnes in Paris, France; inaugurated in 1889, it faces west towards her sister in New York Harbor
The first small terracotta model was created in 1870. It is now exhibited at the Musée des beaux-arts de Lyon.[12] The first reduced scale bronze replica was given to the city of Paris by Americans residing in the French capital on May 13, 1885; the statue was originally located in the Place des États-Unis and was moved to the Île des Cygnes in 1889.[13][14][15]
.While on a visit to Egypt that was to shift his artistic perspective from simply grand to colossal, Bartholdi was inspired by the project of the Suez Canal which was being undertaken by Count Ferdinand de Lesseps, who later became a lifelong friend of his.^ To simply disagree based on the strength of one effect with no examination of what the effect even means from a psychological perspective is like saying you disagree with the world being round.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

He envisioned a giant lighthouse standing at the entrance to the canal and drew plans for it. .It would be patterned after the Roman goddess Libertas, modified to resemble a robed Egyptian peasant, with light beaming out from both a headband and a torch thrust dramatically upward into the skies.^ We lied down & looked upwards into the deep blue sky, While sunlight seeped through the tree leaves from above & kissed us in the eyes.
  • Governors Island - New York, NY 2 February 2010 14:50 UTC www.yelp.com [Source type: General]

Bartholdi presented his plans to the Egyptian Khedive, Isma'il Pasha, in 1867 and, with revisions, again in 1869, but the project was never commissioned because of financial issues then troubling the Ottoman Empire.[16]
Circa 1880 model of the plaster mock-up being realized in the Bartholdi atelier, Rue de Chazelles, near Parc Monceau, Paris
.It was agreed that in a joint effort, the people of the United States were to build the base, and the French people were responsible for the statue and its assembly in the States.^ If the General Assembly believes it would like to address the issue of domestic partnerships, it should place the issue on the ballot and let the people of the state of Rhode Island decide.''
  • Rhode Island Lawmakers Override Governor's Anti-Gay Veto - Towleroad, More than gay news. More gay men 2 February 2010 14:50 UTC www.towleroad.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Tell me more about that: NEW YORK - Joel Casamayor didn't want to see the Statue of Liberty, the Empire State Building or the World Trade Center on his first trip to New York shortly after defecting to the United States from Cuba in 1996.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ It is, after all, the French who presented the Statue of Liberty to the American people as a gift.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

.In France, public donations, various forms of entertainment including notably performances of La liberté éclairant le monde (Liberty enlightening the world) by soon-to-be famous composer Charles Gounod at Paris Opera, and a charitable lottery were among the methods used to raise the 2,250,000 francs ($250,000).^ The lines at Statue of Liberty were longer but thankfully were out in the open where we were entertained by performing artistes and people-watching.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ This summer, our GIA fundraisers have raised almost $20,000 for public programs and advocacy work for the Island.

In the United States, benefit theatrical events, art exhibitions, auctions and prize fights assisted in providing needed funds.
.Meanwhile in France, Bartholdi required the assistance of an engineer to address structural issues associated with designing such a colossal copper sculpture.^ The Statue of Liberty was created by Frederic Auste Bartholdi (Maurice Koechin, engineer for the Eiffel Tower designed the statue's internal structure) for America's centennial and as a symbol of friendship created between France and America during the American Revolution.
  • Statue of Liberty - New York, NY 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC www.yelp.com [Source type: General]

.Gustave Eiffel (designer of the Eiffel Tower) was commissioned to design the massive iron pylon and secondary skeletal framework which allows the statue's copper skin to move independently yet stand upright.^ The Statue of Liberty was created by Frederic Auste Bartholdi (Maurice Koechin, engineer for the Eiffel Tower designed the statue's internal structure) for America's centennial and as a symbol of friendship created between France and America during the American Revolution.
  • Statue of Liberty - New York, NY 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC www.yelp.com [Source type: General]

Eiffel delegated the detailed work to his trusted structural engineer, Maurice Koechlin.
.Bartholdi had initially planned to have the statue completed and presented to the United States on July 4, 1876, but a late start and subsequent delays prevented it.^ The park and public space master plan will be completed later this spring and will be unveiled to the public in late May.

However, by that time the right arm and torch were completed. This part of the statue was displayed at the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia, where visitors were charged 50 cents to climb the ladder to the balcony. The money raised this way was used to start funding the pedestal.
.On June 30, 1878, at the Paris Exposition, the completed head of the statue was showcased in the garden of the Trocadéro Palace, while other pieces were on display in the Champs de Mars.^ Great work on the death's head Statue of Liberty/bomb piece, though.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

.Back in the United States, the site, authorized in New York Harbor by an Act of Congress on March 3, 1877, was selected by General William Tecumseh Sherman, who settled on Bartholdi's own choice, then known as Bedloe's Island (named after Isaac Bedloe), where there was already an early 19th century star-shaped fortification named Fort Wood.^ New York State DOT (17) .
  • Streetsblog New York City » Free Bike Share Debuts on Governors Island 2 February 2010 14:50 UTC www.streetsblog.org [Source type: General]

^ Which floor is that on again: You name it, New York’s got it.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ Due to set backs the Statue wasn't finished until 1884 and wasn't completed in New York until October 28th 1886.
  • Statue of Liberty - New York, NY 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC www.yelp.com [Source type: General]

[17] United States Minister to France Levi P. Morton hammered the first nail in the construction of the statue in Paris on October 24, 1881.[18]
Richard Morris Hunt's pedestal under construction in June 1885
On February 18, 1879, Bartholdi was granted a design patent, U.S. Patent D11,023, on "a statue representing Liberty enlightening the world, the same consisting, essentially, of the draped female figure, with one arm upraised, bearing a torch, and while the other holds an inscribed tablet, and having upon the head a diadem, substantially as set forth." The patent described the head as having "classical, yet severe and calm, features," noted that the body is "thrown slightly over to the left so as to gravitate upon the left leg, the whole figure thus being in equilibrium," and covered representations in "any manner known to the glyptic art in the form of a statue or statuette, or in alto-relievo or bass-relief, in metal, stone, terra-cotta, plaster-of-Paris, or other plastic composition."[19]
.The financing for the statue was completed in France in July 1882. Fund-raising for the pedestal, led by William M. Evarts, proceeded slowly, so publisher Joseph Pulitzer (who established the Pulitzer Prize) opened up the editorial pages of his newspaper, The World, to support the fund raising effort in 1883. Pulitzer used his newspaper to criticize both the rich, who had failed to finance the pedestal construction, and the middle class who were content to rely upon the wealthy to provide the funds.^ It opened officially for frolic (and five-figure fund-raising!

^ Thanks to funding by Borough President Scott Stringer, GIPEC has now completed the job and will reopen it on City of Water Day this Saturday, July 18.

[20] His campaign was an important contribution to the effort, but ultimately Senator Evarts and the American Committee he headed raised the majority of funds for the pedestal.
.The construction of the statue was completed in France in July 1884. The cornerstone of the pedestal, designed by American architect Richard Morris Hunt, was laid on August 5, 1884, but the construction had to be stopped by lack of funds in January 1885. It was resumed on May 11, 1885 after a renewed fund campaign by Joseph Pulitzer in March 1885. Thirty-eight of the forty-six courses of masonry were yet to be built.^ The 151ft tall copper statue was made in 350 pieces, shipped to the US in 214 crates and took 4 months to assemble on top of the US designed pedestal (10 stories tall) that was built on top of Fort Wood (on what was then called Bedloe's Island).
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^ Due to set backs the Statue wasn't finished until 1884 and wasn't completed in New York until October 28th 1886.
  • Statue of Liberty - New York, NY 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC www.yelp.com [Source type: General]

^ The Statue of Liberty was created by Frederic Auste Bartholdi (Maurice Koechin, engineer for the Eiffel Tower designed the statue's internal structure) for America's centennial and as a symbol of friendship created between France and America during the American Revolution.
  • Statue of Liberty - New York, NY 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC www.yelp.com [Source type: General]

.The statue arrived in New York Harbor on June 17, 1885 on board the French frigate Isère commanded by Lespinasse De Saune.^ New York State DOT (17) .
  • Streetsblog New York City » Free Bike Share Debuts on Governors Island 2 February 2010 14:50 UTC www.streetsblog.org [Source type: General]

^ Due to set backs the Statue wasn't finished until 1884 and wasn't completed in New York until October 28th 1886.
  • Statue of Liberty - New York, NY 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC www.yelp.com [Source type: General]

^ The boat tours under the Williamsburg, Manhattan and Brooklyn bridges, and through New York harbor to circle the Statue of Liberty.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

[21] To prepare for transit, the Statue was reduced to 350 individual pieces and packed in 214 crates. .(The right arm and the torch, which were completed earlier, had been exhibited at the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia in 1876, and thereafter at Madison Square in New York City.^ New York is a very interesting city.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ Partnership for New York City (11) .
  • Streetsblog New York City » Free Bike Share Debuts on Governors Island 2 February 2010 14:50 UTC www.streetsblog.org [Source type: General]

^ Due to set backs the Statue wasn't finished until 1884 and wasn't completed in New York until October 28th 1886.
  • Statue of Liberty - New York, NY 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC www.yelp.com [Source type: General]

) .Joseph Henderson (pilot) was expressly selected to escort the French Steamer into the New York Harbor to Bedloe's Island.^ The boat tours under the Williamsburg, Manhattan and Brooklyn bridges, and through New York harbor to circle the Statue of Liberty.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ The musicians are the New York Philharmonic, which has performed in more than 400 cities around the world but never before on Governors Island.

^ Come see the Urban Assembly New York Harbor School's brand new high school building with founder Murray Fisher.

.This event and Pilot Henderson's appearance was printed in the New York Times: "Old Pilot Henderson, who jumped from the skylight down on the quarter deck of the Isère."^ All the times I’ve been to New York over the years and I’ve never been that close to it.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ The first time we looked at this, we weren't sure: The photoset includes 266 photos from all over New York City.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ The event was co-sponsored by the Alliance and Emerging New York Architects, the young professionals group of the New York chapter of the American Institute of Architects.

[22]
Financing for the pedestal was completed on August 11, 1885 and construction was finished on April 22, 1886. When the last stone of the pedestal was swung into place the masons reached into their pockets and showered into the mortar a collection of silver coins.
.Built into the pedestal's massive masonry are two sets of four iron girders, connected by iron tie beams that are carried up to become part of Eiffel's framework for the statue itself.^ It's been built on Thompsons "shooting range" where Hunter S. liked to fire his .44 Magnum into an old television set.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

Thus, Liberty is integral with her pedestal.
Used as a lighthouse, the original torch fatally disoriented birds
Currier & Ives chromolithograph of the statue published one year before it was erected depicts the statue's original copper-bronze hue, but situates it facing southward, instead of eastward, showing Manhattan and the Brooklyn Bridge in the background
.The statue, which was stored for eleven months in crates waiting for its pedestal to be finished, was then reassembled in four months.^ The 151ft tall copper statue was made in 350 pieces, shipped to the US in 214 crates and took 4 months to assemble on top of the US designed pedestal (10 stories tall) that was built on top of Fort Wood (on what was then called Bedloe's Island).
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.On October 28, 1886, the Statue of Liberty was unveiled by President Grover Cleveland in front of thousands of spectators.^ Due to set backs the Statue wasn't finished until 1884 and wasn't completed in New York until October 28th 1886.
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^ The Statue of Liberty was conceived and used as a lighthouse from 1886 to 1902 and was the first lighthouse in the US to use electricity for its light source.
  • Statue of Liberty - New York, NY 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC www.yelp.com [Source type: General]

^ You pass thru security screeners and get on board a ferry that takes you past Ellis Island and around to the back side of Liberty Island, passing directly in front of the statue of Liberty.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

.(Cleveland, as Governor of the State of New York, had earlier vetoed a bill by the New York legislature to contribute $50,000 to building of the pedestal.^ The musicians are the New York Philharmonic, which has performed in more than 400 cities around the world but never before on Governors Island.

^ Come see the Urban Assembly New York Harbor School's brand new high school building with founder Murray Fisher.

^ Josh Goodman As Alan noted earlier, the coup in the New York Senate appears to be over a month and day after it began.

)[23]
.Nearly 10 years after the Statue of Liberty was assembled, the United States donated $10,000,000 USD (adjusted for inflation) to various charities in France.^ This year the conductor, Mark Johnson, who usually dresses as Uncle Sam for this piece, came dressed as the Statue of Liberty.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ He sold the White House to a rancher on the installment plan for yearly payments of $100,000 USD, and tried to sell the Statue of Liberty to a visiting Australian, who went to the police.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ Next year, though, it appears nearly certain that the state will elect a governor who supports same-sex nuptials.

[citation needed]
.The Statue of Liberty functioned as a lighthouse from 1886 to 1902.[24] At that time the U.S. Lighthouse Board was responsible for its operation.^ Life is short, you don't have time to wait for The Statue Of Liberty to notice you, Fuck her!
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ We've looked at this a couple times to make sure: Guantánamo Bay is becoming the anti-Statue of Liberty.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ I didn't get to see the Statue of Liberty the first two times I was in NY. I guess the third time really IS the charm.
  • Statue of Liberty - New York, NY 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC www.yelp.com [Source type: General]

.There was a lighthouse keeper and the electric light could be seen for 24 miles (39 km) at sea.^ The Statue of Liberty was conceived and used as a lighthouse from 1886 to 1902 and was the first lighthouse in the US to use electricity for its light source.
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.As a lighthouse, it is the first in the United States to use electricity;[25] there was also an electric plant on the island to generate power for the light.^ It is said that about 40% of all Americans can trace their family history to a man, woman, or child who entered the United States through Ellis Island.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ The Statue of Liberty was conceived and used as a lighthouse from 1886 to 1902 and was the first lighthouse in the US to use electricity for its light source.
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^ FIRST NAME: LAST NAME: EMAIL: Female Male GENDER: ZIP: United States .
  • Search results for governors island - Interview Magazine 2 February 2010 14:50 UTC www.interviewmagazine.com [Source type: General]

[24]
.Wilbur Wright was the first person to fly an airplane around the statue, at waist level, a feat he performed on September 29, 1909 during the Hudson-Fulton Celebration.^ In 1909 Wilbur Wright was the first to fly around the statue -In 1916 the "Black Tom Explosion" happened, on what was then an island (used as a shipping port) off the coast of NJ called Black Tom.
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^ While neither Hudson 400 years ago, nor Fulton 200 years ago, landed on Governors Island, Wilbur Wright did 100 years ago, during the Hudson-Fulton celebrations in 1909.

