Stoughton, Wisconsin: Wikis

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Stoughton, Wisconsin
—  City  —
The Stoughton Opera House and City Hall
Location of Stoughton, Wisconsin
Coordinates: 42°55′16″N 89°13′28″W / 42.92111°N 89.22444°W / 42.92111; -89.22444
Country United States
State Wisconsin
County Dane
Area
 - Total 4.1 sq mi (10.6 km2)
 - Land 4.0 sq mi (10.3 km2)
 - Water 0.1 sq mi (0.4 km2)
Elevation [1] 876 ft (267 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 12,354
 - Density 3,116.6/sq mi (1,203.3/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Area code(s) 608
FIPS code 55-77675[2]
GNIS feature ID 1574965[1]

Stoughton is a city in Dane County, Wisconsin, United States. It straddles the Yahara River about 20 miles southeast of the capital, Madison. Stoughton is part of the Madison Metropolitan Statistical Area. Its estimated population in 2004 was 12,692.[3]

Stoughton is known for its Norwegian heritage: It hosts a citywide celebration of Syttende Mai, the Norwegian constitution day, on the weekend closest to May 17. Its sister city is Gjøvik, Norway. Part of the city's celebration of its Norwegian heritage is the Stoughton Norwegian Dancers dance group, sponsored by Stoughton High School.[4]

Contents

History

Stoughton was founded in 1847 by Luke Stoughton, an Englishman from Vermont. Many Norwegian immigrants settled in the town from 1865 through the early 1900s.[5]

In 1919, Stoughton Wagon Company began putting custom wagon bodies on Model T chassis;[6] by 1929 Ford was by far the biggest seller of station wagons.

On August 18, 2005, an F3 tornado cut a 10-mile path across rural subdivisions and farms north of Stoughton, killing one person and damaging hundreds of homes.

Events

The coffee break is said to have originated in Stoughton, when the immigrant men became employed en masse at T.G. Mandt's wagon factory, leaving their wives to fill the shortages at the tobacco warehouses, who agreed to work under the condition that they were allowed to go home every morning and afternoon to tend to chores and, of course, drink coffee. The city of Stoughton celebrates the coffee break every summer with the Stoughton Coffee Break Festival.[7]

The first weekend in December marks Stoughton's Victorian Holiday Weekend celebrating the city's wealth of beautifully preserved Victorian homes and commercial buildings. Events include a Victorian Holiday Ball featuring Period dances in a casual atmosphere, a production of the Nutcracker Ballet, carriage rides, a silent decorated fire truck parade, children's parade, and more.[8]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.1 square miles (10.6 km²), of which, 4.0 square miles (10.3 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.4 km²) of it (3.41%) is water.

Demographics

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 12,354 people, 4,734 households, and 3,185 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,116.6 people per square mile (1,204.5/km²). There were 4,890 housing units at an average density of 1,233.6/sq mi (476.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.66% White, 0.92% African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.70% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.36% from other races, and 1.05% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.24% of the population. 32.0% were of German, 28.9% Norwegian, 8.5% Irish and 5.3% English ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 4,734 households out of which 37.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.6% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.7% were non-families. 26.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the city the population was spread out with 28.3% under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 32.6% from 25 to 44, 18.4% from 45 to 64, and 14.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 89.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $47,633, and the median income for a family was $58,543. Males had a median income of $37,956 versus $26,187 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,037. About 3.1% of families and 5.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.9% of those under age 18 and 7.2% of those age 65 or over.

In the media

In 2004 a Norwegian TV crew traveled to the Midwest to witness the modern manifestations of Norsky culture in the state. The team was affiliated with the Sogn og Fjordane branch of NRK, Norway’s public television network, but worked as free-lancers on this project. During their stay the team visited Stoughton, as well as Mount Horeb and Decorah, Iowa. In Stoughton the Norwegians focused on Jessica Lippart, then a bunad-clad member of the Stoughton Norwegian Dancers, as she danced and commented on the Norwegian-American cultural aspects of the area. The documentary Ja, de elsker (Yes, they love, a reference to the Norwegian national anthem) was aired on NRK1 on May 16, and May 17 2006, just in time for that year's Norwegian Constitution Day. The program was also shown on December 30 2006.[9]

Notable people

References

  1. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  3. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau". http://www.census.gov/popest/cities/tables/SUB-EST2004-04-55.xls.  
  4. ^ "Stoughton Norwegian Dancers". http://www.stoughtonnorwegiandancers.net/. Retrieved 2009-04-06.  
  5. ^ "Stoughton Historical Society". http://www.stoughtonhistoricalsociety.org.  
  6. ^ Georgano, G. N. Cars: Early and Vintage, 1886-1930. (London: Grange-Universal, 1985)
  7. ^ http://www.stoughtonwi.com/coffee.shtml
  8. ^ http://www.victorianholidayweekend.com/
  9. ^ http://csumc.wisc.edu/newsletter/Fall_05/Ja_de_elsker.htm
  10. ^ http://www.militarytimes.com/citations-medals-awards/recipient.php?recipientid=11670
  11. ^ a b "Olympic history results". USA Wrestling. http://www.themat.com/section.php?section_id=6&page=olympic_history. Retrieved 2008-11-17.  
  12. ^ a b Golomski, Betsy. 2008-09 Wisconsin Wrestling Media Guide. University of Wisconsin Athletic Communications Office. http://www.uwbadgers.com/pdf/?id=9567. Retrieved 2008-11-17.  
  13. ^ "Russ Hellickson biography". Ohio State University. http://www.ohiostatebuckeyes.com/ViewArticle.dbml?&DB_OEM_ID=17300&ATCLID=992226. Retrieved 2008-11-17.  
  14. ^ a b "WIAA Individual State Champions". Wisconsin Interscholastic Athletic Association. http://www.wiaawi.org/wrestling/individualchamps.pdf. Retrieved 2008-11-17.  

External links

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