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Stevens Thomson Mason

In office
November 18, 1794 – May 10, 1803
Serving with Henry Tazewell, Wilson Cary Nicholas
Preceded by James Monroe
Succeeded by John Taylor

Born December 29, 1760(1760-12-29)
Chopawamsic, Stafford County, Colony of Virginia
Died May 9, 1803 (aged 42)
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Political party Anti-Administration Party
Democratic-Republican Party
Spouse(s) Mary Elizabeth Armistead
Children John Thomson Mason
Armistead Thomson Mason
Stevens Thomson Mason
Mary Thomson Mason
Emily Rutger Mason
Catherine Mason
Alma mater The College of William & Mary
Occupation lawyer
Religion Anglican, Episcopalian

Stevens Thomson Mason (29 December 1760 – 9 May 1803)[1][2] was a Colonel in the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War, a member of the Virginia state legislature and a Republican U.S. Senator from Virginia (1794–1803).


Early life and military career

Mason was born at Chopawamsic in Stafford County, Virginia[1] and attended William and Mary College in Williamsburg, Virginia. He studied law, was admitted to the bar, and commenced practice in Dumfries, Virginia in Prince William County, Virginia. He served in the Continental Army as an aide to General George Washington at the Battle of Yorktown and was a brigadier general in the Virginia Militia.

Political career

He was a member of the Virginia State House of Delegates in 1783 and 1794, a member of the Virginia State Senate 1787–1790, and a delegate to the Virginia Ratification Convention in 1788. In 1794, Mason was elected to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of James Monroe. He was reelected in 1797 and again in 1803, serving from 18 November 1794, until his death in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He is interred in the family burying ground at Raspberry Plain in Loudoun County, Virginia.

Marriage and children

Mason married Mary Elizabeth Armistead on 1 May 1783.[1][2] The couple had six children:[1]


Stevens Thomson Mason was a nephew of George Mason (1725–1792)[1][2]; son of Thomson Mason (1733–1785)[1][2]; brother of John Thomson Mason (1765–1824)[1][2]; half-brother of William Temple Thomson Mason (1782–1862)[1][2]; first cousin of George Mason V (1753–1796)[1][2]; first cousin once removed of Thomson Francis Mason (1785–1838), George Mason VI (1786–1834), Richard Barnes Mason (1797–1850), and James Murray Mason (1798–1871)[1][2]; father of Armistead Thomson Mason (1787–1819) and John Thomson Mason (1787–1850)[1][2]; uncle of John Thomson Mason, Jr. (1815–1873)[1][2]; and grandfather of Stevens Thomson Mason (1811–1843).[1][2]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s Gunston Hall. "Stevens Thomson Mason". Gunston Hall. Retrieved 2009-11-14.  
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k The Political Graveyard (16 June 2008). "Mason family of Virginia". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved 2009-03-07.  
United States Senate
Preceded by
James Monroe
United States Senator (Class 1) from Virginia
18 November 1794 – 10 May 1803
Served alongside: Henry Tazewell, Wilson C. Nicholas
Succeeded by
John Taylor


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