^ With a canoe strapped to his plane as a pontoon, Wright flew from the Island across the harbor around the Statue of Liberty and back again.

In 1913 a group of young pilots were graduated from the Moisant school of aviation based on Long Island. .One of the graduates, the Mexican pilot Juan Pablo Aldasoro was selected to perform the first flight above the statue.^ You can be one of the first to explore Water Taxi Beach's innovative café and performance space, and its extraordinary views of the Harbor and Lower Manhattan.

All of the graduates later on became members of the Early Birds of Aviation.
In 1916, floodlights were placed around the base of the statue.[26] .Also in 1916, the Black Tom explosion caused $100,000 worth of damage ($1.98 million in 2008 dollars[27]) to the statue, embedding fragmentation and eventually leading to the closing of the torch to visitors.^ In 1909 Wilbur Wright was the first to fly around the statue -In 1916 the "Black Tom Explosion" happened, on what was then an island (used as a shipping port) off the coast of NJ called Black Tom.
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^ The explosion was so large that it was felt as far away as Maryland, windows as far as Times Square were shattered, and shards of explosives were embedded into the Statue of Liberty.
  • Statue of Liberty - New York, NY 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC www.yelp.com [Source type: General]

The same year, Gutzon Borglum, sculptor of Mount Rushmore, modified the original copper torch by cutting away most of the copper in the flame, retrofitting glass panes and installing an internal light.[28] After these modifications, the torch severely leaked from rainwater and snow melts, accelerating corrosion inside the statue. President Franklin D. Roosevelt rededicated the Statue of Liberty on its Fiftieth anniversary (October 28, 1936).
.In 1956, through an Act of Congress, Bedloe's Island was renamed Liberty Island officially, although Liberty Island had been used informally since the turn of the century.^ In 1924 the Statue become a National Monument -In 1956 Bedloe's Island was officially changed to Liberty Island -Between 1984-1986 there was a 62 million dollar renovation for the Statues centennial, most of the renovations were in the structure of the statue however they also replaced the torch with a replica due to issues beyond repair.
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^ First you go through the security check to board the ferry to Liberty Island.
  • Statue of Liberty - New York, NY 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC www.yelp.com [Source type: General]

As with all historic areas administered by the National Park Service, Statue of Liberty National Monument, along with Ellis Island and Liberty Island, was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on October 15, 1966.[29]
In 1972, President Richard M. Nixon dedicated the American Museum of Immigration, housed in structural additions to the base of the pedestal on top of what was Fort Wood.[30]
.In 1984, the Statue of Liberty was added to the list of World Heritage Sites.^ News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives News from Around the World .
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^ Listed below are links to weblogs that reference The Statue of Liberty, the Iraq connection : .
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ I also went and saw the Portlandia which is the second largest copper statue in the world after the Statue of Liberty.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

[31] .The following year, the statue was designated as an International Historic Civil Engineering Landmark by the American Society of Civil Engineers and the Société des Ingénieurs et Scientifiques de France.^ The Statue of Liberty was created by Frederic Auste Bartholdi (Maurice Koechin, engineer for the Eiffel Tower designed the statue's internal structure) for America's centennial and as a symbol of friendship created between France and America during the American Revolution.
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[32]
.In 2007, the Statue of Liberty was one of 20 finalists in a competition to name the New Seven Wonders of the World.^ News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives News from Around the World .
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^ Filed in News from Around the World under statue of liberty .
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ The boat tours under the Williamsburg, Manhattan and Brooklyn bridges, and through New York harbor to circle the Statue of Liberty.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

Inspiration for the face

Replica of the face of the statue, seen as part of the exhibit in one of the corridors of the statue's pedestal. Note the retention of the original copper color
Unsubstantiated sources cite different models for the face of the statue. One indicated the then-recently widowed Isabella Eugenie Boyer, the wife of Isaac Singer, the sewing-machine industrialist. "She was rid of the uncouth presence of her husband, who had left her with only his most socially desirable attributes: his fortune and -- his children. She was, from the beginning of her career in Paris, a well-known figure. .As the good-looking French widow of an American industrialist she was called upon to be Bartholdi's model for the Statue of Liberty."^ As today's rightwing America is trying to rid itself of anything French, the "de-Frenching" of the Statue of Liberty, one of the pivotal symbols of American collective identity which was produced almost entirely with funds donated by the French, is proving to be an embarrassing task.
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^ We've looked at this a couple times to make sure: Guantánamo Bay is becoming the anti-Statue of Liberty.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ This might be something important: The next day, we also saw the birthplace of the French sculptor Auguste Bartholdi, creator of the Statue Of Liberty.
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[33] Another source believed that the "stern face" belonged to Bartholdi's mother, Charlotte Bartholdi (1801–1891), with whom he was very close.[34] National Geographic magazine also pointed to his mother, noting that Bartholdi never denied nor explained the resemblance.[35]

Symbolism

The classical appearance (Roman stola, sandals, facial expression) derives from Libertas, ancient Rome's goddess of freedom from slavery, oppression, and tyranny. Her raised right foot is on the move. .This symbol of Liberty and Freedom is not standing still or at attention in the harbor, it is moving forward, as her left foot tramples broken shackles at her feet, in symbolism of the United States' wish to be free from oppression and tyranny.^ Thank you, the French, for such a beautiful symbol of what America stands for - freedom, opportunity, liberty, and expensive tourist meccas.
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[36] Since the 1940s, it has been claimed that the seven spikes or diadem atop of the crown epitomize the Seven Seas and seven continents.[37] Her torch signifies enlightenment. The Keystone in her hand represents knowledge and shows the date of the United States Declaration of Independence, in Roman numerals, July IV, MDCCLXXVI.
.The general appearance of the statue’s head approximates the Greek Sun-god Apollo or the Roman Sun-god Helios as preserved on an ancient marble tablet (today in the Archaeological Museum of Corinth, Corinth, Greece)—Apollo was represented as a solar deity, dressed in a similar robe and having on its head a "radiate crown" with the seven spiked rays of the Helios-Apollo's sun rays, like the Statue's nimbus or halo.^ A woman dressed as the Statue of Liberty waved her torch at the crowds, while a five-story-high white balloon representing peace was erected at the protest site.
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^ Like we've never heard this: Is the little boy curious about what the statue will represent?
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^ This time, the seven rays on her bronze crown are missing.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

The ancient Colossus of Rhodes, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, was a statue of Helios with a radiate crown. .The Colossus is referred to in the 1883 sonnet The New Colossus by Emma Lazarus.^ It's from the a poem called “The New Colossus” written by Emma Lazarus.
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Lazarus's poem was later engraved on a bronze plaque and mounted inside the Statue of Liberty in 1903.
.To different observers, the statue is a symbol of the values that the United States should venerate and to which it should aspire.^ Arabs or Muslims living in the United States had their immigrant status checked in ways that seemed often arbitrary, sometimes systematic and mostly inhumane.
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^ Because the United States that I love is like the Statue of Liberty with...
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

For example, documentarian Ken Burns recounts how the statue became a symbol of "America's open-door policy" with regard to immigration.[38] In his book, Man's Search for Meaning, the existential therapist Viktor Frankl recommended "that the Statue of Liberty on the East Coast should be supplemented by a Statue of Responsibility on the West Coast."[39][40]

Iconographic precedents

The torch and the book are the attributes of Wisdom in Cesare Ripa's Iconologia (1611)
Augustin Dumont's Genius of Liberty
As mentioned above, the colossus of Rhodes could have been one source of inspiration for the radiant crown.
.In the modern era, radiant-crown-wearing allegorical statues were scuplted by Italian artists, notably Canova's' allegory of Faith on the tomb of pope Clement XIII[41], and Camillo Pacetti's allegory of New Testament above the entrance of Milan Cathedral.^ The President as the Statue of Liberty, wearing a Bishop’s mitre (an economical modern-day “tolerant liberal,” this artist manages to skewer two targets at once) and a button saying, “God hates fags” while...
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[42]
.They became increasingly common in the second half of the 19th century in France and Élias Robert's France crowning Art and Industry (1855), among others, could have provided inspiration for the Statue of Liberty [43].^ It's like saying that they want to "restore" the Statue of Liberty and replace all the copper so that it is back to being copper colored instead of what happens to oxidized (totally spelled...
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ Some of these ribbons have the Statue of Liberty (a gift from France) printed on them or crosses in the center AND YOU FUCKING IMBECILES STILL TURN THEM SIDEWAYS!...
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^ For some reason, reminds us of a recent art show: Evidently, he didn’t read the inscription on the Statue of Liberty: .
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.The Great Seal of the French Second Republic (1848–1852) displays an allegory of Liberty represented sitting and wearing a seven ray radiant crown[44][45].^ This time, the seven rays on her bronze crown are missing.
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.Earlier modern versions of statues of Liberty include the one erected atop a temple of Concordia in Lyon for the Federation festival of May 30, 1790[46] and the plaster figure wearing a red phrygian cap and carrying a spear in her right hand, replacing Louis XV's equestrial statue on the place de la Révolution - formerly place Louis XV, now place de la Concorde - in Paris from August 1793 to 1800 next to the guillotine[47], inspiring Madame Roland's famous remark: Oh Liberty, what crimes are committed in thy name![48].^ As today's rightwing America is trying to rid itself of anything French, the "de-Frenching" of the Statue of Liberty, one of the pivotal symbols of American collective identity which was produced almost entirely with funds donated by the French, is proving to be an embarrassing task.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ Could the miniature version of the Statue of Liberty in this picture show symbolize America's once vaulted position in the world when it commanded the respect of everyone else, is now morally diminished in the Post-9/11 world order?
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^ Chinese students erected a replica of the Statue of Liberty in Tiananmen Square .
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

.The decision to depict Liberty wearing a radiant crown rather than the traditional attribute of liberty, the phrygian cap, is a negative one, avoiding what was then perceived as the symbol of radical revolutionary movements[49].^ It has reemerged in the media as a symbol of a divided West rather than a symbol of freedom.
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.Similarly, Thomas Crawford had to renounce to his project to dress the Capitol's Statue of Freedom with a phrygian cap because of the concern that it might be seen as an abolitionist symbol.^ Every time we see an article on this, we have to check it out: There is a clear view of the U.S. Capitol, topped by the famous Statue of Freedom.
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The torch was associated with Liberty prior to Bartholdi's statue of Liberty in the right hand of Augustin Dumont's Genius of Liberty on the July Column, a monument inaugurated in 1840. The idea of bringing light to the world was expressed with a torch by Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux in his Imperial France bringing light to the world and protecting Agriculture and Science in 1866.[50], but the idea proposed by Hector Horeau in 1868 to build a colossus of Intelligent France enlightening the world on the Hill of Chaillot was never carried out[51]

Physical characteristics

.Except for a period of time between September 11, 2001, and July 4, 2009,[52] the interior of the statue has been open to visitors.^ Governors Island willbe open to visitors on Sundays this year for the first time, starting the first weekend in June.

^ Posted by Elizabeth on September 22, 2009 11:39 AM .

^ Opening day 2009 - Saturday, May 30 - drew a single-day record of 7,876 visitors to the Island.

.Visitors must purchase crown tickets in advance.^ My only regret is not booking Crown tickets several months in advance - they sell out fast!
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^ NOTE: You need to buy this in advance; they don't sell crown tickets on the day of the visit.
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.Once they arrive by ferry, they must check in at the information center, then go to the base for the start of the walk up the monument.^ I've yet to go inside the base or the statue itself but will be sure to write an update once I do.
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^ I agree, without going up in the monument, some of the luster is gone, however to see something that has weathered this long, and so iconic, made it worth it.
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^ You aren't allowed to bring anything up with you except a camera, and while they do check they don't do any body cavity searches or anything.
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The climb to the top is 146 stairs on the double-helix stair case. Inside the copper statue it is approximately 15 to 20 degrees (F) warmer than it is outside. .The NPS allows 10 people at a time with 3 groups an hour up into the crown.^ To reach the crown there are 146 steps up the statue, there are only 10 people allowed at a time and 3 groups per hour allowed.
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^ Tickets are required for NPS tours (60 people per tour) and are available at the Battery Maritime Building one hour before the tour; tours depart from there at 10 and 1.

^ And you can't spend much time there because they send you up in groups of 10 and those below you are impatient standing in the small stairwell.
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.This provides a view of New York Harbor (the orientation of the statue faces Brooklyn) through 25 windows, the largest approximately 18" (46 cm) high.^ Campaign for New York’s Future (18) .
  • Streetsblog New York City » Free Bike Share Debuts on Governors Island 2 February 2010 14:50 UTC www.streetsblog.org [Source type: General]

