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Strömstad
Strömstad is located in Sweden
Strömstad
Coordinates: 58°56′N 11°10′E / 58.933°N 11.167°E / 58.933; 11.167Coordinates: 58°56′N 11°10′E / 58.933°N 11.167°E / 58.933; 11.167
Country Sweden
Province Bohuslän
County Västra Götaland County
Municipality Strömstad Municipality
Area [1]
 - Total 3.28 km2 (1.3 sq mi)
Population (2005-12-31)[1]
 - Total 6,110
 - Density 1,862/km2 (4,822.6/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)

Strömstad is a locality and the seat of Strömstad Municipality, Västra Götaland County, Sweden with 6,110 inhabitants in 2005.[1]

Strömstad is, despite its small population, for historical reasons normally still referred to as a city.

History

Originally, the province Bohuslän, where Strömstad is situated, was Norwegian territory, which was transferred to Sweden according to the Treaty of Roskilde in 1658.

At Strömstad, there was a small fishing village known as Strömmen. The town got small privileges as a merchant town (köping) shortly thereafter, which seems to have made it expand, because it is documented to have gotten a charter in 1676 by King Charles XI of Sweden, although some documents show it was already considered a city in 1672. As it was the seat for a merchant navy, the coat of arms was designed with such a ship, and has remained that way even after the use of sailing ships was discontinued in the 19th century.

The city was a seat for Sweden's warfare against the Danish-Norway, and more than once it was conquered and reconquered throughout the centuries. The warlike King Charles XII of Sweden, for instance, used it as his outpost for his campaign against Norway in 1716-1718.

At the time it had a population of 300 inhabitants. But soon the fishing blossomed, and its population increased to 1,100 by 1805. The late 18th century also saw the spa and bathing attract visitors, a position it kept throughout the 19th century. By 1917, its population was 2,949 inhabitants.

Notability

As the Norwegian alcohol taxes are higher than the Swedish ones, Norwegian shoppers have caused the Swedish alcohol retailing monopoly Systembolaget to open an extra store to cater for demand. When only one shop existed it was the Systembolaget shop having highest sales in Sweden, with traffic congestion near the shop in the inner city. The Norwegians have been notoriously known for causing havoc on Maundy Thursday as this is a public holiday in Norway but not in Sweden. For Easter 2008 the city council decided to keep Systembolaget closed on Maundy Thursday.

The city is known for its yachting harbor.

Strömstad is the setting for the play The Creditors by August Strindberg.

References

Murkrona.svg Strömstad is one of 133 places with the historical city status in Sweden.
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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Strömstad[1] is a city in Bohuslän on the west coast of Sweden, close to the Norwegian border. While only home of 6000 people, it is for historical reasons often referred to as a city.

Get in

By bus

Timeekspressen[2] has 6 daily departures to Oslo, leaving on top of the hour, every two hours between 8 and 16. Swebusexpress[3] buses also stops here on their Göteborg - Oslo route.

By train

There is about 4-5 daily departures to Göteborg by Västtrafik[4]. In the summer the Swedish Railways (SJ) runs a X2000 express train to Stockholm twice a day.

By ferry

There are serveral ferry's every day across the outflow of the Oslo fjord to Sandefjord in Norway with a Color line ferry[5]. The previous connection to Langesund was discontinued in December 2008.

  • Blomsholm. Iron age museum area  edit
Routes through Strömstad
OsloHalden  N noframe S  UddevallaGöteborg
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