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This is a list of tunings for stringed musical instruments. Strings or courses are listed from low to high pitch, reading from left to right facing the front of the instrument standing vertically. (The are a few exceptions to this, for instance the mountain dulcimer which is strung in the reverse direction, with the highest sounding courses on the left and the lowest to the right.) Octaves, where shown, are given in scientific pitch notation, where the A above middle C is "A4."

Single-string courses are simply separated by spaces; multiple-string courses (i.e., paired or tripled strings) are shown with the courses separated by bullet characters (•).

Octave designation diagram for scientific pitch notation (used by The Acoustical Society of America) and Helmholtz


Contents: Top · 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A

Instrument Tuning Strings & Courses Alternative Names Origin Notes
Andylin F F • C C • G G • C C 8 strings/4 courses Andy Irvine Pitched between mandolin and mandola
Archlute F F • G G • A A • B B • C C • D D • E F G C F A D G 20 strings/14 courses

B

Instrument Tuning Strings & Courses Alternative Names Origin Notes
Baglamas (Greek) D4 D5 • A4 A4 • D5 D5 6 strings/3 courses Greece Modal D standard tuning
Bajo quinto A2 A1 • D3 D2 • G2 G2 • C3 C3 • F3 F3 10 strings/5 courses Mexico Standard tuning.
Bajo Sexto E2 E1 • A2 A1 • D3 D2 • G2 G2 • C3 C3 • F3 F3 12 strings/6 courses Mexico Standard tuning
Balalaika E E A 3 strings/3 courses Russia Standard alto tuning
Balalaika E A D 3 strings/3 courses Russia Standard bass tuning
Balalaika E A D 3 strings/3 courses Russia Standard contrabass tuning
Balalaika E E A 3 strings/3 courses Russia Standard piccolo tuning
Balalaika E E A 3 strings/3 courses Russia Standard prima tuning
Balalaika C E G 3 strings/3 courses Russia Folk tuning
Bandola F3 F3 • B3 B3 • E4 E4 E4 • A4 A4 A4 • D5 D5 D5 • G5 G5 G5 16 strings/4 courses Colombia Standard tuning
Bandola Llanera A3  D4  F4  B3 4 strings/4 courses Venezuela Standard tuning.
Bandola Oriental G3 G3 • D4 D4 • A4 A4 • E5 E5 4 strings/4 courses Venezuela Standard tuning.
Bandurria G G • C C • F F • B B • E E • A A 12 strings/6 courses Spain Spanish tuning. One octave higher

than the laud.

banjo (bass) E1 A1 D2 G2 4 strings/4 courses A cello banjo is sometimes called a "bass banjo", but there are true bass banjos as well
banjo (cello) C2 G2 D3 A3 4 strings/4 courses bass banjo Standard tuning. Same as cello and mandocello
Banjo (tenor) C3 G3 D4 A4 4 strings/4 courses USA via Africa Standard tenor jazz tuning
Banjo (tenor) G2 D3 A3 E4  4 strings/4 courses USA via Africa Irish tenor tuning
Banjo (5-string) G4 D3 G3 B3 D4 5 strings/5 courses USA via Africa Open G tuning
Banjo (5-string) G C G B D 5 strings/5 courses C tuning
Banjo (plectrum) C G B D 4 strings/4 courses USA via Africa Standard plectrum tuning
Baritone guitar B1 E2 A2 D3 F3 B3 6 strings/6 courses United States (Danelectro[citation needed]) Standard 4th lower tuning
Baritone guitar A1 D2 G2 C3 E3 A3 6 strings/6 courses United States (Danelectro) Standard 5th lower tuning
Baritone guitar E1 A1 D2 G2 B2 E3 6 strings/6 courses United States (Danelectro) Octave lower tuning
Bass guitar E1 A1 D2 G2 4 strings/4 courses Bass, electric bass United States Standard 4-string tuning
Bass guitar (5-string) B0 E1 A1 D2 G2 5 strings/5 courses Bass, electric bass Argentina[citation needed] E1 A1 D2 G2 C3 is also used
Bass guitar (6-string) B0 E1 A1 D2 G2 C3 6 strings/6 courses Bass, electric bass, Contrabass Guitar
Bordonua A2 A3 • D4 D3 • F3 F4 • B3 B3 • E4 E4 10 strings/5 courses Puerto Rico