^ The crown has 25 windows (the largest is only 18"), the statue is facing Brooklyn so you're not able to get a great view of lower Manhattan .
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^ Due to set backs the Statue wasn't finished until 1884 and wasn't completed in New York until October 28th 1886.
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The view does not, therefore, include the skyline of Manhattan, except through the smallest windows on the left side of the crown. .The wait outside regularly exceeds three hours, excluding the wait for ferries and ferry tickets.^ Be sure to reserve your ticket and print it out beforehand - otherwise, you will wait one hour and a half to even buy a ticket to stand in line through security and wait another hour to get on the damn ferry!
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^ Before you buy your ticket you are not informed of the actual wait times...If you buy your ticket in the Castle Clinton booth, the line is visible to your right outside the castle.
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The grey-green verdigris color is the patina which is caused by a chemical reaction and produces such copper salts as brochantite, atacamite, and antlerite, resulting in the current hue.[53]
The sandstone used in the base is from Locharbriggs Quarry on the edge of Dumfries in south west Scotland.[54]
Interior view of the statue upward, when reopened to the public in 1986
The statue as viewed from the ground on Liberty Island
.There are 354 steps inside the statue and its pedestal, with 25 windows in the crown which comprise the jewels beneath the seven rays of the diadem.^ I don't think it's worth getting crown tickets--mind you, the windows up there are the size of your hand.
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^ This time when visiting the Statue of Liberty, we could only go up to the pedestal observation level and not all the way up to the crown...
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^ I remember visiting the Statue of Liberty, climbing up the cramped stairwell to the statue's crown, and trying to count the number of steps all the way up with my brothers.
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.The keystone which the statue holds in her left hand reads, in Roman numerals, "July 4, 1776" the day of the adoption of the Declaration of Independence.^ I’m like the one that reads the liner notes on the CD. I’m the one that — I read the Declaration of Independence before a speaking tour we did on AIDS in the Midwest.
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The Statue of Liberty was engineered to withstand heavy winds. .Winds of 50 miles per hour (80 km/h) cause the Statue to sway 3 inches (76 mm) and the torch to sway 5 inches (130 mm).^ The train ride was really nice and a lot more comfortable, its just a shame the train never seemed to go above 50 miles an hour.
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This allows the Statue to move rather than break in high wind load conditions.
Feature[55] Customary Metric
Height from base to torch 151 ft 1 in 46 m
Foundation of pedestal (ground) to tip of torch 305 ft 1 in 93 m
Heel to top of head 111 ft 1 in 34 m
Length of hand 16 ft 5 in 5 m
Index finger 8 ft 1 in 2.44 m
Circumference at second joint 3 ft 6 in 1.07 m
Head from chin to cranium 17 ft 3 in 5.26 m
Head thickness from ear to ear 10 ft 0 in 3.05 m
Distance across the eye 2 ft 6 in 0.76 m
Length of nose 4 ft 6 in 1.48 m
Right arm length 42 ft 0 in 12.8 m
Right arm greatest thickness 12 ft 0 in 3.66 m
Thickness of waist 35 ft 0 in 10.67 m
Width of mouth 3 ft 0 in 0.91 m
Tablet, length 23 ft 7 in 7.19 m
Tablet, width 13 ft 7 in 4.14 m
Tablet, thickness 2 ft 0 in 0.61 m
Height of granite pedestal 89 ft 0 in 27.13 m
Height of foundation 65 ft 0 in 19.81 m
Weight of copper used in Statue[56] 60,000 pounds 27.22 metric tonnes
Weight of steel used in Statue 250,000 pounds 113.4 metric tonnes
Total weight used in Statue 450,000 pounds 204.1 metric tonnes
Thickness of copper sheeting 3/32 of an inch 2.4 mm
.The statue is built top-heavy in order to create a slight forced perspective and appear more correctly proportioned when viewed from its base.^ Nice views also once you get to the top of the base.
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^ Every time we see an article on this, we have to check it out: There is a clear view of the U.S. Capitol, topped by the famous Statue of Freedom.
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^ An unobstructed view of the Capitol was a top priority because at the heart of our Memorial is a 10-foot bronze replica of the "Democracy" statue erected by Chinese students in Tiananmen Square in 1989 and based on our own Statue of Liberty.
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.When the statue was designed in the late 1800s (before easy air flight), there were few other angles to view the statue from.^ There's a great walking exhibit that takes you through the idea, design and building of the statue, including the recent restoration.
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^ Every time we see an article on this, we have to check it out: There is a clear view of the U.S. Capitol, topped by the famous Statue of Freedom.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ There's several levels outside the Statue that give you a great view of the harbor, Ellis Island, Governor's Island, New Jersey and Manhattan.
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This became an issue for special effects technicians working on the movie Ghostbusters II.[57]

Origin of the copper

Historical records make no mention of the source of the copper used in the Statue of Liberty. In the village of Visnes in the municipality of Karmøy, Norway, tradition holds that the copper came from the French-owned Visnes Mine.[58][59] Ore from this mine, refined in France and Belgium, was a significant source of European copper in the late nineteenth century. In 1985, Bell Labs used emission spectrography to compare samples of copper from the Visnes Mines and from the Statue of Liberty, found the spectrum of impurities to be very similar, and concluded that the evidence argued strongly for a Norwegian origin of the copper. Other sources say that the copper was mined in Yekaterinburg or Nizhny Tagil.[60] The copper sheets were created in the workshops of the Gaget-Gauthier company, and shaped in the Ateliers Mesureur in the west of Paris in 1878. Funding for the copper was provided by Pierre-Eugène Secrétan.

Liberty centennial

First Lady Nancy Reagan re-opens the statue to the public
.The Statue of Liberty was one of the earliest beneficiaries of a cause marketing campaign.^ Hold on to this one for later: From William F. Buckley on the "nuclear option": "Really, you would think the Republicans had proposed to topple the Statue of Liberty."
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^ If I look out the window right now, I can see the Statue of Liberty right over the top of an IKEA. If that's not America rolled all into one, I don't know what is.
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^ We were thinking the exact thing a second ago: - One foot takeoff Statue of Liberty 360 (not sure who can do this; perhaps Josh Smith?
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A 1983 promotion advertised that for each purchase made with an American Express card, American Express would contribute one penny to the renovation of the statue. The campaign generated contributions of $1.7 million to the Statue of Liberty restoration project.[61] .In 1984, the statue was closed so that a $62 million renovation could be performed for the statue's centennial.^ In 1924 the Statue become a National Monument -In 1956 Bedloe's Island was officially changed to Liberty Island -Between 1984-1986 there was a 62 million dollar renovation for the Statues centennial, most of the renovations were in the structure of the statue however they also replaced the torch with a replica due to issues beyond repair.
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Chrysler chairman Lee Iacocca was appointed by President Reagan to head the commission overseeing the task (but was later dismissed "to avoid any question of conflict" of interest)[62] and republican fundraiser Wyatt A. Stewart ran the huge grassroots fundraising campaign.[63] .Workers erected scaffolding around the statue, obscuring it from public view until the rededication on July 3, 1986—the scaffolding-clad statue can be seen in the 1984 film Desperately Seeking Susan, in the 1985 film Remo Williams: The Adventure Begins, in the 1985 film Brewster's Millions, and on the cover of the 1986 Jackson Browne album Lives in the Balance. Inside work began with workers using liquid nitrogen to remove seven layers of paint applied to the interior of the copper skin over the decades.^ We disembarked and walked around the island to get different views of the statue and then headed inside with our Monument Access tickets.
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That left two layers of coal tar originally applied to plug leaks and prevent corrosion. Blasting with baking soda powder removed the tar without further damaging the copper.[32] Larger holes in the copper skin were repaired with the addition of an inner lip upon which new copper patches were inset, riveted, and hammered flush.[64]
Each of the 1,350 shaped iron ribs backing the skin had to be removed and replaced. The iron had experienced galvanic corrosion wherever it contacted the copper skin, losing up to 50% of its thickness. Bartholdi had anticipated the problem and used an asbestos/pitch combination to separate the metals, but the insulation had worn away decades before. New bars of stainless steel bent into matching shapes replaced the iron bars, with Teflon film separating them from the skin for further insulation and friction reduction.[64]
The internal structure of the upraised right arm was reworked. The statue was erected with the arm offset 18" (0.46 m) to the right and forward of Eiffel's central frame, while the head was offset 24" (0.61 m) to the left, which had been compromising the framework.[64] Theory held that Bartholdi made the modification without Eiffel's involvement after seeing the arm and head were too close. Engineers considered reinforcements made in 1932 insufficient and added diagonal bracing in 1984 and 1986 to make the arm structurally sound.
.Besides the replacement of much of the internal iron with stainless steel and the structural reinforcement of the statue itself, the restoration of the mid-1980s also included the replacement of the original torch with a replica, replacing the original iron stairs with new stairs, installing a newer elevator within the pedestal, and upgrading climate control systems.^ It's like saying that they want to "restore" the Statue of Liberty and replace all the copper so that it is back to being copper colored instead of what happens to oxidized (totally spelled...
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[64] The Statue of Liberty was reopened to the public on July 5, 1986.

New torch

Original torch, replaced in 1986
A new torch replaced the original in 1986, which was deemed beyond repair because of the extensive 1916 modifications. The 1886 torch is now in the monument's lobby museum. The new torch has gold plating applied to the exterior of the "flame," which is illuminated by very large spotlights embedded in the ground surrounding the monument.

Dominion of Liberty Island

.Liberty Island has been the property of the United States government since 1800, and until 1944 served as a military installation called Fort Wood.^ More info is a click away: We took the ferry to Staten Island since it goes right by the Statue of Liberty and that was really awesome.
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^ It is said that about 40% of all Americans can trace their family history to a man, woman, or child who entered the United States through Ellis Island.
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^ Because the United States that I love is like the Statue of Liberty with...
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

.It has been operated by the National Park Service since 1937. The built portions of Liberty Island (as well as 3 acres of nearby Ellis Island) are under the jurisdiction and are part of New York City.^ Organized by the 4heads Collectives, the fair will showcase hundreds of new works by more than 40 New York City artists together under one roof.

^ Also, the National Park Service is now staffing the information desk and bookstore on days the Island is open to the public.

^ The musicians are the New York Philharmonic, which has performed in more than 400 cities around the world but never before on Governors Island.

.They are bounded completely by the municipal borders of Jersey City, New Jersey, which retains riparian rights to all its portions of the Hudson River and the Upper New York Bay.^ Partnership for New York City (11) .
  • Streetsblog New York City » Free Bike Share Debuts on Governors Island 2 February 2010 14:50 UTC www.streetsblog.org [Source type: General]

^ Organized by the 4heads Collectives, the fair will showcase hundreds of new works by more than 40 New York City artists together under one roof.

^ The musicians are the New York Philharmonic, which has performed in more than 400 cities around the world but never before on Governors Island.

.Historical circumstances have led to the unusual situation of Liberty Island being an exclave of one state, New York, located completely within another, New Jersey.^ Due to set backs the Statue wasn't finished until 1884 and wasn't completed in New York until October 28th 1886.
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^ As you ride the ferry to Liberty Island, you have probably one of the most amazing views of the Manhattan skyline.
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^ The Alliance's summer intern, Elias Schewel, helped partners NY / NJ Baykeeper and the New York Harbor School deliver the first one in the harbor to its site a few meters off of the Island.

The dominion of the island has variously been a subject of (or directly affected by) a land grant, a government directive, an interstate compact as well as several court cases and US Supreme Court decisions. [65] [66] [67] [68] [69][70] [71] [72] [73]

Aftermath of 9/11

.Liberty Island closed on September 11, 2001; the island reopened in December, the monument reopened on August 3, 2004, the crown and interior finally reopened on July 4, 2009. The National Park Service claimed that the statue was not shut after 9/11 because of a terrorist threat, but principally because of a long list of fire regulation contraventions, including inadequate evacuation procedures.^ About 15 yrs ago they turned this deserted island into a National Monument and restored it into the way it used to look but turned it into a museum that is fascinating.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ I made up my mind and decided to make for Battery Park and the statue of liberty.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ Right or wrong, but never in doubt: at Forefather’s Monument National Park in Plymouth… it’s not listed with the National Park Service (?
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

.The Statue of Liberty had previously been threatened by terrorism, according to the FBI. On February 18, 1965, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) announced it had uncovered a plot by three terrorists from the "Black Liberation Front", who allegedly were connected to Cuba, and a female co-conspirator from Montreal connected with the Front de libération du Québec (FLQ), seeking independence for Quebec from Canada, who were sent to destroy the statue and at least two other national monuments—the Liberty Bell in Philadelphia and the Washington Monument in Washington, D.C..^ Read more from this blogger: The Statue of Liberty, the Iraq connection .
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ This year the conductor, Mark Johnson, who usually dresses as Uncle Sam for this piece, came dressed as the Statue of Liberty.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ Personal relationship with (and tragic loss of) firefighters, multiethnic children, widows, orphans, police officers, servicemen, Statue of Liberty, and two giant, disembodied hands shaking each other in sky .
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

[74]
.In June 2006, a bill, S. 3597, was proposed in Senate which, if approved, would have re-opened the crown and interior of the Statue of Liberty to visitors.^ "Would the Statue of Liberty work in Maine?"
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ Hold on to this one for later: From William F. Buckley on the "nuclear option": "Really, you would think the Republicans had proposed to topple the Statue of Liberty."
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ I have a Bill Mauldin cartoon which shows the statue of liberty, torch upraised, giving light.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

[75] In July 2007, a similar measure was proposed in the House of Representatives.[76]
.On August 9, 2006, National Park Service Director Fran P. Mainella, in a letter to Congressman Anthony D. Weiner of New York stated that the crown and interior of the statue would remain closed indefinitely.^ The boat tours under the Williamsburg, Manhattan and Brooklyn bridges, and through New York harbor to circle the Statue of Liberty.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ All the times I’ve been to New York over the years and I’ve never been that close to it.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ Right or wrong, but never in doubt: at Forefather’s Monument National Park in Plymouth… it’s not listed with the National Park Service (?
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

.The letter stated that "the current access patterns reflect a responsible management strategy in the best interests of all our visitors."^ Very interesting and adding a bit of education to the day ;-) We are now all going to head out for our tea before heading up the Empire State building for a view of the city from up there!
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ Moreover, the letter said, it may violate the responsible stewardship that the city and state pledged when they took back the Island from Washington's control.

[77] .The Park Service was criticised for delays in re-opening the base and pedestal, as well as for relying on private donations to implement the necessary safety and security measures.^ Also, the National Park Service is now staffing the information desk and bookstore on days the Island is open to the public.

^ Park Service Open House February 27 .

^ GIPEC and the National Park Service were in attendance, as well as members of design teams planning the new park space on the south side of the Island .

[78]
.On July 4, 2009, the Statue of Liberty's crown was re-opened for the first time since the 9/11 terrorist attacks.^ STALLIONS > STALLIONS 2009 > STATUE OF LIBERTY > STUD RECORD .
  • Stallions - Statue of Liberty 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC www.stallions.com.au [Source type: Academic]

[79]
.The statue (excluding the torch), museum, and ten-story pedestal are open for visitors, but are only accessible if visitors have a "Monument Access Pass" which is a reservation that visitors must make in advance of their visit and pick up before boarding the ferry.^ The Bush administration has apparently worked hard over the years, to make it much easier to answer the question asked by many generations of kids visiting the Statue of Liberty: .
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ You pass thru security screeners and get on board a ferry that takes you past Ellis Island and around to the back side of Liberty Island, passing directly in front of the statue of Liberty.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ Given that there's only one way on or off the island (by ferry, unless you have an amphibious bicycle) and only one pick-up/drop-off spot, it's basically just a bike rental program with a clever promotion.
  • Streetsblog New York City » Free Bike Share Debuts on Governors Island 2 February 2010 14:50 UTC www.streetsblog.org [Source type: General]

.Visitors to Liberty Island and the Statue are subject to restrictions, including personal searches similar to the security found in airports.^ With a canoe strapped to his plane as a pontoon, Wright flew from the Island across the harbor around the Statue of Liberty and back again.

^ The ferry line to the Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island now offers a separate Liberty Harbor Cruise stopping at Governors Island.

.There are a maximum of 3,000 passes available each day (with a total of 15,000 visitors to the island daily).^ Also, the first 250 visitors each day will be given a kite to fly on the Island's Parade Ground.

^ Record numbers of visitors are coming out to the Island this summer, as many as 5,000 on an average weekend.

