Studio Ghibli: Wikis

  
  
  

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Studio Ghibli, Inc.
株式会社スタジオジブリ
Type Animation film studio
Founded 1985
Founder(s) Hayao Miyazaki and Isao Takahata
Headquarters Koganei, Tokyo, Japan
Key people Hayao Miyazaki
Isao Takahata
Toshio Suzuki
Industry Media and Entertainment
Products Animated feature films (Anime)
Website www.ghibli.jp

Studio Ghibli, Inc. (株式会社スタジオジブリ Kabushiki-kaisha Sutajio Jiburi?) is a Japanese animation film studio. The company's logo features the character Totoro (a large forest spirit) from Hayao Miyazaki's film My Neighbor Totoro. It has its headquarters in Koganei, Tokyo.[1]

Several anime features created by Studio Ghibli have won the Animage Anime Grand Prix award, including: Castle in the Sky, in 1986; My Neighbor Totoro, in 1988; and Kiki's Delivery Service, in 1989. In 2002, Spirited Away won an Oscar for Best Animated Feature and it remains the only anime film to have done so.

Contents

Name

The name Ghibli is based on the Arabic name for the sirocco, or Mediterranean wind, which the Italians used for their Saharan scouting planes in the Second World War. The idea being that the studio would blow a new wind through the Japanese anime industry[2]

Though the Italian word is pronounced with a hard /ɡ/, the Japanese pronunciation of the studio's name is with a soft g, [dʑíbɯɽi]  ( listen).

History

Founded in 1985, the studio is headed by the directors Hayao Miyazaki and Isao Takahata and the producer Toshio Suzuki. Prior to the formation of the studio, Miyazaki and Takahata had already had long careers in Japanese film and television animation and had worked together on Hols: Prince of the Sun and Panda! Go, Panda!; and Suzuki was an editor at Tokuma Shoten's Animage manga magazine.

The studio was founded after the success of the 1984 film Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind, written and directed by Miyazaki for Topcraft and distributed by Tōei. The origins of the the film lie in the first two volumes of a serialized manga written by Miyazaki for publication in Animage as a way of generating interest in an anime version.[2][3]. Suzuki was part of the production team on the film and founded Studio Ghibli with Miyazaki, who also invited Takahata to join the new studio.

The studio has mainly produced films by Miyazaki, with the second most prolific director being Takahata (most notably with Grave of the Fireflies). Other directors who have worked with Studio Ghibli include Tomomi Mochizuki, Yoshifumi Kondo, Hiroyuki Morita and Gorō Miyazaki. Composer Joe Hisaishi has provided the soundtrack for all of Miyazaki's Studio Ghibli films.

Many of Ghibli's works are distributed in Japan by Toho. Internationally, the Walt Disney Company has rights to all of Ghibli's output that did not have previous international distribution, including the global, non-Japan distribution rights to Princess Mononoke and Spirited Away.[citation needed]

Over the years, there has been a close relationship between Studio Ghibli and the magazine Animage, which regularly runs exclusive articles about the studio and its members in a section titled "Ghibli Notes." Artwork from Ghibli's films and other works frequently features on the cover of the magazine. Between 1999 and 2005 Studio Ghibli was a subsidiary of Tokuma Shoten, the publisher of Animage.

In October 2001, the Ghibli Museum opened in Tokyo. It contains exhibits based on Studio Ghibli films and shows animations, including an number of short Studio Ghibli films not available elsewhere.

The company is well-known for its strict "no-edits" policy in licensing their films abroad. This was a result of the dubbing of Miyazaki's Nausicaä of the Valley of Wind when the film was released in the United States as Warriors of the Wind. The film was heavily edited and Americanized, with significant portions cut and the plot rewritten. The "no cuts" policy was highlighted when Miramax co-chairman Harvey Weinstein suggested editing Princess Mononoke to make it more marketable. In response, a Studio Ghibli producer sent an authentic katana with a simple message: "No cuts".[4]

On February 1, 2008, Toshio Suzuki stepped down from the position of Studio Ghibli president, which he had held since 2005, and Koji Hoshino (former president of Walt Disney Japan) took over. Suzuki said he wanted to improve films with his own hands as a producer, rather than demanding this from his employees. Suzuki decided to hand over the presidency to Hoshino because Hoshino has helped Studio Ghibli to sell its videos since 1996, as well as helping to release the Princess Mononoke film in the United States.[5]

Currently, Takahata and Goro Miyazaki (director of Tales from Earthsea and Hayao's son) are developing projects for release after Hayao Miyazaki's Ponyo on the Cliff by the Sea.

