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Stefan Lux
Born November 11, 1888(1888-11-11)
Vienna, Austria
Died July 3, 1936 (aged 47)
Geneva, Switzerland
Other names Peter Sturmsbusch
Occupation Journalist, writer, stage actor, film director

Stefan Lux (November 11, 1888 Vienna – July 3, 1936 Geneva) was a Jewish Czech journalist, who committed suicide in the general assembly room of the League of Nations during its session, July 3, 1936, to alert the world on the perils of German antisemitism. After shouting "C'est le dernier coup" ("This is the final blow,") he shot himself with a revolver.[1]

Lux was as well a writer who published works under the pseudonym of Peter Sturmbusch, a theater actor and a film director.[2]

Contents

Works

  • Under Peter Sturmbusch pseudonym:
    • Meine Leider. ; Wien, C. Konegen, 1911. OCLC 79798882
    • Drei Lieder für hohe Singstimme mit Klavierbegleitung ; Julius Rünger; Peter Sturmbusch; Ema Destinnová; Ada Negri; Mainz : B. Schott's Söhne, 1916. OCLC 52499152
    • Liebeslieder. ; Wien: Carl Konegen, 1921. OCLC 34528147
    • Nur keck : Posse mit Gesang in 3 Akten ; Johann Nestroy; Peter Sturmbusch; Wien : Interterritorialer Verlag "Renaissance" (Erdtracht) 1923. OCLC 72234224
  • As film Director:

Memorials

Amen. a Costa-Gavras' movie of 2002 begins with the suicide of Stefan Lux in Geneva.

See also

References

  • Michael Biggs ; The Transnational Diffusion of Protest by Self-Immolation ; Department of Sociology, University of Oxford (2005), p. 17-29
  • Betty Sargent ; The Desperate Mission of Stefan Lux ; The Georgia review. 55, no. 4, (2001): 187 ; Athens, University of Georgia. OCLC 95114451
  • (German) Der Opfertod von Genf : die Tat des Stephan Lux vor der Völkerbundsversammlung in the Israelitische Wochenblatt für die Schweiz 10 July 1936.
  • (German) Arnold Hahn : Vor den Augen der Welt ! Warum starb Stefan Lux ? Sein Leben, seine Tat, seine Briefe (Prag : Verlag der Cechoslovakisches Liga gegen den Antisemitismus, 1936). OCLC 71996332
  • (Spanish) Stefan Lux : Porqué se mató el periodista Stéfan Lux : apuntes para la historia de un mártir del siglo XX. ; Buenos Aires : Columna, 1937. OCLC 77527672
  • (French) League of Nations Archives : Registry n° 15/24650/17433.
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