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Stonewall
U.S. National Register of Historic Places
U.S. National Historic Landmark
Stonewall in 2003 (Stonewall Inn in 1969 also included the adjacent white building on the right)
Location: Greenwich Village, Manhattan, New York City, New York
Coordinates: 40°44′01.67″N 74°00′07.56″W / 40.7337972°N 74.0021°W / 40.7337972; -74.0021Coordinates: 40°44′01.67″N 74°00′07.56″W / 40.7337972°N 74.0021°W / 40.7337972; -74.0021
Added to NRHP: 28 June 1999[1]
Designated NHL: 16 February 2000[2]
NRHP Reference#: 99000562

The Stonewall Inn, often shortened to Stonewall is an American bar in New York City and the site of the Stonewall riots of 1969, which are widely considered the start of the modern gay liberation movement. It is located at 53 Christopher Street, between West 4th Street and Waverly Place, in Greenwich Village. The Stonewall riots are regarded as the single most important event that led to the modern movement for gay and lesbian issues.[1] Later the western, left hand half was reopened called "Stonewall" (1990s) and recently it was renovated and returned to its original name "The Stonewall Inn" (2007).

Contents

History

Originally constructed between 1843 and 1846 as stables, the property was turned into a restaurant in 1930. It remained a restaurant until it was gutted by fire in the mid 1960s.

On March 18, 1967, the Stonewall opened in the space. It was, during its time, the largest gay establishment in the U.S. and did a very good business, although, as with most gay clubs at the time, police raids were common.[3] A few months after the riots that started 28 June 1969, The Stonewall Inn closed in late 1969. Over the next twenty years, the space was occupied by various other establishments, including a bagel sandwich shop, a Chinese restaurant, and a shoe store. Many visitors and new residents in the neighborhood were unaware of the building's history or its connection to the Stonewall riots. In the early 1990s, a new gay bar, named simply "Stonewall" opened in the west half of the original Stonewall Inn. Around this time, the block of Christopher Street between Sixth and Seventh Avenues was given the honorary name of "Stonewall Place" by the Borough of Manhattan.

Stonewall Inn, 1969

Each year during the Pride March crowds gather outside the Stonewall Inn to enjoy its rich history.

In 1995 the movie Stonewall was released. Written by Rikki Beadle-Blair and loosely adapted from Martin Duberman's book of the same name, the film won awards and was well received at film festivals the world over. The film's screenwriter has adapted his screenplay for the stage, and the stage version of Stonewall had its world premiere in London in July 2007 before heading to for the 2007 Edinburgh Festival in August of the same year.

In June 1999, through the efforts of the Greenwich Village Society for Historic Preservation and the Organization of Lesbian and Gay Architects and Designers, the area including Stonewall was listed on the National Register of Historic Places for its historic significance to gay and lesbian history. The area delineated included the Stonewall Inn, Christopher Park, and portions of surrounding streets and sidewalks. The area was declared a National Historic Landmark in February 2000.[2][4][5]

The building was renovated in the late 1990s and became a popular multi-floor nightclub, with theme nights and contests. The club gained popularity for several years, gaining a young urban gay clientele until it closed again in 2006, due to neglect and gross mismanagement.

"The Stonewall Inn" Returns!

In January 2007 it was announced the owners of the world famous Duplex Piano Bar & Cabaret next door to the Stonewall Inn were renovating and reopening the Stonewall Inn in February 2007. On January 3, 2007, the New York Observer reported "It's a marvelous day for Gayville! Its rehab comes at the behest of the bar's new management, which includes Kurt Kelly, Bill Morgan and Tony DeCicco of the neighboring Duplex piano bar."

Media references and portrayals

  • The Quantum Leap television episode "Running for Honor" and the comic book issue titled "Up Against A Stonewall" both make reference to the Stonewall Inn.
  • The movie Stonewall, released in 1995, is loosely based on the incidents leading up to the riots.
  • The 1995 movie Jeffrey co-starring Patrick Stewart was set in New York City in the early nineties, and features one scene filmed outside the Stonewall Inn and in the Christopher Street Garden opposite, socialising around the pride statues there.

References

  1. ^ a b National Park Service (2008). "Workforce Diversity: The Stonewall Inn, National Historic Landmark National Register Number: 99000562". US Department of Interior. http://www.nps.gov/diversity/stonewall.htm. Retrieved 2008-12-30.  
  2. ^ a b National Historic Landmarks Program (2008). "Stonewall". National Park Service. http://tps.cr.nps.gov/nhl/detail.cfm?ResourceId=-1888210723&ResourceType=Site. Retrieved 2008-12-30.  
  3. ^ Carter, David (2005). Stonewall: The Riots That Sparked the Gay Revolution (First ed.). New York: Macmillan. ISBN 0312342691. http://books.google.com/books?id=kS_mbbirLz4C&pg=PA77&lpg=PA77&dq=stonewall+1967+beard&source=web&ots=W69zarvevH&sig=PaiG6pc1H7P2PQzVqHVn6CF-L64.  
  4. ^ David Carter, Andrew Scott Dolkart, Gale Harris, and Jay Shockly (27 May 1999). National Historic Landmark Nomination: Stonewall (Text). National Park Service. http://pdfhost.focus.nps.gov/docs/NHLS/Text/99000562.pdf. Retrieved 2008-12-30.  
  5. ^ David Carter, Andrew Scott Dolkart, Gale Harris, and Jay Shockly (27 May 1999). National Historic Landmark Nomination: Stonewall (Photos). National Park Service. http://pdfhost.focus.nps.gov/docs/NHLS/Photos/99000562.pdf. Retrieved 2008-12-30.  

External links








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