^ With over 275,000 visitors at the end of the summer, the Island has hit the tipping point as one of New York's newest and fastest-growing favorite public spaces.

The ladder to the torch still is closed and has been since 1916.

Jumps

At 2:45 p.m. on February 2, 1912, steeplejack Frederick R. Law successfully performed a parachute jump from the observation platform surrounding the torch. It was done with the permission of the army captain administering the island. .The New York Times reported that he "fell fully seventy-five feet [23 m] like a dead weight, the parachute showing no inclination whatsoever to open at first", but he then descended "gracefully", landed hard, and limped away.^ For some reason, reminds us of a recent art show: Lately the Statue of liberty in New York has changed symbolism.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ All the times I’ve been to New York over the years and I’ve never been that close to it.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ The same thing he was doing before it started, if what actor Tom Arnold told the New York Times is accurate: .

[80]
.The first death occurred May 13, 1929. The Times reported a witness as saying the man, later identified as Ralph Gleason, crawled out through one of the windows of the crown, turned around as if to return, "seemed to slip" and "shot downward, bouncing off the breast of the statue in the plunge."^ As the years unfold, 2008 may be remembered as a pivotal one, like 1929, 1941 or 1968, where times changed, and the country grappled with those changes either successfully or unsuccessfully.

^ Repeatedly, especially during his first months in office and later when running for re-election, he took the easy way out – cutting taxes by billions of dollars, backing off a tough spending limit, unilaterally adding spending to placate Democrats and blowing through a one-time surge in revenues.

^ If I look out the window right now, I can see the Statue of Liberty right over the top of an IKEA. If that's not America rolled all into one, I don't know what is.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

Gleason was killed when he landed on a patch of grass at the base, just a few feet from a workman who was mowing the grass.[81]
On August 23, 2001, French stuntman Thierry Devaux parasailed onto the monument and got hung up on the statue's torch in a bungled attempt to bungee jump from it. He was not hurt and was charged with four misdemeanor offenses including trespassing.[82]

Inscription

.The bronze plaque, located in the Statue of liberty exhibit on the second floor of the pedestal, is inscribed with the sonnet "The New Colossus" by Emma Lazarus.^ News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives News from Around the World .
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ The boat tours under the Williamsburg, Manhattan and Brooklyn bridges, and through New York harbor to circle the Statue of Liberty.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ However, that postmark is not nearly as good as getting a postmark from Liberty Island in New York, where the Statue of Liberty is located.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

It has never been engraved on the exterior of the pedestal, despite such depictions in editorial cartoons.[83]
.Not like the brazen giant of Greek fame,
With conquering limbs astride from land to land;
Here at our sea-washed, sunset gates shall stand
A mighty woman with a torch, whose flame
Is the imprisoned lightning, and her name
Mother of Exiles.
^ "A mighty woman with a torch, whose flame Is the imprisoned lightning, and her name, Mother of Exiles.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ Read more from this blogger: "A mighty woman with a torch, whose flame Is the imprisoned lightning, and her name, Mother of Exiles.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

.From her beacon-hand
Glows world-wide welcome; her mild eyes command
The air-bridged harbor that twin cities frame.^ From her beacon-hand glows world-wide welcome .
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]


"Keep, ancient lands, your storied pomp!" cries she
With silent lips. "Give me your tired, your poor,
Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free,
The wretched refuse of your teeming shore.
Send these, the homeless, tempest-tossed to me,
I lift my lamp beside the golden door!"
The first two lines refer to the ancient Colossus of Rhodes. The bronze plaque in the pedestal contains a typographical error: the comma in "Keep, ancient lands" is missing, causing that line to read "'Keep ancient lands, your storied pomp!' cries she", and noticeably altering its meaning. .The name "Mother of Exiles" was never taken up as the statue's name.^ Read more from this blogger: "A mighty woman with a torch, whose flame Is the imprisoned lightning, and her name, Mother of Exiles.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ "A mighty woman with a torch, whose flame Is the imprisoned lightning, and her name, Mother of Exiles.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

Replicas and derivative works

Bronze replica of the Statue of Liberty, today located in the Jardin du Luxembourg, Paris
.Boy Scouts of America placed a small-scale replica of the Statue of Liberty at the Gentry Building in Columbia, Missouri in 1950. Located at the Parks & Recreation Administration Offices, at Seventh and Broadway, the plaque notes that the statue was dedicated as a pledge of everlasting fidelity and loyalty.^ Probably the dedication of the Statue of Liberty.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ SEveral beautiful colonial style buildings, A HUGE sanctuary, a lake for baptism complete with (drumroll please) their very own STATUE OF LIBERTY! Yes!
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ I made up my mind and decided to make for Battery Park and the statue of liberty.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

The local project was a component of the Scouts' national 40th anniversary celebration which had Strengthen the Arm of Liberty as its theme. .More than 200 replicas were placed nationally as a result.^ More than 200 artists have signed up to do their thing this year.

[84]
.There also is a replica statue in the middle of the Susquehanna River near Harrisburg, Pennsylvania.^ There is a replica of the Statue located in the center of a traffic roundabout at the entrance of Colmar.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

.The statue is almost entirely white as viewed from US-322 East and West going past the river.^ As Victor Frankl said, there might be a statue of liberty on the east coast, but it should be balanced with a statue of responsibility on the west coast.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

Another replica, in Cape Girardeau, Missouri, stands at the entrance of Capaha Park. There is also a replica in Medford, Oregon. .There are replicas in theme parks and resorts, including the New York-New York Hotel & Casino in Las Vegas on the Strip, replicas created as commercial advertising, and replicas erected in U.S. communities by patriotic benefactors, including no fewer than two hundred donated by Boy Scout troops to local communities.^ Town Hall Meeting with Citywide Candidates Questioning candidates to ensure commitment to New York parks.

^ The Metropolitan Waterfront Alliance organizes it to celebrate the New York region's hundreds of miles of shoreline and to promote it as an asset for the whole area.

^ The musicians are the New York Philharmonic, which has performed in more than 400 cities around the world but never before on Governors Island.

.Hundreds of other Statues of Liberty have been erected worldwide.^ Chinese students erected a replica of the Statue of Liberty in Tiananmen Square .
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ A woman dressed as the Statue of Liberty waved her torch at the crowds, while a five-story-high white balloon representing peace was erected at the protest site.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ Over the years, these chemicals have spread, contaminating two hundred miles of river from the Hudson Falls to just shy of the Statue of Liberty.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

A smaller replica is in the Norwegian village of Visnes, on the island of Karmøy, in Rogaland County where the copper used in the original statue was mined.
Statue of Liberty replica at Odaiba, overlooking the Rainbow Bridge in Tokyo Bay
.There is a sister statue in Paris and several others elsewhere in France, including one in Bartholdi's home town of Colmar, erected in 2004 to mark the centenary of Bartholdi's death; they also exist in Austria, Germany, Italy, Japan, China, Brazil and Vietnam; one existed in Hanoi during French colonial days.^ There is a replica of the Statue located in the center of a traffic roundabout at the entrance of Colmar.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ SEveral beautiful colonial style buildings, A HUGE sanctuary, a lake for baptism complete with (drumroll please) their very own STATUE OF LIBERTY! Yes!
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ Kite-flying fun during last summer's Free Bike and Kite Day / Photo by GIA Earthlings have always wanted to fly, but long before there were airplanes and space ships to fly in, they flew kites.

During the Tiananmen Square protest of 1989, Chinese student demonstrators in Beijing built a ten meter image called the Goddess of Democracy, which sculptor Tsao Tsing-yuan said was intentionally dissimilar to the Statue of Liberty to avoid being "too openly pro-American."[85] At around the same time, a copy of this statue was made and displayed on Connecticut Avenue in Washington, D.C., in a small park across the street from the Chinese Embassy.
The sculptor James Alexander Ewing's most prestigious commission was for the carving of the Glasgow City Chambers' Jubilee Pediment, its apex group of Truth, Riches, and Honour, and the statues of The Four Seasons on the building's tower. .The figure of Truth also is known as Glasgow's Statue of Liberty, because of its close resemblance to the similarly posed, but very much larger, statue in New York harbour.^ The New York Senate has been stymied for weeks because of two major problems.

In popular culture

The Statue of Liberty is on the reverse of all Presidential $1 coins
.The Statue of Liberty quickly became a popular icon, featured in scores of posters, pictures, motion pictures, and books.^ The poster, featuring the Statue of Liberty, says "Immigration is an American experience.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ The picture of the Statue of Liberty (obligatory under a little-known but grimly enforced Federal regulation of libertarian book covers) is cropped to hardly more than a nostril.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

A 1911 O. Henry story relates a fanciful conversation between "Mrs. Liberty" and another statue;[86] it figured in 1918 Liberty Loan posters. During the 1940s and 1950s, pulp Science Fiction magazines featured Lady Liberty surrounded by ruins or by the sediments of the ages. It has been in dozens of motion pictures. It is a setting in the 1942 Alfred Hitchcock movie Saboteur, which featured a climactic confrontation at the statue. Half submerged in the sand, the Statue provided the apocalyptic revelation at the end of 1968's Planet of the Apes. .The statue walked from Liberty Island to Manhattan in the 1989 film, Ghostbusters II, to defeat the villain with positive energy when it inspired hope amongst cheering New Yorkers.^ Since 1995, Governors Island Alliance has worked to ensure that New Yorkers and their friends and family have the opportunity to visit this unique and wonderful place.

^ The ferry line to the Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island now offers a separate Liberty Harbor Cruise stopping at Governors Island.

^ With a canoe strapped to his plane as a pontoon, Wright flew from the Island across the harbor around the Statue of Liberty and back again.

It was the setting for the climax of the first X-Men film. .It can also be seen lying broken on the ground in the movie Independence Day, after the first wave of attacks by extraterrestrials.^ Also, the first 250 visitors each day will be given a kite to fly on the Island's Parade Ground.

In the 2004 movie The Day After Tomorrow, the statue gets frozen, and in the 2008 movie Cloverfield, it is decapitated by a giant monster; its head lands in a Manhattan street. .In the 1994 Gundam series G Gundam, the protagonist hides his Gundam in the abandoned statue and then makes it jump out of the statue, destroying it.^ Specifically, the hoops she had to jump through to see the Statue of Liberty: First you go through an airline-style screening before you get on the ferry to go out...
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