C

Instrument Tuning Strings & Courses Alternative Names Origin Notes
Cavaquinho D G B D 4 strings/4 courses Cavaco Brazil Standard tuning
Cavaquinho D G B E 4 strings/4 courses Cavaco Brazil 'Guitar' tuning
Cavaquinho G G B D 4 strings/4 courses Cavaco Brazil Alternative tuning
Cavaquinho A A C E 4 strings/4 courses Cavaco Brazil Alternative tuning
Cello C2 G2 D3 A3 4 strings/4 courses Violoncello Standard tuning
Cello C2 G2 D3 G3 4 strings/4 courses Violoncello "5th Suite" tuning
Cello B1 F2 D3 A3 4 strings/4 courses Violoncello "Zoltán Kodály" tuning
Cello banjo C2 G2 D3 A3 4 strings/4 courses bass banjo Standard tuning
Charango G4 G4 • C4 C4 • E5 E4 • A4 A4 • E5 E5 10 strings/5 courses Quirquincho, Mulita, Tatu, Kirki Bolivia, Peru, Argentina

Chile, Ecuador

Standard C6 tuning. 3rd course is an octave pair.
Charangon C4 C4 • F4 F4 • A5 A4 • D5 D5 • A5 A5 10 strings/5 courses Baritone Charango Andean Region F6 tuning
Charangon D4 D4 • G4 G4 • B5 B4 • E5 E5 • B5 B5 10 strings/5 courses Baritone Charango Andean region G6 tuning
Cittern CC • GG • DD • AA • DD 10 strings/5 courses Celtic or Flatback Cittern Europe Mandocello tuning
Cittern CC • GG • DD • AA • EE 10 strings/5 courses Celtic or Flatback Cittern Europe Mandolin low 'C' tuning
Cittern DD • GG • DD • AA • DD 10 strings/5 courses Celtic or Flatback Cittern Europe Irish tuning
Cittern DD • GG • DD • GG • DD 10 strings/5 courses Celtic or flatback cittern Europe Modal G tuning
Cittern DD • AA • DD • AA • DD 10 strings/5 courses Celtic or flatback cittern Europe Modal D tuning
Cittern EE • AA • EE • AA • EE 10 strings/5 courses Celtic or flatback cittern Europe Modal A tuning
Cittern GG • DD • AA • EE • BB 10 strings/5 courses Celtic or flatback cittern Europe Mandolin High 'B' tuning
Cittern AA • DD • AA • DD • AA 10 strings/5 courses Celtic or flatback cittern Europe Modal D tuning
Cuatro B3 B2 • E4 E3 • A3 A3 • D4 D4 • G4 G4 10 strings/5 courses Puerto Rico Standard tuning
Cuatro A3 D4 F4 B3 4 strings/4 courses Venezuela Standard D6 tuning
Cümbüş A A • B B • E E • A A • D D • G G 12 strings/6 courses Turkey Standard tuning
Cümbüş D D • E E • A A • D D • G G • C C 12 strings/6 courses Turkey Alternative standard tuning
Cümbüş D D • G G • A A • D D • G G • C C 12 strings/6 courses Turkey Egyptian/Arab tuning
Cümbüş E E • A A • B B • E E • A A • D D 12 strings/6 courses Turkey Turkish/Armenian tuning
Cümbüş C C • F F • B B • E E • A A • D D 12 strings/6 courses Turkey Turkish Armenian alternative tuning
Cümbüş F F • B B • E E • A A • D D • G G 12 strings/6 courses Turkey New Turkish classical tuning
Cümbüş A A • D D • E E • A A • D D • G G 12 strings/6 courses Turkey Old Turkish classical tuning
Cura cümbüş G G • D D • A A • E E 8 strings/4 courses Turkey Standard mandolin-style tuning
Tambor cümbüş D D • A A • D D 6 strings/3 courses Turkey Standard tambor cümbüş tuning

