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Stipule: Wikis

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In botany, stipule (Latin stipula: straw, stalk[1]) is a term coined by Linnaeus[1] which refers to outgrowths borne on either side of the base of a leafstalk (the petiole). A pair of stipules is considered part of the anatomy of the leaf of a typical flowering plant, although in many species the stipules are inconspicuous or entirely absent (and the leaf is then termed exstipulate).

Stipules are morphologically variable and might appear as glands, scales, hairs, spines, or laminar (leaf-like) structures. A relationship exists between the anatomy of the stem node and the presence or absence of stipules. Most plants with trilacunar nodes have stipules; species with unilacunar nodes lack stipules (Sinnott and Bailey, 1914, cited in Esau, 1953).

Contents

Types of Stipules


 
Glandular stipule of Euphorbia pteroneura

 
Stipular spines on the mesquite tree (Prosopis pallida)

 
Fused together and leaf-like stipules of Alchemilla mollis

 
Leafy stipules at the base of a Rose leaf (Rosa canina)

 
Stipules building glandular hairs on Jatropha spicata

 
Stipules protecting young leaves of Carpinus betulus (European Hornbeam)

 
Stipular spine clusters of Euphorbia spectabilis

 
Stipular spines accompanied by prickles of Euphorbia didieroides

References

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Notes

  1. ^ a b Concise English Dictionary Wordsworth Editions Ltd. 1994, ISBN 1-85326-328-1

General references

  • Esau, K. 1953. Plant Anatomy. Second Edition. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, London, Sidney. 767 pp.
  • Sinnott, E. W. and I. W. Bailey. 1914. Investigations on the phylogeny of the angiosperms. 3. Nodal anatomy and the morphology of stipules. Amer. J. Bot.,1: 441-453.

External links


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