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Stop Snitchin' refers to a controversial 2004 campaign launched in Baltimore, United States to persuade criminal informants to stop "snitching," or informing, to law enforcement. Some public officials and others say that it is a campaign used by criminals to frighten people with information from reporting their activities to the police. "Stop Snitchin" is the name of a specific Baltimore-based home-made DVD that threatened violence against would-be informants, and the name or theme of several hip hop recordings.




National Prominence

While the slogan "Stop Snitchin' had existed since at least 1999, when it was used by Boston-based rapper Tangg da Juice,[1] the Stop Snitchin' campaign first gained national attention in late 2004 in Baltimore, Maryland, when a DVD released by Rodney Bethea [2] titled "Stop Snitching!" began to circulate. In some footage, a number of men claiming to be drug dealers address the camera, and threaten violence against anyone who reports what they know about their crimes to the authorities. This threat is directed especially towards those who inform on others to get a lighter sentence for their own crimes. Notably, NBA star Carmelo Anthony, a former Baltimore resident and now a part of the Denver Nuggets basketball team, appeared in the video.[3] In subsequent interviews, Anthony claimed that his appearance in the video was a joke,[4] the product of his neighborhood friends making a home movie. Anthony claims that the film's message should not be taken seriously.[5] The publicity of Stop Snitchin' identified several drug informants and corrupt police officers in the Baltimore area such as former BPD officers William King and Antonio Murray who were sentenced to 315 and 139 years in prison, respectively, following an investigation caused by the DVD which identified the officers as drug dealers.[6][7]

As the DVD spread across the country, corresponding shirts became popular in urban youth fashion. The shirts typically show a stop sign emblazoned with the words "Stop Snitchin'." Some shirts bear bullet holes, implying that snitches should (or will) be shot, thus referencing its associated catchphrase "snitches get stitches". The shirts have been more widely circulated than the original DVD. The Diplomats, a Harlem, New York-based rap group, made their own version of the Stop Snitchin' shirts, with their logo on the end of the short sleeves. Another such shirt says "I'll never Tell."

The video's creator, Rodney Thomas, a.k.a. "Skinny Suge," pleaded guilty to first degree assault on January 17, 2006, in Baltimore and was sentenced to 15 years in prison, with all but three years suspended.[2]

National examples of violence due to "snitching" include Angela Dawson of Baltimore, who was killed along with her five children and husband on October 16, 2002, when their house was firebombed after she alerted police to illegal activities in the area.[8]Another example is Terry Neely of Phoenix, Arizona, a 46-year-old man confined to a motorized wheelchair who was tortured for days and then killed by Angela Simpson in August 2009.[9] A third example is Michael Brewer of Deerfield Beach, Florida, a 15-year-old who, in October 2009, was doused in rubbing alcohol and set on fire after assailants yelled, "He's a snitch, he's a snitch."[10]

Public reaction

In response to the video, the Baltimore Police department created their own campaign, "Keep Talkin'", which used free DVDs and T-shirts in a method similar to that of the Stop Snitchin' campaign.[11] Its goal was to assure potential state witnesses of their safety from retaliation and stress the importance of imprisoning suspected lawbreakers.

In Pittsburgh, Rayco Saunders was to be a witness against three men charged with plotting to kill him. But he showed up in court wearing a shirt that said "Stop Snitching" and refused to cooperate with prosecutors. Charges against the men were dismissed.[12]

Fox News began airing responses to Stop Snitchin' called "Step Up and Speak Out".

Left-wing activist rapper Immortal Technique gave a well-known interview to XXL in which he contended that Blacks and Latinos should not snitch until police officers begin informing on each other for brutality and agents of the American government take responsibility for their actions.[13]

Rapper Cam'ron was featured on the April 22, 2007 edition of the television news program 60 Minutes, and was interviewed by Anderson Cooper about the "Stop Snitching" campaign. When asked if he would tell the police if a serial killer was living next to him, he replied "I would probably move," but he wouldn't inform the police.[14 ] Cam'ron was a victim of a shooting that revealed no leads or clues because he refused to give police information about the suspect, claiming it would hurt his business and violate his "code of ethics."[14 ] According to NYPD records, Cam'ron has cooperated with police in the past.[15] Although, at the time, some hip-hop critics claimed that the information he shared with police could have bolstered his reputation for involvement in violent incidents.

Some Stop Snitching activists say they are not opposed to concerned citizens going to the police with accurate information and don't consider them snitches. They say that snitches are people who give the government favorable testimony in exchange for a plea bargain, money, or some other kind of reward. They point out that these snitches tend to embellish the truth and lie if necessary. According to a study by Northwestern University Law School's Center on Wrongful Convictions informants are responsible for 46% of wrongful capital convictions from false testimony.[16]

The entire Stop Snitching campaign has been parodied by an episode of the television series The Boondocks.

Multiple rappers have made songs promoting the movement such as Obie Trice, Ice Cube ("Stop Snitchin'" on Laugh Now, Cry Later), The Game and Mac Dre. Lil Wayne has a song called "Snitch" from his album, Tha Carter and The Game has titled one of his mixtape albums/DVD, Stop Snitchin, Stop Lyin.