In the film, National Treasure: Book of Secrets, the sister statue in Paris provides a clue. The history of the Statue of Liberty is retold in the hit 2008 illustrated book Lady Liberty: A Biography.
It was the subject of a 1978 University of Wisconsin–Madison prank in which Lady Liberty appeared to be standing submerged in a frozen-over local lake.[87] It has appeared on New York and New Jersey license plates, is used as a logo for the NHL's New York Rangers and the WNBA's New York Liberty, and it was the subject of magician David Copperfield's largest vanishing act.[88]
Michael Jackson's music video Black and White where you can see him at the torch. In 1982 Jessica Skinner was born inside the statue. Her mother went into labor while climbing the stairs, and gave birth before she could get back to ground level.[89]
In Men in Black II, an emergency neuralizer is built into the Statue of Liberty to erase everyone's memories in case of a mass display.
It also starred in the video game Grand Theft Auto IV, in which it's called "The Statue of Happiness", since the statue is smiling in the game. It also holds up a cup of coffee instead of a torch.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Statue of Liberty National Monument". National Park Service. 2007-12-31. http://www.nps.gov/stli/. Retrieved 2008-07-24. 
  2. ^ "U.S. to Study Access to Liberty's Crown", The New York Times, July 5, 2008, accessed August 14, 2009
  3. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. http://www.nr.nps.gov/. 
  4. ^ "National Monument Proclamations under the Antiquities Act". Cr.nps.gov. 2003-01-16. http://www.cr.nps.gov/history/hisnps/NPSHistory/monuments.htm. Retrieved 2009-08-01. 
  5. ^ "Statue of Liberty". National Park Service. 2006-04-28. http://www.nps.gov/archive/stli/prod02.htm. Retrieved 2008-07-24. 
  6. ^ July 4, 1776 in roman numerals : see File:Statue liberty22.jpg
  7. ^ "Crown of Statue of Liberty may reopen to public soon". Xinhua News Agency. 2008-07-05. http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2008-07/05/content_8496225.htm. Retrieved 2008-07-24. 
  8. ^ "Statue of Liberty National Monument - History & Culture". National Park Service. 2006-10-05. http://www.nps.gov/stli/historyculture/index.htm. Retrieved 2008-07-24. 
  9. ^ Bellis, Mary. "Statue of Liberty - Frederic Auguste Bartholdi". About.com. http://inventors.about.com/library/inventors/blliberty.htm. Retrieved 2008-07-24. 
  10. ^ "June 17, 1885: The Statue of Liberty Arrives". CR4. 2008-06-17. http://cr4.globalspec.com/blogentry/6055/June-17-1885-The-Statue-of-Liberty-Arrives. Retrieved 2008-07-24. 
  11. ^ "Statue of Liberty". HTML. http://nymag.com/listings/attraction/statue_of_liberty/. Retrieved 2006-06-20. 
  12. ^ R.Belot, D.Bermond, Bartholdi, 2004, p.237
  13. ^ "The Bartholdi Statue for Paris". New York Times. 1884-09-01. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=9405EEDC1338E033A25752C0A96F9C94659FD7CF. Retrieved 2009-12-22. 
  14. ^ "An American Gift to Paris". New York Times. 1885-05-14. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=9B0CE0DB1739E533A25757C1A9639C94649FD7CF. Retrieved 2009-12-22. 
  15. ^ "France's Liberty Statue". New York Times. 1889-07-05. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=9D00E4DE143AEF33A25756C0A9619C94689FD7CF. Retrieved 2009-12-22. 
  16. ^ "Statue of Liberty National Park: History". http://www.americanparknetwork.com/parkinfo/content.asp?catid=85&contenttypeid=35#1511. Retrieved 2007-02-07. 
  17. ^ "Liberty's Statue". New York Times. 1886-10-10. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=9805E6D81E3EEF33A25753C1A9669D94679FD7CF. Retrieved 2009-12-22. 
  18. ^ "Bartholdi's Statue of Liberty". New York Times. 1881-10-25. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=980CEFDF113CEE3ABC4D51DFB667838A699FDE. Retrieved 2009-12-22. 
  19. ^ Khan, B. Zorina (2005). The Democratization of Invention: Patents and Copyrights in American Economic Development, 1790–1920. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-81135-X.  p. 299 [1]
  20. ^ "National Park Service Historical Handbook: Statue of Liberty". 2000-09-25. http://www.cr.nps.gov/history/online_books/hh/11/hh11d.htm. Retrieved 2007-05-19. 
  21. ^ "Delaware Division of Libraries Blog". http://library.blogs.delaware.gov/2009/10/20/statue_of_liberty/. 
  22. ^ ProQuest Historical Newspapers The New York Times, pg. 1.
  23. ^ "On This Day, The New York Times, May 2, 1885, "Harper's Weekly featured a cartoon about construction of the Statue of Liberty"
  24. ^ a b Crowley, Jim. "Lighthouses of New York Harbor: Statue of Liberty". National Lighthouse Museum. http://www.lighthousemuseum.org/nylights/slibrty.htm. Retrieved 2008-07-24. 
  25. ^ "What are some interesting facts about lighthouses?". United States Coast Guard. 2008-07-22. http://www.uscg.mil/history/weblighthouses/h_lighthousefacts.asp. Retrieved 2008-07-24. 
  26. ^ "Statue of Liberty to be Flood-Lighted", Electrical Experimenter 4 (4): pg 237, August 1916, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Electrical_Experimenter_Aug_1916_pg237.png 
  27. ^ "Cost-of-Living Calculator". Aier.org. http://www.aier.org/research/worksheets-and-tools/cost-of-living-calculator. Retrieved 2009-08-01. 
  28. ^ The Torch Redesigned
  29. ^ "NRIS Search by location". Nr.nps.gov. http://www.nr.nps.gov/nrloc1.htm. Retrieved 2009-08-01. 
  30. ^ Statue of Liberty Construction;
  31. ^ "Statue of Liberty - UNESCO World Heritage Centre". Whc.unesco.org. http://whc.unesco.org/pg.cfm?cid=31&id_site=307. Retrieved 2009-08-01. 
  32. ^ a b "Statue of Liberty". ASCE Metropolitan Section. http://www.ascemetsection.org/content/view/336/869/. Retrieved 2010-03-13. 
  33. ^ (Ruth Brandon, Singer and the Sewing Machine: A Capitalist Romance, p. 211)
  34. ^ (Leslie Allen, "Liberty: The Statue and the American Dream," p. 21)
  35. ^ (Alice J. Hall, "Liberty Lifts Her Lamp Once More," July 1986.) Her body was created after Bartholdi's wife.
  36. ^ "Fun Facts". Statueofliberty.org. http://www.statueofliberty.org/Fun_Facts.html. Retrieved 2009-08-01. 
  37. ^ USIA. "Portrait of the USA: The Statue of Liberty". http://usinfo.state.gov/infousa/life/symbceleb/statue_liberty.html. Retrieved 2006-05-29. 
  38. ^ Thomas, Doug. Ken Burns's America—The Statue of Liberty (video review). Amazon.com. 2009. Retrieved 24 Nov. 2009.
  39. ^ Frankl, Viktor Emil (1956) Man's Search for Meaning, p. 209-210.
  40. ^ Warnock, C. (2005) "Statue of Responsibility," DAILY HERALD. Retrieved, November 24, 2009.
  41. ^ See File:Tomb of Pope Clement XIII Gregorovius.jpg
  42. ^ also carrying a torch in her right hand
  43. ^ Marvin Trachtenberg, "The Statue of Liberty", New York : Penguin Books, 1977, p.72-74
  44. ^ See File:Sceau de la République.jpg
  45. ^ See also Armand Cambon's portrait of Republic painted for the 1848 national contest for the symbolic figure of the republic, surmounted by a 9-ray halo : Musée Ingres, Montauban : picture
  46. ^ See commemorative medal
  47. ^ The statue is visible on Pierre-Antoine Demachy's paintings: Fête de l'indivisibilité de la République le 10 août 1793 and Une exécution capitale, place de la Révolution
  48. ^ Maurice Agulhon, "Marianne au Combat", p.34
  49. ^ Maurice Agulhon, Histoire vagabonde: La politique en France, d'hier à aujourd'hui", 1996, p.162
  50. ^ See File:Allegory France Pavillon de Flore Louvre.jpg
  51. ^ Françoise Boudon, « Hector Horeau », 1978 p.143
  52. ^ "Statue of Liberty's crown reopens for visitors". 2009-04-07. http://www.cnn.com/2009/TRAVEL/07/04/statue.of.liberty/index.html#cnnSTCText. Retrieved 2009-05-07. 
  53. ^ "Why is the Statue of Liberty green". Finishing.com. http://www.finishing.com/189/80.shtml. Retrieved 2009-08-01. 
  54. ^ "Stancliffe Stone - Supplier Of Natural Stone | Talk to us about Locharbriggs Red Sandstone". Stancliffe.com. 2006-08-09. http://www.stancliffe.com/news_article.php?n=18. Retrieved 2009-08-01. 
  55. ^ "National Park Service". Nps.gov. http://www.nps.gov/archive/stli/prod02.htm#Statue%20of. Retrieved 2009-08-01. 
  56. ^ "National Park Service - Statue of Liberty Statistics". Nps.gov. 2006-08-16. http://www.nps.gov/stli/historyculture/statue-statistics.htm. Retrieved 2009-08-01. 
  57. ^ Adam Eisenberg (November 1989). "Ghostbusters II: Ghostbusters Revisited". Cinefex. 
  58. ^ "Karmøy Kommune". http://www.gonorway.no/norway/township.php?ID=7635f8113ab4aa0. Retrieved 2006-05-29.  (Tourism website) "Visnes Mining Museum: The copper mines at Visnes were in operation until as recently as 1972. The copper for the Statue of Liberty in New York was extracted here."
  59. ^ Copper Development Association. "Copper Facts". http://www.copper.org/education/c-facts/c-liberty.html. Retrieved 2006-05-29.  A U. S. copper industry website. "The Statue of Liberty contains 179,000 pounds of copper. It came from the Visnes copper mines on Karmoy Island near Stavanger, Norway, and was fabricated by French artisans."
  60. ^ "Statue of Liberty Made of Russian Copper?". http://www.russianamericanbusiness.org/EN/web_CONTENT/articles/2005.01.20/group_05/2_articl/articl.shtml. 
  61. ^ Daw, Jocelyne (March 2006). Cause Marketing for Nonprofits: Partner for Purpose, Passion, and Profits. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons. p. 4. ISBN 9780471717508. 
  62. ^ Robert Pear (1986-02-14). "Iacocca and Secretary of Interior Clash Over Statue Panel Ouster". The New York Times. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9A0DE1D61239F937A25751C0A960948260&sec=travel&pagewanted=all. Retrieved 2006-06-06.  "Interior Secretary Donald P. Hodel ... dismissed Mr. Iacocca on Wednesday from the commission 'to avoid any question of conflict' of interest arising from Mr. Iacocca's simultaneous service as head of a private foundation that has raised $233 million for restoration of the statue and Ellis Island. The foundation also awards contracts for the restoration work."
  63. ^ International Foundation for Electoral Systems (30 November 2009). "World’s Premier Election Assistance NGO Appoints Chief Operating Officer: Top Republican strategist and fundraiser Wyatt A. Stewart, III to join the International Foundation for Electoral Systems". Press release. http://www.ifes.org/publication/ae70d81d78fa5026d8fca4e6fb92b5c3/Stewart_PR.pdf. Retrieved December 5, 2009. 
  64. ^ a b c d Gilmore, V. Elaine (June 1986). "Engineering Miss Liberty's rescue". Popular Science (Bonnier Corporation) 228 (6): pp. 68–72, 102, 104, 106, 108, 110. ISSN 0161-7370. http://books.google.com/books?id=4DkGrUmHwRYC&lpg=PA68&dq=statue%20of%20liberty%20centennial%20repair%20patches&pg=PA68#v=onepage&q=&f=false. Retrieved November 13, 2009. 
  65. ^ "Statue of Liberty National Monument, Bedloe's Island". nps.gov. http://www.nps.gov/history/history/online_books/hh/11/hh11m.htm. Retrieved 2010-02-01. 
  66. ^ Fort Wood
  67. ^ The Duke of York's Release to John Lord Berkeley, and Sir George Carteret, 24th of June, 1664
  68. ^ Moss, Mitchell (Summer 1988), "New York vs New Jersey: A New Perpsective", Portfolio (PANYNJ) 1 (2), http://www.mitchellmoss.com/articles/nynj.html 
  69. ^ NEW JERSEY V. NEW YORK, 28 U. S. 461 (1830)
  70. ^ Greenhouse, Linda (May 27, 1998), "THE ELLIS ISLAND VERDICT: THE RULING; High Court Gives New Jersey Most of Ellis Island", New York Times, http://www.nytimes.com/1998/05/27/nyregion/ellis-island-verdict-ruling-high-court-gives-new-jersey-most-ellis-island.html?pagewanted=2 
  71. ^ Rieff, Henry, "Interpretations of New York-New Jersey Agreements 1834 and 1921", Newark Law Review 1 (2), http://njlegallib.rutgers.edu/journals/docs/journal.nwk.1.29.pdf 
  72. ^ "Statue of Liberty National Monument - Frequently Asked Questions". NPS.gov. National Park Service. http://www.nps.gov/stli/faqs.htm. Retrieved February 1, 2010. 
  73. ^ Central R. Co. of New Jersey v. Jersey City, 209 U.S. 473 (1908)
  74. ^ "The Monumental Plot". TIME. February 26, 1965. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,833472,00.html. Retrieved November 14, 2009. 
  75. ^ "Introduction of Bills and Joint Resolutions—(Senate—June 29, 2006)". Library of Congress Congressional Record. 2006-06-29. pp. S6786. http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/r?r109:@OR+(+@1(S.+3597)++). Retrieved 2006-08-17. 
  76. ^ "Save the Statue of Liberty Act (H.R.2982 — July 10, 2007)". Library of Congress Congressional Record. 2007-07-10. http://thomas.loc.gov/home/gpoxmlc110/h2982_ih.xml. Retrieved 2007-12-06. 
  77. ^ "Statue of Liberty's Crown to Stay Closed" Associated Press, August 9, 2006
  78. ^ Chan, Sewell (September 19, 2007). "For Safety, Lady Liberty’s Crown Will Stay Closed, Park Service Says". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2007/09/19/nyregion/19crown.html. Retrieved November 14, 2009. 
  79. ^ Price, Matthew (2009-07-04). "Statue of Liberty crown reopens". BBC News. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/8129338.stm. Retrieved 2009-07-04. 
  80. ^ "Parachute Leap Off Statue of Liberty; Steeplejack Had First Thought of Jumping Off the Singer Building. Steers With His Arms And Lands Safely on Stone Coping 30 feet from Water's Edge—He Won't Talk About It." The New York Times, February 3, 1912, p. 4
  81. ^ "Youth Plunges Off Statue of Liberty Crown, 200 Feet High, in First Suicide at That Spot." The New York Times, May 14, 1929, p. 1
  82. ^ Phil Hirschkorn and Laura Dolan (2001-08-24). "CNN.com - Frenchman who took liberties with the Lady charged - August 24, 2001". Archives.cnn.com. http://archives.cnn.com/2001/US/08/23/statue.parasail/. Retrieved 2009-08-01. 
  83. ^ e.g. Barry Shelton (2000-06-02). "New Statue of Liberty". http://www.freedaily.com/cartoons/000606statuecartoon.html. Retrieved 2006-05-28. 
  84. ^ "Description". Visitcolumbiamo.com. http://www.visitcolumbiamo.com/web/popup/description.php?id=257. Retrieved 2009-08-01. 
  85. ^ Tsao Tsing-yuan. "The Birth of the Goddess of Democracy." In Popular Protest and Political Culture in Modern China. Edited by Jeffrey N. Wasserstrom and Elizabeth J. Perry, 140–147. Boulder, Col.: Westview Press, 1994.
  86. ^ Henry, O., Sixes and Sevens, "The Lady Higher Up." Project Gutenberg text
  87. ^ "Lady Liberty on Lake Mendota". http://www.museumofhoaxes.com/hoax/Hoaxipedia/Lady_Liberty_on_Lake_Mendota/accessdate=2008-03-05. 
  88. ^ Poundstone, William. (1986). Bigger Secrets. Houghton Mifflin
  89. ^ Live with Regis and Kelly, Feb. 11 2009 Segment titled "Fun Facts"

Further reading

  • Holdstock, Robert, editor. Encyclopedia of Science Fiction. London: Octopus books, 1978.
  • Moreno, Barry. The Statue of Liberty Encyclopedia. .New York: Simon & Schuster, 2000.
  • Smith, V. Elaine, "Engineering Miss Liberty's Rescue."^ For some reason, reminds us of a recent art show: Lately the Statue of liberty in New York has changed symbolism.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    ^ However, that postmark is not nearly as good as getting a postmark from Liberty Island in New York, where the Statue of Liberty is located.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    ^ In the vision, I saw the Statue of Liberty, New York, it’s shorelines, the US Capitol at Washington DC and a golden like bowl being poured out.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    Popular Science, June 1986, page 68.
  • Vidal, Pierre. Frédéric-Auguste Bartholdi 1834–1904: Par la Main, par l'Esprit. Paris: Les créations du pélican, 2000.

