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2006 NEWMAC Championships, Cambridge, MA
Women's 3000 meter World Athletics Championships 2007 in Osaka
Women's steeplechase at the 2008 World Junior Championships, in Bydgoszcz
Steeplechase race, Celtic Park, N.Y. through water

The steeplechase is an obstacle race in athletics, which derives its name from the steeplechase in horse racing.

Contents

Rules

The length of the race is usually 3000 m; junior events are 2000 m, as women's events formerly were. The circuit has four ordinary barriers and one water jump. Over 3000 m, each runner must clear a total of 28 ordinary barriers and seven water jumps. This entails seven complete laps after starting with a fraction of a lap run without barriers. The water jump is located on the back turn, either inside the inner lane or outside the outer lane. If it is on the outside, then each of the seven laps is longer than the standard 400 m, and the starting point is on the home straight. If the water jump is on the inside, each lap is shorter than 400 m, the starting point is on the back straight, and the water jump is bypassed at the start.

According to IAAF rules, barrier height is 914 mm (36 in) for men and 762 mm (30 in) for women. Unlike those used in hurdling, steeplechase barriers do not fall over if hit; some runners actually step on top of them. Four barriers are spaced around the track on level ground, and a fifth barrier at the top of the second turn (fourth barrier in a complete lap from the finish line) is the water jump, which consists of a barrier followed by a pit of water which is 3.66 m (12 ft) long and slopes upward from 700 mm (27.6 in) deep at the barrier end to even with the surface of the track. This slope rewards runners with more jumping ability, because a longer jump results in a shallower landing in the water.

History

water jump in the steeplechase 1908 Summer Olympics in London

The event originated in the British Isles. Runners raced from one town's steeple to the next. The steeples were used as markers due to their visibility over long distances. Along the way runners inevitably had to jump streams and low stone walls separating estates. The modern athletics event originates from a two-mile cross country steeplechase that formed part of the Oxford University sports (in which many of the modern athletics events were founded) in 1860. It was replaced in 1865 by an event over barriers on a flat field, which became the modern steeplechase. It has been an Olympic event since the inception of the modern Olympics, though with varying lengths. Since the 1968 Summer Olympics the steeplechase in the Olympics has been dominated by Kenyan athletes, including a clean sweep of the medals at the 2004 Games.

The steeplechase for women (3,000 meters long, but with lower barriers than for the men) made its first major championship appearance at the 2005 World Championships in Helsinki. In 2008, Women's 3,000 meters steeplechase appeared for the first time on the Olympic tracks in Beijing (see Athletics at the 2008 Summer Olympics - Women's 3000 metre steeplechase).

World record progression

The official world record in the 3000-meter steeplechase for men is held by Saif Saaeed Shaheen of Qatar (formerly Stephen Cherono of Kenya) at 7:53.63 and was set on September 3, 2004 during the Memorial van Damme in Brussels. On August 16, 2002 Brahim Boulami of Morocco ran 7:53.17 but this has not been ratified by the IAAF, as Boulami was banned for two years in 2003 after testing positive for EPO.

The first person to run the steeplechase in under eight minutes was Moses Kiptanui of Kenya, who ran it in 7:59.18 on August 16, 1995 in Zürich, Switzerland.

The official world record in the 3000 m steeplechase for women is held by Gulnara Galkina-Samitova of Russia at 8:58.81 and was set at the 2008 Olympics.

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Men (manual timing)

