Steve Chabot: Wikis

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Steve Chabot


Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 1st district
In office
January 3, 1995 – January 3, 2009
Preceded by David Mann
Succeeded by Steve Driehaus

Born January 22, 1953 (1953-01-22) (age 56)
Cincinnati, Ohio
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Donna Chabot
Children Erica Chabot
Randy Chabot
Residence Cincinnati, Ohio
Alma mater College of William & Mary, Northern Kentucky University
Occupation attorney
Religion Roman Catholic

Steven (Steve) Chabot (born January 22, 1953) was a Republican member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Ohio, having represented that state's 1st congressional district. He lost his reelection bid in November 2008.

Contents

Early life and career

Chabot was born in Cincinnati. He graduated from La Salle High School in Cincinnati, and then from the College of William and Mary in 1975, earning a B.A. in history. He went on to obtain a Juris Doctor degree from Northern Kentucky University's Salmon P. Chase College of Law, in Highland Heights, Kentucky, in 1978. He worked as an elementary school teacher in 1975–1976 while taking law classes at night.

As a practicing attorney from 1978 to 1994, Chabot was a sole practitioner, operating out of small law office in Westwood,[1] such as domestic disputes and the drafting of wills.[2] Chabot's father served as his assistant.

Chabot ran unsuccessfully for the Cincinnati City Council as an independent candidate in 1979 and as a Republican in 1983. Then, running as a Republican, he won a seat in 1985 and was reelected in 1987 and 1989. In 1988, he ran a spirited race for the U.S. House of Representatives against seven-term incumbent Democrat Tom Luken, who won by 56% to 44%. He was appointed a Commissioner of Hamilton County, Ohio in 1990, and was elected later that year and again in 1992, staying until 1994. See Election Results, City Council of Cincinnati, Ohio.

U.S. House of Representatives

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Initial election

Chabot was first elected to the House in November 1994. He defeated Democratic incumbent David S. Mann, 56% to 44%, in a heated race over balanced budgets and abortion.[3] It was his second attempt; he had run unsuccessfully in 1988.

Committee Assignments

  • Foreign Affairs Committee
    • Subcommittee on Asia, the Pacific, and the Global Environment
    • Subcommittee on the Middle East and South Asia
  • Judiciary Committee
    • Subcommittee on Courts, the Internet, and Intellectual Property
    • Subcommittee on Crime, Terrorism, and Homeland Security
    • Antitrust Task Force and Competition Policy (Ranking Member)
  • Small Business Committee (Ranking Member)

Political positions and actions

U.S. Representative Steve Chabot giving a speech at a Memorial Day ceremony in North College Hill, Ohio, May 27, 2006.

Like most members of the Republican freshman class of 1994, Chabot had a strongly conservative voting record. This was despite the fact he represented a fairly marginal district. He was a member of the Republican Study Committee.

Chabot served as one of 12 "managers" in the Senate Impeachment trial for President Bill Clinton.[4]

As Chairman of the House Subcommittee on the Constitution, Chabot authored the legislation to ban the practice of partial-birth abortion. President George W. Bush signed the bill into law on November 5, 2003.[5]

Chabot is a strong advocate for fiscal responsibility, and has pursued a fiscally conservative standard for the government. Anti-tax advocacy groups such as Citizens Against Government Waste, the Concord Coalition, and the National Taxpayers Union consistently rated Chabot as one of the most anti-tax members of Congress.[6]

Chabot's work in Congress included the elimination of logging subsidies in the Tongass National Forrest in Alaska,[7] co-sponsored the Voting Rights Act reauthorization,[8] and promoted relations with Taiwan.[9] Chabot opposes abortion except if the mother's life is in danger or in cases of rape and incest. Chabot authorized a bill, which passed the House but not the Senate, to make it illegal to take a minor across state lines for an abortion.

He voted against legislation that would support embryonic stem cell research.

In 2002, Chabot helped spearhead the local campaign against building a light rail system in Hamilton County.[10] In that same year, Chabot and John Boehner‎ advocated teaching intelligent design alongside the theory of evolution by natural selection in Ohio high schools.[11]

Chabot was a staunch advocate of a federal prohibition of online poker. In 2006, he cosponsored H.R. 4777, the Internet Gambling Prohibition and Enforcement Act,[12] and voted for H.R. 4411, the Goodlatte-Leach Internet Gambling Prohibition Act[13].

