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Stoclet Palace

Stoclet Palace
Le Palais Stoclet (French)
Stocletpaleis (Dutch)
Building
Alternate names Stoclet house
Architectural style Art Deco
Location Brussels, Belgium
Client Adolphe Stoclet
Coordinates 50°50′07″N 4°24′58″E / 50.83528°N 4.41611°E / 50.83528; 4.41611Coordinates: 50°50′07″N 4°24′58″E / 50.83528°N 4.41611°E / 50.83528; 4.41611
Construction
Started 1905
Completed 1911
Design team
Architect Josef Hoffmann
Other designers Gustav Klimt, Franz Metzner, Fernand Khnopff
Awards and prizes UNESCO World Heritage
Stoclet House*
UNESCO World Heritage Site
State Party  Belgium
Type Cultural
Criteria i, ii
Reference 1298
Region** Europe and North America
Inscription history
Inscription 2009  (33rd Session)
* Name as inscribed on World Heritage List.
** Region as classified by UNESCO.

The Stoclet Palace (French: Palais Stoclet, Dutch: Stocletpaleis) is a private mansion built by architect Josef Hoffmann between 1905 and 1911 in Brussels (Belgium) for banker and art lover Adolphe Stoclet.[1] Considered as Hoffman's masterpiece, the Stoclet's house is one of the most refined and luxurious private houses of the twentieth century [2].

It was constructed on Brussels' Avenue de Tervueren, in the municipality of Woluwe-Saint-Pierre, by the Wiener Werkstätte or Viennese Workshop. Although the marble-clad facade is radically simplified and looks forward to Modernism, it contains commissioned works by Gustav Klimt in the dining room [3], four copper figures at the top by sculptor Franz Metzner, and other craftwork inside and outside the building[4]. This integration of architects, artists, and artisans makes it an example of Gesamtkunstwerk, one of the defining characteristics of Jugendstil.

The mansion is still occupied by the Stoclet family. It is therefore not open to visitors. The palace was designated as a world heritage site by UNESCO in June 2009.[5]

Notes

  1. ^ Sharp, Dennis (2002). Twentieth Century Architecture. Mulgrave: Images Publishing Group. p. 44. ISBN 1864700858. http://books.google.be/books?id=sQUi8kRKWrMC&pg=PA44.  
  2. ^ Watkin, David (2005). A History of Western Architecture. London: Laurence King Publishing. p. 548. ISBN 1856694593. http://books.google.be/books?id=39T1zElEBrQC&pg=PA548.  
  3. ^ Honnef, Klaus (2000). Art of the 20th Century. Köln: Taschen. p. 754. ISBN 3822859079. http://books.google.be/books?id=069rL6vA1BAC&pg=PA752.  
  4. ^ Sembach, Klaus-Jurgen (2002). Art Nouveau. Köln: Taschen. p. 225. ISBN 3822820229. http://books.google.be/books?id=dgsFkaeksJEC&pg=PA232&dq=Palais+Stoclet&lr=&as_brr=3&client=firefox-a&hl=en#PPA224,M1.  
  5. ^ "Stoclet House". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. July 4, 2009. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1298. Retrieved July 4, 2009.  

References

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