D

Instrument Tuning Strings & Courses Alternative Names Origin Notes
Domra E A D 3 strings/3 courses Russia Standard tuning
Domra G D A E 4 strings/4 courses Ukraine Standard "mandolin" fifths tuning
Double bass E1 A1 D2 G2 4 strings/4 courses Bass, bass fiddle, contrabass, string bass, standup bass, doghouse bass Orchestral tuning
Double bass F1 B1 E2 A2 4 strings/4 courses Bass (as above) Solo tuning
Dulcimer A3 A3 D3  3-6 strings/3 courses Mountain, Appalachian or Lap

Dulcimer (Dulcimore, Delcimore, Delcimer)

United States Ionian Tuning (The traditional dulcimer is fretted diatonically whole, whole, half, whole, whole, half, whole. )
Dulcimer D4 A3 D3  Mixolydian Tuning
Dulcimer G3 A3 D3  Dorian Tuning
Dulcimer C4 A3 D3  Aeolian Tuning
   Dramnyen 
   Tibetan Guiter
   Male B, E, A
   Female D, G, C

F

Instrument Tuning Strings & Courses Alternative Names Origin Notes
Fiddle G3 D4 A4 E5 4 strings/4 courses Violin Standard tuning
Fiddle F3 C4 G4 D5 4 strings/4 courses Cajun tuning
Fiddle G3 D4 G4 B4 4 strings/4 courses Open G tuning
Fiddle G3 D4 G4 D5 4 strings/4 courses Sawmill tuning
Fiddle G3 D4 A4 D5 4 strings/4 courses "Gee-dad"
Fiddle D3 D4 A4 D5 4 strings/4 courses Open D tuning
Fiddle A3 D4 A4 E5 4 strings/4 courses Old-timey D tuning
Fiddle A3 E4 A4 E5 4 strings/4 courses Cross Tuning, High bass, high counter
Fiddle A3 E4 A4 C5 4 strings/4 courses Calico, Black Mountain Rag tuning
Fiddle A3 E4 A4 C5 4 strings/4 courses Sweden, Trollstämning, näckastämning

G

Instrument Tuning Strings & Courses Alternative Names Origin Notes
Gadulka A3 E3 A4 3 strings/3 courses The Balkans 3 playing strings, with up to 10 sympathetic strings.
Greek Bouzouki C3 C4 • F3 F4 • A3 A3 • D4 D4 8 strings/4 courses Tetrachordo bouzouki Greece Standard F6 tuning
Greek Bouzouki D3 D4 • A3 A3 • D4 D4 6 strings/3 courses Trichordo bouzouki Greece Standard F6 tuning
Guitar E2 A2 D3 G3 B3 E4 6 strings/6 courses Axe, Guit-box (both colloquial) Spain Standard tuning
Guitar D2 A2 D3 G3 A3 D4 6 strings/6 courses " DADGAD Dsus4 tuning
Guitar D2 A2 D3 G3 B3 D4 6 strings/6 courses " Double drop D tuning
Guitar D2 A2 D3 G3 B3 E4 6 strings/6 courses " Drop D tuning
Guitar E2 A2 E3 A3 C3 E4 6 strings/6 courses " Open A major tuning
Guitar C2 G2 C3 G3 C3 E4 6 strings/6 courses " Open C major tuning
Guitar D2 A2 D3 F3 A3 D4 6 strings/6 courses " Open D major tuning
Guitar E2 B2 E3 G3 B3 E4 6 strings/6 courses " Open E major tuning
Guitar E2 B2 E3 G3 B3 E4 6 strings/6 courses " Open E minor tuning
Guitar D2 G2 D3 G3 B3 D4 6 strings/6 courses " Open G major tuning
Guitar D2 G2 D3 G3 B3 D4 6 strings/6 courses " Open G minor tuning
Guitar E2 A2 D3 G3 C3 F4 6 strings/6 courses " " 'perfect fourths', 'all fourths' or 'P4' tuning
Guitar E3 E2 • A3 A2 • D4 D3 • G4 G3 • B3 B3 • E4 E4 12 strings/6 courses Twelve-stringed Guitar Standard tuning. Some players tune the second course G string to unison to minimize breakage.
Guitar Banjo E2 A2 D3 G3 B3 E4 6 strings/6 courses Standard guitar tuning
Guitarrón A1 D2 G2 C3 E3 A2 6 strings/6 courses Mexico Standard tuning