Boston controversy

Boston mayor Thomas Menino announced that he would begin confiscating Stop Snitchin' shirts from local stores. Though Menino rapidly backed away from mandatory confiscation to endorse voluntary removal of the shirts by store owners, his proposals sparked considerable controversy locally and nationally. Though many saw the initiative as ineffective, counterproductive, or misleading, some community members of high crime areas such as Dorchester defended the move as important to conquering fear on the streets and assisting in criminal prosecutions. [17]

A spokesperson for the American Civil Liberties Union rapidly opposed Menino's confiscation plan, claiming that it would violate the U.S. Constitution's First Amendment guarantee of free speech, in addition to violating rights granted by the Fourth and Fourteenth Amendments. The shirts gained attention in Boston in 2004 when the mother of an alleged gang member (and a number of other spectators) wore the shirt during her son's trial for the shooting death of 10-year-old Trina Persad. [1]. Suffolk Superior Court Judge Margaret R. Hinkle successfully banned the shirts from the courtroom as a witness intimidation tactic.

An Antonio Ansaldi store in Dorchester, Massachusetts removed Stop Snitchin' shirts from shelves after Marco Antonio Ennis, who owns the store and manufactures the shirts, met with the mayor, community members, and relatives of recent homicide victims.[18] Other stores, including Bargain T and T in Roxbury have agreed to cease selling the shirts. The controversy, however, seems to have increased the demand for the shirts, though changed the demographic of their wearers towards the suburbs and away from the inner city.

The Stop Snitchin' debate was revived when a Boston judge banned the shirts from all state courthouses, also disallowing cameraphones in the interest of witness protection.[19]

The Stop Snitchin' shirts have inspired parodies including "Stop Menino", "Start Snitchin'", "STOP Stop Snitching", "Yield to Snitching", and "Stop Stop Stop Stop Snitching[20]" shirt.

The Snitching Project

The Snitching Project, led by Dr. Rick Frei at the Community College of Philadelphia, is an ongoing student-driven interdisciplinary research initiative aimed at developing a better understanding of the snitching phenomenon and facilitating community discussion through education. The project uses focus groups, surveys, and interviews to collect data regarding attitudes towards snitching, as well as dispositional and situational variables that might influence a person's propensity to cooperate with police. [21]

The Project also sponsors an interactive wiki, which includes results from the data collection effort, as well as an extensive history of snitching, links to relevant web sites and articles, an on-line version of the survey, and a forum for discussing snitching. [22]

See also


Source notes

  1. ^ Kahn, Jeremy (April 2007), "The Story of a Snitch", The Atlantic,  
  2. ^ a b "'Stop Snitching' Auteur Sentenced To Three Years, Assault", WJLA, Jan 19, 2006
  3. ^ Phil Mushnick, "Tales of the Gun Poorly Covered", New York Post, Dec 31, 2006, also "Carmelo Anthony Featured In Drug Video", The Denver Channel, Dec 2, 2004
  4. ^ Victor Blaswell, "Stop Snitchin' Movement Keeps Criminals on the Streets", First Coast News, Jul 24, 2006
  5. ^ "Carmelo Anthony Featured In Drug Video", The Denver Channel, Dec 2, 2004
  6. ^ ""ANTONIO MOSBY SENTENCED FOR CONSPIRACY TO DISTRIBUTE HEROIN"".  , United States Attorney's Office For The District of Maryland (September 15th, 2006)
  7. ^ ""Former detective sentenced to more than 315 years"".  , The Examiner (June 17th, 2006)
  8. ^ See Christine Armario, When Murder Witnesses Remain Mum, Chicago Tribune, March 16, 2008.
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^ "'Keep Talking' part of strategy using direct communication to fight crime", Baltimore Police Department, Nov.5, 2005
  12. ^ Banks, Gabrielle (2005-10-08). "'Stop Snitchin' shirts stopping criminal trials". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved 2007-05-08.  
  13. ^ "Immortal Technique: Rock The Boat (Part I)" Interview with Immortal Technique, XXL Magazine, 2006-04-04
  14. ^ a b DRUDGE REPORT FLASH 2008
  15. ^ Rapper's Change Of Face - April 19, 2007
  16. ^ Concerned Citizen, Witness, Or Snitch?
  17. ^ "ACLU says T-shirt tied to free speech"
  18. ^ "Despite city crackdown, interest in T-shirts high, store owners say", Boston Globe, December 10, 2006
  19. ^ "Top judge fights courtroom intimidation". Associated Press via Boston Herald. 2006-01-11.  
  20. ^
  21. ^ Doron Taussig, "To Snitch, or Not to Snitch? A Community College class tries to understand the question that's dividing the city", Philadelphia City Paper, 2008-02-20
  22. ^ lawandsocietyweek - The Snitching Study

External links

  • Stop Snitching DVD One of the main websites responsible for selling the Stop Snitching DVDs.
  • Stop One of the websites of 'Let Us Live Entertainment,' a Boston based recording label whose artists promote noncooperation with the police.
  • Grits for Breakfast is weblog whose author, Scott Henson, has written extensively on the topic of use and abuse of informants by law enforcement as well as the "stop snitching" movement.
  • Fields/Wolfe Crime Stopper Memorial Fund A mother's website created after her son was murdered for being a witness in a murder trail in which the accused were seen wearing Stop Snitchin' t-shirts. The mothers were resilient in their search for the current defendants and have been involved in creating legislation to protect witnesses of violent crimes in Colorado.
  • ""Snitch: Informants, Cooperators and the Corruption of Justice"" by Ethan Brown, Public Affairs Books, 2007.

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