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Stellarton
Our Lady of Lourdes Church, Stellarton.
Stellarton is located in Nova Scotia
Stellarton
Location of Stellarton in Nova Scotia
Coordinates: 45°33′24″N 62°39′36″W / 45.55667°N 62.66°W / 45.55667; -62.66
Country  Canada
Province  Nova Scotia
Municipality Pictou County
Founded 1790s
Incoporated October 22, 1889
Government
 - Mayor Joe Gennoe
 - Governing body Stellarton Town Council
Area
 - Total 8.99 km2 (3.5 sq mi)
Highest elevation 65 m (213 ft)
Lowest elevation 19 m (62 ft)
Population (2006)[1]
 - Total 4,717
 - Density 524.6/km2 (1,358.7/sq mi)
Time zone AST (UTC-4)
 - Summer (DST) ADT (UTC-3)
Postal Code B0K 1S0
Area code(s) 902
Telephone Exchanges 755, 752, 695
Website http://www.stellarton.ca/

Coordinates: 45°33′24″N 62°39′36″W / 45.55667°N 62.66°W / 45.55667; -62.66 (Stellarton, Nova Scotia) Stellarton is a town located in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. It is adjacent and to the south of the larger town of New Glasgow. As of the 2006 census, Stellarton had a population of 4,717.[1] In 1991, the population was 5,237.

History

In the 1790s coal quickly became a key focus of the local economy. The Foord Coal seam (from which the main street of Stellarton derives its name) runs through most of the town and is part of the greater Stellarton Basin/Pictou Coalfield. As part of an area recognized by geologists for its unique oil shales and thick coal seams, the Foord seam is said to be the thickest in the world with estimate of coal seams being as thick as 48 feet.

The Albion Railway's Samson locomotive, preserved at the Nova Scotia Museum of Industry in Stellarton

In the 1820s the mines were taken over by the General Mining Association which intensified production with new technology including the first steam engine in Nova Scotia for pumping and in 1839 Samson, the oldest railway locomotive in Canada which carried coal to waiting ships.[2] Samson is now preserved at the Nova Scotia Museum of Industry in Stellarton.

In pioneer times the area was called Coal Mines Station, but from 1833 until 1870 it was known as Albion Mines.[3] The town was incorporated in 1889 as Stellarton and owes its name to one of its oil shales. This coal came to be known as "stellarite" because of the "stars of fire" given off by its sparky flame.[4] The town is still home to coal mining operations, an open air strip mine is operated by Pioneer Coal.

Stellarton is unique for its painted fire hydrants, each adorned with a costumed representative of a town inhabitant or profession.

The Canadian grocery chain Sobeys is based out of Stellarton, and its corporate offices and grocery subsidiaries provides a fair percentage of the town's employment. Sobeys subsidiarys based in Stellarton include Big 8 Beverages, TRA Cash and Carry, Eastern Sign-Print and Regional Distribution Centre. Sobeys is majority owned by Empire Company.

Stellarton is home to the Nova Scotia Museum of Industry, part of the Nova Scotia Museum system.

Former Premier of Nova Scotia John Hamm makes his home in Stellarton, as does Loel Campbell, drummer for the bands Wintersleep, Contrived, The Holy Shroud, and The Remains of Brian Borcherdt

References

External links

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