TIME ATHLETE VENUE DATE
8:49.6  Sándor Rozsnyói (HUN) Bern 1954-08-28
8:47.8  Pentti Karvonen (FIN) Helsinki 1955-07-01
8:45.4  Pentti Karvonen (FIN) Oslo 1955-07-15
8:45.4  Vasiliy Vlasenko (URS) Moscow 1955-08-18
8:41.2  Jerzy Chromik (POL) Brno 1955-08-31
8:40.2  Jerzy Chromik (POL) Budapest 1955-09-11
8:39.8  Semyon Rzhishchin (URS) Moscow 1956-08-14
8:35.6  Sándor Rozsnyói (HUN) Budapest 1956-09-16
8:35.5  Semyon Rzhishchin (URS) Tallinn 1958-07-21
8:32.0  Jerzy Chromik (POL) Warsaw 1958-08-02
8:31.4  Zdzisław Krzyszkowiak (POL) Tula 1960-06-26
8:31.2  Grigoriy Taran (URS) Kiev 1961-05-28
8:30.4  Zdzisław Krzyszkowiak (POL) Wałcz 1961-06-26
8:29.6  Gaston Roelants (BEL) Leuven 1963-09-07
8:26.4  Gaston Roelants (BEL) Leuven 1965-08-07
8:24.2  Jouko Kuha (FIN) Stockholm 1968-07-17
8:22.2  Vladimir Dudin (URS) Kiev 1969-08-19
8:22.0  Kerry O'Brien (AUS) Berlin 1970-07-04
8:20.8  Anders Gärderud (SWE) Helsinki 1972-09-14
8:20.8  Ben Jipcho (KEN) Lagos 1973-01-15
8:19.1  Ben Jipcho (KEN) Helsinki 1973-06-19
8:10.4  Anders Gärderud (SWE) Oslo 1975-06-25
8:09.8  Anders Gärderud (SWE) Stockholm 1975-07-01
8:08.2  Anders Gärderud (SWE) Montreal 1976-07-28
8:05.4  Henry Rono (KEN) Oslo 1978-05-13

Men (electronic timing)

TIME ATHLETE VENUE DATE
8:05.35  Peter Koech (KEN) Stockholm 1989-07-03
8:02.08  Moses Kiptanui (KEN) Zürich 1992-08-19
7:59.18  Moses Kiptanui (KEN) Zürich 1995-08-16
7:59.08  Wilson Boit Kipketer (KEN) Zürich 1997-08-13
7:55.72  Bernard Barmasai (KEN) Cologne 1997-08-24
7:55.28  Brahim Boulami (MAR) Brussels 2001-08-24
7:53.63  Saif Saaeed Shaheen (QAT) Brussels 2004-09-03

Women (electronic timing)

TIME ATHLETE VENUE DATE
10:34.5  Sara Heeb (USA) Walnut 1996-04-20
10:30.2  Gracie Padilla (USA) Los Angeles 1996-05-17
10:23.47  Courtney Meldrum (USA) Atlanta 1996-06-23
10:19.6  Karen Harvey (CAN) Walnut 1998-04-18
09:55.28  Daniela Petrescu (ROM) Bucharest 1998-06-21
09:48.88  Yelena Motalova (RUS) Tula 1999-07-31
09:43.64  Cristina Casandra (ROM) Bucharest 2000-08-07
09:40.20  Cristina Casandra (ROM) Reims 2000-08-30
09:22.29  Justyna Bąk (POL) Milan 2002-06-05
09:21.72  Alesya Turova (BLR) Ostrava 2002-06-12
09:16.51  Alesya Turova (BLR) Gdańsk 2002-07-27
09:08.33  Gulnara Samitova-Galkina (RUS) Tula 2003-08-10
09:01.59  Gulnara Samitova-Galkina (RUS) Iraklio 2004-07-04
08:58.81  Gulnara Samitova-Galkina (RUS) Beijing 2008-08-17

Best year performance

Men's seasons best (outdoor)

