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Strait of Tartary: Wikis


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The Strait of Tartary connects the Sea of Okhostsk to the Sea of Japan.

Strait of Tartary (Gulf of Tartary, Gulf of Tatary, Tatar Strait, Tartar Strait, Strait of Tartar, also Chinese: 韃靼海峽 , Japanese: 間宮海峡, Mamiya Strait, Russian Татарский пролив) is a strait in the Pacific Ocean dividing the Russian island of Sakhalin from mainland Asia (South-East Russia), connecting the Sea of Okhotsk on the north with the Sea of Japan on the south. It is 900 km long, 4–20 m deep, and 7.3 km wide at the narrowest point.



The coasts of the "Channel of Tartary" were charted by La Pérouse in 1787. The land adjacent to it from the west was referred to at the time as the "Chinese Tartary"

The name Tartars had long been used by Europeans for various peoples of Inner Asia and Northern Asia. Since the Manchus' entry onto the world history's scene in 1644, the name "Tartars" became applied to them as well,[1] and Manchuria (and Mongolia) became known to the Europeans as the "Chinese Tartary".[2] Accordingly, when La Pérouse charted most of the strait between Sakhalin and the mainland "Chinese Tartary" in 1787, the body of water received the name of the Strait (or Channel, or Gulf) of Tartary.

In Japan, the strait is named after Mamiya Rinzo, who traveled to the strait in 1808[3] whereof the name was introduced by Philipp Franz von Siebold in his book Nippon: Archiv zur Beschreibung von Japan (1832-54).

On Russian maps, the short narrowest section of the strait (south of the mouth of the Amur) is called Strait of Nevelskoy, after Admiral Gennady Nevelskoy, who explored the area in 1848; the body of water north of there, into which the Amur River flows, is the Amur Liman; and the name of "Strait of Tartary" is reserved for the largest section of the body of water, south of Strait of Nevelskoy.


Vanino, an important port on the Strait of Tartary

Since 1973, a rail ferry operates across the strait, connecting the port of Vanino, Khabarovsk Krai on the mainland with Kholmsk on Sakhalin Island.[4] [5]

Looking at the map, one could think that the Strait of Tartary would provide a convenient connection for boats sailing from the Sea of Japan to the Sea of Okhotsk, e.g. from Vanino to Magadan. However, according to the SASCO that operates that shipping line, their ships rarely travel that way. The usual winter route from Vanino to Magadan is via Tsugaru Strait, and around Hokkaido; the usual summer route, is via La Pérouse Strait and around Sakhalin. Only when coming back from Magadan to Vanino with a low load and in good weather would the ships travel along the shortest route, i.e. via the Amur Liman, Strait of Nevelskoy, and the Strait of Tartary proper (which, incidentally, SASCO calls the "Strait of Sakhalin" - Sakhalinsky Proliv).[6]

A tunnel under the strait, to give a road and/or rail connection between Sakhalin and the mainland, was begun under Stalin, but abandoned incomplete after his death. Renewed calls for a tunnel have been made by politicians in recent years.

In fiction

Strait of Tartary is also a poem by Walter de la Mare, in which he speaks about Tartary as a land in Asia north of China.

See also


External links

Coordinates: 52°11′00″N 141°37′00″E / 52.1833333°N 141.6166667°E / 52.1833333; 141.6166667



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