The Full Wiki

Stratford station: Wikis

  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Stratford
Stratford (London)[1]
Stratford Regional[2]
Stratford Station London UK.jpg
South station entrance
Stratford is located in Greater London
Stratford

Location of Stratford in Greater London
Location Stratford
Local authority London Borough of Newham
Managed by London Underground[3]
National Express East Anglia[1]
Owner Network Rail[3]
Station code SRA
Platforms in use 18
Accessible Handicapped/disabled access [4][5]
Fare zone 3

London Underground annual entry and exit
2006 22.443 million[6]
2007 25.627 million[6]
2008 27.230 million[6]
National Rail annual entry and exit
2005/6 7.699 million[7]
2006/7 13.089 million[7]
2007/8 11.273 million[7]

1839 Opened by ECR
1946 Central line started
1987 DLR started
1999 Jubilee line started
2017 Crossrail due to start

List of stations Underground · National Rail
External links DeparturesLayout
  FacilitiesBuses

Coordinates: 51°32′32″N 0°00′12″W / 51.5422°N 0.0033°W / 51.5422; -0.0033

Stratford station is a large railway station in Stratford, Newham, East London on National Rail (including London Overground), London Underground and the Docklands Light Railway (DLR). It is served by the Underground Central and Jubilee lines. National Rail services that serve this station are National Express East Anglia and c2c. It is in Travelcard Zone 3. To distinguish the station from Stratford-upon-Avon this station is called Stratford (London) by National Rail,[1] and is sometimes referred to as Stratford Regional to distinguish it from Stratford International station 400 yards (370 m) away.[2]

Contents

History

Railway lines around Stratford in 1914

Stratford station was opened on 20 June 1839 by the Eastern Counties Railway (ECR). As well as a station, a railway works was also built, and much of this has since been turned into a freight terminal.

Central Line services started on 4 December 1946, extended from Liverpool Street station in new tunnels after being delayed due to the Second World War. Services were extended to Leyton on 5 May 1947 and then on to the former London and North Eastern Railway branch lines to Epping, Ongar and Hainault progressively until 1957.

The Docklands Light Railway opened on 31 August 1987 reusing redundant rail routes through the Bow and Poplar areas to reach the new Docklands developments on the Isle of Dogs.

The Low Level station underwent a major rebuilding programme in the late 1990s as part of the Jubilee Line Extension works. This saw the construction of an enormous steel and glass building designed by Wilkinson Eyre that encloses much of the Low Level station, and a new ticket hall. The old ticket hall, which lay at the eastern end of the station and was connected via a subway, has since been demolished. The Jubilee Line opened to passengers on 14 May 1999, initially only as far as North Greenwich station, before opening to Green Park and Stanmore in November 1999.

With the massive increase of services and passengers since the Second World War, Stratford station has changed from being a fairly busy junction to one of the country's major rail interchanges. This is set to continue in the future with the opening of the Crossrail line across London and the nearby Stratford International station.

Layout

  Stratford stations
Legend
Unused waterway turning from left
Unknown route-map component "uexBHFl" + Hub
DLR (under construction)
Unknown route-map component "CHRISBOT" Enter transverse tunnel to right
Transverse track + Unknown route-map component "uexBRÜCKE"
Station on transverse track + Hub
Enter transverse tunnel to left Unknown route-map component "CHRISBOT2"
Stratford Int'l HS1
Unused waterway turning left Unused waterway turning from right
Unknown route-map component "uexTUNNELa"
Continuation to right Transverse track Transverse track
Unused urban tunnel straight track + Transverse track
Transverse terminus from right + Hub
Stratford Regional HL  NLL
Unused urban tunnel straight track
Transverse terminus from left + Unknown route-map component "HUB26"
Transverse track Continuation to left
HL  Lea Valley Lines
Continuation to right Transverse track Transverse track
Unused urban tunnel straight track + Transverse track
Unknown route-map component "CPICqu" + Unknown route-map component "HUB26"
Transverse track Continuation to left
HL  GEML
Unknown route-map component "utCONTr" Unknown route-map component "utSTRq" Unknown route-map component "uTUNNELru"
Unused urban tunnel straight track + Urban transverse track
Unknown route-map component "uCPICqd" + Unknown route-map component "HUB26"
Unknown route-map component "uTUNNELlu" Unknown route-map component "utCONTl"
HL  Central line
Unknown route-map component "uCONTr" Urban transverse track Urban transverse track
Unused urban tunnel straight track + Urban transverse track
Unknown route-map component "uBHFl" + Unknown route-map component "HUB26"
HL  DLR via Poplar
Unknown route-map component "uexTUNNELe" Unknown route-map component "HUB26"
Unknown route-map component "uCPICla" + Hub
Unknown route-map component "uexCPICr" + Hub
Hub
Stratford Regional (low level)
Urban straight track Unknown route-map component "uexBHF"
Stratford High Street (ex-Stratford Market)
Urban straight track Unused urban continuation forward
DLR via Canning Town (being built)
Unknown route-map component "uCONTf"
Jubilee line