YEAR TIME ATHLETE PLACE
1968 8:24.2  Jouko Kuha (FIN) Stockholm
1969 8:22.2  Vladimiras Dudinas (URS) Kiev
1970 8:21.98  Kerry O'Brien (AUS) Berlin
1971 8:24.0  Kerry O'Brien (AUS) Adelaide
1972 8:20.8  Anders Gärderud (SWE) Helsinki
1973 8:13.91  Ben Jipcho (KEN) Helsinki
1974 8:14.2  Anders Gärderud (SWE) Helsinki
1975 8:09.70  Anders Gärderud (SWE) Stockholm
1976 8:08.02  Anders Gärderud (SWE) Montréal
1977 8:14.05  Michael Karst (FRG) Stockholm
1978 8:05.4  Henry Rono (KEN) Seattle
1979 8:17.92  Henry Rono (KEN) Champaign
1980 8:09.70  Bronislaw Malinowski (POL) Moscow
1981 8:12.13  Patriz Ilg (FRG) Zagreb
1982 8:16.17  Henry Marsh (USA) Koblenz
1983 8:12.37  Henry Marsh (USA) Berlin
1984 8:07.62  Joseph Mahmoud (FRA) Brussels
1985 8:09.17  Henry Marsh (USA) Koblenz
1986 8:10.01  William Van Dijck (BEL) Brussels
1987 8:08.57  Francesco Panetta (ITA) Rome
1988 8:05.51  Julius Kariuki (KEN) Seoul
1989 8:05.35  Peter Koech (KEN) Stockholm
1990 8:10.95  Peter Koech (KEN) Hengelo
1991 8:06.46  Moses Kiptanui (KEN) Brussels
1992 8:02.08  Moses Kiptanui (KEN) Zürich
1993 8:06.36  Moses Kiptanui (KEN) Stuttgart
1994 8:08.80  Moses Kiptanui (KEN) Zürich
1995 7:59.18  Moses Kiptanui (KEN) Zürich
1996 8:05.68  John Kosgei (KEN) Milan
1997 7:55.72  Bernard Barmasai (KEN) Cologne
1998 8:00.67  Bernard Barmasai (KEN) Monaco
1999 7:58.98  Bernard Barmasai (KEN) Monaco
2000 8:02.76  Bernard Barmasai (KEN) Monaco
2001 7:55.28  Brahim Boulami (MAR) Brussels
2002 7:58.09  Brahim Boulami (MAR) Monaco
2003 7:57.38  Saif Saeed Shaheen (QAT) Monaco
2004 7:53.63  Saif Saeed Shaheen (QAT) Brussels
2005 7:55.51  Saif Saeed Shaheen (QAT) Brussels
2006 7:56.32  Saif Saeed Shaheen (QAT) Athens
2007 7:58.80  Paul Kipsiele Koech (KEN) Brussels
2008 8:00.57  Paul Kipsiele Koech (KEN) Heusden-Zolder

Women's seasons best (outdoor)

YEAR TIME ATHLETE PLACE
1996 10:23.47  Courtney Meldrum (USA) Atlanta, Georgia
1997 10:30.90  Melissa Teemant (USA) Indianapolis
1998 09:55.28  Daniela Petrescu (ROM) Bucharest
1999 09:48.88  Yelena Motalova (RUS) Tula
2000 09:48.88  Cristina Casandra (ROM) Reims
2001 09:44.36  Justyna Bak (POL) Poznań
2002 09:16.51  Alesya Turova (BLR) Gdánsk
2003 09:08.33  Gulnara Samitova (RUS) Tula
2004 09:01.59  Gulnara Samitova (RUS) Iraklio
2005 09:15.04  Dorcus Inzikuru (UGA) Athens
2006 09:17.15  Wioletta Janowska (POL) Athens
2007 09:06.57  Yekaterina Volkova (RUS) Osaka
2008 08:58.81  Gulnara Samitova (RUS) Beijing

National records

Men

(Updated as of September 15, 2009)

