Stefano Delle Chiaie: Wikis

  
  

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Stefano Delle Chiaie (born 13 September 1936 in Caserta) is a neofascist Italian activist (founder of Avanguardia Nazionale, 1960, member of Ordine Nuovo, and founder of Lega nazionalpopolare, 1991). He went on to become a wanted man worldwide, suspect to be involved in Italy's strategy of tension, but was acquitted. He was a friend of Licio Gelli, grandmaster of P2 masonic lodge. He was suspected of involvement in South America's Operation Condor, but was acquitted.

Contents

Italy activity

Founder of Avanguardia Nazionale in 1960

Delle Chiaie began as member of the Italian Social Movement (MSI, the neo-Fascist party). However he rejected the participation of the MSI in elections, preferring to take the battle to the streets, and so he left the party in 1960 to form the National Vanguard ("Avanguardia Nazionale") as a street-fighting group. Around this time, he also became a member of the secret P2 Masonic Lodge.

Delle Chiaie soon became a close ally of Junio Valerio Borghese and was suspected with him in the Golpe Borghese, but was acquitted because at time was in Barcelona-Spain.

Delle Chiaie was arrested in Caracas, Venezuela in 1989 and extradited to Italy to stand trial for his role in the Strage di Piazza Fontana bombing of Milan on December 12, 1969. Delle Chiaie was acquitted by the Assize Court in Catanzaro in 1989, along with fellow accused Massimiliano Fachini.[1] At 20 febbraio 1989 was declared as not guilty. At 5 luglio 1991 on appeal was acquitted for the case and for participation to subversive association.

He was also charged with subversive association in relationship to the 1980 Bologna railway station bombing, but was acquitted on appeals.[2]

Founder of Lega Nazionalpopolare 1991

October 1991, was founder of Lega Nazionalpopolare. The movement have limited success at Italy national parliamentary election 1992.

Sud-America activity

Stefano delle Chiaie was described by the CIA as being the most wanted rightist terrorist in 1983, was suspected of a lot of irregular activity, but without demonstration and was always acquitted.

In the course of his activities Delle Chiaie was also known by a number of aliases, the most notable of which were ALFA and Alfredo Di Stéfano, after the celebrated footballer of the same name. Delle Chiaie has since spent most of his time working in Latin America. Stefano Delle Chiaie took part in Yves Guérin-Sérac's "Aginter Press" founded in António de Oliveira Salazar's Portugal in 1965.

Stefano Delle Chiaie declared in a 1983 interview to a Spanish reporter: I was decided to give my hand to the creation of an international revolutionary movement...

During a 1997 hearing before the Commission on terrorism headed by senator Giovanni Pellegrino, Stefano Delle Chiaie went on speaking about a "black fascist International" and his hopes of creating the conditions of an "international revolution." He talked about the World Anticommunist League, but said that after attending a meeting in Paraguay, he left it. He claimed that the latter was a front for the CIA.[3] He only admitted having taken part in the New European Order (NOE) organization, and denied having worked with the International Anticommunist Alliance around 1974.

According to CIA documents, in Madrid, Stefano Delle Chiaie also met with Michael Townley, a DINA agent, and Virgilio Paz Romero, a Cuban based in Miami, with connections in Chile, to prepare, with the help of Franco's secret police, the murder of Bernardo Leighton, a Chilean Christian Democrat. On October 6, 1975 Leighton and his wife were severely injured by gunshots while in exile in Rome.[4]

Delle Chiaie, along with fellow extremist Vincenzo Vinciguerra, also testified in Rome in December 1995 before judge María Servini de Cubria that Enrique Arancibia Clavel (a former Chilean secret police agent prosecuted for crimes against humanity in 2004[5]) and Michael Townley (a United States-born secret police officer) were directly involved in this assassination.[6]

Michael Townley has claimed that DINA agent Enrique Arancibia Clavel, convicted in Argentina for the 1974 assassination of General Carlos Prats, had traveled to California in Fall of 1977 on banking business for ALFA, alias Stefano Delle Chiaie.[7]

Result of Sud-America activity

Stefano Delle Chiaie was never found guilty for South America cases.

References

  1. ^ "Two Acquitted of Organizing Terror Attack". Associated Press. 1989-02-21. 
  2. ^ "Four Convicted Of Mass Murder In Italian Bombing That Killed 85". Associated Press. 1988-07-11. 
  3. ^ Hearing of Stefano Delle Chiaie on 22 July 1997 before the Italian Parliamentary Commission on Terrorism headed by senator Giovanni Pellegrino
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ Vital rights ruling in Argentina, BBC, August 24, 2004 (English)
  6. ^ Arancibia, "clave" en la cooperación de las dictaduras, La Jornada, May 22, 2000 (Spanish)
  7. ^ Declassified documents, 2, 6 published by the National Security Archive

Further reading

  • Stuart Christie, Stefano Delle Chiaie: Portrait of a Black Terrorist, 1984

External links








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