High level platforms

Different platform signage (clockwise from top left) London Overground, Docklands Light Railway, Jubilee line, National Express East Anglia
North London Line platforms 1 and 2 on the far left, a train on a working to Stansted airport at platform 12, a freight train passing through platform 10a and above the partially complete new walkway
Westbound platforms 3 and 5 at Stratford station (with a National Express East Anglia train arriving at platform 5) plus on the left a new platform under construction which will see westbound Central Line trains opening their doors on both sides.
Passengers interchange between Central Line trains on platform 6 and the former First Great Eastern train service on platform 8.
Jubilee line platforms 13 to 15, opened in 1999

The high level platforms are above the low level ones and run at right angles to them, roughly east-west. The lines to the old platforms 1 & 2 pass beneath the High Level station. Access from the main station entrance is via a subway; a second subway links the Jubilee line platforms directly to platforms 3–10. A third subway, which served the old entrance to the station, is closed and available for emergency use only, but between Spring 2009 and Winter 2010 the subway should reopen.

  • Platforms 1 & 2: On 15 April 2009, the North London Line platforms at Stratford moved to new high-level platforms 1 & 2 from the old low-level platforms 1 & 2, the latter being made available for the DLR's upcoming Stratford International service (due open 2010). Platforms 1 and 2 comprise an island platform with step-free links to platform 12 and the subway linking to platforms 3 to 11.[8] The platforms can accommodate trains with up to 6 carriages, though at present due to short platforms elsewhere, 3-car trains are used as previously. It had originally been planned to make this change on 2 January 2009 but it was delayed.[9] Note: During planning of these new platforms they were shown on plans as 12a and 12b.
  • Platforms 3 & 6: used by Central line trains, which rise from their tunnels into the open air here and immediately descend back underground afterwards. This provides easy cross-platform interchange with National Rail services operating from platforms 5 and 8 respectively (see below). Also During mid 2010 and late 2011 platform 3a which has access to mezzanine level.
  • Platforms 4 & 7 (abandoned): when the London to Shenfield line was electrified in the 1940s, there was an intention to run a shuttle service from Fenchurch Street to Stratford, calling at Stepney and Bow Road, which would have terminated at these bay platforms. However, this service was never introduced (despite all the works required being carried out) and they were never used for their intended purpose. In the 1980s platform 4 was utilised as the terminus of the Docklands Light Railway while platform 7 remained abandoned. In 2007 platform 4 was abandoned again as the DLR moved to two new platforms to the south of platform 4.
  • Platforms 9, 10 & 10a: used by National Express East Anglia services on the fast lines out of London Liverpool Street towards Norwich and destinations served by branches off the Great Eastern Main Line, e.g. Clacton-on-Sea, Braintree, and Southend. Originally there were only two platforms here, but in the 1990s the station buildings on Platform 9 were demolished to make an island platform with faces on both sides. The new face became 9, the old 9 became 10 and the old 10 became 10a. Platform 10a is now rarely used because of its inconvenient location, accessible from only one of the two open station subways.
  • Platforms 11 & 12: since December 2005 these platforms have been used for National Express East Anglia services to Broxbourne, Bishop's Stortford and Stansted Airport. There is a half-hourly service in the peak hours, hourly off-peak and at weekends. Most services use platform 12, since trains cannot terminate and reverse direction in platform 11.

Low level platforms

These platforms are at ground level and run north-south. Platforms 13 - 16 are served by a footbridge (with lifts and escalators) from the main station entrance, while platform 17 adjoins directly onto the main station concourse.

  • Platforms 13–15: built in the late 1990s to serve the Jubilee line when it was extended here in 1999. All three Jubilee line platforms are bay platforms.[10]. A footbridge joins the platforms at the south end, away from the main station building.
Two British Railways Class 416 trains working on the North London Line pass at Stratford (low level) station. This view shows the station as it was before rebuilding for the Jubilee line.
  • Platforms 16 & 17 (under construction): originally served trains from Palace Gates (near Alexandra Palace) to North Woolwich, a service which no longer operates. In the 1980s, trains from Richmond to Broad Street were diverted to run via these platforms to North Woolwich. Following the closure of the line to North Woolwich on 9 December 2006, these platforms effectively became a terminus, with trains only heading west, towards Richmond. However, they also left the station at its south end, to reverse, so both platforms were used. On 14 April 2009 these platforms, originally numbered 1 and 2, closed and the North London Line service moved to the current platforms 1 and 2, which are in the High level part of the station and have step-free access. The old platforms are being converted for use by the DLR and will reopen as platforms 16 and 17.[8][11]