H

Instrument Tuning Strings & Courses Alternative Names Origin Notes
Hualaycho See Walaycho
Huapanguera G2 • D3 D4 • G3 G3 • B3 B3 • E3 8 strings/5 courses Mexico

I

Instrument Tuning Strings & Courses Alternative Names Origin Notes
Irish bouzouki G3 G2 • D4 D3 • A3 A3 • D4 D4 8 strings/4 courses zouk Ireland Irish tuning (octaves)
Irish bouzouki G2 G2 • D3 D3 • A3 A3 • D4 D4 8 strings/4 courses " " Irish tuning (unison pairs)
Irish bouzouki G3 G2 • D4 D3 • A3 A3 • E4 E4 8 strings/4 courses " " "Mandolin" tuning (octaves)
Irish bouzouki G2 G2 • D3 D3 • A3 A3 • E4 E4 8 strings/4 courses " " "Mandolin" tuning (unison pairs)
Irish bouzouki A3 A2 • D4 D3 • A3 A3 • D4 D4 8 strings/4 courses " " Modal D tuning (octaves)
Irish bouzouki A2 A2 • D3 D3 • A3 A3 • D4 D4 8 strings/4 courses " " Modal D tuning (unison pairs)

J

Instrument Tuning Strings & Courses Alternative Names Origin Notes
Jouhikko D A E 3 strings/3 courses Jouhikannel Finland Standard tuning

K

Instrument Tuning Strings & Courses Alternative Names Origin Notes

L

Instrument Tuning Strings & Courses Alternative Names Origin Notes
Laúd G C F B E A 12 strings/6 courses Spanish laud Spain Standard tuning

M

Instrument Tuning Strings & Courses Alternative Names Origin Notes
Mandobass E1 A1 D2 G2 4 strings/4 courses Standard tuning
Mandola C3 C3 • G3 G3 • D4 D4 • A4 A4 8 strings/4 courses Tenor mandola Standard tuning. Pitched a 5th below mandolin tuning.
Known in Europe as the tenor mandola.
Mandocello C2 C2 • G2 G2 • D3 D3 • A3 A3 8 strings/4 courses mandolincello or mandoloncello Standard tuning. Pitched an octave below the mandola.
Mandolin G3 G3 • D4 D4 • A4 A4 • E5 E5 8 strings/4 courses Mando (colloquial) Standard tuning
Mandolin (piccolo) C4 C4 • G4 G4 • D5 D5 • A5 A5 8 strings/4 courses Brilliant tone mandolin Standard tuning
Mandolin (Octave) G2 G2 • D3 D3 • A3 A3 • E4 E4 8 strings/4 courses Octave mandola Standard tuning. Known in Europe as the octave mandola.
Pitched an octave below the mandolin.
Maulincho See Walaycho
Mejorana D4 A4 A3 B3 E4 5 strings/5 courses Panama Standard tuning
Mejorana D4 G4 G3 B3 E3 5 strings/5 courses Panama Alternative tuning

N

Instrument Tuning Strings & Courses Alternative Names Origin Notes

O

Instrument Tuning Strings & Courses Alternative Names Origin Notes
Octave Guitar E3 A4 D4 G4 B4 E5 6 strings/6 courses Soprano guitar see Soprano guitar

P-Q

Instrument Tuning Strings & Courses Alternative Names Origin Notes
Quirquincho Kirkinchu or Kirki see Charango

Piwang

   Tibetan

R

Instrument Tuning Strings & Courses Alternative Names Origin Notes
Requinto A2 D3 G3 C4 E4 A4 6 strings/6 courses Latin America Standard tuning
Ronroco G3 G3 • C3 C3 • E4 E3 • A3 A3 • E4 E4 10 strings/5 courses Ronrroco Andean Region Standard C6 tuning (tuned an octave below the charango).
Russian guitar D G B D G B D 7 strings/7 courses semistrunnaya gitara, semistrunka Russia Standard tuning