NATION TIME ATHLETE VENUE DATE
 QAT 7:53.63 Saif Saaeed Shaheen Brussels 2004-09-03
 MAR 7:55.28 Brahim Boulami Brussels 2001-08-24
 KEN 7:55.72 Bernard Barmasai Cologne 1997-08-24
 FRA 8:01.18 Bouabdellah Tahri Berlin 2009-08-18
 NED 8:04.95 Simon Vroemen Brussels 2005-08-26
 SWE 8:05.75 Mustafa Mohamed Heusden 2007-07-28
 BHR 8:06.13 Tareq Mubarak Taher Athens 2009-07-13
 ESP 8:07.44 Luis Miguel Martín Brussels 2002-08-30
 GBR 8:07.96 Mark Rowland Seoul 1988-09-30
 KSA 8:08.14 Sa'ad Shaddad Al-Asmari Stockholm 2002-07-16
 ITA 8:08.57 Francesco Panetta Rome 1989-09-05
 USA 8:08.82 Daniel Lincoln Rome 2006-07-14
 POL 8:09.11 Bronislaw Malinowski Montreal 1976-07-28
 GER 8:09.48 Damian Kallabis Zürich 1999-08-11
 BEL 8:10.01 William Van Dijck Brussels 1986-09-05
 ALG 8:10.23 Laid Bessou Monaco 2000-08-18
 CHN 8:10.46 Sun Ripeng Shanghai 1997-10-19
 FIN 8:10.67 Jukka Keskisalo Zurich 2009-08-28
 AUT 8:10.83 Günther Weidlinger Sevilla 1999-08-21
 ETH 8:11.32 Roba Gary Thessaloniki 2009-09-13
 RSA 8:11.63 Ruben Ramolefi Monaco 2009-07-28
 NOR 8:12.05 Jim Svenøy Brussels 1997-08-22
 TAN 8:12.48 Filbert Bayi Moscow 1980-07-31
 CAN 8:12.58 Graeme Fell Koblenz 1985-08-28
 UGA 8:12.98 Benjamin Kiplagat Ostrava 2009-06-17
 ROU 8:13.26 Florin Ionescu Sevilla 1999-08-21
 NZL 8:14.05 Peter Renner Koblenz 1984-08-29
 BRA 8:14.41 Wander Moura Mar del Plata 1995-03-22
 TUN 8:15.07 Fethi Baccouche Helsinki 1987-07-02
 RUS 8:15.54 Pavel Potapovich Paris 2003-07-04
 AUS 8:16.22 Shaun Creighton Villeneuve d'Ascq 1993-07-02
 SLO 8:16.96 Boštjan Buč Ostrava 2003-06-12
 HUN 8:17.97 Gábor Markó Potsdam 1984-07-21
 TUR 8:18.43 Halil Akkaş Izmir 2007-05-22
 JPN 8:18.93 Yoshitaka Iwamizu Saint-Denis 2003-08-23
 MDA 8:18.97 Ion Luchianov Beijing 2008-08-16
 POR 8:19.82 Manuel Silva Stockholm 2004-07-27
 SUI 8:22.24 Christian Belz Hengelo 2001-06-04
 DEN 8:22.9 Flemming Jensen Eugene 1983-04-30
 CZE 8:23.8 Dusan Moravcik Praha 1972-09-17
 GRE 8:24.01 Filippos Filippou Dar-el-Beida 1983-09-15
 IRL 8:24.09 Brendan Quinn Brussels 1985-08-30
 ISR 8:24.14 Itai Maggidi Longeville-lès-Metz 2008-07-04
 CUB 8:24.66 Angel Rodriguez Göteborg 1995-08-07
 UZB 8:24.81 Anatoliy Dimov Moscow 1980-07-28

Women

(Updated as of September 15, 2009)

