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Straubing
View of Straubing.
View of Straubing.
Coat of arms of Straubing
Straubing is located in Germany
Straubing
Coordinates 48°53′0″N 12°34′0″E / 48.883333°N 12.566667°E / 48.883333; 12.566667
Administration
Country Germany
State Bavaria
Admin. region Lower Bavaria
District Urban district
Mayor Markus Pannermayr (CSU)
Basic statistics
Area 67.58 km2 (26.09 sq mi)
Elevation 322 m  (1056 ft)
Population 44,633  (31 December 2005)
 - Density 660 /km2 (1,711 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate SR
Postal codes 94301–94315
Area code 09421
Website www.straubing.de

Straubing is an independent city in Lower Bavaria, southern Germany. It is seat of the district Straubing-Bogen. Annually in August the Gäubodenvolksfest, the second largest fair in Bavaria, is held.

The city is located on the Danube forming the center of the Gäuboden.

Contents

History

Gäubodenvolksfest, Straubing

The area of Straubing is continuously settled since the Neolithic. The conquest by the Romans in 16-14 BC had a dramatic impact on the whole region. Even today a lot of traces of the 400 year lasting Roman occupation can be found (for example the famous 'Römerschatz' (roman treasure) which is shown in the Gäubodenmuseum). Sorviodurum, as the Romans called it, was an important military support base.

After the fall of the Roman Empire Straubing became a center of settlement of the Bavarii, mostly around the church St. Peter (built in the 9th century) between Allachbach and Danube. According to the customs of the Bavarii the settlement was named after their leader Strupinga, which later evolved into the name Straubing.

1218 a new part of the city (called 'new town') was founded by Louis I Wittelsbach, Duke of Bavaria. Straubing became the capital of the duchy of Bavaria-Straubing under Duke William I when Bavaria was divided among the sons of Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor in 1349. In 1429 Straubing passed to Ernest, Duke of Bavaria-Munich, who ordered to murder Agnes Bernauer in Straubing. The grave of Agnes Bernauer can't be found. But in the graveyard of St. Peter church is a chapel built by Duke Ernest.

This new town is nowadays the center of Straubing with many shops, offices, restaurants and a pedestrian area. Most buildings there still have medieval style. The nightlife of Straubing, with many pubs and discothèques, is concentrated in this area.

A must is the beautiful gothic cathedral-like Basilika St. Jakob, the romanesque St. Peter's Church, the Carmelite Monastery with its baroque Church and library, St. Vitus (see picture), where you can find a life-size personifciation of "state and church" joined in holy matrimony.

In 1944 und 1945 Straubing suffered from several American Air raids. The local military hospital was destroyed to an extent of 80 percent with a loss of 45 inmates, although it was clearly marked with the Red Cross insignia on the roof tops.

Straubing also has many industrial areas and a port at the river Danube with access to the Rhine-Main-Danube Canal, a connection from the North Sea to the Black Sea. It is the center of the Bavarian high tech offensive in biotechnology.

Main sights

As one of five ducal residences of medieval Bavaria next to Landshut, Munich, Ingolstadt and Burghausen the old town of Straubing features especially many gothic buildings.

Church of St. Peter
Ducal castle Herzogsschloss
  • The Romanesque Church of St. Peter (12th century) [1]
  • The gothic City tower (begun in 1316) [2]
  • The gothic town hall
  • The medieval ducal castle Herzogsschloss (begun in 1356) [3]
  • The gothic Basilica of St. Jacob (present-day church begun in 1393) [4]
  • The Church St. Vitus (St. Veit) - home of the oldest still existing Confraternity in Germany, the St. Salvator-Confraternity [5]
  • The Carmelite Monastery and Church Holy Spirit (since 1368; by Hans von Burghausen - the only monastery which survived the dissolution of 1802) The monks support especially Palestinian Christians [6]
  • Church St.Ursula (Ursulinenkirche) of the Asam brothers
  • The baroque Trinity Column at Theresienplatz
  • The Water Tower
  • The Sossau church of pilgrimage
  • The Straubing Zoo (the only zoo in East Bavaria)

Festivals and main cultural events

  • Straubinger Frühlingsfest - a spring festival(annual)
  • Gäubodenvolksfest and Ostbayernschau
  • Museum containing Roman artifacts.
  • Agnes-Bernauer-Festspiele - a historical play to remind of the murdered Agnes Bernauer
  • Straubinger Zoo
  • A Jazz festival - Jazz an der Donau - one of the greatest jazz-festivals in Europe with specialguests like Seal, Aretha Franklin or Mousse T. (annual)
  • Bürgerfest (burgher festival) is hold every two years in the historical center of Straubing

Historical residents

Sports

International relations

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Twin towns — Sister cities

Straubing is twinned with:


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

STRAUBING, a town of Germany, in the kingdom of Bavaria, pleasantly situated in a fertile plain, on the right bank of the Danube, here crossed by two bridges, 25 m. S.E. of Regensburg, on the railway to Passau. Pop. (1905), 20,856, nearly all of whom are Roman Catholics. Its oldest and most characteristic building is the tall square tower with its five pointed turrets, dating from 1208. It has eight Roman Catholic churches. among them being the church of St James, a handsome Late Gothic edifice, with some paintings ascribed to Wohlgemuth; the old Carmelite church containing a monument to Duke Albert II. of Bavaria; and that of St Peter with the tomb of Agnes Bernauer. It has also a Gothic town-hall, a castle, now used as barracks, and two fine squares. The numerous educational establishments include a gymnasium, an episcopal seminary for boys and a normal school. The industries of Straubing are tanning and brewing, the manufacture of bricks and cement, and trade in grain and cattle. Straubing is a town of remote origin, believed to be identical with the Roman station of Sorbiodurum. In definite history, however, it is known only as a Bavarian town, and from 1353 to 1425 it was the seat of the ducal line of Bavaria-Straubing. Its chief historical interest attaches to its connexion with the unfortunate Agnes Bernauer (q.v.), who lived at the château here with her husband Duke Albert III.

See Wimmer, Sammelblatter zur Geschichte der Stadt Straubing (Straubing, 1882-1884), and Ortner, Straubing in seiner Vergangenheit and Gegenwart (Straubing, 1902).


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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

German

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Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

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German Wikipedia has an article on:
Straubing

Wikipedia de

Proper noun

Straubing

  1. Straubing (independent city in Bavaria, Germany)

Simple English

Straubing

Straubing
Coordinates 48°53′0″N 12°34′0″E / 48.883333°N 12.566667°E / 48.883333; 12.566667
Administration
Country Germany
State Bavaria
Admin. region Lower Bavaria
District Urban district
Mayor Markus Pannermayr (CSU)
Basic statistics
Area 67.58 km2 (26.09 sq mi)
Elevation 322 m  (1056 ft)
Population 44,633  (31 December 2005)
 - Density 660 /km2 (1,711 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate SR
Postal codes 94301–94315
Area code 09421
Website www.straubing.de

Straubing is a city in Lower Bavaria, Germany.


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