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Manhattan/Lower Manhattan article)

From Wikitravel

Manhattan : Lower Manhattan
Brooklyn Bridge and Lower Manhattan
Brooklyn Bridge and Lower Manhattan
.Lower Manhattan is the home of the financial district of Manhattan, located at the southern tip of the island with the Hudson River on the west, the East River on the east, New York Harbor to the south, and Chambers Street on the north.^ The boat tours under the Williamsburg, Manhattan and Brooklyn bridges, and through New York harbor to circle the Statue of Liberty.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ Beginning, middle and end: The Half Moon holds 200 and is docked at Skyport Marina, at 23rd Street and the East River.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ However, that postmark is not nearly as good as getting a postmark from Liberty Island in New York, where the Statue of Liberty is located.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

.It is one of the two largest business districts in New York City - the other being Midtown Manhattan - and is the historical core of the modern city; a fact reflected in the convoluted street pattern compared to the regular streets and avenues found uptown.^ New York is a very interesting city.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ The boat tours under the Williamsburg, Manhattan and Brooklyn bridges, and through New York harbor to circle the Statue of Liberty.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ The first time we looked at this, we weren't sure: The photoset includes 266 photos from all over New York City.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

.Lower Manhattan is home to some of New York's most famous and evocative landmarks: Wall Street, the Brooklyn Bridge, as well as the Statue of Liberty on Liberty Island and Ellis Island in the harbor, both accessed by ferry boat from the financial district.^ The boat tours under the Williamsburg, Manhattan and Brooklyn bridges, and through New York harbor to circle the Statue of Liberty.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ You get wonderful views of lower Manhattan and the Statue of Liberty.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ We passed through Battery Park, went on the Staten Island Ferry (saw the Statue of Liberty), toured the Financial District, visited the World Trade Center site, walked over the Brooklyn Bridge, went up to Chinatown, Little Italy, SoHo, the Village, Washington Sq.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

Understand

History

.Located at the southern tip of Manhattan, Lower Manhattan was the site of earliest European settlement in the New York area - the Dutch settlement of New Amsterdam.^ The boat tours under the Williamsburg, Manhattan and Brooklyn bridges, and through New York harbor to circle the Statue of Liberty.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ But interesting enough, there are two Universities in that area - Columbia University of New York and the City University of New York.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ However, that postmark is not nearly as good as getting a postmark from Liberty Island in New York, where the Statue of Liberty is located.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

Established in 1625, the settlement became the capital of New Netherland, the colonial Dutch province which controlled much of the coastal area from Massachusetts south to Delaware. In 1664, the British conquered New Netherland and New Amsterdam became "New York".
.In the late 18th century, with the American Revolution brewing, New York became a major political center for the colonists.^ For some reason, reminds us of a recent art show: Lately the Statue of liberty in New York has changed symbolism.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

Protests against the Stamp Act led the so-called "Stamp Act Congress" to convene here and sign a Declaration of Rights and Grievances, asserting the concept of "no taxation with representation." .British soldiers captured New York and maintained control of the city until the war ended, when George Washington triumphantly returned to Manhattan.^ New York is a very interesting city.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ But interesting enough, there are two Universities in that area - Columbia University of New York and the City University of New York.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ Where we grew up, this would be a good thing: With the recent terror alerts for the New York City subways, we have decided we won’t ride them while we are there.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

.He would return again in 1789 to take the oath of office and become the nation's first president, as New York briefly served as the first capital of the United States, where the Bill of Rights was drafted and ratified.^ Tell me more about that: NEW YORK - Joel Casamayor didn't want to see the Statue of Liberty, the Empire State Building or the World Trade Center on his first trip to New York shortly after defecting to the United States from Cuba in 1996.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ The first time we looked at this, we weren't sure: The photoset includes 266 photos from all over New York City.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ Where we grew up, this would be a good thing: With the recent terror alerts for the New York City subways, we have decided we won’t ride them while we are there.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

.Shortly after the creation of the United States, Lower Manhattan started becoming an economic and financial center for the new nation.^ Tell me more about that: NEW YORK - Joel Casamayor didn't want to see the Statue of Liberty, the Empire State Building or the World Trade Center on his first trip to New York shortly after defecting to the United States from Cuba in 1996.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

In 1792, a group of stock brokers signed the Buttonwood Agreement, which created the New York Stock Exchange, underneath a buttonwood tree at 68 Wall Street. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the corporate culture of the area fueled the construction of many skyscrapers in the district, and as the financial power of New York grew, so did its influence; as evidenced by the 1929 Wall Street Crash, which ushered in the Great Depression.
Through the 1940s and 50s, new economic growth on Manhattan was centered on Midtown. Wishing to concentrate new growth on Lower Manhattan, and coming in at the height of the urban renewal movement, local leaders destroyed most of the old structures to make way for the gleaming office towers of today's Lower Manhattan, not least of which was the World Trade Center, built in the 1970s, which defined the Lower Manhattan landscape until it was destroyed on September 11, 2001. Currently, a new World Trade Center and a memorial to the September 11 victims is being constructed on the site.

Layout

Lower Manhattan has an irregular street grid system, a throwback to the original Dutch settlement of New Amsterdam. .This street pattern seems even more irregular when compared to the neat grid system seen just about everywhere else in Manhattan.^ The train ride was really nice and a lot more comfortable, its just a shame the train never seemed to go above 50 miles an hour.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

.Major avenues here run in a north-south direction - West Street along the Hudson River, Church Street and Broadway through the middle of the district, and Water Street and South Street (the former running beneath the elevated FDR Drive) along the East River.^ Beginning, middle and end: The Half Moon holds 200 and is docked at Skyport Marina, at 23rd Street and the East River.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

With the exception of these roads, almost every street in the financial district is very narrow and often clogged with traffic during the day. The blocks immediately surrounding the intersection of Wall and Broad Streets (where the stock exchange and Federal Hall are located) are blocked off to automobiles; only pedestrians may enter.

Get in

By subway

Most of the city's subway lines have stops in lower Manhattan, making it one of the best ways to get to the district. There are few express stations in the area, so most trains will stop at every station in this neighborhood. Though many city bus lines serve the area, traffic is often slow on the winding streets.
The 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 lines connect the district to Uptown and the Bronx, with the 2, 3 and 4 also running to Brooklyn under the East River (along with the 5 during rush hours). The A and C lines run Uptown and east out to Brooklyn, with the A continuing to the JFK Airport area. The E runs alongside the A and C lines to Midtown, where it breaks off and runs out to Queens. The R and W head north to Midtown and Queens, with the R going east to Brooklyn. Finally, the J, M and Z lines head northeast to Brooklyn and Queens.
.Additionally, PATH subway trains connect the World Trade Center site to New Jersey.^ Tell me more about that: NEW YORK - Joel Casamayor didn't want to see the Statue of Liberty, the Empire State Building or the World Trade Center on his first trip to New York shortly after defecting to the United States from Cuba in 1996.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ We've looked at this a couple times to make sure: The Neo-Neocon brings us an essay on spring, New York, the World Trade Center, and the Statue of Liberty .
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ In fact, we will monitor the news this coming week and make a decision about whether it’s worth the risk to go see the World Trade Center site and the Statue of Liberty, or just bypass the Big Apple altogether and head on toward Philadelphia.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

.There are two lines: one to Newark and one to Hoboken, both with stops in Jersey City.^ But interesting enough, there are two Universities in that area - Columbia University of New York and the City University of New York.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

The PATH costs $1.75 per ride and accept MetroCard for payment.

By ferry

The Staten Island Ferry [1] connects the South Ferry terminal, located at the southern tip of Manhattan, to the St. George Ferry Terminal on Staten Island. .The ferry is absolutely free and is popular for tourists since the route offers excellent views of Lower Manhattan and the State of Liberty.^ You get wonderful views of lower Manhattan and the Statue of Liberty.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ Rather than going to the island, I took the Staten Island ferry which affords a good view but is still free.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ On this 30 minute transfer you get a great view of downtown Manhattan as well as the Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

The ferry runs 24 hours a day, usually running at 30 minute intervals, with more running during rush hours and fewer running at very late hours.
NY Waterway [2] operates ferry services from the World Financial Center ferry terminal and the Pier 11/Wall St. ferry terminal to several points in New Jersey along the Hudson River, including in Hoboken and Weehawken. Fares vary by route.
New York Water Taxi [3] operates ferry services from World Financial Center, Battery Park, Pier 11/Wall St. and the South Street Seaport to points in Midtown, Brooklyn, Queens, Yonkers, and Breezy Point. Their boats are painted to look like taxis and fares vary by route.
New York stock exchange
New York stock exchange
  • Wall Street. .The historic heart of the Financial District and the home of the New York Stock Exchange, Wall Street is a byword for American big business and stock trading (most New York financial firms are no longer headquartered on the street itself, but housed nearby in new offices).^ Before I took the subway at Wall Street to get back home, I had two cheeseburgers, french fries and a coke at Mc Donald’s.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    .A narrow street running downhill from Broadway to the East River, Wall Street was named for the wall that was built here in 1652 to keep Manhattan's indigenous peoples out of the growing Dutch settlement.^ Beginning, middle and end: The Half Moon holds 200 and is docked at Skyport Marina, at 23rd Street and the East River.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The American Immigrant Wall of Honor, built behind the Main Building, lists the names of some 600,000 immigrants from various ports of entry.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    The wall was demolished by the British in 1699. By the late 18th century, traders and speculators would gather under a buttonwood tree at the foot of Wall Street to trade informally - this was the origin of the New York Stock Exchange that was established in 1817.
     edit
  • New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), 18 Broad Street (at Broad and Wall Streets), [4]. An historic site, not least because of the Black Thursday crash of the Exchange on 24 October 1929 and the subsequent sell-off panic which started on Black Tuesday, 29 October, precipitating the worldwide Great Depression of the early 1930s. The present Exchange building opened in 1903, recognized from the first as an example of masterful architecture, with the six massive Corinthian columns across its Broad Street facade imparting a feeling of substance and stability and, to many, seeming the very embodiment of America’s growth and prosperity. The building has been closed to the public since 9/11.  edit
  • 23 Wall Street, (at Broad and Wall Streets). .Located across from the Stock Exchange is this imposing office building which was constructed in 1914 and served as the headquarters of JP Morgan.^ Next we walked past the Stock Exchange and then down to the Staten Island ferry terminal where we caught a free ferry across the river.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    ^ It also evaluated the Government Services Administration efforts of securing the many leased and federally owned office buildings occupied by Government agencies across the country.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    The Wall Street Bombing of September 16, 1920 damaged the building, with shrapnel blasting several holes in the limestone facade. The holes are still there for any to see.
     edit
  • Trump Building, 40 Wall Street. A very impressive skyscraper which was completed in 1930 and surpassed the height of the nearby Woolworth Building, making it the tallest building in the world until the Chrysler Building was completed just a month later (which in turn lost that title to the Empire State Building less than a year later). The building was purchased by Donald Trump in 1995, hence its current name.  edit
George Washington's statue outside Federal Hall
George Washington's statue outside Federal Hall
  • Federal Hall, 26 Wall Street (opposite the NYSE), +1 212 825-6990, [5]. M-F 9AM-5PM (free guided tours M-F at 10AM, 11AM, 1PM, 2PM and 3PM. On this site on April 30, 1789, George Washington stood on a balcony overlooking Wall Street and was inaugurated as the first president of the United States. .The old building on the site had been used as New York's city hall and had hosted some of the first congregations of the colonies in the lead-up to the American Revolution, such as the Stamp Act Congress.^ New York is a very interesting city.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Tell me more about that: NEW YORK - Joel Casamayor didn't want to see the Statue of Liberty, the Empire State Building or the World Trade Center on his first trip to New York shortly after defecting to the United States from Cuba in 1996.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The first time we looked at this, we weren't sure: The photoset includes 266 photos from all over New York City.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    After the revolution the building, now Federal Hall, briefly housed Congress, the Supreme Court, and Executive Branch offices before the national capital moved to Philadelphia. The current building dates to 1842 and was used first as a Customs House, then later the US Sub-Treasury (millions of dollars of gold and silver were kept in the basement vaults). .Today the building is maintained by the National Park Service as a museum dedicated to the history of the site.^ Right or wrong, but never in doubt: at Forefather’s Monument National Park in Plymouth… it’s not listed with the National Park Service (?
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    .Guided tours of the building are available, or you can just walk in and look up at the rotunda and view some of the artifacts, such as the bible Washington used in his inauguration ceremony. Free.
    ^ Note: If you want to check to make sure you got it, move the right analog stick so that you are looking straight up.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Afterwards I took the bus up to Soho and spent some hours walking through Soho and Greenwich Village.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    ^ If you want to know more, just click: After a 15 minutes walked I arrived at Ground Zero.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

     edit
  • Trinity Church, (Broadway at Wall Street), +1 212 602-0800, [6]. M-F 7AM-6PM, Sa 8AM-4PM, Su 7AM-4PM. An Episcopalian (Anglican) church and parish was first established on this site in 1697 under charter by King William III. The present Neo-Gothic Revival church building (the third incarnation) dates from 1846 and remains a significant landmark within Downtown. The original burial ground at Trinity Church includes the graves and memorials of many historic figures, including Alexander Hamilton, William Bradford, Robert Fulton, and Albert Gallatin. Free.  edit
  • Bowling Green, (at Broadway and Morris). A small park at the foot of Broadway which is the oldest public park in the city and is the site of the Charging Bull sculpture created after the 1987 stock market crash. Bowling Green is also the origin point for the Broadway ticker-tape parades; if you walk up Broadway, you can view plaques in the sidewalk honoring the people or events celebrated in these parades.  edit
  • Battery Park. At the southern tip of Manhattan, Battery Park is a waterfront green space, named for the artillery batteries which were installed here to protect the settlement of New York when it was under Dutch, then British rule. In the lead-up to the War of 1812, Castle Clinton [7] was constructed as a fort to protect the city, and is now operated as a small museum. .There are several memorials in the park, including The Sphere, a public art piece originally housed on the World Trade Center site which survived the events of September 11 and was moved to Battery Park.^ We passed through Battery Park, went on the Staten Island Ferry (saw the Statue of Liberty), toured the Financial District, visited the World Trade Center site, walked over the Brooklyn Bridge, went up to Chinatown, Little Italy, SoHo, the Village, Washington Sq.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    ^ People were staring at the construction site, a lot with tears in their eyes, few were looking at pictures of friends and relatives they lost on September 11, 2001.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    .Ferries departing to the Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island (see below) depart from here. Free.
    ^ I hope I can see this time Little Italy, Soho and hopefully a trip to Statue of Liberty.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    ^ If I look out the window right now, I can see the Statue of Liberty right over the top of an IKEA. If that's not America rolled all into one, I don't know what is.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Listed below are links to weblogs that reference The Statue of Liberty, the Iraq connection : .
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

     edit
  • World Trade Center site. .Not referred to by New Yorkers as "Ground Zero", so be careful not to cause offense.^ Listed below are links to weblogs that reference Statue of Liberty ~ Ground Zero: .
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    .The site is inaccessible to the public, owing to the construction of the new World Trade Center buildings and a September 11 memorial.  edit
  • St Paul's Chapel, 209 Broadway (between Fulton and Vesey Streets), +1 212 233-4164, [8].^ We've looked at this a couple times to make sure: The Neo-Neocon brings us an essay on spring, New York, the World Trade Center, and the Statue of Liberty .
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Tell me more about that: NEW YORK - Joel Casamayor didn't want to see the Statue of Liberty, the Empire State Building or the World Trade Center on his first trip to New York shortly after defecting to the United States from Cuba in 1996.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    ^ I ran into Sid the guy from Boston (this was the 3rd time we had just ran into each other in the street, what are the chances of this in cities the size of Boston and NY), we then went and looked at the World Trade Centre site.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    Built in 1776, the chapel is an active part of the Parish of Trinity Church and is Manhattan's oldest public building in continuous use. .It is the only remaining colonial church in New York City and was George Washington's place of worship after he was inaugurated as president, but more recently the chapel became known for surviving the events of 9/11 without even a broken window - despite being located across the street from the World Trade Center - and its role as a place of refuge for the WTC recovery workers in the days that followed. Free.^ New York is a very interesting city.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Read more from this blogger: New York City .
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Read more from this blogger: New York City Sightseeing .
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

