Steyr: Wikis

  
  
  

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Quayside at Enns river.
Steyr
Blick ueber die Steyrer Altstadt.jpg
Coat of arms Location
Coat of arms of Steyr
Map of Austria, position of Steyr highlighted
Administration
Country  Austria
State Upper Austria
District Statutory city
Mayor Gerald Hackl (SPÖ)
Basic statistics
Area 26.56 km2 (10.3 sq mi)
Elevation 310 m  (1017 ft)
Population 39,340  (15 January 2010)
 - Density 1,481 /km² (3,836 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate SR
Postal code 4400
Area code 07252
Website www.steyr.at

Coordinates: 48°02′0″N 14°25′0″E / 48.033333°N 14.416667°E / 48.033333; 14.416667

Steyr is a town in the Austrian federal state of Upper Austria, located at the confluence of the rivers Steyr and Enns.

It has a long history as a manufacturing center, and has given its name to several manufacturers headquartered there, such as Steyr Mannlicher (a firearms manufacturer best known for the Steyr AUG), Steyr Tractor, and Steyr Automobile.

Contents

History and sights

Steyr marked its 1,000th anniversary in 1980, undergoing extensive restoration of its historic architecture made the city one of the best preserved old towns in Austria. Steyr is famous for its historic town center around the "Stadtplatz" (town square), which has been very well preserved for several hundred years, and which was largely restored following World War II. Its best-known piece of architecture is called The Bummerlhaus which is considered one of the finest pieces of Gothic architecture for its size in Central Europe.

The city is very attractively situated, with two rivers the Steyr and the Enns flowing through it and meeting near the town centre in the shadows of Babenberg castle "Lamberg" and the church of St. Michael. This prominent location has been susceptible to severe flooding through the centuries until the present, one of the worst cases at last in August 2002.

To the south of city, rises a series of hills that climb in altitude and stretch out to the Alps. To the north, the hills roll downward towards the confluence of the Enns and Danube rivers, where the city of Enns is situated.

Historically, Steyr has had a number of well-known residents or visitors, including Franz Schubert who wrote his "Trout Quintet" there while on holiday, composer Anton Bruckner, was the organist for the local pfarrkirche, or parish church. Adolf Hitler spent a brief period there while in his teens. Hitler, who lived in a room at the Grünmarkt, went to the realschule of Steyr in 1904.

In 1934, the city became one of several battlegrounds between Social Democrat and Christian Social Parties (and their respective Schutzbund and Heimwehr militias) in the Austrian Civil War that brought about the fascist corporate state that ruled the country until the German Anschluss in 1938.

Because it was such a major producer of arms and vehicles during the Second World War, Steyr became a target of Allied bombing raids which tried to knock out its factories. Much of the town was badly damaged, but the factories continued to function until near the end of the war. A dark point in Steyr's history was the placement of a Nazi concentration camp, part of the Mauthausen network, in Steyr. The city was a meeting point in May 1945 when units of the 5th Guards Airborne of the Red Army and black troops of the US 761st Tank Battalion along with the 71st Infantry Division contacted each other on the bridge over the Enns River. Steyr was occupied by the U.S. Army - the Soviet Army moved east behind the demarkation line of the Niederoesterreich province. The troops remained until 1955 when Austria officially declared neutrality.

Today

Steyr is an ancient city with modern amenities, marketing its rich cultural and architectural heritage in tourism like Vienna and many other well preserved old towns in Austria.

Steyr is home of the Museum Industrielle Arbeitswelt (labour museum), and Steyr-Daimler-Puch.

Gallery

International relations

Twin towns - Sister cities

Steyr is twinned with:

Kettering, Ohio USA

References

  1. ^ "Twinning with Palestine". © 1998-2008 The Britain - Palestine Twinning Network. http://www.twinningwithpalestine.net/groupsinternational.html. Retrieved 2008-11-29.  
  2. ^ "::Bethlehem Municipality::". www.bethlehem-city.org. http://www.bethlehem-city.org/Twining.php. Retrieved 2009-10-10.  

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Steyr article)

From Wikitravel

Contents

Steyr is a town in Upper Austria.

See

Middle Age Stadtplatz and historical Buildings

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

STEYR, or Steier, a town in Upper Austria, 28 m. S.E. of Linz by rail. Pop. (1900), 17,592. It is situated at the confluence of the Steyr with the Enns, and on an eminence rises the castle of the princes of Lamberg, dating from the 10th century. The parish church is in Gothic style and was built in 1443-1522. Steyr is the chief centre of the steel and iron industry of Upper Austria. The rifle factory, founded in 1830 by Josef Werndl, is the largest in Austria, and since 1882 it has added the manufacture of bicycles and electrical plant. It is the birthplace of the poet Alois Blumauer (1755-1798). Steyr was founded at the end of the Toth century and was the capital of a countship, first belonging to Styria, but annexed to Austria in 1192.


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