In 2007, Chabot sparked controversy by voting against the reauthorization of the State Children's Health Insurance Plan (S-CHIP)[14] that provides health care to children nation wide. This reauthorization would have expanded S-CHIP to cover four million more participants. The bill received bipartisan support and passed in the House and Senate. However, President Bush vetoed the bill on October 3, 2007. Congress attempted to override the veto. Chabot voted against the veto-override - siding with the President. A CBS poll found that 81% of voters and 70% of Republicans support the expansion of S-CHIP.[15]

Reelections

1996 — Chabot was a top target of Democrats, but he was re-elected to the U.S. House with 54 percent of the vote against Democrat Mark Longabaugh.

1998 — successfully defended his seat against popular Cincinnati Mayor Roxanne Qualls, winning 53% to 47%. The issues of school choice and abortion played a key role. In the series of debates during that campaign, Qualls criticized Chabot for not funneling enough federal spending back to his home district. Chabot countered that he would not support "wasteful or unnecessary" federal programs.[3][16]

2000 — was re-elected in with 53 percent of the vote, defeating John Cranley for the first time.

2002 — beat Greg Harris, getting 65 percent of the vote.

2004 — defeated Greg Harris again with 60 percent of the vote.

2006 — defeated Democratic challenger John Cranley a 2nd time in the 1st Congressional District, 53 to 47 percent.

2008 — Was defeated by state Representative Steve Driehaus, ending his 14 year congressional venture.

Environmental record

The group Republicans for Environmental Protection issued Chabot an "environmental harm demerit" in 2006 for contributing to urban sprawl by sponsoring H.R. 4772, a bill that allows land use disputes to proceed immediately to federal court; according to the organization, the bill "would have undermined local control over local planning and zoning matters, a central principle of America's federal system."[17] In the same year, the group praised Chabot for offering legislation "prohibiting the Forest Service from spending taxpayer dollars to build new logging roads for private interests in the Tongass National Forest. The nonpartisan League of Conservation Voters gave Chabot a grade of 10% for the 109th Congress, noting that he voted "anti-environment" on 11 out of 12 issues selected by that organization as crucial; his lifetime grade from the LCV is 23%.[18]

In June 2007, Chabot sponsored an amendment to block federally-funded road building in Tongass National Forest. Proponents of the amendment said that the federal timber program in Tongass is a dead loss for taxpayers, costing some $30 million annually, and noted that the Forest Service faces an estimated $900 million road maintenance backlog in the forest. Supporters of the bipartisan amendment included the Republicans for Environmental Protection. Of the bill, Representative Chabot said "I am not opposed to logging when it's done on the timber company's dime...But in this case, they are using the American taxpayer to subsidize these 200 jobs at the tune of $200,000 per job. That just makes no sense"[19].

Controversies

Earmarks for Cincinnati institutions

Chabot was a longtime critic of pork barrel spending and of federal funding for the arts. "I wasn't sent up here to bring pork back to my district," he told the Cincinnati Post in 1995. In previous Congresses, he has cosponsored bills that would have abolished the National Endowment for the Arts and the National Endowment for the Humanities. However the fiscal 2007 Labor HHS Education appropriations bill, there are $1.6 million in earmarks for the Cincinnati Museum Center, the Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra, Xavier University, the University of Cincinnati and the Cincinnati Children's Hospital Center. All five organizations have members on their board of directors who are also members of Chabot's inner circle of contributors and fundraisers.

Gary Lindgren, Chabot's chief of staff, said that "there's not a connection" between the donations and the earmarks. Lindgren said the earmarks are for major institutions where it would be expected that board members would be politically active. "You could look at almost any district, and the people who sit on boards of museums and institutions will be wealthy and donate to campaigns," said Tom Schatz, president of Citizens Against Government Waste. Schatz noted that Chabot has won high marks from CAGW in the past.[20]

Personal

Chabot and his wife Donna have two children: daughter Erica and son Randy. They live in the Cincinnati neighborhood of Westwood. He is a practicing Roman Catholic.

