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Steubenville, Ohio
—  City  —

Seal
Nickname(s): The City of Murals
Location within the state of Ohio
Coordinates: 40°21′56″N 80°37′53″W / 40.36556°N 80.63139°W / 40.36556; -80.63139Coordinates: 40°21′56″N 80°37′53″W / 40.36556°N 80.63139°W / 40.36556; -80.63139
Country United States
State Ohio
County Jefferson
Founded 1795
Government
 - Mayor Dominic Mucci (D)
Area
 - City 10.3 sq mi (26.7 km2)
 - Land 10.3 sq mi (26.8 km2)
 - Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 1,047 ft (319 m)
Population (2000)
 - City 19,329
 Density 1,842.2/sq mi (711.4/km2)
 Metro 128,000 (Shared with Weirton, WV)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 43952-43953
Area code(s) 740
FIPS code 39-74608[1]
GNIS feature ID 1065383[2]
Website http://www.ci.steubenville.oh.us

Steubenville is a city located along the Ohio River in Jefferson County, Ohio on the Ohio-West Virginia border in the United States. It is the political county seat of Jefferson County[3] and is sometimes considered part of the Pittsburgh Tri-State area, unofficially as a suburb[4]. It is also a principal city of the Weirton–Steubenville, WV-OH Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of the 2000 census, the city population was 19,329.

Steubenville is called the City of Murals because more than 25 murals can be found in the downtown area. It is the home of Franciscan University of Steubenville, Eastern Gateway Community College [4] (formerly Jefferson Community College), and Old Fort Steuben[5].

During its heyday in the period of the 1940s-60s, Steubenville was popularly known as "Little Chicago," a nickname that, on the one hand, evoked the city's prolific industry and downtown bustle, while on the other hand suggesting Steubenville's reputation for crime, gambling, and corruption.

It is the birthplace of legendary singer and actor Dean Martin, actress, producer and director Traci Lords, television commentator and oddsmaker Jimmy the Greek, Snyder and Hall of Fame baseball pitcher Rollie Fingers.

Contents

History

Steubenville was platted as a town in 1797, immediately after the creation of Jefferson County. It was built on the site of Fort Steuben which was erected in 1786–1787 and named in honor of Baron Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben. Steubenville received a city charter in 1851. The city was also a stop along the Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, Chicago and St. Louis Railroad that connected Pittsburgh to Chicago and St. Louis. Bezaliel (Bezaleel) Wells and James Ross were the founders of the city. Wells, a government surveyor born in Baltimore, received about 1,000 acres (4 km2) of land west of the Ohio River, and Ross, a lawyer from Pittsburgh, owned land north of his. The two men were responsible for the layout of the city.

Geography

Steubenville is located at 40°21′56″N 80°37′53″W / 40.36556°N 80.63139°W / 40.36556; -80.63139 (40.365535, -80.631483)[5].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.0 square miles (26.8 km²), all of it land. The city lies along the Ohio River, with the city spreading west from the floodplains to the hills that surround the city.

Government and politics

City Officials

Steubenville Elected Officials:
Mayor: Dominic Mucci
City Council: Eddie Chanoski (At-Large)
Gerald DiLorreto (1)
Richard Perkins (2)
Gregory Metcalf (3)
David Fortunato (4)
Albert Stasiulewicz (5)
David Lalich (6)
Municipal Judge: Dan Spahn
Officials Appointed by Steubenville City Council
City Manager: Cathy Davison
Fire Chief: Terri English
Police Chief: William McCafferty
Law Director: Gary Repella
City of Steubenville Directors
Building Inspector: James Ferris
Civil Service Commission: Brian Matzye
Health Department: Patricia Reda
Engineering Department: Michael Dolak
Parks and Recreation: Dwan Johnson
Sanitation, Street, and Electric Department: Bob Baird
Water Department: Bob Ribar
Wastewater Department: Chuck Murphy

Political corruption

Steubenville has had a reputation for political corruption. The Department of Justice alleged that the city and the police force had subjected numerous individuals to "excessive force, false arrests, charges, and reports" and had engaged in practices regarding "improper stops, searches, and seizures." The report from the Department also states that excessive force was levied against individuals who witnessed incidents of police misconduct, and against those who were known critics of the city and its police force. Those individuals were also falsely detained if the city and the police agreed that they were "likely to complain of abuse." It also stated that the officers involved also falsified reports and tampered with official police recorders so that "misconduct would not be recorded." [6][7] - - Over a period of 20 years the city lost, or settled out of court, 48 civil rights lawsuits involving its police force. The city paid out more than $800,000, $400,000 of which was between 1990 and 1996. As a result the city's police force earned the dubious distinction of being the second city in the nation to sign a consent decree with the federal government due to an excessive number of civil rights lawsuits. The decree signed on September 4, 1997 under the "pattern or practice" provision. Under this agreement, the city agreed to improve the training of its police officers, implement new guidelines and procedures, establish an internal affairs unit, and establish an "early warning system."