S

Instrument Tuning Strings & Courses Alternative Names Origin Notes
Sanshin C F C 3 strings/3 courses Okinawa shamisen, jabisen Ryukyu Islands Standard tuning
Sitar C5 C4 G3 C2 G2/C2 C2 F2 3 drone strings, 5 melody strings, usually 12 sympathetic strings. North India 5th string can be tuned in C. Sympathetic strings are tuned depending on the raga being played.
Soprano guitar E3 A4 D4 G4 B4 E5 6 strings/6 courses Octave guitar Standard tuning
Socavon E D A B 4 strings/4 courses Bocona Panama Standard tuning

T

Instrument Tuning Strings & Courses Alternative Names Origin Notes
Taro patch G3 G4 • C3 C4 • E4 E4 • A4 A4 8 strings/4 courses Taropatch Hawaii Standard C6 tuning. The taro patch is a double-string ukulele.
Tenor guitar C3 • G3 • D4 • A4 4 strings/4 courses US Standard tuning.
Tiple D4 D3 D4 • G4 G3 G4 • B3 B3 B3 • E4 E4 E4 12 strings/4 courses Colombia Standard Colombian G6 tuning.
Tiple A A • D D D • F F F • B B 10 strings/4 courses USA Standard Martin D6 tuning. The D and F are triple-strung; the other strings are paired.
Tres G4 G3 • C4 C4 • E4 E3 6 strings/3 courses Tres Cubano, Cuban Tres Cuba Standard C major tuning
Tres A4 A3 • D4 D4 • F4 F3 6 strings/3 courses Tres Cubano, Cuban Tres Cuba New D major tuning
Tzouras D3 D4 • A3 A3 • D4 D4 6 strings/3 courses Tzouras Greece Standard tuning

U-V

Instrument Tuning Strings & Courses Alternative Names Origin Notes
Ud C#/D F# B E A D 11 strings/6 courses Oud (Arabic) Middle East New Turkish classical tuning. Lowest (single) string pitch varies. Notated a fourth higher.
Ukulele G4 C4 E4 A4 4 strings/4 courses Uke (colloquial) Hawaii Standard C6 tuning for soprano, concert and tenor.
Ukulele A4 D4 F4 B4 4 strings/4 courses Uke (colloquial) Hawaii D6 tuning for soprano, concert and tenor.
Ukulele D4 G3 B3 E4 (Baritone) 4 strings/4 courses Baritone uke (colloquial) Hawaii Standard baritone uke G6 tuning
Viol D G C E A D (bass viol) 6 strings/6 courses Bass viol tuning
Viol A D G C E A D (bass viol) 7 strings/7 courses 7-string bass viol tuning
Viol G C F A D G (tenor viol) 6 strings/6 courses Tenor viol tuning
Viola C3 G3 D4 A4 4 strings/4 courses Standard tuning. Pitched a 5th below the violin.
Violin G3 D4 A4 E5 4 Strings/4 courses Fiddle (colloquial) Lombardy Standard tuning
Violin F3 C4 G4 D5 4 Strings/4 courses Fiddle (colloquial) Cajun tuning to accompany accordion

W-X

Instrument Tuning Strings & Courses Alternative Names Origin Notes
Walaycho C4 C4 • F4 F4 • A5 A4 • D5 D5 • A5 A5 10 strings/5 courses Waylacho, hualaycho, maulincho Andean region F6 tuning
Walaycho D4 D4 • G4 G4 • B5 B4 • E5 E5 • B5 B5 10 strings/5 courses Waylacho, hualaycho, maulincho Andean region G6 tuning
Waldzither C G C E G 9 strings/5 courses Forest zither Germany Open C major standard tuning
Waldzither G D G B D 9 strings/5 courses Forest zither Germany Open G major tuning
Waldzither G D G B D 9 strings/5 courses Forest zither Germany Open G major standard tuning. Mandolin-sized waldzither.

Y-Z

Instrument Tuning Strings & Courses Alternative Names Origin Notes

See also

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