Stavropol Krai: Wikis

  
  
  

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Stavropol Krai (English)
Ставропольский край (Russian)
-  Krai  -
Map of Russia - Stavropol Krai (2008-03).svg
Coat of Arms of Stavropol kray.png
Coat of arms of Stavropol Krai
Flag of Stavropol Krai.png
Flag of Stavropol Krai
Anthem none[citation needed]
Political status
Country Russia
Political status Krai
Federal district North Caucasian[1]
Economic region North Caucasus[2]
Administrative center Stavropol[citation needed]
Official languages Russian[3]; Russian[4]
Statistics
Population (2002 Census)[5] 2,735,139 inhabitants
- Rank within Russia 16th
- Urban[5] 56.0%
- Rural[5] 44.0%
- Density 41 /km2 (100/sq mi)[6]
Area (as of the 2002 Census)[7] 66,500 km2 (25,675.8 sq mi)
- Rank within Russia 45th
Established January 10, 1934[citation needed]
License plates 26
ISO 3166-2:RU RU-STA
Time zone MSK/MSD (UTC+3/+4)
Government (as of April 2009)
Governor[8] Valery Gayevsky[9]
Legislature State Duma[8]
Charter Charter (Basic Law) of Stavropol Krai
Official website
http://www.stavkray.ru/

Stavropol Krai (Russian: Ставропо́льский край, Stavropolsky kray) is a federal subject of Russia (a krai). Its administrative center is the city of Stavropol.

Contents

Geography

Stavropol Krai encompasses the central part of the Fore-Caucasus and most of the Northern slopes of Caucasus Major. It borders with Rostov Oblast, Krasnodar Krai, Republic of Kalmykia, Republic of Dagestan, Chechen Republic, North Ossetia-Alania, Kabardino-Balkar Republic, and Karachay-Cherkess Republic.

Demographics

Population: 2,735,139 (2002 Census); 2,410,379 (1989 Census). The population of Stavropol Krai is concentrated in the Kuban River and Kuma River drainage basin, which used to be traditional Cossack land (see History of Cossacks). The Kuban Cossacks are now generally considered to be ethnic Russians, even though they are still an important minority in their own right in this area. Other notable ethnic groups include the Armenians (mostly Christian Hamsheni) who have been settling here since at least the 18th century.

Ethnic groups: The 2002 Census counted thirty-three ethnic groups of more than two thousand persons each, making this federal subject one of the most multicultural in Russia. The inhabitants identified themselves as belonging to more than 140 different ethnic groups, as shown in the following table:

Population Ethnicity Percentage of total population
2,231,759 Russians 81.6%
149,249 Armenians 5.46%
45,892 Ukrainians 1.68%
40,218 Dargins 1.47%
34,078 Greeks 1.25%
20,680 Nogay 0.76%
19,094 Roma people 1.47%
15,146 Karachay 0.55%
15,069 Azeris 0.55%
13,937 Turkmens 0.51%
13,208 Chechens 0.50%
12,988 Tatars 0.5%
8,047 Germans 0.28%
7,772 Ossetians 0.26%
7,484 Turks 0.26%
5,744 Kumyks 0.22%
3,902 Kazakhs 0.2%
3,300 Abazin 0.17%

A further 0.26% of the inhabitants declined to state their nationality on the census questionnaire.[10]

Vital Statistics for 2007: Source

  • Birth Rate: 11.22 per 1,000
  • Death Rate: 13.32 per 1,000
  • Net Immigration: +3.5 per 1,000
  • NGR: -0.21% per Year
  • PGR: +0.14% per Year

Administrative divisions

Agriculture

Irrigated agriculture is well developed in the region. As of the beginning of 2001, Stavropol Krai had 3361 km of irrigation canals, of which 959 km were lined (i.e. had concrete or stone walls, rather than merely soil walls, to reduce the loss of water).[11]

Among the major irrigation canals are:[11]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", №20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000).
  2. ^ Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  3. ^ According to Article 68.1 of the Constitution of Russia, Russian is the official language on the whole territory of the Russian Federation. Article 68.2 further stipulates that only the republics have the right to establish official languages other than Russian.
  4. ^ According to Article 68.2 of the Constitution of Russia, only republics have the right to establish official languages other than Russian
  5. ^ a b c Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек (Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000)" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002). Federal State Statistics Service. http://perepis2002.ru/ct/html/TOM_01_04_1.htm. Retrieved 2010-03-01. 
  6. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2002 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox is not necessarily reported for the same year as the Census (2002).
  7. ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002). Federal State Statistics Service. http://perepis2002.ru/ct/html/TOM_01_03.htm. Retrieved 2008-10-17. 
  8. ^ a b Charter, Article 8
  9. ^ Official website of the Governor of Stavropol Krai. Biography of Valery Veniaminovich Gayevsky (Russian)
  10. ^ (XLS) National Composition of Population for Regions of the Russian Federation. 2002 Russian All-Population Census. 2002. http://www.perepis2002.ru/ct/doc/English/4-2.xls. Retrieved 2006-07-20. 
  11. ^ a b Общая информация О водных ресурсах края (General information about the water resources of the krai), from the regional government site. (Russian)

References

  • Государственная Дума Ставропольского края. №6-кз 12 октября 1994 г. «Устав (основной закон) Ставропольского края», в ред. Закона №34-кз от 10 июня 2008 г. (State Duma of Stavropol Krai. #6-kz October 12, 1994 Charter (Basic Law) of Stavropol Krai, as amended by the Law #34-kz of June 10, 2008. ).