Politics

The current political make-up of Steubenville is largely Democratic and an above-average number of registered Independents. There are six Democrats for every one Republican in Steubenville, but the majority of people at the Franciscan University of Steubenville are very conservative and pro-life. They lead many events in Steubenville.

The City of Steubenville is part of the 6th Congressional district of Ohio and represented by Charlie Wilson. The 6th district is the longest US House district in Ohio and runs along the southeast state borders of Ohio.

City parks

Steubenville Board of Parks and Recreation maintains four parks within the City. Belleview Park is the main park, where the Steubenville Little League holds all of their games. Belleview also has a swimming pool, tennis courts, and picnic areas. The golf course that once was part of Belleview Park is now the property of Franciscan University. The grounds are open to the public during daylight hours and students at the University frequent the hills for cross country practice runs. Beatty Park, located in the south side of Steubenville, was reopened for public use in September 2007. A newly installed Disc Golf Course was the focus for the Park's reopening. Other activities for Beatty Park may include hiking trails and a dog park. Thanks to efforts by local individuals working with the Steubenville Parks and Recreation Department, the idea of Beatty Park in “state of disrepair for sometime“ is no longer the theme. North End Park maintains a softball diamond (for use by Steubenville High School), playgrounds, and a picnic area. There are also many areas to smoke pot. Jim Woods Park, in the west end of Steubenville, has a walking/jogging track, baseball diamond, and a picnic area. The newest elementary school in Steubenville is located at Jim Woods Park. The Steubenville City Council has successfully sold the Belleview Golf Course along with the "Green Strip" to Franciscan University of Steubenville. This move will allow the University to expand its operations and attract more potential students. The sale has come under scrutiny as the Belleview Golf Course was the only public course in the city. Smaller Parks Exist within the city as well The Flats Park on Darlington Road and Maple Way, Linda Way Park at the end of Linda Way, Pizza Pie Park at the end of Maryland Ave.,Veterans Memorial Park near the Pleasant Heights Fire Station, Pico Park at the corner of Pico Street and Cherry Street, and Murphy's Field and Playground also on Pleasant Height.

Speed cameras

The speed camera program began in 2005 and netted the city $600,000 in revenues; nearly 7,000 tickets at $85 each were issued during that timespan. In March 2006, the Jefferson County Court of Common Pleas ruled that the city ordinance of giving support to the speed camera program was illegal and unconstitutional. The city refused to remove the cameras, however, because it stated it was "bound by contract to continue the services" of Traffipax, Inc., the US subsidiary of ROBOT Visual Systems, a German corporation. Despite attempts to remove the cameras, the city continued to defy the judge's order and reinstated an identical ordinance to continue issuing citations. Councilman at Large Michael Hernon cast the sole dissenting vote re-instating the traffic cameras.[8]

In mid-2006, Attorney Gary Stern filed a class-action lawsuit against the city of Steubenville for illegally collecting fines and generating unnecessary revenue from motorists. He won the case in December 2005 and the city was forced to refund thousands of tickets totaling $258,000 [9]. City Gary Stern also gathered enough signatures from the residents of the city to put forth a referendum that posed the question of whether the city's ordinance authorizing the speed camera program should continue. On November 8, 2006, the voters of Steubenville voted to end the city's speed camera program with a 76.2 percent majority [10].

On May 4, 2007, Attorney Stern asked the Jefferson County Common Pleas Judge to hold Steubenville in contempt of court for failing to mail out $7,947 in owed refunds stemming from the lawsuit filed in mid-2006 [9]. Stern stated that the city has held possession of the money owed for nine months, an unreasonable amount of time, and that the city should be charged interest for the money held. The checks, which were mailed out on August 3, 2006, were returned due to incorrect addresses listed. On March 30, Stern sent a letter to the city listing the people who had not been reimbursed for the traffic camera violations, which featured the amount of money owed; the addresses were updated, however, the city did not respond. A similar letter was sent April 11, however, the city failed to reply again [9].