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  • Woolworth Building, 233 Broadway (between Barclay St and Park Pl). One of the oldest and most famous of New York's skyscrapers (dubbed the "Cathedral of Commerce"), the neo-Gothic Woolworth Building was completed in 1913 and was the world's tallest building until 1930. The building has a beautiful ornate lobby, but it has been closed to the public since September 11.  edit
City Hall Park
City Hall Park
  • City Hall. On a triangular city block between Broadway, Park Row and Chambers Street sits City Hall, a gorgeous gleaming white building completed in 1812 and still serves as the home of certain city government functions, such as the office of the mayor. .The building itself is fenced off and only accessible by tour, but there is a lovely park surrounding the building, with plenty of shady trees and a pleasant fountain just to the south of the building.^ In the early afternoon after having lunch at Wendys we headed to the UN building for a tour around there.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    .Just north of City Hall and on the same block is the Tweed Courthouse, a gorgeous government structure and the legacy of Tammany Hall boss William M. Tweed, who used the courthouse project to embezzle large sums of money from the city budget and was convicted in an courtroom in this building.  edit
  • Manhattan Municipal Building, 1 Centre Street (at Chambers and Center Streets).^ I ran into Sid the guy from Boston (this was the 3rd time we had just ran into each other in the street, what are the chances of this in cities the size of Boston and NY), we then went and looked at the World Trade Centre site.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    ^ This city has the Fuji TV building which has a sphere in the middle that serves as an observation deck; a huge shopping centre with a movie theatre.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    .With New York City growing and not enough space in the City Hall building, this 40-story structure was built to meet the space demands of the city government.^ New York is a very interesting city.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The first time we looked at this, we weren't sure: The photoset includes 266 photos from all over New York City.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    ^ But interesting enough, there are two Universities in that area - Columbia University of New York and the City University of New York.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    Completed in 1915, it is a massive and very grand building with the gilded statue of a woman standing atop the building's spire.
     edit
  • Brooklyn Bridge, [9]. .From its intersection with Park Row (just east of City Hall) you can walk (takes about 20-30 minutes each way), bike, or drive across the historic and iconic bridge to Brooklyn.^ On this 30 minute transfer you get a great view of downtown Manhattan as well as the Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    ^ It was approaching around 1 AM, after not seeing a pair of head or breaklights in about 20 minutes, when my friend who was driving while I was in the passenger seat reading exclaimed “Jesus Christ!” Yup, that was about right.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    ^ If you want to know more, just click: After a 15 minutes walked I arrived at Ground Zero.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    .The view from the bridge is quite lovely, with excellent views of Lower Manhattan and Downtown Brooklyn and good views of Midtown and the New York Harbor in the distance. No toll.
    ^ The boat tours under the Williamsburg, Manhattan and Brooklyn bridges, and through New York harbor to circle the Statue of Liberty.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    ^ On this 30 minute transfer you get a great view of downtown Manhattan as well as the Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Where we grew up, this would be a good thing: With the recent terror alerts for the New York City subways, we have decided we won’t ride them while we are there.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

     edit
  • African Burial Ground National Monument, 290 Broadway, 1st floor (north of City Hall), +1 212 637-2019 (fax: +1 212 227-2026), [10]. Visitor Center: M-F 9AM-5PM except Federal holidays; Memorial: Daily 9AM-5PM except Thanksgiving, Christmas, and New Years Day. .For most of the 18th century, Africans in New York City were buried in a graveyard outside the city.^ New York is a very interesting city.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The first time we looked at this, we weren't sure: The photoset includes 266 photos from all over New York City.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    ^ But interesting enough, there are two Universities in that area - Columbia University of New York and the City University of New York.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    The graveyard was eventually forgotten and was rediscovered in 1991. This museum and memorial site commemorate the estimated 15,000 Africans that were interred on the site of the memorial. .Note that the museum is located inside of a Federal building so airport-style security should be expected. Free.
    ^ It also evaluated the Government Services Administration efforts of securing the many leased and federally owned office buildings occupied by Government agencies across the country.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

     .'see', 'Manhattan/Lower_Manhattan');return false;" title="click to edit African Burial Ground National Monument">edit
  • Museum of American Finance, 48 Wall Street, +1 212 908-4110 (fax: +1 212 908-4601), [11].^ About 15 yrs ago they turned this deserted island into a National Monument and restored it into the way it used to look but turned it into a museum that is fascinating.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    Tu-Sa 10AM-4PM. A small museum dedicated to finance and the markets, with exhibits that change periodically. $8 adults, $5 students/seniors, children 6 and under free.  edit
  • Museum of Jewish Heritage, 36 Battery Place, +1 646 437-4200, [12]. Su-Tu, Th 10AM-5:45PM, W 10AM-8PM, F 10AM-5PM. .A memorial to the Holocaust. $12 adults, $10 seniors, $7 students, children 12 and under free; free admission W 4-8PM.^ The Statue of Liberty memorializes the free nation under God that those founding documents created.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

     edit
  • National Museum of the American Indian, One Bowling Green (adjacent to the northeast corner of Battery Park), +1 212 514-3700, [13]. F-W 10AM–5PM, Th 10AM-8PM. .Housed in the Alexander Hamilton US Custom House, this Smithsonian museum is the New York branch of the National Museum of the American Indian (the other branches are in Washington, D.C. and Maryland). Free.^ For some reason, reminds us of a recent art show: Lately the Statue of liberty in New York has changed symbolism.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    ^ In the vision, I saw the Statue of Liberty, New York, it’s shorelines, the US Capitol at Washington DC and a golden like bowl being poured out.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

     .'see', 'Manhattan/Lower_Manhattan');return false;" title="click to edit National Museum of the American Indian">edit
  • New York City Police Museum, 100 Old Slip, +1 212 480-3100, [14].^ New York City .
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    ^ I could see the entire U.S. landscape from L.A. to New York.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The boat tours under the Williamsburg, Manhattan and Brooklyn bridges, and through New York harbor to circle the Statue of Liberty.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    M-Sa 10AM-5PM. A museum dedicated to the history of the NYPD. $7 adults, $5 seniors/students/children, children under 2 free.  .'see', 'Manhattan/Lower_Manhattan');return false;" title="click to edit New York City Police Museum">edit
  • Skyscraper Museum, 39 Battery Place, +1 212 968-1961, [15].^ New York City .
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    ^ And there’s really a lot more to see in New York.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    ^ If you want to know more, just click: Detective Stella Bonasera is half Greek, half Italian and all New York.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    W-Su 12-6PM. Exhibits on the history of highrise and skyscraper construction. $5 adults, $2.50 students/seniors.  edit
  • South Street Seaport Museum, 12 Fulton Street, +1 212 748-8600, [16]. January-March: F-M 10AM-5PM, Ships 12-4PM; April-December: Tu-Su 10AM-6PM. .A museum with exhibits on the historic Seaport area and a collection of ships at the South Street Seaport on the East River open for tours. $10 adults, $8 students/seniors, $5 children, children under 5 free.^ Beginning, middle and end: The Half Moon holds 200 and is docked at Skyport Marina, at 23rd Street and the East River.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    ^ South Street Seaport .
    • Photos: Erykah Badu and Janelle Monae at Governors Island Beach - New York Music - Sound of the City 2 February 2010 14:50 UTC blogs.villagevoice.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

     edit
Statue of Liberty
Statue of Liberty
.Lower Manhattan is the primary gateway to three islands in New York Harbor: Liberty Island (home to the Statue of Liberty), Ellis Island, and Governors Island.^ You get wonderful views of lower Manhattan and the Statue of Liberty.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives News from Around the World .
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ The boat tours under the Williamsburg, Manhattan and Brooklyn bridges, and through New York harbor to circle the Statue of Liberty.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

.Another ferry runs to Liberty and Ellis Islands from Liberty Park in Jersey City, but most tourists use the Manhattan ferries.^ We didn’t get off the ferry but remained on till we got to Ellis Island.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ For sure: after cruising around amityville, we headed towards staten island to park the car and take the ferry into manhattan.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ In some books, they'd might say foolish: Then on to The Battery where you can buy a ticket for a boat ride out to Liberty and Ellis Islands.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

.These are some of the most popular destinations in New York City and access is available only by ferry boat.^ New York is a very interesting city.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ But interesting enough, there are two Universities in that area - Columbia University of New York and the City University of New York.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ Where we grew up, this would be a good thing: With the recent terror alerts for the New York City subways, we have decided we won’t ride them while we are there.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

.If you're visiting New York on a budget or you don't want to wait for hours to get near the Statue of Liberty, you may want to consider taking the Staten Island Ferry [17], which is absolutely free and offers excellent views of the Statue of Liberty from its route to Staten Island from the South Ferry Terminal, just east of Battery Park.^ Life is short, you don't have time to wait for The Statue Of Liberty to notice you, Fuck her!
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ We're just not sure whether this really happened: “We get the Statue of Liberty.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ Which floor is that on again: You name it, New York’s got it.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

  • Governors Island, ferries depart from the Battery Maritime Building at 10 South Street, +1 212 825-3045, [18]. Open seasonally; W-Th guided tours take place at 10AM and 1PM, F ferries leave every hour 10AM-3PM, Sa-Su ferries leave every hour 10AM-5PM. .Governors Island has a long military history, home to headquarters and military posts of the United States Army from 1794 until 1966, then a complex for the U.S. Coast Guard before becoming a historic district open to tours. Free.^ It is said that about 40% of all Americans can trace their family history to a man, woman, or child who entered the United States through Ellis Island.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    ^ "My father joined the United States Army for two months and became an American citizen," he said.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

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Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island

.Ferries depart from Battery Park (New York) or Liberty State Park (New Jersey), +1 866 782 8834 (within USA) or +1 212 269 5755 (international), [19].^ I made up my mind and decided to make for Battery Park and the statue of liberty.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ The boat tours under the Williamsburg, Manhattan and Brooklyn bridges, and through New York harbor to circle the Statue of Liberty.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ Tell me more about that: NEW YORK - Joel Casamayor didn't want to see the Statue of Liberty, the Empire State Building or the World Trade Center on his first trip to New York shortly after defecting to the United States from Cuba in 1996.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

.8:30AM-5:15PM (hours adjusted seasonally); if you leave after 2PM, you will only be able to visit either Liberty Island or Ellis Island.^ If you go to NYC and have even a slight interest in history, GO to Ellis Island!
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ In some books, they'd might say foolish: Then on to The Battery where you can buy a ticket for a boat ride out to Liberty and Ellis Islands.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ The only thing that would make this better is if it stopped raining here: I wanted to see the Statue of Liberty but I'm told you can no longer climb it.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

Ferry ride $12 adults, $10 seniors (62+), $5 children (4-12). Crown Access $3 extra. Audio Tours $6 extra.
Ticket Options - Visitors to Liberty Island and Ellis Island have four Reserve Ticket options:
.
  • 1) Reserve Ticket – includes ferry transportation; provides access to Liberty Island and Ellis Island, including the grounds of Liberty Island and the Ellis Island Immigration Museum.^ In some books, they'd might say foolish: Then on to The Battery where you can buy a ticket for a boat ride out to Liberty and Ellis Islands.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    ^ On this 30 minute transfer you get a great view of downtown Manhattan as well as the Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    ^ We didn’t get off the ferry but remained on till we got to Ellis Island.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    .The Reserve Ticket allows you to save time when waiting for the ferry; instead of waiting on the longer line, the Reserve Ticket allows you to go through the priority entrance at the security check-in.^ Specifically, the hoops she had to jump through to see the Statue of Liberty: First you go through an airline-style screening before you get on the ferry to go out...
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Life is short, you don't have time to wait for The Statue Of Liberty to notice you, Fuck her!
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    ^ You gotta wait in line to get on a boat, then you go over there and it seems smaller than you thought, then you take the boat back over.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    .The Reserve Ticket does not allow entry into the Statue of Liberty, the Statue of Liberty Museum (located in the pedestal), the Pedestal Observation Deck, or the Crown.^ However, that postmark is not nearly as good as getting a postmark from Liberty Island in New York, where the Statue of Liberty is located.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    ^ This feeling does credit to the humanity for which America is famous, and to that glorious inscription on your Statue of Liberty.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    ^ If I look out the window right now, I can see the Statue of Liberty right over the top of an IKEA. If that's not America rolled all into one, I don't know what is.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    The cost of the Reserve Ticket is the same as the Ferry ride; there is no additional cost for the Reserve Ticket.
  • 2) Reserve with Pedestal/Museum Ticket (does not include Crown Access) – includes ferry transportation; in addition to the access that is provided with the Reserve Ticket, this ticket also allows access to go inside the pedestal; see the interior structure of the statue; take in sweeping 360-degree views from the Pedestal Observation Deck; and access Fort Wood (the 11-point star-shaped structure the statue stands upon). The Reserve with Pedestal/Museum Ticket does not include access to the Crown of the Statue of Liberty. This ticket has "Monument" printed on it (for Monument Access). Prior to entering the pedestal, there is a secondary security screening. The cost of the Reserve with Pedestal/Museum Ticket is the same as the Ferry ride; there is no additional cost for the Reserve with Pedestal/Museum Ticket. Tickets should be purchased days, weeks, or months in advance, depending on the time of year.
  • 3) Reserve with Crown Ticket (includes Pedestal/Museum Access) – includes ferry transportation; in addition to the access that is provided with the Reserve with Pedestal/Museum Ticket, this ticket also allows access up to the Crown of the Statue of Liberty. Visitors to the crown will be required to go through a secondary security screening. The Reserve with Crown Ticket costs an additional $3. Reserve with Crown Tickets are very limited and should be obtained three or four months or longer (up to one year) in advance.
  • 4) Flex Ticket is valid for a one-time use within a three day period. The Flex Ticket includes ferry transportation and provides the same access that is provided with the Reserve Ticket; the Flex Ticket does not allow entry into the Pedestal, Museum, or Crown. The Flex Ticket requires a specific start date for purchase. With the Flex Ticket you can arrive at any time of the day, but early arrival is suggested for the security check-in queue. The Flex Ticket does not allow priority entry at the security check-in (Reserved Ticket entrance). Pedestal/Museum Access or Crown Access may not be ordered online with the Flex Ticket.
.Tickets can also be purchased through concierges at major hotels and at the ticketing windows in the Castle Clinton National Monument inside Battery Park, New York, or inside the Central Railroad of New Jersey Terminal in Liberty State Park, Jersey City, New Jersey.^ New York is a very interesting city.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ Right or wrong, but never in doubt: NEW YORK -- When Viki Dirdrich visited New York City for the first time this February, she bypassed a tour of the Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island, skipped a stroll through Central Park and took a rain check on a ride to the top of the Empire State Building.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ In a as-you-will sort of way: Shenzhen has this amazing little theme park called “Window of the World” which consists of every major landmark – miniturized.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