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Europe : Russia : Southern Russia : Stavropol Krai

Stavropol Krai is a region in Southern Russia, which borders Krasnodar Krai to the west, Rostov Oblast to the north, Kalmykia to the east, and all the republics of the North Caucasus to the south.

  • Stavropol — this capital city is located in a particularly mountainous area of the region and was one of Russia's most important bases during the Russian conquest of the Caucasus; former home to Mikhail Gorbachev and it has a particularly nice urban park
  • Essentuki — yet another Caucasian health spa resort with mineral waters, hot springs, sulphide mud baths, and a small, pretty wooden church
  • Kislovodsk — meaning "Sour Waters," home to Alexander Solzhenitsyn
  • Lysogorskaya Stanitsa — a small Cossack village not far from the health spa cities with a beautiful 19th century wooden church
  • Mineralnye Vody — a health spa city named for its "Mineral Waters" at the edge of the; a common flight destination for visitors to the North Caucasus
  • Pyatigorsk — major Russian health spa destination surrounded by the five peaks of Beshtau made famous by Lermontov's

Understand

Stavropol Krai contains a large number of Caucasian health spas/sanatoria, which Russians have visited for over 200 years to treat various ailments (and just to escape the northern climate of Moscow and Saint Petersburg. As such, the region has been home to many of Russia's most prominent figures, including writers such as A.S. Pushkin and Mikhail Lermontov, whose works have embedded the Pyatigorsk region into the national consciousness. A great read for anyone visiting the region is Lermontov's short novel, A Hero of Our Time, which is set in various areas in the south of the Krai.

Stavropol Krai is also notable for its exceptionally diverse climactic and topographic diversity. The environments range from sand deserts, to mud flats, to steppe, to forest, to mountains, to permafrost!

Talk

Russian is the soup of the day.

Get in

By rail, most visitors will arrive at the regional transit hub of Stavropol. Domestic flights to Stavropol and to Mineralnye Vody (which is closer to Mount Elbrus, the North Caucasus, and the health spas) are common around Russia.

  • Mountain Beshtau Uranium Mines (RU)[1] 238 kilometers of mines inside Mount Beshtau 7 km from Pyatigorsk city. Closed in ~ 1971, but explored by diggers today. The site guides offers edventure descend into the mines with ropes and equipment.
  • Mountain climbing
  • Quail hunting
  • Sulphur baths

Stay safe

Because of its proximity to the conflict in Chechnya, the security situation is very poor in Stavropol Krai. While kidnappings are unlikely, there have been fairly regular bombings of public areas and official facilities in the southern cities and in Stavropol over the years. While a visitor is fairly unlikely to be victim to such terroristic attacks, the resulting crackdown has led to strict and unfortunately corrupt policing of the area — a visitor is quite likely to be harassed for bribes.

  • Stavropol State University — located in Stavropol,owned in 1996
  • North Caucasus Gumanitarium Technological University — main located in Stavropol,but have own filials in Pyatigorsk,Kislovodsk and Ingushetia
  • North Caucasus Gumanitarium Technological Institute;
  • Stavropol State Medical Academy
  • Stavropol State Agrarium University — one of the best agrarium university in Russia;
  • Pyatigorsk State Linguistic University — one of the best linguistic university in Russia.Located in Pyatigorsk;
  • Pyatigorsk State Technological University — located in Pyatigorsk
  • Kislovodsk State Technological University — located in Kislovodsk

.

Mobile

In Stavropol krai there are three GSM operators (MTS,Beeline,Megafon), one 3G-UMTS operator (Beeline) and one CDMA operator on 800 MhZ frequency (RusSDO) and they often have offers that give you a SIM card for free or at least very cheap. If you are planning to stay a while and to keep in touch with Stavropolean and other North-Caucasus,South-Russians people, then you should consider buying a local SIM card instead of going on roaming. If you buy a SIM card from a shop you'll need your passport for identification. It only takes five minutes to do the paperwork and it will cost less than $10.

Get out

Stavropol Krai is a common jumping off point for tourists venturing into the North Caucasus. Basically any city in the region can be reached via minibus or taxi from Mineralnye Vody.

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