Stratford International

The nearby Stratford International station opened on 30 November 2009 (for preview services only). Since 13 December 2009 Southeastern began its full domestic high-speed service between London St Pancras, and Kent. Currently a bus service provides an interchange between Stratford Regional and Stratford International[12] which leaves the regional station from the northern end of platform 11, where rail tickets are available from staff members operating from a temporary ticket office. The Docklands Light Railway 'Stratford International/North London Line conversion' extension will provide a rail link between the two stations starting in 2010.

Service patterns

The typical off-peak number of trains per hour (tph) from Stratford is as follows:

Operator Services
London Underground
National Express East Anglia
Docklands Light Railway
London Overground
  • 4 tph to Richmond (Service currently closed between Stratford and Gospel Oak until 1 June 2010. There is a replacement bus service)
c2c
  • Irregular and infrequent to London Liverpool Street
  • Irregular and infrequent to Barking and Grays[13]
New DLR platforms 4a and 4b at Stratford, opened in 2007

Electrification

All lines at Stratford are electrified, although a few passenger and freight services which pass through this station are operated by diesel powered trains. At one time there were four different systems of electrification in use, a record for any station in London. However since the diversion of the North London Line from the low level to the new high level platforms these trains have changed the electrical system they use whilst at this station. The remaining systems used are:

In addition in 1949 the Great Eastern Main Line through Stratford was electrified at 1500 V DC overhead before being converted to 6.25 kV AC 50 Hz overhead in 1960 and converted again in about 1976 to 25 kV.[14]

Future

In mid-2010 an extension of the Docklands Light Railway over part of the North London Line will link the two stations using low level platforms 16 and 17.[15] A plan to build a additional westbound Central Line platform, numbered 3A, (which is currently under construction) will allow passengers to leave the train on both sides and thus reduce dwell times for trains serving central London at peak hours. This will be connected to the existing infrastructure built for the Jubilee Line Extension, at the mezzanine level. Along with this new platform there are plans to build a new ticket hall at the eastern end of the mezzanine. This will relieve congestion at the existing ticket hall.[16]

In preparation for the Olympics and the Stratford City development, a new north-facing exit and ticket hall will be constructed. Both existing passenger subways will be extended north to connect with the ticket hall, and the abandoned subway at the eastern end of the station, which formed part of the old station complex, will be reopened and refurbished to allow interchange between platforms 3-12 through to the new high-level platforms 1 & 2.[17] A new pedestrian bridge may also be built to connect Stratford shopping centre with the Stratford City development. This pedestrian link will also connect the mezzanine level ticket hall with the northern ticket hall.

The National Express East Anglia service north to Tottenham Hale may see a re-opened station at Lea Bridge. This is not likely to take place until after the 2012 Olympics.

The station will also become a major interchange for Crossrail services which are due to commence in 2017. This would mean that Stratford would be directly linked to Heathrow Airport, Maidenhead and possibly Reading.

A 360° view, taken in October 2005, of the canopy structure which houses the new ticket hall. The high-level station is through the windows in the centre and the low-level station is on the right.
The same view in August 2008. Note the new DLR platforms on the left of the picture and the additional westbound Central Line platform under construction through the windows in the left-centre.

Services

Current services

Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
Central line
towards Epping, Hainault
or Woodford via Hainault
towards Stanmore
Jubilee line Terminus
DLR no-text roundel.svg DLR
towards Lewisham
Docklands Light Railway Terminus
Overground notextroundel.svg National Rail London Overground
towards Richmond
North London Line Terminus
National Rail National Rail
Liverpool Street   National Express East Anglia
Great Eastern Main Line
  Romford
  National Express East Anglia
Shenfield Metro
  Maryland
Terminus   National Express East Anglia
Lea Valley Lines
  Tottenham Hale

{{Rail line|previous=Liverpool Street

Liverpool Street   National Express East Anglia
London-Southend and Southminster
  Romford or Shenfield
Liverpool Street   c2c
Liverpool Street - Barking
  Barking
Liverpool Street   Dutchflyer
London-Amsterdam
  Shenfield

Future services

Preceding station   DLR no-text roundel.svg DLR   Following station
Terminus
Docklands Light Railway
Crossrail
Crossrail
towards Shenfield

Former services

Preceding station Disused railways Following station
Coborn Road   Great Eastern Railway
Great Eastern Main Line
  Maryland
  Great Eastern Railway
Lea Valley Lines
  Lea Bridge
  Great Eastern Railway
Ongar Line
  Leyton
Bow Road   Great Eastern Railway
Fenchurch Street shuttle
  Terminus
Hackney Wick   Silverlink
North London Line
  West Ham

Former train operating company Anglia Railways ran services known as London Crosslink from Norwich to Basingstoke via Stratford. This service started in 2000 and ended in 2002.