Works

Films and specials (Excluding short films or Ghibli Museum releases)

Film Original release date Director IMDB Rating Optimum Release #
Nausicaä of the Valley of Wind 1984, March 11 Hayao Miyazaki
8.1
1
Castle in the Sky 1986, August 2 Hayao Miyazaki
8.1
6
Grave of the Fireflies (shown alongside My Neighbor Totoro) 1988, April 16 Isao Takahata
8.2
10
My Neighbor Totoro (shown alongside Grave of the Fireflies) 1988, April 16 Hayao Miyazaki
8.1
9
Kiki's Delivery Service 1989, July 29 Hayao Miyazaki
7.9
5
Only Yesterday 1991, July 20 Isao Takahata
7.7
14
Porco Rosso 1992, July 18 Hayao Miyazaki
7.8
3
Ocean Waves 1993, May 5 Tomomi Mochizuki
7.3
16
Pom Poko 1994, July 16 Isao Takahata
7.5
4
Whisper of the Heart 1995, July 15 Yoshifumi Kondo
8.0
11
Princess Mononoke 1997, July 12 Hayao Miyazaki
8.3
8
My Neighbors the Yamadas 1999, July 17 Isao Takahata
7.5
12
Spirited Away 2001, July 27 Hayao Miyazaki
8.5
13
The Cat Returns 2002, July 19 Hiroyuki Morita
7.2
2
Howl's Moving Castle 2004, November 20 Hayao Miyazaki
8.1
7
Tales from Earthsea 2006, July 29 Gorō Miyazaki
6.5
15
Ponyo on the Cliff by the Sea 2008, July 19 Hayao Miyazaki
7.9
-
The Borrower Arrietty 2010, July 17 Hiromasa Yonebayashi
-
-
The Tale of the Bamboo Cutter[6] Unknown Isao Takahata
-
-

Short films (TV, Theatrical, Ghibli Museum, and OVA)

Music videos (Theatrical and TV)

  • On Your Mark (1995) (a promotional music video for Chage & Aska directed by Hayao Miyazaki)
  • Portable Airport (2004) (a music video created by Studio Kajino for Capsule directed by Yoshiyuki Momose)
  • Space Station No. 9 (2004) (a music video created by Studio Kajino for Capsule directed by Yoshiyuki Momose)
  • A Flying City Plan (Soratobu Toshikeikaku) (2005) (a music video created by Studio Kajino for Capsule directed by Yoshiyuki Momose)
  • Doredore no Uta (2005) (a promotional music video for Meiko Haigou directed by Osamu Tanabe)
  • piece (2009) (a promotional music video for Yui Aragaki directed by Yoshiyuki Momose)

Commercials

  • "Sora Iro no Tane" (The Sky-Colored Seed) (1992) (TV spot for Nippon TV)
  • "Nandarou" (1992) (TV commercial for NHK)
  • "Hotaru No Haku" (1996) (Kinyou Roadshow houeikokuchi spot)
  • "Kinyou Roadshow" (1996) (Announcement spot for Kinyou Roadshow opening)
  • "Umacha" (2001) (TV commercials)
  • "Shop-One" (Online Shopping Mall Announcement Spot)
  • "House Shokuhin" (House Shokuhin Campaign Commercial)
  • "O-uchi de Tabeyou" (House Shokuhin Series Commercial, Summer Version)
  • "O-uchi de Tabeyou" (House Shokuhin Series Commercial, Winter Version)
  • "Hajimaru yo, Erai Koccha-hen" (KNB YumeDigi PR Spot)
  • "Kawaraban-hen" (Corporate commercial for Yomiuri Shinbubsha)
  • "Dore Dore Hikkoushi-hen" (Corporate commercial for Yomiuri Shinbubsha)
  • "Risona Ginkou" (Corporate commercial)

Video games

Other works

The works listed here consist of works that don't fall into the above categories. Many of these films have been released on DVD in Japan as part of the Ghibli Gakujutsu Library .