NATION TIME ATHLETE VENUE DATE
 RUS 8:58.81 Gulnara Galkina Beijing 2008-08-17
 KEN 9:07.41 Eunice Jepkorir Beijing 2008-08-17
 ESP 9:07.32 Marta Domínguez Berlin 2009-08-17
 UGA 9:15.04 Dorcus Inzikuru Athens 2005-06-14
 BLR 9:16.51 Alesya Turova Gdańsk 2002-07-27
 ROU 9:16.85 Cristina Casandra Beijing 2008-08-17
 POL 9:17.15 Wioletta Janowska Athens 2006-07-03
 ETH 9:17.85 Zemzem Ahmed Beijing 2008-08-17
 AUS 9:18.35 Donna MacFarlane Oslo 2008-06-06
 GER 9:18.54 Antje Möldner Berlin 2009-08-17
 USA 9:12.50 Jenny Barringer Berlin 2009-08-17
 POR 9:22.50 Jessica Augusto Huelva 2008-06-13
 MAR 9:24.29 Hanane Ouhaddou Heusden-Zolder 2009-07-18
 TUN 9:12.52 Habiba Ghribi Berlin 2009-08-17
 FRA 9:25.62 Sophie Duarte Roma 2009-07-10
 CHN 9:26.25 Liu Nian Wuhan 2007-11-02
 JAM 9:27.21 Mardrea Hyman Monaco 2005-09-09
 UKR 9:27.26 Valentyna Gorpynich Yalta 2008-06-07
 ITA 9:27.48 Elena Romagnolo Beijing 2008-08-15
 IRL 9:28.29 Roisin McGettigan Heusden-Zolder 2007-07-28
 BEL 9:28.47 Veerle Dejaeghere Neerpelt 2007-06-02
 GBR 9:29.14 Helen Clitheroe Beijing 2008-08-15
 HUN 9:30.20 Lívia Tóth Monaco 2005-09-09
 LTU 9:30.21 Rasa Troup Beijing 2008-08-15
 GRE 9:30.72 Iríni Kokkinaríou Athens 2008-07-13
 NZL 9:32.54 Kate McIllroy Heusden-Zolder 2006-07-22
 NOR 9:33.19 Karoline Bjerkeli Grøvdal Neerpelt 2007-06-02
 JPN 9:33.93 Minori Hayakari Heusden-Zolder 2008-07-20
 MDA 9:36.63 Oxana Juravel Berlin 2009-08-15
 ALG 9:38.31 Fatiha Bahi Azzouhoum Athens 2005-06-14
 NED 9:38.40 Miranda Boonstra Nijmegen 2009-05-29
 SWE 9:38.55 Christin Johansson Heusden-Zolder 2007-07-28
 FIN 9:40.28 Johanna Lehtinen Athens 2006-07-03
 BRA 9:41.22 Sabine Heitling London 2009-07-24
 CZE 9:42.01 Michaela Mannová Bydgoszcz 2003-07-19
 BUL 9:42.08 Dobrinka Shalamanova Milano 2007-06-24
 TUR 9:42.36 Türkan Erismis Bursa 2008-07-19
 SUD 9:47.41 Muna Durka Barcelona 2008-07-19
 AUT 9:47.61 Andrea Mayr Jambes 2008-07-02
 CAN 9:51.16 Carol Henry Baton Rouge 2002-06-01
 LAT 9:51.56 Inna Poluškina Ventspils 2008-06-14
 ZIM 9:52.98 Letiwe Marakurwa Sacramento 2003-06-13
 MKD 9:53.65 Daniela Kuleska Odessa 2001-06-06
 RSA 9:55.11 Tebogo Masehla El Djezair 2007-07-20
 MEX 9:55.43 Talis Apud Rio de Janeiro 2007-07-28
 ARG 10:00.36 Rosa Godoy Huelva 2008-06-13
 SRB 10:02.24 Biljana Jovic Debrecen 2007-07-13
 DEN 10:04.65 Louise Mørch Praha 2005-06-27
 ECU 10:11.98 Monica Amboya Huelva 2008-08-06
 MAD 10:14.46 Haingo Ny Aina Rakotomalala Narbonne 2003-07-24
 IND 10:18.76 Sudha Singh Jamshedpur 2007-10-25
 EST 10:21.47 Jekaterina Patjuk Tallinn 2008-06-21

Top 25 performers

Men

(Updated August 18, 2009)