Implications

Ohio traffic law allows small cities such as Steubenville to establish mayor's courts instead of the traditional county courthouses. The theory behind this is for the city to keep most of the revenue generated via traffic stops, although this has led to the encouragement of speed traps and other revenue-generating schemes, such as speed and red-light cameras. This practice has come under fire in Middlefield, Ohio [11]

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1830 2,987
1840 4,247 42.2%
1850 6,140 44.6%
1860 6,154 0.2%
1870 8,107 31.7%
1880 12,093 49.2%
1890 13,394 10.8%
1900 14,349 7.1%
1910 22,391 56.0%
1920 28,508 27.3%
1930 35,422 24.3%
1940 37,651 6.3%
1950 35,872 −4.7%
1960 32,495 −9.4%
1970 30,771 −5.3%
1980 26,400 −14.2%
1990 22,125 −16.2%
2000 19,015 −14.1%
Est. 2008 18,820 −1.0%

As of the census[1] of 2000, there are 19,015 people, 8,342 households, and 4,880 families residing in the city. The population density is 711.4/km² (1,842.2/mi²). There are 9,449 housing units at an average density of 353.5/km² (915.4/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 79.55% White, 17.25% African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.73% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.53% from other races, and 1.70% from two or more races. 0.97% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 8,342 households out of which 23.4% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.2% are married couples living together, 14.9% have a female householder who got knocked up because she's dumb, and 41.5% are non-families. 36.4% of all households are made up of individuals and 18.0% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.19 and the average family size is 2.86.

In the city the population is spread out with 21.2% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 24.3% from 25 to 44, 24.2% from 45 to 64, and 22.2% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 43 years. For every 100 females there are 85.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 80.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city is $26,516, and the median income for a family is $36,597. Males have a median income of $36,416 versus $21,819 for females. The per capita income for the city is $17,830. 20.4% of the population and 15.3% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 29.2% of those under the age of 18 and 11.0% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

Population

From 1980 to 2000, census figures show that the Weirton–Steubenville population dropped faster than any other urban area in the United States [12]. The population, which decreased steadily due to employment losses regarding the nearby steel industries, has rebounded with 314 new residents within the past six years.

Economy

4th Street in Steubenville, the SkyBank branch now a Huntington branch.

Steubenville and the communities that surround it, especially Weirton, West Virginia, have experienced sluggish growth in their local economies since the steel industry waned during the 1980s. Corporations such as Weirton Steel have had to reduce their workforce in order to become more efficient and competitive against other steel producers and lower steel prices worldwide.

Although there is a municipal income tax for individuals [6], one local organization, Progress Alliance, has been promoting the city as a low-cost suburban area that is less than 30 minutes away from western Pittsburgh and Pittsburgh International Airport. The organization also touts the fact that Jefferson County provides free college education at Eastern Gateway Community College (formerly Jefferson Community College). This, it is promoted, means that the area has a skilled labor pool with potential employees who probably will not demand the high pay and benefits which are usually associated with jobs that require college-level education. As a result, business costs would most likely be much lower in Steubenville than in a major city such as Pittsburgh or Columbus, Ohio.

A recent survey, conducted by business representatives from Weirton, showed that many of Pittsburgh's residents still do not know how close in proximity Weirton and Steubenville are from western Pennsylvania. In an effort to combat the survey's results, Progress Alliance has advertised on U.S. Route 22 through a billboard campaign.

The new Findlay Connector has been built in western Pennsylvania as a toll-access highway between Pittsburgh International Airport at PA Route 60 and U.S. Route 22 in northwestern Washington County. It has had a large impact on the economy of Stebenville. The trip between western Pittsburgh, an economically burgeoning area, and eastern Ohio and the northern panhandle of West Virginia has become even shorter and more streamlined. Travel time between the Pittsburgh International Airport and the city of Steubenville is now approximately 25 minutes. This may eventually cause the Steubenville and Weirton area exurb to be considered an area of Pittsburgh, just as West Virginia's eastern panhandle is for Washington, D.C.

One major company has already invested millions of dollars in the Upper Ohio Valley region. Walmart has built an 800,000 sq ft (70,000 m2). distribution center at the largest development site in eastern Ohio, located within five miles (8 km) of Steubenville. Other various companies have come as well because the county has made such an effort to provide low taxes, tax breaks for job creation, and utilities on-site from the beginning. Much of the site still remains unoccupied with shell buildings ready for final completion by whichever type of business that might locate there.

Education

Colleges and universities

Steubenville is home to two institutions of higher education. The Franciscan University of Steubenville [7] is a private, four-year university affiliated with the Roman Catholic Church. It was founded in 1946.

The second institution is Eastern Gateway Community College [8]. It is a public, two-year college that opened its doors in 1968; its service district includes Columbiana, Mahoning, and Trumbull Counties as well as Jefferson County.

Pubic schools

Pubic schools in Steubenville are operated by the Steubenville City School District. There are a total of four schools in the district, West Pugliese, Garfield, Harding Middle, and Steubenville High School. A portion of far western Steubenville is served by the Indian Creek Local School District.

Private schools

Several private schools are located in Steubenville. The Roman Catholic Diocese of Steubenville operates the two campuses (Rosemont & Lovers Lane) of Bishop John King Mussio Central Elementary School, Bishop John King Mussio Central Junior High School and Steubenville Catholic Central High School [9].