Monument Access (for the Pedestal/Museum/Crown) may not be available if you purchase your tickets on the day of your visit.
Note: There is a separate Reserved Ticket entrance (at the security check-in) for the Reserve Ticket, Reserve with Pedestal/Museum Ticket, and Reserve with Crown Ticket. If you purchase one of these reserved tickets, then you can take advantage of this priority entry (Reserve Ticket entrance) and you could easily save an hour of waiting during busy times. The Flex Ticket does not allow priority entry at the Reserve Ticket entrance.
Statue Cruises is the only means of access to Liberty and Ellis Islands; the ferries depart from Battery Park at the southern tip of Manhattan or from Liberty State Park in Jersey City. Be prepared for airport like security screening with similar restrictions (no food or open liquids, no knives, etc.) before boarding the boat. One ticket is good for sailings to both islands and return to starting point. .Tickets are limited in number and can be obtained on the day from the ferry company or in advance by calling the ticket office on the phone number above or online [20].^ Click for more info on this: The first phone call came as I was waiting in line, a number I didn’t recognize.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ Phone call frequency skyrocketed from once every few weeks to once every few days.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

.If leaving from Manhattan, you may need to arrive at Battery Park 2 hours before your timed tour to allow for security screening and ferry travel, so it is best to arrive at Battery Park early in the morning.^ Specifically, the hoops she had to jump through to see the Statue of Liberty: First you go through an airline-style screening before you get on the ferry to go out...
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ There is nothing to do once you get to Staten Island, so like most tourists we got back on the ferry to Manhattan without leaving the terminal.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ When was the last time your saw something like this: Ginger has some comments about the state of homeland security.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

.The Statue of Liberty, or Liberty Enlightening the World, a gift from the people of France to celebrate the centennial of the United States, stands upon Liberty Island and is one of the most famous symbols of the nation.^ As today's rightwing America is trying to rid itself of anything French, the "de-Frenching" of the Statue of Liberty, one of the pivotal symbols of American collective identity which was produced almost entirely with funds donated by the French, is proving to be an embarrassing task.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ Could the miniature version of the Statue of Liberty in this picture show symbolize America's once vaulted position in the world when it commanded the respect of everyone else, is now morally diminished in the Post-9/11 world order?
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ Tell me more about that: NEW YORK - Joel Casamayor didn't want to see the Statue of Liberty, the Empire State Building or the World Trade Center on his first trip to New York shortly after defecting to the United States from Cuba in 1996.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

Upon departing the ferry, you can visit the Visitor Information Station, which has a schedule of the day's events. .Visitors can also meet at the Liberty Island Flagpole (behind the statue) for a ranger-led tour of the island.^ You pass thru security screeners and get on board a ferry that takes you past Ellis Island and around to the back side of Liberty Island, passing directly in front of the statue of Liberty.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ Left bags at La Quinta hotel on 32nd st, and went to Ground Zero, Wall St, Statue of Liberty, Ellis Island.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ However, that postmark is not nearly as good as getting a postmark from Liberty Island in New York, where the Statue of Liberty is located.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

.If you have a reserved Pedestal/Museum ticket -- "Monument" must be printed on your ferry ticket, which requires a second security check -- you can visit the monument lobby, museum (where you'll see various exhibits on the statue, the old torch, and the famous "New Colossus" sonnet), and outside to the promenade and Fort Wood (the 11-point star-shaped structure the statue stands upon).^ Specifically, the hoops she had to jump through to see the Statue of Liberty: First you go through an airline-style screening before you get on the ferry to go out...
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ Let’s see, a trip to New York would naturally take weeks, if not months to complete and if you don’t go to the Empire State Building, Statue of Liberty, Ellis Island, American Museum of Natural History, The Guggenheim and Madame Tussard’s Wax Museum, you’ve not even been to New York even if your plane landed into New York!
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ This feeling does credit to the humanity for which America is famous, and to that glorious inscription on your Statue of Liberty.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

The Pedestal/Museum Ticket includes a trip in the elevator to the pedestal observation deck (not up into the statue itself); visitors can look upward to view the interior of the statue (there are four marked viewing locations); and the pedestal observation deck provides a 360-degree view, which includes the New York City skyline. There are 24 steps between the top of the elevator and the pedestal observation deck; visitors must be able to walk up (and down) these steps to access the pedestal observation deck. Security checks are rigorous, so travel as light as possible. Backpacks and other large bags are not permitted on the tours but can be stored in lockers for a fee. On busy days there may be long waits. .Signs on the island state that you should obtain Reserve Pedestal/Museum ("Monument Access") tickets 1 week in advance to guarantee that you will be able to enter the pedestal.^ About 15 yrs ago they turned this deserted island into a National Monument and restored it into the way it used to look but turned it into a museum that is fascinating.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ In some books, they'd might say foolish: Then on to The Battery where you can buy a ticket for a boat ride out to Liberty and Ellis Islands.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ It is said that about 40% of all Americans can trace their family history to a man, woman, or child who entered the United States through Ellis Island.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

.Visitors with the Reserve with Crown ticket are allowed to climb up a circular staircase from the base of the statue to the crown, but tickets are very limited and should be reserved three or four months (up to one year) in advance [21].^ I've seen that dumb bastard Copperfield make the Statue of Liberty disappear, I should at least be able to get my staircase to move a few inches.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

Visitors will enter the crown in groups of 10 under the direct supervision of a Park Service employee, with no more than 3 groups per hour. .Children must be at least 4-feet tall, and must be able to walk up and down the stairs by themselves, and all ticket holders must show a photo ID to match the name on their tickets.^ One evening during one of these conversations, I began to walk down the stairs to fetch a beer.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

.Ellis Island [22] is served by the same ferry as the Statue of Liberty.^ You pass thru security screeners and get on board a ferry that takes you past Ellis Island and around to the back side of Liberty Island, passing directly in front of the statue of Liberty.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ Left bags at La Quinta hotel on 32nd st, and went to Ground Zero, Wall St, Statue of Liberty, Ellis Island.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ In some books, they'd might say foolish: Then on to The Battery where you can buy a ticket for a boat ride out to Liberty and Ellis Islands.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

.Ellis Island was home to the nation's primary federal immigration station, with over 12 million immigrant steamship passengers passing through from its opening in 1892 to its closing in 1954. Today, over 40 percent of America's population can trace their ancestry through Ellis Island.^ Which floor is that on again: If the Statue of Liberty is viewed as the shimmering gateway to America, Ellis Island was, from 1892 to 1954, the stern-faced security guard that evaluated immigrants before they’re allowed to enter the US. Walking through the rooms of the redbrick building, visitors can follow the immigration procedure step by step which starts at the Great Hall or Registration Room.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ If you land in the water close enough to Ellis Island you climb out of the water onto it.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ It is said that about 40% of all Americans can trace their family history to a man, woman, or child who entered the United States through Ellis Island.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

.The island is home to the American Family Immigration History Center [23], which contains manifests of 25 million immigrants, passengers, and crew members who entered New York Harbor.^ However, that postmark is not nearly as good as getting a postmark from Liberty Island in New York, where the Statue of Liberty is located.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ Those who fail to learn history are bound to re-live it: Managed to wangle a cheap trip to New York after being sent on a training course in Austin, Texas and Tampa, Florida.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ The boat tours under the Williamsburg, Manhattan and Brooklyn bridges, and through New York harbor to circle the Statue of Liberty.
  • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

  • Century 21, 22 Cortlandt St. (right across Church St. from the World Trade Center site), +1 212 227-9092, [24]. M-W 7:45AM-9PM, Th-F 9:45AM-9:30PM, Sa 10AM-9PM, Su 11AM-8PM. Sells remaindered designer clothes, often at deep discounts, and is popular with tourists and locals, alike. The store can be so crowded around Christmastime that it's a hellish experience, but it's civilized most other times of the year, especially during the day on weekdays. .Filene's Basement (whose largest store in Manhattan is at Union Square) is a bit cheaper on average, but Century 21 has a wider and deeper selection.  edit
  • J&R Music and Computer World, 23 Park Row, +1 212 238-9000, [25].^ I decided to walk down Broadway to Macy’s the world’s largest department store.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    M-Sa 9AM-7:30PM, Su 10:30AM-6:30PM. .Occupies an entire block of stores right across the street from City Hall Park and sells the widest selection of computers, computer accessories, and various other electronic products (including blank CDs and batteries) in New York, at the lowest prices short of ordering through the internet.^ New York is a very interesting city.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    ^ But interesting enough, there are two Universities in that area - Columbia University of New York and the City University of New York.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Where we grew up, this would be a good thing: With the recent terror alerts for the New York City subways, we have decided we won’t ride them while we are there.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    It is also probably the second best source of digital cameras and accessories in New York (B&H near Penn Station is generally considered by New Yorkers to be the best source). .Well worth visiting if you need something right away or prefer to look at products before purchasing them.^ Note: If you want to check to make sure you got it, move the right analog stick so that you are looking straight up.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    ^ How Long Do You Look For Something Like That, In A Situation Like This?
    • Photos: Erykah Badu and Janelle Monae at Governors Island Beach - New York Music - Sound of the City 2 February 2010 14:50 UTC blogs.villagevoice.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Generous return policies, too.  edit
  • World Financial Center, (just west of the World Trade Center site), +1 212 417-7000, [26].^ We passed through Battery Park, went on the Staten Island Ferry (saw the Statue of Liberty), toured the Financial District, visited the World Trade Center site, walked over the Brooklyn Bridge, went up to Chinatown, Little Italy, SoHo, the Village, Washington Sq.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    ^ I ran into Sid the guy from Boston (this was the 3rd time we had just ran into each other in the street, what are the chances of this in cities the size of Boston and NY), we then went and looked at the World Trade Centre site.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    ^ In fact, we will monitor the news this coming week and make a decision about whether it’s worth the risk to go see the World Trade Center site and the Statue of Liberty, or just bypass the Big Apple altogether and head on toward Philadelphia.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    Shopping, dining, events and the Winter Garden all open to the public.  edit
  • Eurostars Wall Street, 129 Front Street (at Pine Street), +1 212 742-0003 (, fax: +1 212 742-0124), [27]. A small boutique luxury hotel a block north of Wall Street. $230-$400.  edit
  • Hotel Reserve, 51 Nassau Street, +1 212 227-3007, [29]. .A boutique hotel two blocks from Wall Street, one block from the New York Stock Exchange, and across the street from the Federal Reserve Bank.^ Next we walked past the Stock Exchange and then down to the Staten Island ferry terminal where we caught a free ferry across the river.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    ^ But interesting enough, there are two Universities in that area - Columbia University of New York and the City University of New York.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    ^ It’s pretty cool though, I’ve never seen the one in New York but I’ve been to the one in Japan!
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    Consists of 113 rooms with free wireless internet, contains a fitness center, and is pet friendly.
    $150-$250.  edit
  • Millennium Hilton, 55 Church Street (across the street from the WTC site), +1 212 693-2001 (fax: +1 212 571-2316), [30]. Business class with finely decorated rooms and great views. $300-$400.  .'sleep', 'Manhattan/Lower_Manhattan');return false;" title="click to edit Millennium Hilton">edit
  • New York Marriott Downtown, 85 West Street, +1 212 385-4900 (fax: +1 212 227-8136), [31].^ The boat tours under the Williamsburg, Manhattan and Brooklyn bridges, and through New York harbor to circle the Statue of Liberty.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    ^ If you want to know more, just click: Detective Stella Bonasera is half Greek, half Italian and all New York.
    • News from Around the World: statue of liberty archives 6 February 2010 13:37 UTC news.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

    Good views and nice rooms. $300-$450.  edit
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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

Proper noun

Singular
Statue of Liberty
Plural
-
  1. A very large statue in New York harbor considered emblematic of the United States and its attractiveness to voluntary immigrants.

Quotations

See also

Translations

Noun

Singular
Statue of Liberty
Plural
  1. (American football) A Statue of Liberty play, which involves a fake in which the quarterback assumes a pose like that of the statue.
  2. (juggling) A pattern where the props are thrown from one hand to the other in a circular motion, with one hand raised significantly above the other.
  • Famous tricks such as the Mills Mess, Burke's Barrage, and Rubenstein's Revenge are covered, along with fundamentals (Statue of Liberty, the Snake, the Machine, 4 4 1)[...] (Beyond the Cascade, George Gillson)

Simple English

The Statue of Liberty,[1] officially named Liberty Enlightening the World, is a monument symbolising the United States. The statue is placed near the entrance to New York City harbor.

The statue commemorates the signing of the United States Declaration of Independence. It was given to the United States by the people of France, to represent the friendship between the two countries established during the American Revolution.[2] It represents a woman wearing a stola, a crown and sandals, trampling a broken chain, and with a torch in her raised right hand and a tabula ansata, where the date of the Declaration of Independence JULY IV MDCCLXXVI [3] is written, in her left hand. The statue is located at Liberty Island in New York Harbor,[4] and it welcomes visitors, immigrants, and returning Americans traveling by ship.[5]

Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi sculpted the statue[6] and he obtained an U.S. patent for the structure.[7] Maurice Koechlin, who was chief engineer of Gustave Eiffel's engineering company and designer of the Eiffel Tower, designed the internal structure. The pedestal was designed by the architect Richard Morris Hunt. Eugène Viollet-le-Duc choose copper in the construction of the statue, and for the adoption of the repoussé construction technique, where a malleable metal is hammered on the reverse side.[8]

The statue is made of a covering of pure copper, put on a framework of steel (originally puddled iron) with the exception of the flame of the torch, which is coated in gold leaf (originally made of copper and later altered to hold glass panes). It stands over a rectangular stonework pedestal with a foundation in the shape of an irregular eleven-pointed star. The statue is 151 ft (46 m) tall, but with the pedestal and foundation, it is 305 ft (93 m) tall.

The Statue of Liberty is one of the most recognizable symbols in the world.[9] For many years it was one of the first glances of the United States for millions of immigrants and visitors after ocean voyages from around the world.

The statue is the central part of the Statue of Liberty National Monument, administered by the National Park Service. The National Monument also includes Ellis Island.

References



Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 05, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Statue of Liberty, which are similar to those in the above article.








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