Pos Time Athlete Venue Date
1. 7:53.63  Saif Saaeed Shaheen (QAT) Bruxelles September 3, 2004
2. 7:55.28  Brahim Boulami (MAR) Bruxelles August 24, 2001
3. 7:55.72  Bernard Barmasai (KEN) Köln August 24, 1997
4. 7:56.16  Moses Kiptanui (KEN) Köln August 24, 1997
5. 7:56.37  Paul Kipsiele Koech (KEN) Rome July 8, 2005
6. 7:57.29  Reuben Kosgei (KEN) Bruxelles August 24, 2001
7. 7:58.85  Ezekiel Kemboi (KEN) Doha May 8, 2009
8. 7:59.08  Wilson Boit Kipketer (KEN) Zürich August 13, 1997
9. 8:00.89  Richard Kipkemboi Mateelong (KEN) Berlin August 18, 2009
10. 8:01.18  Bouabdellah Tahri (FRA) Berlin August 18, 2009
11. 8:01.69  Kipkirui Misoi (KEN) Bruxelles August 24, 2001
12. 8:02.89  Brimin Kiprop Kipruto (KEN) Bruxelles September 14, 2007
13. 8:03.41  Patrick Sang (KEN) Köln August 24, 1997
14. 8:03.57  Ali Ezzine (MAR) Paris Saint-Denis June 23, 2000
15. 8:03.74  Raymond Yator (KEN) Monaco August 18, 2000
16. 8:03.89  John Kosgei (KEN) Monaco August 16, 1997
17. 8:04.95  Simon Vroemen (NED) Bruxelles August 26, 2005
18. 8:05.01  Eliud Barngetuny (KEN) Monaco July 25, 1995
19. 8:05.35  Peter Koech (KEN) Stockholm July 3, 1989
20. 8:05.37  Philip Barkutwo (KEN) Rieti September 6, 1992
21. 8:05.4  Henry Rono (KEN) Seattle, WA May 13, 1978
22. 8:05.43  Christopher Koskei (KEN) Zürich August 11, 1999
23. 8:05.51  Julius Kariuki (KEN) Seoul September 30, 1988
24. 8:05.68  Wesley Kiprotich (KEN) Bruxelles September 3, 2004
25. 8:05.75  Mustafa Mohamed (SWE) Heusden-Zolder July 28, 2007

Women

(Updated September 20, 2009)

Pos Time Athlete Venue Date
1. 8:58.81  Gulnara Galkina (RUS) Beijing August 17, 2008
2. 9:06.57  Yekaterina Volkova (RUS) Osaka August 27, 2007
3. 9:07.32  Marta Dominguez (ESP) Berlin August 17, 2009
4. 9:07.41  Eunice Jepkorir (KEN) Beijing August 17, 2008
5. 9:08.39  Yuliya Zarudneva (RUS) Berlin August 17, 2009
6. 9:08.57  Milcah Chemos Cheywa (KEN) Berlin August 17, 2009
7. 9:09.19  Tatyana Petrova (RUS) Osaka August 27, 2007
8. 9:12.50  Jennifer Barringer (USA) Berlin August 17, 2009
9. 9:12.52  Habiba Ghribi (TUN) Berlin August 17, 2009
10. 9:13.16  Ruth Bisibori (KEN) Berlin August 17, 2009
11. 9:14.62  Gladys Kipkemoi (KEN) Berlin August 17, 2009
12. 9:15.04  Dorcus Inzikuru (UGA) Athens June 14, 2005
13. 9:16.51  Alesya Turova (BLR) Gdańsk July 27, 2002
14. 9:16.85  Cristina Casandra (ROM) Beijing August 17, 2008
15. 9:17.15  Wioletta Janowska (POL) Athens July 3, 2006
16. 9:17.85  Zemzem Ahmed (ETH) Beijing August 17, 2008
17. 9:18.35  Donna MacFarlene (AUS) Oslo June 6, 2008
18. 9:18.54  Antje Möldner (GER) Berlin August 17, 2009
19. 9:19.91  Sofia Assefa (ETH) Oslo July 3, 2009
20. 9:20.23  Mekdes Bekele (ETH) Huelva June 13, 2008
21. 9:21.94  Lyubov Ivanova (RUS) Athens July 3, 2006
22. 9:22.15  Yelena Sidorchenkova (RUS) Cheboksary July 24, 2009
23. 9:22.29  Justyna Bak (POL) Milano June 5, 2002
24. 9:22.50  Jessica Augusto (POR) Huelva June 13, 2008
25. 9:22.76  Anna Willard (USA) Heusden-Zolder July 20, 2008

External links

In perfect steeplechase form, these soldiers of the anti-aircraft training center fling themselves over the five-foot rail fence.

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