  • Sekai Waga Kokoro no Tabi (1998) (documentary following Isao Takahata to Canada to meet Frédéric Back)
  • Sekai Waga Kokoro no Tabi (1999) (documentary travelling with Hayao Miyazaki as he follows the footsteps of Antoine de Saint-Exupéry)
  • Lasseter-san, Arigatou ("Thank You, Mr. Lasseter") (2003) (thank you video created for John Lasseter)
  • Yanagawa horiwari monogatari ("The Story of Yanagawa's Canals") (2003) (A documentary exploring the history of the town of Yanagawa, originally released in 1987, directed by Isao Takahata)
  • Miyazaki Hayao Produce no Ichimai no CD ha Koushite Umareta (2003) (A film about Tsunehiko Kamijo's Okaasa no Shashin CD)
  • Otsuka Yasuo no Ugokasu Yorokobi (2004) (A documentary about animator Yasuo Otsuka)
  • Miyazaki Hayao to Ghibli Bijyutsukan (2005) (A film featuring Goro Miyazaki and Isao Takahata touring the Ghibli Museum)
  • Jiburi no Eshokunin - Oga Kazuo Ten - Totoro no Mori o Kaita Hito ("A Ghibli Artisan - Kazuo Oga Exhibition - The Man Who Painted Totoro's Forest") (2007) (A documentary to commemorate an exhibition at the Museum of Contemporary Art, Tokyo, featuring the work of Studio Ghibli background artist Kazuo Oga)
  • Ghibli no Fuukei ("Scenery of Ghibli") (2009) (A documentary hosted by Japanese actresses Tsuruta Mayu, Natsukawa Yui and actor Tetsuta Sugimoto, that follows them around Europe and Japan matching Miyazaki's storyboards to the real world scenery and attractions that served as inspiration to the settings of his animated films)
  • Suzuki Toshio no Ghibli Asemamire, 99 no Kotoba ("Suzuki Toshio's Ghibli Asemamire, 99 Words") (2009) (A compilation of 49 interviews conducted by Toshio Suzuki on his weekly radio program Ghibli Asemamire, broadcasting on Tokyo FM)
  • Joe Hisaishi in Budokan - 25 years with the Animations of Hayao Miyazaki (2009) (Concert footage of Joe Hisaishi's 3 nights at the Nippon Budokan venue in August 2008 where he played various pieces from throughout his 25 year collaboration with Studio Ghibli. Originally broadcast on NHK.)

Related works

These works were not created by Studio Ghibli, but were produced by members of Topcraft that went on to create Studio Ghibli in 1985; produced by Toei Animation, Tokyo Movie Shinsha, Nippon Animation or other studios and featuring involvement by Hayao Miyazaki, Isao Takahata, or other Ghibli staffers; or created in cooperation with Studio Ghibli.

Pre-Ghibli

Cooperative works

Distributive works

These Western animated films have been distributed by Studio Ghibli, and now through their label, Ghibli Museum Library

In addition, Takahata, working with staff from the studio, contributed a segment to the 2004 experimental animation anthology Winter Days (Fuyu no Hi).

Contributive works

Studio Ghibli has made contributions to the following anime series and movies.

See also


References

  1. ^ "会社情報." Studio Ghibli. Retrieved on February 26, 2010.
  2. ^ a b The Birth of Studio Ghibli, Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind DVD, Walt Disney Home Entertainment, 2005.
  3. ^ "First of Two-part Miyazaki Feature". Animerica 1 (5): 4. July 1993. 
  4. ^ Brooks, Xan (2005-09-14). "A god among animators". The Guardian. http://film.guardian.co.uk/interview/interviewpages/0,6737,1569689,00.html. Retrieved 2007-05-23. "There is a rumour that when Harvey Weinstein was charged with handling the US release of Princess Mononoke, Miyazaki sent him a samurai sword in the post. Attached to the blade was a stark message: 'No cuts.' / The director chortles. 'Actually, my producer did that.'" 
  5. ^ "スタジオジブリ社長に星野康二氏" (in Japanese). http://mainichi.jp/enta/mantan/news/20080201mog00m200025000c.html. Retrieved 2008-02-01. 
  6. ^ a b "atomic popcorn". http://www.atomicpopcorn.net/studio-ghibli-to-make-the-tale-of-the-bamboo-cutter/. Retrieved 2009-11-11. 

Further reading

  • Cavallaro, Dani. The Animé Art of Hayao Miyazaki. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company, 2006. ISBN-13: 9780786423699. OCLC 62430842.
  • McCarthy, Helen. Hayao Miyazaki: Master of Japanese Animation: Films, Themes, Artistry. Berkeley, Calif.: Stone Bridge Press, 1999. ISBN-13: 9781880656419. OCLC 42296779. 2001 reprint of the 1999 text, with revisions: OCLC 51198297.
  • Miyazaki, Hayao. Starting Point: 1979–1996. Beth Cary and Frederik L. Schodt, trans. San Francisco: VIZ Media, 2009. ISBN-13: 9781421505947. OCLC 290477195.
    • Miyazaki, Hayao. Shuppatsuten, 1979–1996 (出発点—1979~1996?). Tokyo: Studio Ghibli, Inc./Hatsubai Tokuma Shoten, 1996. ISBN-13: 978-4198605414. OCLC 37636025. Original Japanese edition.
  • Odell, Colin, and Michelle Le Blanc. Studio Ghibli: The Films of Hayao Miyazaki and Isao Takahata. Harpenden, Hertfordshire, England: Kamera, 2009. ISBN-13: 9781842432792. OCLC 299246656.

External links


Simple English

Studio Ghibli is a movie studio from Japan that makes High Art Anime movies. They have won many awards for some of their movies, including an Oscar for the movie Spirited Away.








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