See also

Electoral history

Ohio's 1st congressional district: Results 1988, 1994–2008[21]
Year Democrat Votes Pct Republican Votes Pct 3rd Party Party Votes Pct 3rd Party Party Votes Pct
1988 Thomas A. Luken 117,682 57% Steve Chabot 90,738 43%
1994 David S. Mann 72,822 44% Steve Chabot 92,997 56%
1996 Mark P. Longabaugh 94,719 43% Steve Chabot 118,324 54% John G. Halley Natural Law 5,381 2%
1998 Roxanne Qualls 82,003 47% Steve Chabot 92,421 53%
2000 John Cranley 98,328 45% Steve Chabot 116,768 53% David A. Groshoff Libertarian 3,399 2% Richard L. Stevenson Natural Law 1,933 1%
2002 Greg Harris 60,168 35% Steve Chabot 110,760 65%
2004 Greg Harris 116,235 40% Steve Chabot 173,430 60% *
2006 John Cranley 96,584 48% Steve Chabot 105,680 52%
2008 Steve Driehaus 155,455 52% Steve Chabot 140,683 48%
*Write-in and minor candidate notes: In 2004, Rich Stevenson received 198 votes.

References

  1. ^ Paul Barton, "Chabot guaranteed place in textbooks", Cincinnati Enquirer, January 14, 1999
  2. ^ Juliet Eilperin, "Like-Minded Team of 13 to Present House's Case", Washington Post, January 14, 1999
  3. ^ a b http://nationaljournal.com/pubs/almanac/2006/people/oh/rep_oh01.htm
  4. ^ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Impeachment_of_Bill_Clinton
  5. ^ "Steve Chabot - Legislative Issues". US House web site. 2008. Archived from the original on 2008-02-02. http://web.archive.org/web/20080202125443/http://www.house.gov/chabot/issues.html. Retrieved 2009-10-28.  
  6. ^ National Taxpayers Union - Rates Congress Database
  7. ^ "Cut it out - Stop spending taxpayers' money to build roads for timber companies". The Columbus Dispatch - Editorial. 2006-05-16. http://www.dispatch.com/editorials-story.php?story=dispatch/2006/05/16/20060516-A8-02.html. Retrieved 2009-10-28.  
  8. ^ Printshop
  9. ^ Snyder, Charles (2006-06-30). "US House adopts measure on Taiwan". Taipei Times: pp. 1. http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/front/archives/2006/06/30/2003316410. Retrieved 2009-10-28.  
  10. ^ Monk, Dan; Lucy May (2001-05-11). "Missing the bus". Business Courier of Cincinnati: pp. 1,12. http://cincinnati.bizjournals.com/cincinnati/stories/2001/05/14/story1.html?q=%20Missing%20the%20bus%20,%20Business%20Courier%20of%20Cincinnati. Retrieved 2009-10-28.  
  11. ^ Murray, Iaian (June 5, 2002). "Scientific Boehner: The new creationism and the congressmen who support it". The American Prospect. http://www.prospect.org/cs/articles?article=scientific_boehner. Retrieved 2009-10-28.  
  12. ^ Thomas (Library of Congress): HR 4777
  13. ^ Thomas (Library of Congress): HR 4411
  14. ^ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/State_Children's_Health_Insurance_Program
  15. ^ The Debate Over S-Chip
  16. ^ Wilkinson, Howard (1998-10-28). "Chabot, Qualls debate pork vs. fair share". The Cincinnati Enquirer. http://www.enquirer.com/editions/1998/10/28/loc_first28.html. Retrieved 2009-10-28.  
  17. ^ Republicans for Environmental Protection 2006 Scorecard
  18. ^ League of Conservation Voters 2006 National Scorecard
  19. ^ U.S. House Boosts Spending for Environment, Conservation
  20. ^ Jonathan Allen, "Chabot aims earmarks at places linked to donors", The Hill, September 19, 2006
  21. ^ "Election Statistics". Office of the Clerk of the House of Representatives. http://clerk.house.gov/member_info/electionInfo/index.html. Retrieved 2008-01-10.  

External links

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
David S. Mann
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 1st congressional district

1995–2009
Succeeded by
Steve Driehaus

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