Culture

Sports

The Steubenville High School football team, the Big Red, had a 15–0 record for the 2005 season, ending as Ohio Div-III State Champions. Steubenville then went 15-0 in the 2006 season, repeating as Ohio Div-III State Champions. The Big Red was handed their first regular season loss in almost seven years by the Inkster (Michigan) Vikings on Oct. 23, 2009. Their streak was 68 regular season games.[10] The Big Red also won the 1984 Division II State Championship in football and were runners-up in Division II in 1987 and 1988. Not only does Steubenville High excel at football, it also has the second-most victories in the state for baseball and seventh most wins in the state for basketball.

The city is also home to Steubenville Catholic Central High School, 1993 Div-V State Champion and 2005 Div-VI State runner-up. The Steubenville Stampede was a member of the Continental Indoor Football League, like anyone cares.

Historic sites

Although Steubenville is known for its steel and manufacturing economy, there are several sites in the city that take visitors back to the days of frontier life and early settlement. Historic Fort Steuben, located downtown on South Third Street, is a reconstructed 18th century fort on its original location overlooking the Ohio River. Built in 1787 to protect the government surveyors of the Seven Ranges of the Northwest Territory, Fort Steuben housed 150 men of the 1st American Regiment. A visit to Historic Fort Steuben reveals the daily life and hardships of the men who settled the Ohio frontier. The non-profit organization that worked to rebuild the fort also developed the surrounding block into Fort Steuben Park that includes the Veterans Memorial Fountain and the Berkman Amphitheater. The Fort Steuben Visitors center is home to the Museum Shop and the Steubenville Convention & Visitors Bureau and is an official site on the Ohio River Scenic Byway.

Adjacent to the fort is the First Federal Land Office with its original logs from 1801. After the Ohio country was surveyed, it could be sold or given away as land grants; the settlers brought their deeds to be registered at the Land Office to David Hoge, the Registrar of Lands and Titles for the Northwest Territory. Not only does the Land Office provide a glimpse of life in early Steubenville, it also features examples of some of the 19th century industries of the area: pottery and woolen mills.

"Ohio Valley Steelworker" Statue: This statue was created by artist Dimitri Akis as a tribute to the Ohio Valley Steelworkers. The life-size figure carries a long-handled dipping ladle, and is wearing the hooded fire-proof suit worn in the steel mills. The statue is located at the junction of Hwy 22 (University Blvd) and Hwy 7 (Dean Martin Blvd).

There is a statue downtown commemorating Edwin Stanton, President Abraham Lincoln's secretary of war. Stanton was born and raised in Steubenville.

Music

Steubenville is the birthplace of Dean Martin (b. 1917 - d. 1995). Martin was a famous singer and actor, primarily through the 1950s and 1960s. In 1970, the band Wild Cherry was formed in Steubenville by Mingo Jct's Rob Parise. In 1976, Wild Cherry's "Play that Funky Music" was number one on the Billboard charts for three weeks. The song is a staple of "disco" era music. It is also the birthplace of Dorothy Sloop (b. 1913 - d. 1998), a jazz musician who performed under the nickname "Sloopy" and was alleged to be the inspiration for the song "Hang on Sloopy". The Stereos, an all-African American R&B Soul band/Group, also was formed in the city. Steubenville is also home to Wu-Tang Clan affiliates 4th Disciple, Beretta 9, and ShoGun Assason.

Notable people from Steubenville

Market Street, about 1910

See also

References

  • Felicity Barringer, "As a Test Lab on Dirty Air, an Ohio Town Has Changed", New York Times, 27 September 2006, p. A18.
  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ http://theburb.org/
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Federal Civil Actions." Shielded from Justice. 8 November 2006 [1].
  7. ^ United States of America v. City of Steubenville, Steubenville Police Department, Steubenville City Manager, in his capacity as director of Public Safety, and Steubenville Civil Service Commission, Civil No. C2 97-966, U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Ohio, Eastern Division, August 28, 1997.
  8. ^ "Steubenville Reinstates Traffic Cameras" 20 June. 2006. WTOV9
  9. ^ a b c Law, Mark (2007-05-04). "Traffic camera case returns". Herald Star. http://www.hsconnect.com/news/articles.asp?articleID=13402. Retrieved 2007-05-08. 
  10. ^ "Steubenville, Ohio Voters Overwhelmingly Reject Speed Cameras." 8 November 2006. theNewspaper. 8 November 2006 [2].
  11. ^ "Middlefield foes want mayors court put to vote." 12 December 2006. Cleveland Plain Dealer. 13 December 2006 [3].
  12. ^ http://exurban.osu.edu/growthandchange07/g_c_section_I.pdf

Ohio High School Athletic Assoc. http://www.ohsaa.org

  • Stevan "Phurcat" Wilson

External links

www.myspace.com/olimsemaj60








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