Preceding station National Rail Following station
Highbury & Islington   Anglia Railways
London Crosslink
  Romford or
Ingatestone

Other transport links

Stratford Station also has its own bus station completed in the late 1990s. The following London Buses routes 25, 69, 86, 104, 108, 158, 238, 241, 257, 262, 276, 308, 425, 473, 678, D8, N8, N86 and coach routes 010(to Cambridge) and A9(to Stansted Airport) serve the station.[18][19][20]

References

  1. ^ a b c "Station Facilities: Stratford". National Rail Enquiries. 26 November 2009. http://www.nationalrail.co.uk/stations/SRA/details.html. Retrieved 11 December 2009. 
  2. ^ a b "Stratford Regional Station". London 2012 Olympic Organising committee. http://www.london2012.com/photos/2008/11/stratford-regional-station-60490.php. Retrieved 14 December 2009. 
  3. ^ a b "Sub-committee Minutes". Rail & Underground Sub-committee. London TravelWatch. 16 May 2006. http://www.londontravelwatch.org.uk/get_document.php?id=2325. Retrieved 8 December 2009. 
  4. ^ "Step free Tube Guide". Transport for London. December 2009. http://www.tfl.gov.uk/assets/downloads/step-free-tube-guide-map.pdf. Retrieved 8 February 2010. 
  5. ^ "London and South East". Rail Map for People with Reduced Mobility. National Rail. September 2006. http://www.nationalrail.co.uk/system/galleries/download/mobility_maps/LondonSouthEast.pdf. Retrieved 1 January 2010. 
  6. ^ a b c "Customer metrics: entries and exits". London Underground performance update. Transport for London. 2003-2008. http://www.tfl.gov.uk/tfl/corporate/modesoftransport/tube/performance/default.asp?onload=entryexit. Retrieved 19 January 2010. 
  7. ^ a b c "Station usage". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation. 12 March 2009. http://www.rail-reg.gov.uk/server/show/nav.1529. Retrieved 19 January 2010. 
  8. ^ a b London Overground: Statford Platform Changes (Information leaflet, TfL April 2009)
  9. ^ London Overground: Statford Platform Changes (Information leaflet, TfL Janauary 2009)
  10. ^ "Stratford Station". Commission for Architecture and the Built Environment (CABE). http://www.cabe.org.uk/default.aspx?contentitemid=288&field=btstr&term=Transport&type=1. Retrieved 2008-03-01. 
  11. ^ "Stratford Station". http://www.london2012.com/documents/oda-transport/stratford-regional-station-christmas-2007-improvements-map.pdf. 
  12. ^ "Southeastern highspeed Train times 13 December 2009". http://www.southeasternrailway.co.uk/app/webroot/files/cache/Timetable%20HS%20December%202009.pdf. Retrieved 28 October 2009. 
  13. ^ c2c online: 13 December 2009 timetable
  14. ^ Glover, John (2003). "Eastern Electric", Ian Allan, London. ISBN 0-7110-2934-2.
  15. ^ "Stratford Station Upgrade: Proposed Platform Level Layout". TfL. http://www.tfl.gov.uk/assets/downloads/Stratford-Platform-Layout.pdf. Retrieved 11 February 2009. 
  16. ^ "Stratford station is given £104m". BBC News. 16 March 2007. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/london/6457359.stm. Retrieved 11 February 2009. 
  17. ^ "Stratford Station Upgrade: Proposed Subway Level Layout". TfL. http://www.tfl.gov.uk/assets/downloads/Stratford-Subway-Layout.pdf. Retrieved 11 February 2009. 
  18. ^ "Buses from Stratford". Transport for London. February 2009. http://www.tfl.gov.uk/tfl/gettingaround/maps/buses/pdf/stratford-2242.pdf. Retrieved 2009-05-27. 
  19. ^ "Night buses from Stratford". Transport for London. 2009. http://www.tfl.gov.uk/tfl/gettingaround/maps/buses/pdf/stratfordnight-14034.pdf. Retrieved 2009-05-27. 
  20. ^ "Route 678". London Bus Routes. 2009-02-23. http://www.londonbusroutes.net/times/678.htm. Retrieved 2009-05-27. 

External links








Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message